13.3 the age of chivalry (1)

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13.3 the age of chivalry (1)

  1. 1. The code of chivalry for knights glorified both combatand romantic love.
  2. 2.  TheTechnology ofWarfareChanges Leather saddle and stirrupsenable knights to handleheavy weapons In 700s, mounted knightsbecome most important partof an army
  3. 3. ChainmailPlateArmourGambeson, a padded jacket worn aloneor in combination with chainmail
  4. 4.  TheWarrior’s Role inFeudal Society By 1000s, western Europeis a battleground ofwarring nobles Feudal lords raise privatearmies of knights Knights rewarded withland; provides income forneeded weapons Knights other activitieshelp train them for combatIghtham Mote, a 14th-centurymoated manor house in Kent,England
  5. 5.  The Code of Chivalry By 1100s knights obey acode of chivalry—a setof ideals on how to act They are to protectweak and poor; servefeudal lord, God,chosen lady"Stitching the Standard" by Edmund BlairLeighton: the lady prepares for a knight togo to war
  6. 6.  A Knight’sTraining Boys begin totrain forknighthood atage 7; usuallyknighted at 21 Knights gainexperience inlocal wars andtournaments—mock battles
  7. 7.  Brutal Reality ofWarfare Castles are huge fortresses where lords live Attacking armies use wide range of strategies andweapons
  8. 8. SiegeWarfare
  9. 9. Medievalmangonel, atype ofcatapult
  10. 10. Replica battering ramat Château des Baux,France
  11. 11. Medievalmoveablesiege tower
  12. 12.  Epic Poetry Epic poems recount a hero’s deeds andadventures The Song of Roland is about Charlemagne’sknights fighting Muslims
  13. 13.  Love Poems and Songs Knights’ duties to ladiesare as important asthose to their lords Troubadours—travelingpoet-musicians—writeand sing short versesAbove and right:troubadoursportrayed inillumined texts.
  14. 14.  Most celebrated woman of the age inEleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)▪ Wife of two kings (LouisVII, King of the Franks,annulled) and Henry II of England▪ Mother of two kings of England (Richard andJohn) Eleanor’s son, Richard the Lion-Hearted,also wrote songs and poemsAbove right: Eleanor of Aquitaine depicted on a mural inthe Chapel of St. Radegund, Chinon, FranceRight: tomb effigy of Eleanor and Henry II
  15. 15.  Status ofWomen According to the Church and feudal society, womenwere inferior to men Noblewomen Can inherit land, defend castle, send knights to war onlord’s request Usually confined to activities of the home or convent PeasantsWomen Most labor in home and field, bear children, providefor family Poor, powerless, do household tasks at young age

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