THE FEUDAL SYSTEM EUROPE BETWEEN THE 11TH AND THE 13TH CENTURY Bilingual project-IES Fco. Rodríguez Marín-Osuna (Seville-Spain)-2010/11 Comenius assistant: Francesco Scudellari PLEASE NOTE: At the bottom of every slide there will be a section called VOCABULARY. Please write down the Vocabulary section’s words, along with their Spanish translation, in your notebook.
FEUDALISM <ul><li>Let’s start with a very hard question: </li></ul><ul><li>Can you explain (in English) what Feudalism is? </li></ul><ul><li>ORIGIN OF FEUDALISM </li></ul><ul><li>After the Carolingian Empire, Europe was divided into numerous kingdoms , but the kings were very weak and couldn't protect their lands. </li></ul><ul><li>The nobles took control of their own lands, called fiefs or manors and the peasants worked for them in exchange for protection, becoming nobles’ serfs. --> BIRTH OF FEUDALISM </li></ul>: Peasants; Fief; Manor; Birth
THE FIEF (or MANOR) <ul><li>It was the land owned by a noble. </li></ul><ul><li>The noble had received the fief from the king. In exchange, the noble had to provide troops for the king, and fight for him in case of need. </li></ul>So, what was a fief , or manor ? : To provide; Troops; In case of need.
FEUDAL SOCIETY : Duty; Clergy; Clergymen <ul><li>The clergy also had an important role in feudal society: clergymen often had the same privileges as nobles </li></ul>The top of the society. Their duty was to defend the population They owned the lands , they were vassals of the king Most lived in manors and worked on the lord's lands
THE NOBLES <ul><li>They were rich and had large fiefs. They were linked with the king through vassalage. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in the castle, in the centre of the manor. </li></ul>: To link, linked; Through
THE KNIGHTS <ul><li>They were Nobles of lower rank, they only had their horses and weapons. They were linked to a most powerful noble through vassalage. </li></ul><ul><li>Their main activity was war, because they had to defend their lord or king. In order to be constantly ready for war, they trained in tournaments. </li></ul><ul><li>The Knights’ weapons were lances, shields and maces. </li></ul>: Rank; Main; In order to; To train; Weapon; Shield
THE CLERGY <ul><li>The Pope in Rome was the head of the church . Below him there were: </li></ul><ul><li>Secular clergy : the leaders were the bishops , they controlled the diocese divided into parishes where the priest worked. </li></ul><ul><li>- Regular clergy : it was led by an abbot. Below him were the superiors who managed monasteries and convents, where friars, monks and nuns lived. </li></ul>: Church; Clergy; Bishop; Parish; Priest; To lead – led – led ; Abbot; To manage Friar; Monk; Nun
THE PEASANTS <ul><li>They were dependant on a lord, and lived in the manor or fief. They had to pay for the use of the mill, presses and forges which were lord’s property </li></ul><ul><li>There were two kinds of peasants: </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs: they could not leave the fief. They worked there without remuneration, and they had to give the lord part of their own harvest. </li></ul><ul><li>Freemen , the could leave the fief, but they had to work on the lord's land and pay rent for them but kept some of the harvest. They also had to pay a percentage of the harvest to the church. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants did not live well : work was very hard, they used rudimentary tools, illness was often fatal, and disasters such as drought or floods caused many deaths </li></ul>Mill, forge, harvest, rent, tools, illness, drought, flood