Feudalism in Europe

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Feudalism in Europe

  1. 1. Feudalism
  2. 2. What is feudalism? What is manorialism? How is manorialism connected to feudalism?
  3. 3. Vocabulary Terms Manor – Central part of a nobles land • Manorialism – A system based on self sufficientself sufficient farming estates where the lord and the peasants lived off the land together Feudalism – political system based on an granting land in exchange for loyalty, and military assistance
  4. 4. Feudalism An economic, political, and social system based on aAn economic, political, and social system based on a relationship between the lord and his vassalsrelationship between the lord and his vassalsSure! What’s in it for me? Will you protect my land and give me undying loyalty? The vassals would receive land in exchange for protecting the noblesThe vassals would receive land in exchange for protecting the nobles estateestate
  5. 5. HowFeudalismWorks: Wealthy Landowner Wealthy Landowner Warrior Protected land in exchange for land Owned land – Powerful – provided Guidance for the people a.k.a. “Serfs” – worked The land – belonged to the Land – not necessarily the noble
  6. 6. The ManorThe Manor Lord’s House/ Castle Church Serfs in the field Peasant’s House
  7. 7. Nobles House or Castle Main part of the noble’s land was called a Main part of the noble’s land was called a ““manor manor”” The house was a fortified building or castle orThe house was a fortified building or castle or a wooden house surrounded by fortified wallsa wooden house surrounded by fortified walls Surrounding the castle was theSurrounding the castle was the lord’s estate which was mostlylord’s estate which was mostly covered with farmlandcovered with farmland
  8. 8. Knights Code of Chivalry • Vassals • Lived by a code of honor – Chivalry – Defend the Catholic Church – Protect women and the weak – Fight injustice – Show courage in every battle • Used weapons such as battering rams, catapults, siege towers, etc.
  9. 9. Economy  The land provided most of the things they needed  As a result, most activity from farming to wood working, to wine making took place on the manor – few people ever left the manor
  10. 10. The Church Christianity played an important role in the Middle Ages Most feudal manors were equipped with a church for worship
  11. 11. The Peasants The serfs were bound to the land which meant that they were considered part of the property. They remained with the land even if a new lord acquired the manor
  12. 12. Legacy of Feudalism • Loyalty and honor remain strong in European armies • Class structure still in existence in some countries • Surnames, or family names – families took their names from their jobs – Baker, Carpenter, Cook, Taylor (tailor) • Structures still standing – churches, castles, etc. • Institutions still remain strong – Catholic Church

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