5 1 feudalism and the manor system


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5 1 feudalism and the manor system

  1. 1. Chapter 5 : Europe in the Middle Ages Section 1 : Feudalism and the Manor System
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Middle Ages : The years between ancient and modern times </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval : Referring to the Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Feudalism : A system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Knight : A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant : A poor person who made their living as a farmer or laborer </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary Continued <ul><li>Fief : A share of land </li></ul><ul><li>Manor : A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord </li></ul><ul><li>Serf : A farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Middle Ages <ul><li>Lasted from about 500 AD to 1500 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Ages start with the fall of Rome (Map Page 119) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Ages = Medieval Times </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Middle Ages <ul><li>In western Europe, Rome is replaced with a patchwork of small “barbarian” kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>This time is also called the Dark Ages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most barbarians cannot read or write </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They do not have the technology or education of the Romans </li></ul></ul>Continued
  6. 7. The Barbarian Kingdoms
  7. 8. Charlemagne <ul><li>After several years, one barbarian kingdom becomes stronger than the rest </li></ul><ul><li>They are from Gaul and they are called the Franks – From modern day France </li></ul><ul><li>Their leader is Charlemagne </li></ul>
  8. 9. Charlemagne’s Empire
  9. 10. Charlemagne Continued <ul><li>Charlemagne ruled for 50 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started schools for education and culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In return for his support of the church, the Pope crowns him the “ Holy Roman Emperor ” </li></ul>
  10. 11. Charlemagne Continued <ul><li>When Charlemagne dies, his empire is divided between his three grandsons </li></ul><ul><li>They weaken the empire by fighting each other for power </li></ul><ul><li>Outside invasions finally end Charlemagne’s empire </li></ul>
  11. 12. Charlemagne’s Empire
  12. 13. The Vikings <ul><li>The Vikings were a barbarian group from Scandinavia – Present day Denmark, Sweden, and Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Vikings were skilled sailors and tough warriors </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Vikings Continued <ul><li>They used their longships to raid the coasts of other kingdoms in Europe </li></ul>
  14. 15. Viking Raids
  15. 16. The Vikings <ul><li>The Viking attacks started around 800 AD and continued for about 300 years </li></ul><ul><li>They burned towns and looted villages </li></ul><ul><li>This helped keep Europe in the “Dark Ages” </li></ul>Continued
  16. 17. European Feudalism <ul><li>Feudalism was a kind of government </li></ul><ul><li>Land was the key to this system </li></ul><ul><li>The order of society as ranked from top to bottom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
  18. 19. European Feudalism Continued <ul><li>Anyone above you in the system was your lord </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone below you in the system was your vassal </li></ul>
  19. 20. European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
  20. 21. European Feudalism <ul><li>Lords gave their vassals a fief and/or protection </li></ul><ul><li>In return, vassals gave their lords some sort of service </li></ul>Continued
  21. 22. European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
  22. 23. The Division of Land King King King Noble Noble Noble Noble Noble Knight Knight Knight Knight Knight
  23. 25. The Manor System <ul><li>The manor system was the basis of the medieval economy </li></ul><ul><li>Manors were self sufficient – They supplied their own food, clothing, tools, etc. </li></ul>
  24. 26. The Manor System <ul><li>The lord owned the manor and lived in a fancy manor house </li></ul><ul><li>The lord made all the rules and acted as judge for anyone living on the manor </li></ul>Continued
  25. 27. The Manor System <ul><li>The peasants living on the manor were called serfs </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs could not leave the manor – They were part of the manor and were considered the lord’s property </li></ul>Continued
  26. 29. A Peasant’s or Serf’s Life <ul><li>Men, women, and children were all required to work very hard </li></ul><ul><li>Houses were one room huts </li></ul><ul><li>Ate simple foods like bread, cabbage, turnips </li></ul><ul><li>Mattresses were cloth sacks stuffed with straw </li></ul>