How mLearning relates to MOOCsWhen looking at mLearning and MOOCs one cannot help but see similarities in its time and space autonomy, the community that is built, and the contextualization that takes place by the fact that everyone brings their experience to the center of the learning community. Connecting is now possible across time, space and contexts. mLearning, connectivism, and its practical format the MOOC, fit these new contemporary facts.
The fact that dialogue is a core aspect of both communication and learning results in the idea that the MOOC format could also benefit other communities due to its open and human nature of constructing new knowledge as well as its very human characteristic of connecting to peers. This idea is strengthened by the fact that 90% of the participants indicated that they believe a MOOC format is appropriate for their learning communities.It also resulted in 42.5% of the participants taking the final survey indicating that they connected to other participants in order to collaborate on projects after MobiMOOC.
Core discussion spaces and course outlineSocial media implementationUbiquitous access: with additional focus on mobile access and benefits of m-access (time and location independence, context related)
Variety of people, different tools and devices used by allCentral discussion space (list serve: accessible via mobile and all, requires only basic digital literacy)Course outline in a central space, the compass to move through the course components
Social media implementation: know your tool affordance and useDon’t just do it for the sake of it: walk the talkAffordances define the usability of the tool: sharing multimedia, setting up group activities, enhancing real life environments…Leave room for individual additions (blogposts, other tools shared…)
As devices go wild (tablets, smartphones, netbooks, ebooks, laptops, desktops…), keep access simple: in the Cloud (companies increasingly develop for the cloud, not for specific devices)Let the learners bring their own devices (BYOD) Social media’s increasing wide access Mobile devices rule for the modern day learners: flexibility to learn no matter which personal or professional demands and situations
M&L 2012 - MOOCs mixed media and learner interaction - by Inge de Waard
MOOCs, mixed media and learner interaction To MOOC or not to MOOC? Where will we be in the future? Inge (Ignatia) de WaardDownload bigger presentation on MOOCs and some MOOC research here
The times they are a chaaäänging!“We are living through one of the recurring periods in worldhistory when far-reaching changes in economics, culture, andtechnology raise basic questions about theproduction, preservation, and transmission of knowledge”(McNeely and Wolverton, 2008, p. 7).
New technologies, new pedagogiesMobile devices, mobility, social media, MOOCs…
How to define MOOC’s?A (connectivist) Massive, Open, Online Course is acourse format which uses social media extensively tobuild the ad hoc learner community and to allowdiscussions, networking and resulting learning to takeplace… sometimes chaos.
Background: MobiMOOC = MOOC lab• Different facilitator approaches (passive, active, participatory…)• Different course architecture (linear, branching…)• Different learning/teaching dynamics (behaviorist => social- constructivist/connectivist)• Different durations
About MobiMOOCA Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on mobile learning1250 registered learners, 17 facilitators, 9 weeks, 14 mLearningtopics: introduction to mLearning, planning mLearning, mHealth, corporatemLearning, train-the-trainer, mobile learning curriculum framework, global impact ofmLearning, augmented mLearning, mobiles for development (m4D), mobile gaming,mobile activism for education, mLearning in k12, bridging mLearning theory andpractice.2 core course spaces: Course wiki (http://mobimooc.wikispaces.com/) Course discussion group https://groups.google.com/group/mobimooc2012• MobiMOOC 2011, first run: April-May 2011• MobiMOOC 2012, September 2012
MOOCs: Appropriateness & Affinity 90% Of active participants said the MOOC format was appropriate for their learning communities 42.5% Of active participants connected with other participants to collaborate on projects after MobiMOOCMOOCs: ubiquity through mobile 77.5% Accessed MobiMOOC via mobile 61.3% Location independence 56.8% Temporal independence
MOOC Design Syllabus Corediscussion Course anchor Social media Ubiquity tools
The core of the course Course outline and expectations Central discussion starting and meeting point
Select relevant tools with the right educational benefits and extra’s.
Mobile enabled social media Why use it Knowledge Age Challengetool AddressedBlogs To reflect on what is learned, or Self-regulated learning. what the learner thinks is of Lifelong Learning.(Examples: wordpress, blogger, importance. Becoming active, critical contentposterous) Keeping a learning archive. producer. Reflecting on the learning itself. . Commenting on content.Discussion enabler: Listserv This type of online tool uses e- Enabling dialogue. mail to keep everyone informed. Collaboration.(Examples: google groups, With many of the listserve’s you Self-regulated learning.yahoo groups) can choose how you want your Informal learning. mails to be delivered (e-mail digest: e.g. immediate, once a day, once a week), which adds to self-regulated learning. Generating and maintaining discussions. Getting a group feeling going via dialogue.Social Networking Building a network of people that Enables networking. can add to the knowledge Collaboration.(examples: Facebook, Google+, creation of the learner. Enabling dialogue.LinkedIn) Informal learning. Becoming active, critical content producer. Link to Google document with more social media tools
Open Educational Resources (OER) All the materials shared and produces during MobiMOOC become part of the OER for mLearning. e.g. http://www.youtube.com/mobimooc But international OER are set up that are of interest to all of us.
Learner interactions in MOOCsThe mixed media available in MOOCs offer extra learnerinteractions AND ubiquitous access increases learnerinteractions with those media with approx 25%
But media is distributed worldwide What media will attract new learners/trainers? Who will provide these media?
Bigger picture for all of us: why is MOOC research needed? We must optimize open, online course learning.Building a strategy for educational quality in an increasingcompetitive world: Udacity, Coursera, EdX … all free, open, online courses by big universities => they corner a potential global learner market (marketing, profiling). (xMOOC = more behaviorist, student-content oriented)We (academic, learner-centered teachers…) need to putsomething of high quality to the learners in order toattract global learners.
Contemporary MOOCs: 2 main typescMOOC xMOOCFirst MOOC format developed (CCK08) MOOC format on the rise at UniversitiesMore connectivist learning oriented: More behaviorist learning oriented:George Siemens (2005 – Connectivism - a Burrhus Frederic Skinnerlearning theory for the digital age)Based on dialogue Based on student/contentMore informal (participant input & More formal (behaviorist approach: easiercontent production), open badges for assessment and accreditation)Network building, trust in collaboration,. Less networking, trust in content and institutionAd Hoc learner space: Learning Quilt Fixed LMS: Coursera, Udacity…Social media rich Social media usedExpert learning, Community of Personal accreditation, lifelong learningPractitioners (CoP), lifelong learning for basics, personal knowledge increase,high knowledge workers starting from basic information.Room for emergence More stick to the plan High drop out, free in most cases
xMOOCStarted with the Artificial Intelligence course ofStanford: lots of student interest, as well as non-Stanford students => high enrollment
www.EdX.org• Came from MitX, open courseware• Now: open, online courses for free• Not-for Profit foundation.• Goal: social agents and automated assessment editors to cater massive amounts of students