CGIAR 40th Anniversary      Reform in the making:CGIAR Research Program on ClimateChange and Food Security (CCAFS)        ...
CCAFS: the partnership! The largest global     coalition of scientists working ondeveloping-country agriculture and climat...
The CCAFS framework                          Adapting Agriculture to                      Climate Variability and Change T...
Where CCAFS works
THE VISIONTo adapt farmingsystems, weneed to:• Close theyield gap byeffectively usingcurrent                    Theme 1:te...
Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate ChangeObjective One:Adapted farming systems via integratedtechnologies, practices, and po...
Farms of the future                      • The climate analogue                         tool, crucial for                 ...
• Joint staff position  between CCAFS and  GRiSP• On breeding priorities  for a 2030 world              • Joint participao...
THE VISION• Climate-relatedrisk impedesdevelopment, leading to chronicpoverty anddependency• Actions takennow can reducevu...
Managing Climate RiskObjective One:Building resilient livelihoods (Farm level)Objective Two:Food delivery, trade, and cris...
Improved useof climateinformation bycrisis responseagencies
CHALLENGESShort-term:Identifyingoptions feasiblefor smallholdermitigation andtrade-offs withother outcomes                ...
Pro-Poor CC MitigationObjective One:Identify low-carbon agricultural developmentpathwaysObjective Two:Develop incentives a...
At field level much of the work isparticipatory action research                              e.g. Cross-project           ...
• Earthscan book on  current knowledge  (with FAO)• Involved authors from  8 Centers
VISION•Provide ananalytical anddiagnosticframework, grounded in the policycontext•Effectivelyengage with ruralstakeholders...
Integration for Decision         Making              Objective One:              Linking knowledge with              actio...
Baseline survey•Household                     Household•Village                       survey:•Service organization        ...
Downscaled climate data Select climate model(6 options or  their avg)  Selectemissions scenario  (3 options)              ...
Partnership on climate-smartagriculture• FAO, WB, CGIAR, UNEP, IFAD, Global Mechanism
Communicating together: Mapping    climate-induced food insecurity•   ILRI research team for CCAFS Theme 4 (ICRAF)•   Comm...
Collaborating on       major eventsLandscape weekend at COP17: CIAT,           CIFOR, ICRISAT, ICRAF
http://www.agricultureday.org/Contributingto Agr. Daywith 20partners
Established the Commission•    Chair: Sir John Beddington, UK Chief Scientist•    Includes senior scientists from     Aust...
Social differentiation and gender• > 30% of milestones  have  gender/differentiation  elements• >20% of research  budget g...
Real CGIAR reform at work!• Program Director based outside a CGIAR center  (@ U of CPH, Denmark)• 30% budget to non CGIAR ...
CIAT: Science for Impact     www.ciat.cgiar.org
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Reform in the making: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS)

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Presentation given by Ruben Echeverria, Director-General, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) at the celebration of the 40th Anniversary of CGIAR, at the FAO in Rome. 2 December 2011

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  • A new way of working - New partnership model: CCAFS is not only a CGIAR program – it is actually a joint program between the CGIAR and the Earth Systems science partnership – the ESSP includes such organisations as the World Climate Research Program and Diversitas. The largest coalition of scientists working on developing country agriculture & CC!
  • Shown in the blue circles are the baseline sites where we are currently workingIn 2012 we will initiate work in two new regions.
  • Main message: this is an early output from Theme 1 – crucial for adaptation planning - Identifies sites where the climate today is similar to the projected future climate for a given location. It also demonstrates the need to work with climate scientists in this work – requiring new partnerships, e.g. with the World Climate Research Program
  • Main message: also need to work across the CRPs – here is an example of that.
  • Main message: an early output, once again indicating new partnerhsips, this one with WFP and various humanitariam organisations.
  • Main message: most of the field work is adaptive/action research – here is work with many carbon projects in africaBrought together all the main players setting up community carbon projects in West and East AfricaIdentified research needs – institutional models, how they might work best for efficiency, equity Direct link between research and action Strong demand from carbon project managers
  • Main Message: Here is a first product from the Theme – demonstrates partnership (here with FAO) and inter-centre collaboration (8 centers)Wide set of CG and ESSP partners writing book chapters for Earthscan; covering the range of ag sectors including livestock and fisheriesSimilarly full range of lessons from REDD+: technical options, “measurement, reporting and verification” (MRV), finance, institutions, incentives-Using  modeling, remote sensing data and data on farmers' management practices, Winrock International and Applied GeoSolutions are estimating current agricultural emissions and generating scenarios of different mitigation strategies  consistent with maintaining food supply.
  • Main message: inter-centre collaboration (5 centers) and a new spirit in getting data public (data was available to public 6 months after completion of the field work).An example of inter-Centre collaborationThe baseline survey included HH, village and organisational surveysThe household survey was a massive exercise – training of survey teams and partners, multi-lingual survey instrument, large number of households in remote sitesInvolved 5 CGIAR CentersIt an impressive feat the data was publically available within 6 months of final data collection
  • Main message: An output from Theme 4 – demonstrates the need to work with the top climate scientists.No where more do we need this kind of partnership – because it is crucial to downscale the climate data to scales that can be used in agriculture.Here is an example of a tool that was finalised this year to get downscaled data for all areas of the globe.
  • Main message – a major new partnership launched:The partnership will be launched in Durban at COP17 – represents a major forum for collaboration amongst the key global agencies. The Wall Street Journal just published an article about the partnership. http://blogs.wsj.com/source/2011/11/28/agriculture-orgs-up-pressure-ahead-of-durban-climate-talks/
  • Main message: working across the forest and agriculture boundary – with jointly planned events between forest and agriculture day. This is part of “knowledge to action work”
  • CCAFS probably represents the most radical reform of the research program in the new CGIAR
  • Reform in the making: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS)

    1. 1. CGIAR 40th Anniversary Reform in the making:CGIAR Research Program on ClimateChange and Food Security (CCAFS) Ruben Echeverria, Director General, CIAT
    2. 2. CCAFS: the partnership! The largest global coalition of scientists working ondeveloping-country agriculture and climate change
    3. 3. The CCAFS framework Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: Improved 1.Adaptation to Progressive Climate Environmental Improved Change Health Rural 2.Adaptation through Managing Climate Livelihoods Risk Improved 3.Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Food Security 4. Integration for Decision Making •Linking Knowledge with Action •Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and Planning •Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis Enhanced adaptive capacity
    4. 4. Where CCAFS works
    5. 5. THE VISIONTo adapt farmingsystems, weneed to:• Close theyield gap byeffectively usingcurrent Theme 1:technologies, practices andpolicies Adaptation to• Increase thebar: develop Progressivenew ways toincreaseagricultural Climate Changepotential• Enablepolicies andinstitutions, from the farm tonational level
    6. 6. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate ChangeObjective One:Adapted farming systems via integratedtechnologies, practices, and policiesObjective Two:Breeding strategies to address abiotic andbiotic stresses induced by future climatesObjective Three:Integrate adaptation strategies foragricultural and food systems into policyand institutional frameworks
    7. 7. Farms of the future • The climate analogue tool, crucial for adaptation planning • Choice of sites for cross-site farmer visits and participatory crop and livestock trials
    8. 8. • Joint staff position between CCAFS and GRiSP• On breeding priorities for a 2030 world • Joint participaory action research in Bangladesh – WorldFish led (CRP1.3); CCAFS contributing
    9. 9. THE VISION• Climate-relatedrisk impedesdevelopment, leading to chronicpoverty anddependency• Actions takennow can reducevulnerability in Theme 2:the short term andenhance Adaptationresilience in thelong term•Improving current throughclimate riskmanagement will managingreduceobstacles to climate riskmaking futurestructuraladaptations.
    10. 10. Managing Climate RiskObjective One:Building resilient livelihoods (Farm level)Objective Two:Food delivery, trade, and crisis response(Food system level)Objective Three:Enhanced climate information and services
    11. 11. Improved useof climateinformation bycrisis responseagencies
    12. 12. CHALLENGESShort-term:Identifyingoptions feasiblefor smallholdermitigation andtrade-offs withother outcomes Theme 3:Long-term:Conflict betweenachieving food Pro-poorsecurity andagriculturalmitigation Mitigation
    13. 13. Pro-Poor CC MitigationObjective One:Identify low-carbon agricultural developmentpathwaysObjective Two:Develop incentives and institutionalarrangementsObjective Three:Develop on-farm technological options formitigation and research landscape implications
    14. 14. At field level much of the work isparticipatory action research e.g. Cross-project learning (community carbon projects) on best-bet research needs and institutional models across East and West Africa
    15. 15. • Earthscan book on current knowledge (with FAO)• Involved authors from 8 Centers
    16. 16. VISION•Provide ananalytical anddiagnosticframework, grounded in the policycontext•Effectivelyengage with ruralstakeholders anddecision makers•Communicate Theme 4:likely effects ofspecific policiesand interventions•Build partners’ Integration forcapacity decision-making
    17. 17. Integration for Decision Making Objective One: Linking knowledge with action Objective Two: Data and tools for analysis and planning Objective Three: Refining frameworks for policy analysis
    18. 18. Baseline survey•Household Household•Village survey:•Service organization Covering 3 regions, 12 countries, 36 sites, 252 villages, with 5,040 households www.ccafs.cgiar.org/ resources/baseline- surveys involved 5 CGIAR Centers
    19. 19. Downscaled climate data Select climate model(6 options or their avg) Selectemissions scenario (3 options) ™ Select location
    20. 20. Partnership on climate-smartagriculture• FAO, WB, CGIAR, UNEP, IFAD, Global Mechanism
    21. 21. Communicating together: Mapping climate-induced food insecurity• ILRI research team for CCAFS Theme 4 (ICRAF)• Communications efforts: CCAFS in collaboration with ICRAF, ILRI and CIAT• Outreach, online promotion: many CG Centers and partners• Scientists across Centers: interviews in four languagesThe Result:• Online coverage at TIME.com, BBC, Guardian, Reuters, NatureNews, VOA, and more…• Report downloaded 1038 times in first week• Traffic to CCAFS website increased by 500 in 1 week See details at http://ccafs.cgiar.org/resources/climatehotspots • >5% reduction in growing season • Low adaptive capacity 734 million people • High dependence on agriculture
    22. 22. Collaborating on major eventsLandscape weekend at COP17: CIAT, CIFOR, ICRISAT, ICRAF
    23. 23. http://www.agricultureday.org/Contributingto Agr. Daywith 20partners
    24. 24. Established the Commission• Chair: Sir John Beddington, UK Chief Scientist• Includes senior scientists from Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, Fran ce, India, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, United States, Vietnam
    25. 25. Social differentiation and gender• > 30% of milestones have gender/differentiation elements• >20% of research budget goes to research with explicit gender/differentiation elements
    26. 26. Real CGIAR reform at work!• Program Director based outside a CGIAR center (@ U of CPH, Denmark)• 30% budget to non CGIAR partners• Program Management Committee: 2 of the 6 members not from CGIAR• Independent Science Panel (sets strategy & oversees budget allocation) – consists of individuals not from CGIAR• All 15 CGIAR Centers contributing
    27. 27. CIAT: Science for Impact www.ciat.cgiar.org
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