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National adaptation planning (NAP) processes and EbA


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The NAP-Ag webinar on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) and National Adaptation Planning: Opportunities for the Agricultural Sectors will provide an overview of how EbA can be effectively integrated into agriculture sectors’ adaptation strategies and broader national adaptation planning processes. The webinar will focus on mainstreaming EbA in the formulation and implementation of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). Both global presentations and a presentation from Thailand and Nepal, a NAP-Ag partner country will outline opportunities, experiences and approaches in mainstreaming EbA into adaptation policy planning processes and strategies at different scales. This slideshow was presented by Ninni Ikkala Nyman

Published in: Education

National adaptation planning (NAP) processes and EbA

  1. 1. Supporting 11 countries to:  Develop integrated adaptation approach and roadmap for national adaptation plans  Strengthen gender-responsive adaptation planning for the agriculture sectors;  Define a baseline on adaptation and improve evidence-based results in the agriculture sector;  Strengthen technical and institutional capacity on cost-benefit analysis, impact evaluation, gender mainstreaming, and monitoring and evaluation;  Identify climate finance for adaptation/GCF; and  Enhance regional and global dialogues through peer-to-peer exchanges Globally advocating:  Integration of agriculture and food security in NAPs as instrument to for implementing NDCs and achieving SDG 2 “Zero Hunger” and SDG 13 “Climate Action”;  NAPs negotiation during UNFCCC sessions; and  Country support in the UNFCCC work streams and with Expert Groups including on regional trainings and outreach and knowledge sharing. Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) Objective | To identify and address climate change adaptation measures for the agriculture sectors in relevant national planning and budgeting processes through the formulation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
  2. 2. Where do we work? Latin America Colombia Guatemala Uruguay Africa The Gambia Kenya Uganda Zambia Asia Nepal Philippines Thailand Vietnam 11 Countries
  3. 3. I n t e g r a t i n g A g r i c u l t u r e i n N a t i o n a l A d a p t a t i o n P l a n s NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANNING (NAP) PROCESSES AND EBA NAP-Ag Webinar, 20th March, 2018 Ninni Ikkala Nyman, UNDP (NAP-Ag Programme)
  4. 4. Overview of presentation 1. What is the NAP process? 2. Entry points for integrating EbA in NAPs 3. Conclusions and recommendations
  6. 6. What is the NAP process? ■ The national adaptation plan (NAP) process was established under the UNFCCC Cancun Adaptation Framework (2010). ■ It enables Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs) as a means of identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs. ■ It is a continuous, progressive and iterative process which follows country- driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach.
  7. 7. NAPs under the UNFCCC over time EbA included in Cancun Adaptation Framework and Paris Agreement: • Take into account vulnerable ecosystems • Build the resilience of socioeconomic and ecological systems (EbA): “the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall adaptation strategy that takes into account the multiple social, economic and cultural co-benefits for local communities (CBD, Decision X/33)
  8. 8. Objectives of the NAPs and relevance for EbA The Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC has agreed on the following objectives of the NAP process: • To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience; and • To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities; in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate. • EbA can enable the reduction of vulnerability, and enhance the adaptive capacity and resilience of both ecosystems and dependent communities. It can be integrated into different planning processes, across sectors and scales. • EbA can be a policy or planning objective, as well as means for implementing adaptation
  9. 9. guidelines.aspx
  10. 10. Supplementary guidelines include:
  11. 11. 2. ENTRY POINTS FOR EBA IN NAPS Some examples
  12. 12. A. EbA in laying the groundwork and addressing gaps for NAPs ■ Has a NAP process been initiated and is EbA part of the medium- to long-term adaptation goal? ■ What are the existing policies, strategies, plans and laws - at national, sectoral and local level – relevant for adaptation? Do they integrate ecosystems and EbA? ■ Are coordination mechanisms in place for adaptation planning? Are EbA-relevant experts and institutions engaged? What are the capacity, data and information gaps for EbA? ■ What are the lessons learned from existing EbA actions? Which could be scaled-up in the context of medium- to long-term adaptation planning? ■ Related activities: incl. EbA in e.g. stocktakings, capacity assessments, NAP roadmaps where relevant
  13. 13. B. EbA in NAP preparatory elements ■ Have vulnerability assessments of ecosystems and ecosystem services been carried out? Can they inform adaptation planning? Are certain sectors, ecosystems or regions more vulnerable? ■ Have adaptation options been appraised? Have EbA options been prioritised as part of overall adaptation strategies? ■ Is EbA integrated into existing development planning processes? ■ EbA is often a preferred adaptation option because it tends to rely on existing resources and livelihood sources, can be comparatively cost-effective, provides co- benefits and avoids mal-adaptation e.g. forest and landscape restoration ■ Related activities: incl. ecosystems in VIAs to inform adaptation planning; incl. EbA in adaptation options that are being appraised
  14. 14. C. EbA in implementing NAP strategies ■ Prioritisation of adaptation actions ■ Long-term adaptation strategy ■ Financing adaptation actions – e.g. EbA incl. in national, sectoral or local budgets or international funds (e.g. GCF, IKI) ■ Implementation of adaptation actions e.g. landscape approaches, mangrove restoration, agroforestry, integrated watershed management etc. ■ Institutional frameworks and coordination strengthened – incl. vertical and horizontal integration of EbA and agriculture
  15. 15. EbA in NAP reporting, monitoring and review ■ Monitoring EbA as part of a NAP process; monitoring EbA across sectors and scales as part of overall national adaptation M&E; monitoring EbA programmes and projects ■ Assess available information, capacities and gaps ■ Include EbA in NAP reports, where relevant (incl. National Communications, NDCs, Adaptation Communications) ■ Challenges in M&E of NAPs and EbA include e.g. lack of data available; and lack of coordination across sectors and scales; timeline
  17. 17. ■ NAP processes vary by country; the integration of EbA in NAPs will also vary ■ EbA can be included throughout the NAP process ■ EbA may be included in a range of adaptation planning activities ■ Build on lessons learned from EbA for scaling up into medium- to long-term adaptation planning
  18. 18. | | Thank You