A cross-cutting and key gender ‘researchable issue’ that will require all centers to contribute to addressing: Which climate-smart agricultural practices and interventions (including improved soil, water, land, crop, livestock, fish, ecosystem service and agroforestry-related) are most likely to benefit women in particular, where, how and why? What interventions, actions, strategies and approaches will help stimulate them? Wording in CCAFS gender strategy; What are are the ‘climate smart’ agricultural and NRM practices, strategies, policies and institutional arrangements and opportunities we are seeing being adopted (or not) across a wide range of CCAFS and CRP sites, and if and how are they beneficial for men and for women?
Example of 4 of 6 awards just given to female researchers at PhD level in our regions to bolster their own CC-gender related research and support their institutions
CCAFS gender strategy
Implementing the CCAFS Gender Strategy Patti Kristjanson CCAFS Research Leader/Senior Scientist, World Agroforestry Center Gender Investors Meeting Paris June 15th
CCAFS Objectives• Identify and develop pro‐poor adaptation and mitigation practices, technologies and policies for agriculture and food systems.• Support the inclusion of agricultural issues in climate change policies, and of climate issues in agricultural policies, at all levels.
The CCAFS Framework: Research Themes, Outputs, and Impacts Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and ChangeTechnologies, practices, partnerships andpolicies for: Improved2.Adaptation to Progressive Climate Environmental ImprovedChange Health Rural3.Adaptation through Managing Climate LivelihoodsRisk Improved4.Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Food Security 4. Integration for Decision Making Trade •Linking Knowledge with Action -offs a nd Sy •Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and nergie s Planning •Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis Enhanced adaptive capacity in agricultural, natural resource management, and food systems
The Three Focus Regions South Asia: Parts of India, Bangladesh,West Africa: NepalSenegal, Mali, East Africa:Burkina Faso, Regional director: Tanzania, Pramod AggarwalGhana, and Niger Uganda, Kenya,Regional director: and EthiopiaRobert Zougmoré Regional director: James Kinyangi
Adaptation Theme – gender contentObjective: Contribute to the design of processes, technologies andrelated policy and institutional frameworks for the adaptation offarming systems in the face of future climate uncertainties thatreduce gender disparities in critical vulnerabilities, reduce femaledrudgery, and improve incomes for resource-poor men and womenResearch questions: How mightmales and females be(differentially) affected by long-run climate change? What aretheir adaptation options andstrategies (individual, household,or collective)? How might theircapacities to adapt be different?
Risk Management Theme – gender contentObjective: Integrate consideration of gender differences into thedevelopment and testing of improved services and risk climateinformation products and management innovations so thatthese produce benefits for resource-poor women producers andtraders as well as menResearch questions: What are the characteristics and causes of genderdifferentials in vulnerability to weather-related risk? What is the potential forclimate-related information to help females and males to manage climate-related risk?
Pro‐poor Mitigation Theme – gender contentObjective: Evaluate how selected development pathways,organizational, policy and financial arrangements and farm-levelagricultural mitigation practices deliver benefits to poor womenas well as to menResearch questions: What institutional arrangements provide incentives forreducing carbon footprints (delivering environmental services), throughimproved SWLM? How are each of these institutional arrangements genderdifferentiated (e.g. how are benefits shared)? What could be done to makethese institutional arrangements more gender-equitable?
Integration for Decision Making– gender contentObjective: Improve the gender-relevance of stakeholderdialogues, frameworks for policy analysis, databases, methodsand ex ante impact assessment for planning responses toclimate change in agriculture
Overarching gender questions re: Climate Smart Agriculture Which climate‐smart agricultural practices and interventions (including improved soil, water, land, crop, livestock, fish, ecosystem service andagroforestry‐related) are most likely to benefit women in particular, where,how and why? What interventions, actions, strategies and approaches will help stimulate them?
Gender‐CC work across CentresMost centers are doing participatory work of some kind, related toCC in some way, that includes gender aspects:e.g. Bioversity, CIAT, CIMMYT, IRRI, CIP, ICRISAT, … on varietalselection/trait preferences•CIAT, IFPRI – supply/value chains•CIMMYT – conservation ag, food security•CIP, others – vulnerability•ICARDA, IWMI, WorldFish, ICRISAT, CIMMYT – climate riskmanagement and improved climate services•ICRAF – institutional issues re PES•IFPRI – sustainable land management practice uptake, WEAI•ILRI, IFPRI – focus on womens’ assetsMost centres – adaptation strategies, but by women, men,youths, other disadvantaged groups?
CCAFS ApproachReview all this work within a broader socialdifferentiation and social learningframework
CCAFS ApproachA technical advisory team is:•Identifying key research gaps/questions (applying to CCAFS butother CRPs as well)•Reviewing existing tools, methods, approaches (e.g. IFPRI’sWEAI, ILRI/IFPRI GAAP tools, etc)•Refining/developing new approaches; cross-regional training ofteams that will implement new gender-targeted research,starting in CCAFS sites where other CRPs are also working
CCAFS gender‐CC tools, data• CCAFS baseline surveys – household, village, organizational levels, with various gender, age disaggregated indicators for measuring change over time www.ccafs.cgiar.org/resources/baseline‐surveys• Building regional capacity: FAO/CCAFS participatory approaches aimed at key CCAFS gender questions relating to risk, adaptation and mitigation Training of trainers approach started in India, Uganda, Ghana, Bangladesh; all training materials available at: www.ccafs.cgiar.org/gender
Research grants to local female PhD‐level researchers looking at gender‐CC issues Arame Tall – Senegal Gender and climate information needs. Community vulnerability to hydro-meteo hazards. Arame is doing a PhD at Johns Hopkins School of Int’l Studies, and is affiliated with the National Meteorological Agency of Senegal. Hilda Ngazi – Tanzania Mitigating Climate Change through Restoration of Degraded Land. Ecology and soil fertility background. Hilda is currently a Principal Agriculture Research Officer at the Ukiriguru Agriculture Research Institute in Mwanza, Tanzania. Gulsan Ara Parvin – Bangladesh Role of Microfinance Institutions to Enhance Food Security. Urban engineering, climate change and disaster management, and participatory community planning background. Gulsan is the chief researcher of Pathikrit, a Social and Human Development Non-Government Organization in Bangladesh. Nani Raut – Nepal Role of Gender in Agricultural Intensification and its Contribution to Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Implications for Policy. Nani is an expert in watershed management and rural water supply, and is working with Kathmandu University in Nepal.
CCAFS Theory of Change Desired Impacts Increased livelihood resilience, improved food security, and enhanced environmental function Changes In Knowledge Attitudes And Skills OUTCOMES One or more of the actor groups have betterunderstanding and/or skills in: the benefits and Changes In Practices value of new technologies and crop-livestock- One or more of the actor groups: use high tree systems; diversified livelihood and level scenario planning; use new or nutrition sources, ecosystem function; land, enhanced farming system technologies, water and biodiversity management, seeds and adaptation strategies; diversify implications of climate change and adaptation livelihoods and diets; use new knowledge measures, community involvement; how to about inputs, finance, markets to changework in partnership across scales and sectors in production, consumption and marketing an adaptive & problem-oriented way systems
Gender‐focused strategies to achieve outcomeInclusive engagement processes: e.g. future scenarios, climateanalogues, improved seasonal forecasts (e.g. with women’sgroups, networks), cross-site/project learning visits/workshopsInnovative communication strategies: e.g. communicationexperts involved throughout, research on CC communication,use of radio, soaps/reality shows, ICT’sCapacity strengthening targeting women and youths: e.g.resource and network mapping, training of trainers in gender-CCresearch in CCAFS regions, gender-CC research calls, trainingfemale and youth community resource persons
Implementing in Cross‐CRP sitesProposal: Identify key cross CRP-cutting gender issues and refineexisting approaches to capture themImplement the new research jointly with other CRP’s inlandscapes/basins/hubs that have been identified as CRPresearch sitesTake a 10-year learning approach and catalyze the use ofengagement, communication and capacity strengtheningstrategies by all partners aimed at enhancing the likelihood ofachieving outcomes (particularly gender-related ones)
Thank youCCAFS gender strategy is available at: Stay Connectedhttp://ccafs.cgiar.org/resources/mana Website: www.ccafs.cgiar.org gement-documents Blog: www.ccafs.cgiar.org/blog Sign up for science, policy and news e- bulletins at our website. Follow us on twitter @cgiarclimate