Climate Smart Agriculture in Southeast Asia

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Launch of the Southeast Asia office of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security http://ccafs.cgiar.org

7 May 2013, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Presentation by Bruce Campbell, CCAFS Program Director

Published in: Technology
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Climate Smart Agriculture in Southeast Asia

  1. 1. CCAFS  Mee(ng,  Hanoi,  May  2013  Climate  Smart  Agriculture  in  Southeast  Asia  
  2. 2. 2Outline1.  Challenges2.  CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change,Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)3.  Next steps for CCAFS in SE Asia
  3. 3. 3SE Asia& Climate Change•  8.6% of the world’s population•  > 50% in rural areas•  Nearly 50% of land used for agriculture•  Dependence on agriculture means highvulnerability to climate change
  4. 4. 4Climate hazards•  45 million people affected by tropical cyclones inlast half century•  Increased intensity and frequency of extremeweather events in last 20 years•  Floods and droughts are both common•  Delays in wet seasonØ  Increased severity and frequency of extremeevents predictedØ  +5-6OC ?
  5. 5. 5Sea level rise: 1 m = 38% inundated(MONRE, 2009)Legend  Province  border  District  borders  Satellite  antenna  Rivers  and  canals  Flooded  area  
  6. 6. 6Impact of projectedclimate change•  Changes in crop suitability•  Loss of land•  Increased fire, forest dieback and landslides•  Decrease in freshwater availability•  Increase in pests, pathogens, and invasive speciesFAO,  2011;  Cruz  et  al.,  2007;  Lacombe,  Hoanh  and  Smakh(n,  2012;  Nelson  et  al.,  2009;  Lefroy,  Collet  and  Groverman,  2010)  
  7. 7. 7Magnitude and sources of GHGsIndirect  -­‐  deforesta(on  Soils  Enteric  Rice  Vermeulen  et  al  (2012)  
  8. 8. 8Drivers  of  Deforesta,on  Hosonuma    et  al.  2013  
  9. 9. Part 2:CGIAR Research Program on ClimateChange Agriculture and Food Security
  10. 10. 10•  Iden(fy  and  develop  pro-­‐poor  adapta,on  and  mi,ga,on  prac,ces,  technologies  and  policies  for  agriculture  and  food  systems.  •  Support  the  inclusion  of  agricultural  issues  in  climate  change  policies,  and  of  climate  issues  in  agricultural  policies,  at  all  levels.  CCAFS Overall Objectives
  11. 11. 11Technologies, practices,partnerships and policies for:1.  Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change2.  Adaptation through ManagingClimate Risk3.  Pro-poor Climate ChangeMitigation4. Integration for Decision Making• Linking Knowledge with Action• Assembling Data and Tools for Analysisand Planning• Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis
  12. 12. 12Farms-­‐of-­‐The-­‐Future  :  A  Journey  to  plausible  futures  of  Doggoh  (Ghana)  •  Analogue tool to identify climate analogue sites•  Implement farmers-to-farmers visits•  Enhance adaptive capacity
  13. 13. Agricultural Insurance Company of India§  Risk characterization for key crops at agro-climatic zone level§  Rainfall triggers for rice, cotton, soybean, pearl millet, andcorn§  Heat triggers for wheat, mustard and chickpea§  GPS enabled handheld devices for enrolment and lossassessment§  Various pilots launched
  14. 14. SAMPLESIdentifying pro-poor mitigation options forsmallholder agriculture in the developing worldLandscape  units  and  landusers  Phase  1:  targe,ng,  laboratory  upgrading  Phase  2:  data  acquisi,on  Phase  3:  development  of  system-­‐level  mi,ga,on  op,ons  Phase  4:  implementa,on  with  development  partners  
  15. 15. 15Open access databasesNumber of pagevisitsNumber of datasetdownloadsCCAFS-CLIMATE data portal 26833 39648Agtrials 6292Climate Analogues 3287Adaptation and MitigationKnowledge Network (AMKN)1442Household baseline survey 1879Organisational baseline survey 81Village baseline survey * 493
  16. 16. 16Regional Programs
  17. 17. 17Climate-smartvillagesIndex-­‐based  insurance  Climate  informa(on  services  Climate-­‐smart  technologies  Local  adapta(on  plans  •  Learning sites•  Multiple partners•  Capacity buildingScaling up•  Policy•  Private sector•  Extension•  Mainstreamsuccesses viamajor initiativesDeveloping climate smartvillages
  18. 18. Commission onSustainableAgriculture andClimate ChangeFinal report35,  000  downloads  
  19. 19. 19Part 3: Next stepsin SE Asia
  20. 20. 201.  Develop proposed development outcomes
  21. 21. 211.  Climate-­‐smart  agricultural  models  up-­‐scaled  to  x  million  farmers  by  2023  2.  CCAFS  science  informing  agricultural  adapta(on  policy  needs  and  solu(ons  in  at  least  y  countries  by  2023  3.  X  million  farmers  and  other  local  agricultural  decision-­‐makers  use  climate-­‐related  informa(on  to  improve  climate  risk  management  by  2023  To  be  nego(ated  with  partners  (na(onal,  major  development  agencies,  private  sector…..)  Eg,  West  Africa  
  22. 22. 22With partners:1.  Develop proposed development outcomes2.  Finalize country selection3.  Embark on site selection4.  Facilitate regional scenarios process
  23. 23. 23Scenarios process (withFAO)•  Multi-partner visioning about plausible regionalfutures•  Quantitative modelling•  Identification of options and strategic planning•  Identification of research issues
  24. 24. 24With partners:1.  Develop proposed development outcomes2.  Finalize country selection3.  Embark on site selection4.  Facilitate regional scenarios process5.  Develop a regional (and national) engagementstrategy
  25. 25. 25ASEANRegional Expert ForumClimate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security
  26. 26. 26With partners:1.  Develop proposed development outcomes2.  Finalize country selection3.  Embark on site selection4.  Facilitate regional scenarios process5.  Develop a regional (and national) engagementstrategy6.  Initiate community-based planning
  27. 27. 27Community-based adaptationplanning•  Partnership, research, and capacitybuilding to inform options•  Bottom-up participatory adaptationplanning•  Prioritize, plan, and cost adaptationoptions•  Feed into research questions
  28. 28. 28Thank  you  

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