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The climate-smart village


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The climate-smart village : a model developed by CCAFS program to improve the adaptive capacity of communities
Presented by Dr Robert Zougmoré, Regional Program Leader, CCAFS West Africa. Africa Agriculture Science Week 6, 15 July 2013, Accra, Ghana.

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The climate-smart village

  1. 1. Climate-­‐smart  village  :     the  CCAFS  model  to  improve  the  adap2ve   capacity  of  communi2es     Robert Zougmoré Regional Program Leader, West Africa, CCAFS
  2. 2. To  2090,  taking  14   climate  models     Four  degree  rise   Thornton  et  al.  (2010)  Proc.  Na4onal  Academy  Science   >20%  loss   5-­‐20%  loss   No  change   5-­‐20%  gain   >20%  gain                     Length  of  growing   period  (%)     Length  of  growing  season    is  likely  to  decline..                      
  3. 3. Vermeulen  et  al.  2012    Annual  Review  of  Environment  and  Resources  (2012)       19-­‐29%   global  GHGs   from  food   systems  
  4. 4. How  can  smallholder  farmers   achieve  food  security  under  a   changing  climate?  
  5. 5. Agriculture  must  become     “climate-­‐smart”   •  contributes to climate change adaptation by sustainably increasing productivity & resilience •  mitigates climate change by reducing greenhouse gases where possible •  and enhances the achievement of national food security and development goals
  6. 6. •  Approach where CCAFS in partnership with rural communities and other stakeholders (NARES, NGOs, local authorities…), tests & validates in an integrated manner, several agricultural interventions •  Aims to boost farmers’ ability to adapt to climate change, manage risks and build resilience. •  At the same time, the hope is to improve livelihoods and incomes and, where possible, reduce greenhouse gas emissions to ensure solutions are sustainable Concept  of  “climate-­‐smart   villages”  
  7. 7. 7 Climate-smart villages Index-­‐based   insurance   Climate   informa2on   services   Climate-­‐ smart   technologies   Local   adapta2on   plans   •  Learning sites •  Multiple partners •  Capacity building Scaling up •  Policy •  Private sector •  Mainstream successes via major initiatives How  it  works?  
  8. 8. Focus  on  integrated   acCons..   Linking  knowledge  to  acCon   Key  agricultural  acCviCes  for  managing  risks  
  9. 9. 9 What?   Tree  plan2ng     ShiTs  to  small  stock   Crop/income  diversifica2on   Climate  resilient  crops   Who?   NGO’s  –  CARE,  World  Neighbors,  Vi     Gov’t  Extension;  CBO’s  –  local  groups   Researchers  –  KARI  teams,  CGIAR   Strategies   Outcome  mapping   Learning  workshops   Exchange  visits   Gender  research  training   Local  TV,  radio,  cell  info   on  CSA  op2ons                  The  research   •  KARI/CG  research  teams  tes2ng   and  evalua2ng  improved   prac2ces  with  farmers   •  What  isnt’s  and  approaches   benefit  women?  Enhance  equity?   •  Changes  in  prac2ces  –  what’s   climate  resilient?   •  What  changes  are  men  vs.   women  making?   Local  outcomes   Ext  services/NGOs   more  demand-­‐ driven  and   delivering  relevant   informa2on  on   climate-­‐smart     agriculture  to   farmers  and  local   organisa2ons   Example: western Kenya
  10. 10. 10 q Baseline  studies  at  site  (HH,  VBS  and  OBS)   q ParCcipatory  M&E  planning  for  PAR  work  with  local   partners    at  site   q Gender  mainstreaming  in  acCviCes   q Test  of  various  technological  opCons  by  farmers     q IteraCve  sharing  of  results  and  planning  of  next  steps   Climate-­‐smart   village   Climate   services   Weather   insurance   Designed   diversificaCon   MiCgaCon /C  seq   Community   management   of  resources   Capacity   building   Partnership   -­‐  NARS   -­‐  Extension   -­‐  NGOs   -­‐  Universi2es   -­‐  Development   partners   -­‐  Private  sector   -­‐  CBOs,  Local  leaders   Examples  from  Burkina,     Mali  and  Ghana   At  Community  level:  
  11. 11. 11 1.  Improved  technologies  and  pracCces  for  climate-­‐ smart  agriculture     2.  Methods,  approaches  and  capacity  for  local   adaptaCon  planning   3.  Innova2ve  mechanisms  for  scaling  up  and  out,   including  building  local  capacity  to  innovate.     4.  By  “scale  up  and  out”  it  is  intended  that  research   will  iden2fy  adop2on  pathways  and  ac2vely  involve   the  research  end-­‐users  who  are  necessary  to  take   research  findings  to  scale.     What  is  expected  ?  
  12. 12. Where  CCAFS  works  
  13. 13. 13 1.  To identify and test pro-poor adaptation and mitigation technologies, practices, and policies for food systems, adaptive capacity and rural livelihoods 2.  To provide diagnosis and analysis that will ensure cost effective investments, the inclusion of agriculture in climate change policies, and the inclusion of climate issues in agricultural policies, from the sub-national to the global level Over-­‐arching  objecCves    
  14. 14. 14;