Wind Energy Project

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Wind Energy - Academic Project Management Presentation

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  • I do agree with this project. Yes, all of you are right in telling that this wind energy project will be the future generation energy and has a clean electrical production. I do agree that it is clean simply because of its pure content. It's all natural and you can really expect that there will be no side effects as a result to humans. This information must be shared to everybody. With wind turbines, generating your own power supply is just free. No wonder, those who already knew about wind turbines became avid patrons and its growth is growing each year.
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  • The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  • The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  • The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  • The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  • The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  • Wind Energy Project

    1. 1. Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar – Guinea<br />Submitted by:<br />Tim Alexander<br />Bobo Barry<br />Jose Choto<br />Yves Juste<br />Michael Smith<br />Wind turbine energy project<br />1<br />
    2. 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY<br />Proposed Solution for the Energy (Electrical) needs for the<br /> Coast of West Africa.<br />Provide steady electricity to the people and city of Kamsar,<br /> Republic of Guinea through Offshore Wind Turbine System<br />Project start & end Dates: April 27, 2009 – June 21, 2010<br />Total Projected Cost of Project - $20 million US dollars<br />Benefits of the project – Electricity enriches lives in Kamsar:<br /> safety, education, health, and comfort<br />Purpose – Provide efficient energy solution for Kamsar<br />2<br />
    3. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (Cont’d)<br />The business reasons for conducting our analysis and recommendations are as follows: <br /><ul><li> Contracting Opportunities:
    4. 4. Establish presence and create additional business in West Africa
    5. 5. Enhance relationships with Energy vendor
    6. 6. Increase company revenue – 7.5% of project total cost </li></ul>3<br />
    7. 7. Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea<br />Project description<br />4<br />
    8. 8. The team<br />Experienced and well-trained engineers and consultants in wind energy development.<br />Based on our passed record and passed experience, we are capable of properly assessing project risks and monitoring the development of a project to meet its scope within schedule, cost and to the customer satisfaction. <br />5<br />
    9. 9. The Republic of Guinea<br />Located on the west coast of Africa. <br /> Bordered :<br /><ul><li> North by Senegal and Mali.
    10. 10. East by Mali and the Ivory coast.
    11. 11. South by Liberia and Sierra Leone.
    12. 12. West by the Atlantic Ocean.</li></ul>Has a population of 10.2 million in2008.<br />6<br />
    13. 13. The Republic of Guinea map<br />7<br />
    14. 14. RESOURCES – Technology<br />Wind energy<br /><ul><li>Is an indirect form of solar energy.
    15. 15. In general, wind results from an unequal heating of different parts of the earth, causing cooler, dense air to circulate to replace warmer light air.
    16. 16. Offshore wind energy has minimal environmental effects.
    17. 17. Higher wind speeds at sea produces energy increase from 10-20% compare to ground installations.</li></ul>8<br />
    18. 18. Resources – Technology – (Cont’d)<br />How does a wind turbine works? <br /><ul><li>Wind turbine transform the Kinetic energy of wind into Mechanical Energy (rotating blades), which in turn is transform in Electrical energy through the main shaft that turns the generator.</li></ul>9<br />
    19. 19. Resources – Turbine equipment<br />For this project horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) will be use, for their greater efficiency compared to vertical-axis wind turbines which are 50% less efficient and there ease installation offshore.<br />HAWT turbines have the following main components:<br />Blades (3)<br />Pitch Controls (4)<br />Main Bearing Assembly (6)<br />Main Shaft (7)<br />Gearbox (8)<br />Break Disc (10)<br />Coupling (11)<br />Generator (12)<br />Tower (14)<br />Canopy (18)<br />10<br />
    20. 20. Resources – Turbine equipment – (cont’d)<br />Building an offshore wind turbine will require installation on steel monopiles, which are long, steel tubes hammered into the sea bed.<br />11<br />
    21. 21. Resources – TURBINE MANUFACTURER<br />GE Energy<br /><ul><li>Is one of the world’ leading suppliers of power generation and energy delivery.
    22. 22. Has the worldwide resources and experience to help their customers meet their needs for cleaner, more reliable and efficiency energy.
    23. 23. Has six wind manufacturing and assembly facilities: Germany, Spain, China, and the United States.
    24. 24. Has installed in the last 12 years, 10,000 1.5 MW wind turbines around the world. </li></ul>12<br />
    25. 25. Resources – POWER GRID<br /> The existing power grid in the region of Kamsar, Guinea will be upgraded to distribute the additional generated power.<br />13<br />
    26. 26. Resources – POWER GRID – (cont’d)<br />New grid<br /><ul><li>Will stabilize the power supply to the area.
    27. 27. Will add new transmission and distribution lines, substations (step-up and step-down transformers).</li></ul>14<br />
    28. 28. Resources - management<br />One (1) Executive director – $275,000<br />One (1) Development Director – $150,000<br />One (1) Executive Assistant – $60,000<br />One (1) Receptionist – $30,000<br />One (1) Coordinator for Data Entry and Membership – $60,000<br />15<br />
    29. 29. Resources - project team<br />Three (3) Project Managers – $100,000 x 3<br />One (1) Project Coordinator – $100,000<br />16<br />
    30. 30. Resources - communications<br />One (1) Public Relations and Events Manager – $140,000<br />17<br />
    31. 31. Resources - finances<br />One (1) Finance Manager – $95,000<br />One (1) Controller – $150,000<br />One (1) Accounts Payable – $50,000<br />One (1) Accounts Receivable – $50,000<br />18<br />
    32. 32. Resources - development<br />One (1) Grants Manager – $80,000<br />One (1) Development Manager – $115,000<br />19<br />
    33. 33. Resources - design<br />Two (2) Construction Engineers – $220,000.<br />Four (4) Civil (Structural) Engineers - $ 110,000 x 4<br />Five (5) Mechanical Engineers – $110,000 x 5<br />Two (2) Electrical Engineers - $110,000 x 2<br />20<br />
    34. 34. Project Activities<br />RFP/Contracts (1.1) – WES, Inc. obtains a contract from SOGEL, its customer to provide energy via Wind Turbines in Kamsar, and WES, Inc. contracts with a variety of contractors to assist with the project<br />Customer (1.1.1) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with SOGEL to install Wind Turbines in Kamsar<br />Contractors (1.1.2) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with GE Energy, SOGAT and other contractors to build, ship, test and install Wind Turbines and other associated equipments and materials necessary for the project construction in Kamsar<br />21<br />
    35. 35. Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />Site Confirmation/Contract (1.2) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with WES-Analysis, Inc. to conduct all ocean, ground and wind testing<br /><ul><li> Contract (1.2.1)
    36. 36. Grid Analysis (1.2.2)
    37. 37. Ocean (1.2.2.1)
    38. 38. Ground (1.2.2.2)</li></ul>Grid Analysis (1.2.2) – WES-Analysis, Inc. conducts the grid analysis <br /><ul><li> Ocean (1.2.2.1)
    39. 39. Ground (1.2.2.2)</li></ul>22<br />
    40. 40. Locations Testing (1.2.3) – WES-Analysis, Inc. conducts testing for ocean, ground, wind, weather and the environment impact<br /><ul><li> Ocean (1.2.3.1)
    41. 41. Ocean Floor (1.2.3.1.1)
    42. 42. Current (1.2.3.1.2)
    43. 43. Ground (1.2.3.2)
    44. 44. Wind (1.2.3.3)
    45. 45. Weather (1.2.3.4)
    46. 46. Environment Impact (1.2.3.5)</li></ul>Administration (1.3) – responsible entirely for the Project Team’s passports, licenses, permits, visas, accommodations and insurances<br />Passports (1.3.1) – Team Project must obtain passports to travel outside the United States<br />23<br />Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />
    47. 47. Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />Licenses (1.3.2) – To obtain construction licenses from the government in Kamsar<br />Permits (1.3.3) – To obtain permits from the government in Kamsar for the installation of Wind Turbines in order to provide energy<br />Visas (1.3.4) – Team Project must obtain visas to travel to Guinea.<br />Insurance (1.3.5) – To insure the equipment, facilities and people for the protection of the Organization<br />Equipment and Facilities (1.3.5.1) – To insure wind turbines, associated equipments and materials<br />Liability (1.3.5.2) – Essential coverage for the organization’s protection<br />24<br />
    48. 48. Engineering & Design (1.4) – WES, Inc. shall develop, design, and Implement the technology for the Wind Turbines<br /><ul><li> Grid System (1.4.1)
    49. 49. Turbines and Transformer System (1.4.2)</li></ul>Design (1.4.1.1) – WES, Inc. shall design the Grid system<br /><ul><li> CAD (1.4.1.1.1)
    50. 50. Graphics (1.4.1.1.2)
    51. 51. Other Software (1.4.1.1.3)</li></ul>Personnel (1.5) – to handle accommodations, support system, training, and local crew hiring in Kamsar<br />Accommodations (1.5.1) – Human Resources shall provide accommodation services for WES, Inc. <br />25<br />Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />
    52. 52. Management Team on Site (1.5.2) – to arrive in Kamsar to commence the project<br />Local Crew – Hired (1.5.3) – to arrive on site to commence the project<br />Training - Local Crew (1.5.4) – WES, Inc. shall provide training to the local crew in Kamsar <br />Support System (1.5.5) – WES, Inc. shall provide support system<br />Transportation (1.6) – to transport all personnel and equipment into and throughout Kamsar <br />26<br />Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />
    53. 53. Personnel (1.6.1) – Management Team and Local Crew in Kamsar shall be provided with transportation services by travel agencies and local transportation companies <br /><ul><li> Air (tickets) (1.6.1.1)
    54. 54. Ground Services (1.6.1.2)</li></ul>Equipment (1.6.2) – Equipments shall be transported by transportation companies contracted by WES, Inc. and other contractors<br /><ul><li> Water – Welding Equipment (1.6.2.1)
    55. 55. Air – Specialized Equipment (1.6.2.2)
    56. 56. Ground (1.6.2.3)
    57. 57. Truck – Construction Equipment (1.6.2.3.1)
    58. 58. Train (1.6.2.3.2)</li></ul>27<br />Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />
    59. 59. Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />Project Management (1.7) – Project Management obtained a budget from SOGEL, and shall have the accounting department handle the project’s accounts<br />Accounting (1.7.4) – to handle WES, Inc.’s expenses, payroll and billing, A/R and A/P and other expenses during the project<br />Construction (1.8) – SOGAT shall handle the on shore constructions<br /><ul><li> Work on shore (1.8.1)
    60. 60. Turbine System (1.8.2)</li></ul>Power Grid (1.8.3) – WES, Inc. shall handle the Power Grid construction<br />28<br />
    61. 61. Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />Security (1.9) – WES, Inc. shall obtain security services to protect the Wind Turbines once the project is completed<br />Private (1.9.1) – WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with SOGAT to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground <br />Government (1.9.2) – WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with ESCADRON to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground <br />29<br />
    62. 62. Implementation (1.10) – WES, Inc. and contractors shall run Turbine system and complete system testing <br />Maintenance (1.10.3) – WES, Inc. will provide training to SOGEL personnel on the new power generation equipment <br />User Acceptance/Orientation (1.10.4) – WES, Inc. and SOGEL shall conduct the user acceptance and orientation regarding the new power generation system<br />Inauguration (1.10.6) – WES, Inc. shall introduce the Wind Turbines to Kamsar as their new source of energy<br />30<br />Project Activities (Cont’d)<br />
    63. 63. Key milestones<br />Turbines & Transformer purchased: 28 April 2009<br />Vendors selection completed – Contracts released (RFP): 4 May 2009<br /> Project Management Team arrive on site: 20 May 2009<br /> Government licensing & permits obtained: 20 May 2009<br />Local Staff hired: 27 May 2009<br />Construction Equipment arrive on site: 9 July 2009<br />31<br />
    64. 64. Key milestones (Cont’d)<br />Grid Construction Begins: 10 July 2009<br />Shore site Construction Begins: 16 July 2009<br />Tower Bases arrive on-site: 9 September 2009<br />Tower Bases Installed: 16 October 2009 <br />Main Transformer arrives on-site: 27 October 2009<br /> Wind Turbines arrive on-site: 6 November 2009<br />Wind Turbines and Transformer Installed: 15 December 2009 <br />32<br />
    65. 65. Key milestones (Cont’d)<br /> Wind Turbines Testing Completed: 5 February 2010<br /> System (Turbines, Transformer, and Grid) Testing Completed:<br /> 19 March 2010<br />Customer Acceptance Completed: 7 May 2010<br />Handover Completed: 18 June 2010 <br />Inauguration – Project Completed: 21 June 2010<br />33<br />
    66. 66. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea<br />34<br />
    67. 67. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />35<br />
    68. 68. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />36<br />
    69. 69. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />37<br />
    70. 70. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />38<br />
    71. 71. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />39<br />
    72. 72. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />40<br />
    73. 73. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />41<br />
    74. 74. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />42<br />
    75. 75. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />43<br />
    76. 76. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />44<br />
    77. 77. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />45<br />
    78. 78. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs)<br />46<br />
    79. 79. Risk assessment matrix<br />Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea<br />47<br />
    80. 80. Risk assessment matrix<br />48<br />
    81. 81. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d)<br />49<br />
    82. 82. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d)<br />50<br />
    83. 83. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d)<br />51<br />
    84. 84. Schedule and cost analysis<br />Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea<br />52<br />
    85. 85. cost analysis<br />All cost categories are covered in the cost summary<br />The funding $20 million for this project is solely provided by the local energy company SOGEL<br />Contingency and Risk allocation was set to $1.5 million<br />Salary.com was primarily used for staffing resources costs<br />Turbine costs and installation was from GE Energy website<br />It is assumed that the cost of the Turbine installation includes transport of individual parts to the work site to be assembled<br />53<br />
    86. 86. cost analysis (cont’d)<br />The $0 Cost values indicated in some tasks shown on the cost summary and project schedule assume that costs for those tasks are included within the main contracts with sub-vendors, and internally with WES, inc. For example, cost for Engineering and Design (1.4) is shown as $0 since it already accounted under Project Management (1.7)<br />54<br />
    87. 87. cost Summary (pie Chart)<br />55<br />
    88. 88. cost Summary<br />RFP/Contracts - $13,100,000.00<br />Customer - $0.00<br />Contractors - $13,100,000.00<br />Turbine - $8,000,000.00<br />Main Transformer - $1,000,000.00<br />Construction incl. materials – $3,100,000.00<br />Offshore - $1,600,000.00<br />Underwater Welding - $500,000.00<br />Grid - $1,000,000.00<br />Transportation - $1,000,000.00<br />Personnel - $100,000.00<br />Equipment - $900,000.00<br />Recruiting - local crew - $0.00<br />Site Confirmation/Contract - <br />$482,000.00<br />Contract - $0.00<br />Grid Analysis - $200,000.00 <br />Ocean - $100,000.00<br />Ground - $100,000.00<br />Locations Testing - $282,000.00<br />Ocean - $100,000.00<br />Ocean Floor - $50,000.00<br />Current - $50,000.00<br />Ground - $32,000.00<br />Wind - $25,000.00<br />Weather - $25,000.00<br />Environment Impact - $100,000.00<br />56<br />
    89. 89. cost Summary (cont’d)<br />Engineering and Design - $0.00<br />Grid system - $0.00*<br />Design - $0.00<br />CAD - $0.00<br />Graphics - $0.00<br />Other Software - $0.00<br />Development - $0.00<br />Implementation - $0.00<br />Turbine and Transformer System - $0.00**<br />Customer drawings - $0.00<br />For approval - $0.00<br />Certified for Construction - $0.00<br />Other Data - $0.00<br />Loads (dynamic, static) - $0.00<br />Voltage (120V, 4-20mA) - $0.00<br />* Cost is part of contract with SOGEL, covered under <br />WES, Inc. Project Management (1.7)<br />** Cost is part of contract with GE Energy (Turbines) and GE (Transformer) covered under their contracts (1.1.2.1 and 1.1.2.2 respectively) <br />Administration - $537,200.00<br />Passport - $1,000.00<br />Licenses - $1,600.00<br />Ocean - $800.00<br />Ground - $800.00<br />Permits - $3,000.00<br />Electrical - $1,000.00<br />Construction - $1,000.00<br />Water way - $1,000.00<br />Visas - $1,600.00<br />Insurance - $530,000.00<br />Equipment & Facilities - $30,000.00<br />Fire - $5,000.00<br />Storm - $25,000.00<br />Liability - $500,000.00<br />57<br />
    90. 90. cost Summary (cont’d)<br />Personnel - $0.00*<br />PM Team on Site - $0.00<br />Local crew (start) - $0.00<br />Training (local crew) - $0.00<br />Accommodations - $0.00<br />Support system - $0.00<br />Transportation - $242,000.00<br />Personnel - $170,000.00<br />Air (tickets) - $150,000.00<br />Ground Service - $20,000.00<br />Equipment - $72,000.00<br />Water -Welding Equip. - $15,000.00<br />Air-Spec. Equip.- $25,000.00<br />Ground - $32,000.00<br />Truck-Construct. Equip.- $12,000.00<br />Train - $20,000.00<br />* Cost is part of WES, Inc. Project Management Budget<br />Project Management – <br />$3,330,000.00<br />Budget - $3,070,000.00<br />Schedule - $0.00*<br />Risk Management Plan - $0.00*<br />Accounting - $260,000.00<br />Expenses - $260,000.00<br />Payroll (WES) - $150,000.00<br />Billing (Local manpower) <br />- $10,000.00<br />Office supplies - $100,000.00<br />Accounts payable - $0.00**<br />Accounts receivable - $0.00***<br />*Cost is part of WES, Inc. Project Management Budget<br />**Cost is part of contracts with sub-suppliers and handled by WES, Inc.’s accounting department<br />***Cost is part of contract with SOGEL and handled by WES, Inc.’s accounting department<br />58<br />
    91. 91. cost Summary (cont’d)<br />Construction - $0.00<br />Work on shore - $0.00*<br />Turbine System - $0.00<br />Towers (Turbines/Transformer) - $0.00<br />On site - $0.00***<br />Site preparation & installation - $0.00**<br />Turbines - $0.00<br />On site - $0.00***<br /><ul><li>Installation - $0.00**</li></ul>Transformer - $0.00<br />On site - $0.00***<br />Installation - $0.00**<br />Power Grid - $0.00<br />Towers - $0.00*<br />Cables - $0.00*<br />Transformers - $0.00*<br />Substations - $0.00*<br />* Cost is part of contract with SOGAT<br />** Cost is part of contract with MPI Offshore Ltd. <br />*** Cost is part of contract with Mediterranean <br />Shipping Company Spain SA <br />59<br />Security - $250,000.00<br />Private - $155,000.00<br />Ground - $65,000.00<br />Ocean - $90,000.00<br />Government - $95,000.00<br />Ground - $35,000.00<br />Ocean - $60,000.00<br />Implementation - $454,000.00<br />Testing – Turbine system - $150,000.00<br />Testing – Complete system - $200,000.00<br />Maintenance - $85,000.00<br />Documentation - $25,000.00<br />Training (customer) - $60,000.00<br />User Acceptance/Orientation - $4,000.00<br />Handover - $5,000.00<br />Inauguration - $10,000.00<br />
    92. 92. cost Summary (cont’d)<br />Implementation - $454,000.00<br />Testing – Turbine system - $150,000.00<br />Testing – Complete system - $200,000.00<br />Maintenance - $85,000.00<br />Documentation - $25,000.00<br />Training (customer) - $60,000.00<br />User Acceptance/Orientation - $4,000.00<br />Handover - $5,000.00<br />Inauguration - $10,000.00<br />Security - $250,000.00<br />Private - $155,000.00<br />Ground - $65,000.00<br />Ocean - $90,000.00<br />Government - $95,000.00<br />Ground - $35,000.00<br />Ocean - $60,000.00<br />60<br />
    93. 93. Project Schedule<br />61<br />
    94. 94. Project Schedule (cont’d)<br />62<br />
    95. 95. Project Schedule (cont’d)<br />63<br />
    96. 96. Project Schedule (cont’d)<br />64<br />
    97. 97. Project Schedule (cont’d)<br />65<br />
    98. 98. Gantt chart<br />66<br />
    99. 99. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />67<br />
    100. 100. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />68<br />
    101. 101. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />69<br />
    102. 102. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />70<br />
    103. 103. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />71<br />
    104. 104. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />72<br />
    105. 105. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />73<br />
    106. 106. Gantt chart (cont’d)<br />74<br />
    107. 107. Network diagram<br />75<br />
    108. 108. Recommendations<br />Project success realized based on:<br /><ul><li> Staying within the planned budget
    109. 109. Government of Guinea cooperation and satisfaction
    110. 110. People of Kamsar’s lives are improved with electricity
    111. 111. Support and maintenance from SOGEL</li></ul>Project Feasibility<br /><ul><li> Planning, estimates, activities, and research</li></ul> thoroughly analyzed which leads us to a high level of<br /> confidence in the project viability<br />Project Issues<br /><ul><li> Timing constraints for planned activities
    112. 112. Resource availability through the end of the project
    113. 113. Accuracy of cash reserves to cover unexpected problems/issues</li></ul>Team’s Confidence – Based upon analysis, research, the country’s need,<br /> likelihood of funding, and business opportunity, we would be willing to invest<br /> in the project and manage it as well<br />76<br />
    114. 114. references<br />http://www.wikipedia.org<br />http://www.wikimedia.org<br />http://www.owen.eru.rl.ac.uk/documents/WREC_review.pdf<br />http://www.ewb-usa.org/AboutUs/EWBUS ABoardofDirectors/tabid165/Default.aspx<br />http://www.windpower.org/en/tour/econ/income.htm<br />http://www.windpower.org/en/tour/econ/index.htm<br />http://www.gepower.com/prod_serv/products/wind_turbines/<br />http://www.fogonazos.blogspot.com/2006/12/how-to-build-offshore-wind-farm.html<br />http://www.ge.com<br />http://www.awea.org<br />http://www.windpower-monthly.com<br />http://www.earthpolicy.org/Updates/2006/Update52_data.htm<br />http://www.freefoto.com/preview/13-30-83?ffid=13-30-83&k=Blyth+Harbour+Wind+Farm%2C+Blyth%2C+Northumberland<br />77<br />
    115. 115. References (cont’d)<br />http://www.offshorewindenergy.org/<br />http://www.wordpress.com/2008/10/30/guinea<br />http://www.boubah.com<br />http://www.afdb.org<br />http://openlibrary.org/b/OL13973634M/case-of-SOGETRAG-Conakry<br />http://copainsdavant.linternaute.com/etablissement/1223954/1/escadron_de_gendarmerie_mobile_42_2/<br />http://www1.eere.energy.gov/windandhydro/printable_versions/wind_how.html<br />http://www.deepwater.com<br />http://www.owen.org.uk<br />http://ww.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/renewable/wind.html<br />http://www.salary.com<br />http://www.mnforsustain.org/windpower_schleede_costs_of_electricity.htm<br />78<br />

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