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Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar – Guinea Submitted by: Tim Alexander Bobo Barry Jose Choto Yves Juste Michael Smith Wind turbine energy project 1
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Proposed Solution for the Energy (Electrical) needs for the      Coast of West Africa. Provide steady electricity to the people and city of Kamsar,      Republic of Guinea through Offshore Wind Turbine System Project start & end Dates:  April 27, 2009 – June 21, 2010 Total Projected Cost of Project - $20 million US dollars Benefits of the project – Electricity enriches lives in Kamsar: 	safety, education, health, and comfort Purpose – Provide efficient energy solution for Kamsar 2
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (Cont’d) The business reasons for conducting our analysis and recommendations are as follows:  ,[object Object]
Establish presence and create additional business in West Africa
Enhance relationships with Energy vendor
Increase company revenue – 7.5% of project total cost 3
Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea Project description 4
The team Experienced and well-trained engineers and consultants in wind energy development. Based on our passed record and passed experience, we are capable of properly assessing project risks and monitoring the development of a project to meet its scope within schedule, cost and to the customer satisfaction.  5
The Republic of Guinea Located on the west coast of Africa.      Bordered : ,[object Object]
 	East by Mali and the Ivory coast.
 	South by Liberia and Sierra Leone.
 	West by the Atlantic Ocean.Has a population of 10.2 million in2008. 6
The Republic of Guinea map 7
RESOURCES – Technology Wind energy ,[object Object]
In general, wind results from an unequal heating of different parts of the earth, causing cooler, dense air to circulate to replace warmer light air.
Offshore wind energy has minimal environmental effects.
Higher wind speeds at sea produces energy increase from 10-20% compare to ground installations.8
Resources – Technology – (Cont’d) How does a wind turbine works?  ,[object Object],9
Resources – Turbine equipment For this project horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) will be use, for their greater efficiency compared to vertical-axis wind turbines which are 50% less efficient and there ease installation offshore. HAWT turbines have the following main components: Blades (3) Pitch Controls (4) Main Bearing Assembly (6) Main Shaft (7) Gearbox (8) Break Disc (10) Coupling (11) Generator (12) Tower (14) Canopy (18) 10
Resources – Turbine equipment – (cont’d) Building an offshore wind turbine will require installation on steel monopiles, which are long, steel tubes hammered into the sea bed. 11
Resources – TURBINE MANUFACTURER GE Energy ,[object Object]
Has the worldwide resources and experience to help their customers meet their needs for cleaner, more reliable and efficiency energy.
Has six wind manufacturing and assembly facilities: Germany, Spain, China, and the United States.
Has installed in the last 12 years, 10,000 1.5 MW wind turbines around the world. 12
Resources – POWER GRID  The existing power grid in the region of Kamsar, Guinea will be upgraded to distribute the additional generated power. 13
Resources – POWER GRID – (cont’d) New grid ,[object Object]
Will add new transmission and distribution lines, substations (step-up and step-down transformers).14
Resources - management One (1) Executive director – $275,000 One (1) Development Director – $150,000 One (1) Executive Assistant – $60,000 One (1) Receptionist – $30,000 One (1) Coordinator for Data Entry and Membership – $60,000 15
Resources - project team Three (3) Project Managers – $100,000 x 3 One (1) Project Coordinator – $100,000 16
Resources - communications One (1) Public Relations and Events Manager – $140,000 17
Resources - finances One (1) Finance Manager – $95,000 One (1) Controller – $150,000 One (1) Accounts Payable – $50,000 One (1) Accounts Receivable – $50,000 18
Resources - development One (1) Grants Manager – $80,000 One (1) Development Manager – $115,000 19
Resources - design Two (2) Construction Engineers – $220,000. Four (4) Civil (Structural) Engineers - $ 110,000 x 4 Five (5) Mechanical Engineers – $110,000 x 5 Two (2) Electrical Engineers - $110,000 x 2 20
Project Activities RFP/Contracts (1.1) – WES, Inc. obtains a contract from SOGEL, its customer to provide energy via Wind Turbines in Kamsar, and WES, Inc. contracts with a variety of contractors to assist with the project Customer (1.1.1) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with SOGEL to install Wind Turbines in Kamsar Contractors (1.1.2) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with GE Energy, SOGAT and other contractors to build, ship, test and install Wind Turbines and other associated equipments and materials necessary for the project construction in Kamsar 21
Project Activities (Cont’d) Site Confirmation/Contract (1.2) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with WES-Analysis, Inc. to conduct all ocean, ground and wind testing ,[object Object]
   Grid Analysis (1.2.2)
   Ocean (1.2.2.1)
   Ground (1.2.2.2)Grid Analysis (1.2.2) –  WES-Analysis, Inc. conducts the grid analysis  ,[object Object]
   Ground (1.2.2.2)22
Locations Testing (1.2.3) –  WES-Analysis, Inc. conducts testing for ocean, ground, wind, weather and the environment impact ,[object Object]
 Ocean Floor (1.2.3.1.1)
 Current (1.2.3.1.2)
    Ground  (1.2.3.2)
    Wind (1.2.3.3)
    Weather (1.2.3.4)
    Environment Impact  (1.2.3.5)Administration (1.3) – responsible entirely for the Project Team’s passports, licenses, permits, visas, accommodations and insurances Passports (1.3.1) – Team Project must obtain passports to travel outside the United States 23 Project Activities (Cont’d)
Project Activities (Cont’d) Licenses (1.3.2) –  To obtain construction licenses from the government in Kamsar Permits (1.3.3) –  To obtain permits from the government in Kamsar for the installation of Wind Turbines in order to provide energy Visas (1.3.4) – Team Project must obtain visas to travel to Guinea. Insurance (1.3.5) – To insure the equipment, facilities and people for the protection of the Organization Equipment and Facilities (1.3.5.1) – To insure wind turbines, associated equipments and materials Liability (1.3.5.2) – Essential coverage for the organization’s protection 24
Engineering & Design (1.4) – WES, Inc. shall develop, design, and Implement the technology for the Wind Turbines ,[object Object]
  Turbines and Transformer System (1.4.2)Design (1.4.1.1) – WES, Inc. shall design the Grid system ,[object Object]
  Graphics (1.4.1.1.2)
  Other Software (1.4.1.1.3)Personnel (1.5) –  to handle accommodations, support system, training, and local crew hiring in Kamsar Accommodations (1.5.1) –  Human Resources shall provide accommodation services for WES, Inc.  25 Project Activities (Cont’d)
Management Team on Site (1.5.2) – to arrive in Kamsar to commence the project Local Crew – Hired (1.5.3) – to arrive on site to commence the project Training - Local Crew (1.5.4) – WES, Inc. shall provide training to the local crew in Kamsar  Support System (1.5.5) – WES, Inc. shall provide support system Transportation (1.6) – to transport all personnel and equipment into and throughout Kamsar   26 Project Activities (Cont’d)
Personnel (1.6.1) –  Management Team and Local Crew in Kamsar shall be provided with transportation services by travel agencies and local transportation companies  ,[object Object]
  Ground Services (1.6.1.2)Equipment (1.6.2) – Equipments shall be transported by transportation companies contracted by WES, Inc. and other contractors ,[object Object]
     Air – Specialized Equipment (1.6.2.2)
     Ground (1.6.2.3)
  Truck – Construction Equipment (1.6.2.3.1)
  Train (1.6.2.3.2)27 Project Activities (Cont’d)
Project Activities (Cont’d) Project Management (1.7) – Project Management obtained a budget from SOGEL, and shall have the accounting department handle the project’s accounts Accounting (1.7.4) – to handle WES, Inc.’s expenses, payroll and billing, A/R and A/P and other expenses during the project Construction (1.8) – SOGAT shall handle the on shore constructions ,[object Object]
  Turbine System (1.8.2)Power Grid (1.8.3) – WES, Inc. shall handle the Power Grid construction 28
Project Activities (Cont’d) Security (1.9) – WES, Inc. shall obtain security services to protect the Wind Turbines once the project is completed Private (1.9.1) –  WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with SOGAT to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground  Government (1.9.2) – WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with ESCADRON to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground  29
Implementation (1.10) – WES, Inc. and contractors shall run Turbine system and complete system testing  Maintenance (1.10.3) –  WES, Inc. will provide training to SOGEL personnel on the new power generation equipment  User Acceptance/Orientation (1.10.4) – WES, Inc. and SOGEL shall conduct the user acceptance and orientation regarding the new power generation system Inauguration (1.10.6) – WES, Inc. shall introduce the Wind Turbines to Kamsar as their new source of energy 30 Project Activities (Cont’d)
Key milestones Turbines & Transformer purchased: 28 April 2009 Vendors selection completed – Contracts released (RFP): 4 May 2009   Project Management Team arrive on site: 20 May 2009   Government licensing & permits obtained: 20 May 2009 Local Staff hired: 27 May 2009 Construction Equipment arrive on site: 9 July 2009 31
Key milestones (Cont’d) Grid Construction Begins: 10 July 2009 Shore site Construction Begins: 16 July 2009 Tower Bases arrive on-site: 9 September 2009 Tower Bases Installed: 16 October 2009  Main Transformer arrives on-site: 27 October 2009   Wind Turbines arrive on-site: 6 November 2009 Wind Turbines and Transformer Installed: 15 December 2009  32
Key milestones (Cont’d)   Wind Turbines Testing Completed: 5 February 2010   System (Turbines, Transformer, and Grid) Testing Completed: 	19 March 2010 Customer Acceptance Completed: 7 May 2010 Handover Completed: 18 June 2010  Inauguration – Project Completed: 21 June 2010 33
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea 34
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 35
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 36
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 37
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 38
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 39
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 40
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 41
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 42
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 43
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 44
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 45
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) 46

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Wind Energy Project

  • 1. Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar – Guinea Submitted by: Tim Alexander Bobo Barry Jose Choto Yves Juste Michael Smith Wind turbine energy project 1
  • 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Proposed Solution for the Energy (Electrical) needs for the Coast of West Africa. Provide steady electricity to the people and city of Kamsar, Republic of Guinea through Offshore Wind Turbine System Project start & end Dates: April 27, 2009 – June 21, 2010 Total Projected Cost of Project - $20 million US dollars Benefits of the project – Electricity enriches lives in Kamsar: safety, education, health, and comfort Purpose – Provide efficient energy solution for Kamsar 2
  • 3.
  • 4. Establish presence and create additional business in West Africa
  • 6. Increase company revenue – 7.5% of project total cost 3
  • 7. Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea Project description 4
  • 8. The team Experienced and well-trained engineers and consultants in wind energy development. Based on our passed record and passed experience, we are capable of properly assessing project risks and monitoring the development of a project to meet its scope within schedule, cost and to the customer satisfaction. 5
  • 9.
  • 10. East by Mali and the Ivory coast.
  • 11. South by Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • 12. West by the Atlantic Ocean.Has a population of 10.2 million in2008. 6
  • 13. The Republic of Guinea map 7
  • 14.
  • 15. In general, wind results from an unequal heating of different parts of the earth, causing cooler, dense air to circulate to replace warmer light air.
  • 16. Offshore wind energy has minimal environmental effects.
  • 17. Higher wind speeds at sea produces energy increase from 10-20% compare to ground installations.8
  • 18.
  • 19. Resources – Turbine equipment For this project horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) will be use, for their greater efficiency compared to vertical-axis wind turbines which are 50% less efficient and there ease installation offshore. HAWT turbines have the following main components: Blades (3) Pitch Controls (4) Main Bearing Assembly (6) Main Shaft (7) Gearbox (8) Break Disc (10) Coupling (11) Generator (12) Tower (14) Canopy (18) 10
  • 20. Resources – Turbine equipment – (cont’d) Building an offshore wind turbine will require installation on steel monopiles, which are long, steel tubes hammered into the sea bed. 11
  • 21.
  • 22. Has the worldwide resources and experience to help their customers meet their needs for cleaner, more reliable and efficiency energy.
  • 23. Has six wind manufacturing and assembly facilities: Germany, Spain, China, and the United States.
  • 24. Has installed in the last 12 years, 10,000 1.5 MW wind turbines around the world. 12
  • 25. Resources – POWER GRID The existing power grid in the region of Kamsar, Guinea will be upgraded to distribute the additional generated power. 13
  • 26.
  • 27. Will add new transmission and distribution lines, substations (step-up and step-down transformers).14
  • 28. Resources - management One (1) Executive director – $275,000 One (1) Development Director – $150,000 One (1) Executive Assistant – $60,000 One (1) Receptionist – $30,000 One (1) Coordinator for Data Entry and Membership – $60,000 15
  • 29. Resources - project team Three (3) Project Managers – $100,000 x 3 One (1) Project Coordinator – $100,000 16
  • 30. Resources - communications One (1) Public Relations and Events Manager – $140,000 17
  • 31. Resources - finances One (1) Finance Manager – $95,000 One (1) Controller – $150,000 One (1) Accounts Payable – $50,000 One (1) Accounts Receivable – $50,000 18
  • 32. Resources - development One (1) Grants Manager – $80,000 One (1) Development Manager – $115,000 19
  • 33. Resources - design Two (2) Construction Engineers – $220,000. Four (4) Civil (Structural) Engineers - $ 110,000 x 4 Five (5) Mechanical Engineers – $110,000 x 5 Two (2) Electrical Engineers - $110,000 x 2 20
  • 34. Project Activities RFP/Contracts (1.1) – WES, Inc. obtains a contract from SOGEL, its customer to provide energy via Wind Turbines in Kamsar, and WES, Inc. contracts with a variety of contractors to assist with the project Customer (1.1.1) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with SOGEL to install Wind Turbines in Kamsar Contractors (1.1.2) – WES, Inc. enters into contract with GE Energy, SOGAT and other contractors to build, ship, test and install Wind Turbines and other associated equipments and materials necessary for the project construction in Kamsar 21
  • 35.
  • 36. Grid Analysis (1.2.2)
  • 37. Ocean (1.2.2.1)
  • 38.
  • 39. Ground (1.2.2.2)22
  • 40.
  • 41. Ocean Floor (1.2.3.1.1)
  • 43. Ground (1.2.3.2)
  • 44. Wind (1.2.3.3)
  • 45. Weather (1.2.3.4)
  • 46. Environment Impact (1.2.3.5)Administration (1.3) – responsible entirely for the Project Team’s passports, licenses, permits, visas, accommodations and insurances Passports (1.3.1) – Team Project must obtain passports to travel outside the United States 23 Project Activities (Cont’d)
  • 47. Project Activities (Cont’d) Licenses (1.3.2) – To obtain construction licenses from the government in Kamsar Permits (1.3.3) – To obtain permits from the government in Kamsar for the installation of Wind Turbines in order to provide energy Visas (1.3.4) – Team Project must obtain visas to travel to Guinea. Insurance (1.3.5) – To insure the equipment, facilities and people for the protection of the Organization Equipment and Facilities (1.3.5.1) – To insure wind turbines, associated equipments and materials Liability (1.3.5.2) – Essential coverage for the organization’s protection 24
  • 48.
  • 49.
  • 50. Graphics (1.4.1.1.2)
  • 51. Other Software (1.4.1.1.3)Personnel (1.5) – to handle accommodations, support system, training, and local crew hiring in Kamsar Accommodations (1.5.1) – Human Resources shall provide accommodation services for WES, Inc. 25 Project Activities (Cont’d)
  • 52. Management Team on Site (1.5.2) – to arrive in Kamsar to commence the project Local Crew – Hired (1.5.3) – to arrive on site to commence the project Training - Local Crew (1.5.4) – WES, Inc. shall provide training to the local crew in Kamsar Support System (1.5.5) – WES, Inc. shall provide support system Transportation (1.6) – to transport all personnel and equipment into and throughout Kamsar 26 Project Activities (Cont’d)
  • 53.
  • 54.
  • 55. Air – Specialized Equipment (1.6.2.2)
  • 56. Ground (1.6.2.3)
  • 57. Truck – Construction Equipment (1.6.2.3.1)
  • 58. Train (1.6.2.3.2)27 Project Activities (Cont’d)
  • 59.
  • 60. Turbine System (1.8.2)Power Grid (1.8.3) – WES, Inc. shall handle the Power Grid construction 28
  • 61. Project Activities (Cont’d) Security (1.9) – WES, Inc. shall obtain security services to protect the Wind Turbines once the project is completed Private (1.9.1) – WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with SOGAT to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground Government (1.9.2) – WES, Inc. shall enter into contract with ESCADRON to provide security services for the Wind Turbines both in ocean and on ground 29
  • 62. Implementation (1.10) – WES, Inc. and contractors shall run Turbine system and complete system testing Maintenance (1.10.3) – WES, Inc. will provide training to SOGEL personnel on the new power generation equipment User Acceptance/Orientation (1.10.4) – WES, Inc. and SOGEL shall conduct the user acceptance and orientation regarding the new power generation system Inauguration (1.10.6) – WES, Inc. shall introduce the Wind Turbines to Kamsar as their new source of energy 30 Project Activities (Cont’d)
  • 63. Key milestones Turbines & Transformer purchased: 28 April 2009 Vendors selection completed – Contracts released (RFP): 4 May 2009 Project Management Team arrive on site: 20 May 2009 Government licensing & permits obtained: 20 May 2009 Local Staff hired: 27 May 2009 Construction Equipment arrive on site: 9 July 2009 31
  • 64. Key milestones (Cont’d) Grid Construction Begins: 10 July 2009 Shore site Construction Begins: 16 July 2009 Tower Bases arrive on-site: 9 September 2009 Tower Bases Installed: 16 October 2009 Main Transformer arrives on-site: 27 October 2009 Wind Turbines arrive on-site: 6 November 2009 Wind Turbines and Transformer Installed: 15 December 2009 32
  • 65. Key milestones (Cont’d) Wind Turbines Testing Completed: 5 February 2010 System (Turbines, Transformer, and Grid) Testing Completed: 19 March 2010 Customer Acceptance Completed: 7 May 2010 Handover Completed: 18 June 2010 Inauguration – Project Completed: 21 June 2010 33
  • 66. WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE (wbs) Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea 34
  • 79. Risk assessment matrix Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea 47
  • 81. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d) 49
  • 82. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d) 50
  • 83. Risk assessment matrix (cont’d) 51
  • 84. Schedule and cost analysis Wind Turbine Energy For The City of Kamsar - Guinea 52
  • 85. cost analysis All cost categories are covered in the cost summary The funding $20 million for this project is solely provided by the local energy company SOGEL Contingency and Risk allocation was set to $1.5 million Salary.com was primarily used for staffing resources costs Turbine costs and installation was from GE Energy website It is assumed that the cost of the Turbine installation includes transport of individual parts to the work site to be assembled 53
  • 86. cost analysis (cont’d) The $0 Cost values indicated in some tasks shown on the cost summary and project schedule assume that costs for those tasks are included within the main contracts with sub-vendors, and internally with WES, inc. For example, cost for Engineering and Design (1.4) is shown as $0 since it already accounted under Project Management (1.7) 54
  • 87. cost Summary (pie Chart) 55
  • 88. cost Summary RFP/Contracts - $13,100,000.00 Customer - $0.00 Contractors - $13,100,000.00 Turbine - $8,000,000.00 Main Transformer - $1,000,000.00 Construction incl. materials – $3,100,000.00 Offshore - $1,600,000.00 Underwater Welding - $500,000.00 Grid - $1,000,000.00 Transportation - $1,000,000.00 Personnel - $100,000.00 Equipment - $900,000.00 Recruiting - local crew - $0.00 Site Confirmation/Contract - $482,000.00 Contract - $0.00 Grid Analysis - $200,000.00 Ocean - $100,000.00 Ground - $100,000.00 Locations Testing - $282,000.00 Ocean - $100,000.00 Ocean Floor - $50,000.00 Current - $50,000.00 Ground - $32,000.00 Wind - $25,000.00 Weather - $25,000.00 Environment Impact - $100,000.00 56
  • 89. cost Summary (cont’d) Engineering and Design - $0.00 Grid system - $0.00* Design - $0.00 CAD - $0.00 Graphics - $0.00 Other Software - $0.00 Development - $0.00 Implementation - $0.00 Turbine and Transformer System - $0.00** Customer drawings - $0.00 For approval - $0.00 Certified for Construction - $0.00 Other Data - $0.00 Loads (dynamic, static) - $0.00 Voltage (120V, 4-20mA) - $0.00 * Cost is part of contract with SOGEL, covered under WES, Inc. Project Management (1.7) ** Cost is part of contract with GE Energy (Turbines) and GE (Transformer) covered under their contracts (1.1.2.1 and 1.1.2.2 respectively) Administration - $537,200.00 Passport - $1,000.00 Licenses - $1,600.00 Ocean - $800.00 Ground - $800.00 Permits - $3,000.00 Electrical - $1,000.00 Construction - $1,000.00 Water way - $1,000.00 Visas - $1,600.00 Insurance - $530,000.00 Equipment & Facilities - $30,000.00 Fire - $5,000.00 Storm - $25,000.00 Liability - $500,000.00 57
  • 90. cost Summary (cont’d) Personnel - $0.00* PM Team on Site - $0.00 Local crew (start) - $0.00 Training (local crew) - $0.00 Accommodations - $0.00 Support system - $0.00 Transportation - $242,000.00 Personnel - $170,000.00 Air (tickets) - $150,000.00 Ground Service - $20,000.00 Equipment - $72,000.00 Water -Welding Equip. - $15,000.00 Air-Spec. Equip.- $25,000.00 Ground - $32,000.00 Truck-Construct. Equip.- $12,000.00 Train - $20,000.00 * Cost is part of WES, Inc. Project Management Budget Project Management – $3,330,000.00 Budget - $3,070,000.00 Schedule - $0.00* Risk Management Plan - $0.00* Accounting - $260,000.00 Expenses - $260,000.00 Payroll (WES) - $150,000.00 Billing (Local manpower) - $10,000.00 Office supplies - $100,000.00 Accounts payable - $0.00** Accounts receivable - $0.00*** *Cost is part of WES, Inc. Project Management Budget **Cost is part of contracts with sub-suppliers and handled by WES, Inc.’s accounting department ***Cost is part of contract with SOGEL and handled by WES, Inc.’s accounting department 58
  • 91.
  • 92. cost Summary (cont’d) Implementation - $454,000.00 Testing – Turbine system - $150,000.00 Testing – Complete system - $200,000.00 Maintenance - $85,000.00 Documentation - $25,000.00 Training (customer) - $60,000.00 User Acceptance/Orientation - $4,000.00 Handover - $5,000.00 Inauguration - $10,000.00 Security - $250,000.00 Private - $155,000.00 Ground - $65,000.00 Ocean - $90,000.00 Government - $95,000.00 Ground - $35,000.00 Ocean - $60,000.00 60
  • 108.
  • 109. Government of Guinea cooperation and satisfaction
  • 110. People of Kamsar’s lives are improved with electricity
  • 111.
  • 112. Resource availability through the end of the project
  • 113. Accuracy of cash reserves to cover unexpected problems/issuesTeam’s Confidence – Based upon analysis, research, the country’s need, likelihood of funding, and business opportunity, we would be willing to invest in the project and manage it as well 76
  • 114. references http://www.wikipedia.org http://www.wikimedia.org http://www.owen.eru.rl.ac.uk/documents/WREC_review.pdf http://www.ewb-usa.org/AboutUs/EWBUS ABoardofDirectors/tabid165/Default.aspx http://www.windpower.org/en/tour/econ/income.htm http://www.windpower.org/en/tour/econ/index.htm http://www.gepower.com/prod_serv/products/wind_turbines/ http://www.fogonazos.blogspot.com/2006/12/how-to-build-offshore-wind-farm.html http://www.ge.com http://www.awea.org http://www.windpower-monthly.com http://www.earthpolicy.org/Updates/2006/Update52_data.htm http://www.freefoto.com/preview/13-30-83?ffid=13-30-83&k=Blyth+Harbour+Wind+Farm%2C+Blyth%2C+Northumberland 77
  • 115. References (cont’d) http://www.offshorewindenergy.org/ http://www.wordpress.com/2008/10/30/guinea http://www.boubah.com http://www.afdb.org http://openlibrary.org/b/OL13973634M/case-of-SOGETRAG-Conakry http://copainsdavant.linternaute.com/etablissement/1223954/1/escadron_de_gendarmerie_mobile_42_2/ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/windandhydro/printable_versions/wind_how.html http://www.deepwater.com http://www.owen.org.uk http://ww.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/renewable/wind.html http://www.salary.com http://www.mnforsustain.org/windpower_schleede_costs_of_electricity.htm 78

Editor's Notes

  1. The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  2. The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  3. The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  4. The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.
  5. The republic of Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.Boarded :North by Senegal and MaliEast by Mali and the Ivory coastSouth by Liberia and Sierra LeoneWest by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 7.5 million in 2008.