I. Define the meaning and types of RubricsIII. Know the Steps and Advantages in developing a rubricV. Define and Compare PortfoliosVII. Know the Types, Guidelines and Uses of PortfoliosIX. Know meaning of Performance Based Assessment (PBA)
“Definition of a Rubric” “Rubrics” is a scoring scale and instructionaltool to assess the performance of students using atask-specific set of criteria or “what counts” (forexample, purposes, organizational, details, voice,and mechanics are often what count. It contains twoessential parts: the criteria for the tasks and levels ofperformance for each criterion. It provides teachers an effective means ofstudents-centered feedback and evaluation of thework of students. It also enables teachers to providea detailed and informative evaluation of theirperformance.
HOLISTIC RUBRICS ANALYTIC RUBRICS In holistic rubrics, it does In analytic rubrics the not list separate levels teacher or the rater of performance for each identify and assess criterion. Rather, components of a holistic rubrics assigns a level of performance finished product. It along with a multiple breaks down the final criteria as a whole, in product into component other words you put all parts and each part is the components scored independently. together.
1. Determine learning outcomes 2. Keep it short and simple (Include 4 - 15 items; use brief statements or phrases) 3. Each rubric item should focus on a different skill 4. Focus on how students develop and express their learning 5. Evaluate only measureable criteria 6. Ideally, the entire rubric should fit on one sheet of paper 7. Reevaluate the rubric (Did it work? )
* Teachers can increase the quality of their direct instruction by providing focus, emphasis, and attention to particular details as a model for students. * Students have explicit guidelines regarding teacher expectations. * Students can use rubrics as a tool to develop their abilities. * Teachers can reuse rubrics for various activities.
Portfolio is a form of alternative assessment intended to accumulate evidence to measure growth over time of a student’s or teacher’s performance. Portfolios are often referred to as containers for collecting, storing, and displaying student products, tests, and other indicators of student leanings. Portfolio assessment is the systematic, longitudinal collection of student work created in response to specific, known instructional objectives and evaluated in relation to the same criteria.
Traditional PortfolioMeasures student’s ability at one time Measures student’s ability over timeDone by teacher alone: student often Done by teacher and student’;un aware of criteria student aware of criteriaConducted outside instruction Embeded in instructionAssigns students a grade Involved student in own assessmentDoes not capture the range of Captures many facets of languagestudent’s language ability learning performanceDoes not include the teacher’s Allows for expression of teacher’sknowledge of student as a learner knowledge of student as learner Students learns how to takeDoes not give student responsibility responsibility
1. Working portfolio It contains the work in progress like the finishedsamples of work use to reflect on process by thestudents and teachers2. Showcase portfolio It focuses on students best representative workwhich exhibits the best performance of the student.3. Progress portfolio It contains examples of students work with thesame types done over a period of time.
1. Include enough documents (items) on which to base judgment. 2. Structure the contents to provide scorable information. 3. Develop judging criteria and a scoring scheme for raters to use in assessing the portfolios. 4. use observation instruments such as checklists and rating scales when possible to facilitate scoring. 5. Use trained evaluators or assessors.
1. It can provide both formative and summative opportunities for monitoring progress toward reaching identified outcomes. 2. Portfolios can communicate concrete information about what is expected of students in terms of the content and quality of performance in specific curriculum areas. 3. A portfolio is that they allow student to document aspects of their learning that do not show up well in traditional assessments. 4. The administrators may use portfolios for national competency testing to grant high-school credit, to evaluate educational programs.
Performance Based Assessment is a direct and systematic observation of the actual performances of the students based from a pre-determined performance criteria Zimmaro, 2003 as cited by Gabuyo, 2011. It is an alternative form of assessing the performance of the students that represent a set of strategies for the application of knowledge, skills, and work habits through the performance of tasks that are meaningful and engaging to students” Hibbard, 1996 and Brualdi, 1998 in her article “Implementing Performance Assessment in the Classroom”.