US History Ch 7.1


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  • US History Ch 7.1

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 1: The Revolution Begins
    2. 2. The First Continental Congress <ul><li>Sept 1774: First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>How to respond to crisis in Boston </li></ul>
    3. 3. The First Continental Congress <ul><li>First Continental Congress’ Response : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue boycott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare militia incase violence breaks out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet again May 1775 </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>Minutemen —members of the Boston militia </li></ul>
    5. 5. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>April 1775: Gage decides to seize minutemen weapons at Concord </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of Liberty learn of plan </li></ul>General Thomas Gage
    6. 6. The “Shot Heard round the World” Old North Church Steeple
    7. 7. The “Shot Heard round the World” Paul Revere and William Dawes rode through the countryside warning of the British march on Concord Paul Revere William Dawes
    8. 11. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>Morning, April 19: 70 minutemen gathered at Lexington meet much larger British force </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do not fire unless fired upon…” </li></ul>
    9. 14. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>British march on Concord </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons already removed </li></ul><ul><li>Set fire to buildings, attacked by minutemen </li></ul>
    10. 16. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>Begin retreat back to Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Redcoats —nickname for British soldiers, whose uniforms made them ideal targets </li></ul>
    11. 17. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>British: 250+ casualties </li></ul><ul><li>Americans: Less than 100 casualties </li></ul>
    12. 18. The “Shot Heard round the World” <ul><li>Colonists outraged and shocked </li></ul>“ The Bloody Butchery of the British Troops”
    13. 19. The Second Continental Congress <ul><li>May 1775: delegates assemble at Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Olive Branch Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Organize and funded an army to defend the colonies </li></ul>
    14. 20. The Second Continental Congress Appointed George Washington commander of the Continental Army
    15. 22. “ But lest some unlucky event should happen unfavourable to my reputation, I beg it may be remembered by every Gentleman in the room, that I this day declare with the utmost sincerity, I do not think myself equal to the Command I am honored with.” --George Washington
    16. 23. Early Battles <ul><li>May 10, 1775: Colonists strike Ft. Ticonderoga </li></ul>
    17. 24. Early Battles Ethan Allen Benedict Arnold
    18. 26. Early Battles Minutemen held Boston under siege
    19. 27. Early Battles <ul><li>British troops plant to takeover Charlestown </li></ul><ul><li>Patriot soldiers warned </li></ul><ul><li>Build defenses on Bunker Hill & Breed’s Hill </li></ul>
    20. 29. Early Battles Israel Putnam “ Do not fire until you see the whites of their eyes.”
    21. 30. Early Battles <ul><li>The attack: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st wave: British repelled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd wave: British repelled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd wave: Patriots overrun </li></ul></ul>
    22. 31. Early Battles <ul><li>Outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British: 1,000 casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans: 400 casualties </li></ul></ul>
    23. 32. Early Battles &quot;A few more such victories would have surely put an end to British dominion in America.“ --General Henry Clinton
    24. 33. Early Battles <ul><li>Washington arrives to take command </li></ul><ul><li>November 1775: Henry Knox sent to retrieve cannons from Ft. Ticonderoga </li></ul>Henry Knox
    25. 34. Early Battles March 1776: Cannons placed on Dorchester Heights
    26. 35. Early Battles <ul><li>March 7, 1776: Howe orders a retreat to Halifax </li></ul>
    27. 36. First Continental Congress Second Continental Congress