US History Ch 7.2


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  • US History Ch 7.2

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 2: Declaring Independence
    2. 2. Common Sense <ul><li>Thomas Paine: author of Common Sense </li></ul><ul><li>38 yrs old </li></ul>Thomas Paine
    3. 3. Common Sense <ul><li>47 pages, 500K copies </li></ul><ul><li>Argued for breaking away from Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Plain language </li></ul>Cover of Common Sense
    4. 4. Common Sense “ I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense . . .&quot;
    5. 5. Common Sense “ I have heard it asserted that as America hath flourished under her former connection with Great Britain, the same connection is necessary towards her future happiness, and will always have the same effect. Nothing can be more fallacious than this kind of argument…”
    6. 6. Common Sense “ But Britain is the parent country, say some. Then the more shame upon her conduct. Even brutes do not devour their young, nor savages make war upon their families…”
    7. 7. Common Sense “ Nothing but independence…can keep the peace of the continent…A government of our own is our natural right: and when a man seriously reflects on the precariousness of human affairs, he will become convinced that it is infinitely wiser and safer, to form a constitution of our own in a cool deliberate manner, while we have it in our power…”
    8. 8. Declaring Independence <ul><li>Lee Resolution: “These United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States…” </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed June 7, 1776 </li></ul>Richard Henry Lee
    9. 9. Declaring Independence June 10, 1776: Congress appoints a committee to draft a statement of independence
    10. 11. Thomas Jefferson Virginia
    11. 12. Roger Sherman Connecticut
    12. 13. Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania
    13. 14. Robert Livingston New York
    14. 15. John Adams Massachusetts
    15. 16. Declaring Independence <ul><li>John Adams to Thomas Jefferson: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You are a Virginian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You are a better writer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am obnoxious! </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Declaring Independence <ul><li>July 2, 1776: Lee Resolution adopted </li></ul>Lee Resolution
    17. 18. Declaring Independence “ The 2 nd day of July 1776 will be the most memorable in the epocha in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival…with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other…” --John Adams, in a letter to Abigail Adams
    18. 19. Declaring Independence <ul><li>July 4, 1776: Declaration of Independence adopted </li></ul>Declaration of Independence
    19. 20. Declaring Independence <ul><li>August 2, 1776: Declaration signed </li></ul>Declaration of Independence
    20. 21. Declaring Independence <ul><li>The Document: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unalienable rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listed rights violated by George II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asserted right to break away </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Choosing Sides <ul><li>Patriots —colonists who chose to fight for independence </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalists —colonists who sided with Great Britain in the fight for Independence </li></ul>
    22. 23. Choosing Sides <ul><li>100,000 Loyalists fled America </li></ul><ul><li>William Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Fairfax </li></ul>William Franklin
    23. 24. Other Reactions to the Declaration “… all men are created equal…”
    24. 25. Other Reactions to the Declaration <ul><li>Not included in the Declaration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights of women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights of African Americans </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. Other Reactions to the Declaration <ul><li>Abigail Adams: wrote an appeal to include the rights of women in the Declaration </li></ul>Abigail Adams
    26. 27. Other Reactions to the Declaration <ul><li>Jefferson included a passage attacking slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>Removed </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery/liberty coexist? </li></ul>Thomas Jefferson