TX History Ch 5.1


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TX History Ch 5.1

  1. 1. Chapter 5.1: Europeans Reach the Americas
  2. 2. Columbus Sails to America <ul><li>Europeans wanted goods from Asia </li></ul><ul><li>All-water route sought </li></ul>Christopher Columbus
  3. 3. Columbus Sails to America <ul><li>King Ferdinand & Isabella supported expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Hoped Columbus would find a westerly route to Asia </li></ul>Columbus lands in the New World
  4. 4. Christopher Columbus landed in San Salvador (Hispaniola) on his first voyage.
  5. 5. Spanish Conquest in America <ul><li>Spanish hope to take control of America </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth & Power </li></ul><ul><li>Spread Christianity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spanish Conquest in America <ul><li>Conquistador —soldiers and adventurers in search of glory, gold, and land </li></ul>
  7. 7. Spanish Conquest in America <ul><li>Guns, armor, helmets, muskets, rode horses </li></ul><ul><li>Superior military technology </li></ul>Conquistador
  8. 8. Cortes Marches Through Mexico <ul><li>Hernan Cortes — conqueror of the Aztec empire </li></ul>Hernan Cortes
  9. 9. Cortes Marches Through Mexico <ul><li>1519: Lands in present-day Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Told of Aztec Empire— made conquering it his goal </li></ul>Cortes
  10. 10. Cortes Marches Through Mexico <ul><li>Pigs were first brought to America by Spanish explorers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cortes Marches Through Mexico <ul><li>Moctezuma II —ruler of the Aztec Empire </li></ul>Moctezuma II
  12. 12. Cortes Conquers the Aztec <ul><li>Aztecs had lots of gold, silver, & gems </li></ul><ul><li>May 1521: Cortes and allies attack </li></ul><ul><li>August 1521: Aztecs conquered </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cortes Conquers the Aztec <ul><li>Cortes builds Mexico City upon the ruins of Tenochtitlan </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico future starting point of exploration of Americas </li></ul>
  14. 14. Spanish Conquest of the Americas