US History Ch 13.4

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  • US History Ch 13.4

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 4: More Technological Advances
    2. 3. Messages by Wire <ul><li>1800: Alessandro Volta built the first battery </li></ul>Alessandro Volta
    3. 4. Messages by Wire <ul><li>André-Marie Ampère: determined the rules governing the relationship between electricity & magnetism </li></ul>André-Marie Ampère
    4. 5. Messages by Wire <ul><li>Samuel Morse : first to combine the battery, electromagnetism, the electromagnet and the correct battery configuration into a workable practical telegraph </li></ul>Samuel Morse
    5. 6. Messages by Wire <ul><li>Telegraph —sends pulses of electrical current through a wire </li></ul>Telegraph Key
    6. 7. Messages by Wire Morse Code Diagram
    7. 9. Messages by Wire <ul><li>1844: First public test </li></ul>
    8. 11. Messages by Wire <ul><li>First shown to work in the election of 1844 </li></ul><ul><li>Sent info for businesses, government, newspapers, private citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Telegraph lines built alongside railroads </li></ul><ul><li>1861: transcontinental line completed </li></ul>
    9. 13. New Factories <ul><li>Start of Industrial Revolution most factories ran on water power </li></ul><ul><li>Steam-powered factories could be built anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Northeast home of the nation’s industry </li></ul>
    10. 14. New Factories <ul><li>Factories build closer to cities </li></ul><ul><li>Closer to labor, transportation </li></ul><ul><li>People flock to cities for jobs </li></ul>
    11. 15. Better Farm Equipment <ul><li>John Deere: blacksmith who made a steel-bladed plow </li></ul>John Deere
    12. 16. Original John Deere Plow
    13. 17. Replica of John Deere Plow
    14. 18. Better Farm Equipment <ul><li>Cyrus McCormick : designed a mechanical reaper that cut down what quickly & efficiently </li></ul>Cyrus McCormick
    15. 21. Better Farm Equipment <ul><li>Opened a factory in Chicago using steam-power </li></ul><ul><li>Customer service </li></ul><ul><li>1830: 20 hrs to cut one acre of wheat; reaper reduced to one hour </li></ul>
    16. 22. Changing Life at Home <ul><li>Elias Howe: invented the sewing machine </li></ul>Elias Howe
    17. 23. Changing Life at Home <ul><li>Isaac Singer: improved the sewing machine </li></ul>Isaac Singer
    18. 25. Changing Life at Home <ul><li>Other improvements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iceboxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron cookstove </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass production of old items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public water systems & indoor plumbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety pin </li></ul></ul>

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