Research and scholarly opportunities Terry Anderson, PhD Canada Research Chair in Distance Education
The Context of Education Technology Implementation <ul><li>Disruptive (Christensen, 2008) simpler, often not wanted by mai...
Much that is Unknown – Much more that needs to be Known Photo from Hubble Telescope
Research Paradigms <ul><li>Quantitative   ~  discovery of the laws that govern behavior, What Works?? </li></ul><ul><li>Qu...
Design-based Research’s Pragamatic, American lineage <ul><li>“New conceptions…offer precise and definite modes of thinking...
4th Paradigm Design-Based Research <ul><li>Related to engineering and architectural research </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on ...
Amiel, T., & Reeves, T. C. (2008).
Design-Based  Research Studies <ul><ul><li>iterative,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>process focused,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Integrative Learning Design (Bannan-Ritland, 2003)
DBR is Emergent <ul><li>‘Innovation is not restricted to the prior design of an artifact, but continues as artifacts are i...
Open Researchers Create: <ul><li>A new type of education work maximizing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social learning </li></ul>...
Open Researchers Publish in  Open Access Journals <ul><li>Open Access Journals have increased citation ratings: </li></ul>...
Open Access Books Upcoming Emerging Technologies in DE  edited by George Veletsiano
 
&quot;He who asks a question is a fool for five minutes;    he who does not ask a question remains a fool forever.” Chines...
10 Most Common Mistakes in Research Articles  Katrina Meyer University of Memphis
10 Most Common Mistakes <ul><li>Wrong journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read your journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the...
10 Most Common Mistakes <ul><li>Wrong research method </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete methods section  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Advice <ul><li>Mechanisms/processes of learning online </li></ul><ul><li>Application of pre-Internet theories </li></ul><u...
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Research Panel Wcet Oct 2009

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Slides by myself and Katrina Meyer on panel focused on e-learning research, presented as a keynote panel at WCET2009 in Denver, USA

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Research Panel Wcet Oct 2009

  1. 1. Research and scholarly opportunities Terry Anderson, PhD Canada Research Chair in Distance Education
  2. 2. The Context of Education Technology Implementation <ul><li>Disruptive (Christensen, 2008) simpler, often not wanted by main stream customers </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid gains in functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from peripheral to mainstream (blended and online for full time students) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Much that is Unknown – Much more that needs to be Known Photo from Hubble Telescope
  4. 4. Research Paradigms <ul><li>Quantitative ~ discovery of the laws that govern behavior, What Works?? </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative ~ understandings from multiple perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Critical ~ E xpose the power relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Design-based ~ interventions, interactions and their effects in multiple, authentic contexts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Design-based Research’s Pragamatic, American lineage <ul><li>“New conceptions…offer precise and definite modes of thinking only when new meanings have become embodied in concrete life experiences and thus sustained by them” </li></ul><ul><li>“Consider the history of any significant invention or discovery and you will find a period when there was enough knowledge to make a new mode of action or observation possible, but no definite information or instruction as to how to make it actual” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Dewey, Education as Engineering, 1922 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 4th Paradigm Design-Based Research <ul><li>Related to engineering and architectural research </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the design, construction, implementation and adoption of a learning initiative in an authentic context </li></ul><ul><li>Closest educators have to a “home grown” research methodology </li></ul>
  7. 7. Amiel, T., & Reeves, T. C. (2008).
  8. 8. Design-Based Research Studies <ul><ul><li>iterative, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>process focused, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interventionist, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multileveled, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>utility oriented, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>theory driven and generative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Shavelson et al, 2003) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Integrative Learning Design (Bannan-Ritland, 2003)
  10. 10. DBR is Emergent <ul><li>‘Innovation is not restricted to the prior design of an artifact, but continues as artifacts are implemented and used” </li></ul><ul><li>Implementations are “inevitably unfinished” (Stewart and Williams (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>intertwined goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>designing learning environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developing theories of learning (DBRC, 2003) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Open Researchers Create: <ul><li>A new type of education work maximizing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media richness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory and connectivist pedagogies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubiquity and persistence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open data collection and research process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating connections </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Open Researchers Publish in Open Access Journals <ul><li>Open Access Journals have increased citation ratings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work in progress with Olaf Zawacki-Richter, Ferne University, Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of Google citations for 12 Distance Education Journals (using Harzing’s Publish or Perish tool) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 open access, (including IRRODL) 6 commercially published </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early results show roughly equal citations/paper, but recent gains in citations by open access journals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Open Access Books Upcoming Emerging Technologies in DE edited by George Veletsiano
  14. 15. &quot;He who asks a question is a fool for five minutes; he who does not ask a question remains a fool forever.” Chinese Proverb <ul><li>Terry Anderson [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://cde.athabascau.ca/faculty/terrya.php </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: terrya.edublogs.org </li></ul>Your comments and questions most welcomed!
  15. 16. 10 Most Common Mistakes in Research Articles Katrina Meyer University of Memphis
  16. 17. 10 Most Common Mistakes <ul><li>Wrong journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read your journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know their preferences on topics, method, style, tone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor comprehension of literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incomplete, out-of-date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacks analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research questions not tied to lit review </li></ul><ul><li>Research may not be necessary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satisfaction studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No or poor link to theory </li></ul>
  17. 18. 10 Most Common Mistakes <ul><li>Wrong research method </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete methods section </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t follow a research method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too vague or too ad hoc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Method lacks credibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability/validity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample/population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counter evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions not tied to results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesizing beyond what is reasonable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor or incomplete writing </li></ul>
  18. 19. Advice <ul><li>Mechanisms/processes of learning online </li></ul><ul><li>Application of pre-Internet theories </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-effectiveness of online learning </li></ul><ul><li>Intended/unintended consequences </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 Literature, 1/3 Methodology, 1/3 Results/Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to careful design </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on measurements of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Every word, phrase, sentence ought to add to the article </li></ul>

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