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Preterite verbs

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Preterite verbs

  1. 1. Los verbos regulares en el pretérito
  2. 2. Some regular –ar verbs in the preterite tense. – to improve mejoraracampar – to camp descansar – to relaxaceptar – to accept dibujar – to draw mirar – to look at, to watcharreglar – to arrange nadar – to swim disfrutar – to enjoy necesitar – to needayudar – to help durar – to last olvidar – to forgetbailar – to dancebajar – to go down enviar – to send pasar – to pass, to spend timebucear – to scuba dive escuchar – to listen to patinar – to skatecaminar – to walk esperar – to wait, to hope pintar – to paintcocinar – to cook practicar – to practice esquiar – to ski preguntar – to ask, to questioncompletar – to complete estudiar – to studycomprar – to buy preparar – to prepare explicar – to explain quitar – to removecantar – to sing gritar – to scream, to yellcelebrar – to celebrate recomendar – to recommend ganar – to win, to earn regresar – to returncenar – to eat dinner hablar – to speak, to talkcerrar – to close terminar – to end invitar – to invite tomar – to take, to drinkcontestar – to answer lavar – to washcontinuar – to continue trabajar – to work limpiar – to clean usar – usecortar – to cut llamar – to callcuidar – to take care viajar – to travel llevar – to wear, to carry visitar – to visitdejar – to leavedesayunar – to eat breakfast
  3. 3. Let’s review the pronouns.Yo I Nosotros WeTú You (informal)Él He Ellos They (m.)Ella She Ellas They (f.)Usted You (formal) Ustedes You all
  4. 4. REGULAR VERBS THAT END IN –ARTo conjugate the regular verbs that end in –ar in thepreterite tense, you must remove the –ar ending andreplace it with the following endings. Yo -é Nosotros -amos Tú -aste Él Ellos Ella -ó Ellas -aron Usted Ustedes
  5. 5. Here is an example:Let’s conjugate the verb Hablar (to speak, to talk)You should remove the –ar ending from the verb Hablar and addthe correct ending for each subject. Yo hablé (I spoke) Nosotros hablamos (We spoke) Tú hablaste (You spoke) Él (He spoke) Ellos (They spoke) Ella habló (She spoke) Ellas hablaron (They spoke) Usted (You spoke -formal) Ustedes (You all spoke)
  6. 6. -ar Verbs that end in –car, -gar and –zar These verbs have an irregular ‘yo’ form.• -car : Change the c to qu – Ejemplo: practicar – yo practiqué (I practiced)• -gar : Change the g to gu – Ejemplo: jugar – yo jugué (I played)• -zar : Change the z to c – Ejemplo: empezar – yo empecé (I began)
  7. 7. Some –ar verbs that end in –car, –gar and –zarVerbs that end in –car Verbs that end in –gar Verbs that end in –zarbuscar – to look for jugar – to play almorzar – to eat lunchmarcar – to dial llegar – to arrive cruzar – to crosspracticar – to practice pagar – to pay empezar – to beginsacar – to take out organizar – to organizetocar – to play (an instrument)
  8. 8. REGULAR VERBS THAT END IN –ER AND –IR• Both –er and –ir verbs have the same endings in the preterite tense.• To conjugate the regular verbs that end in –er and –ir in the preterite tense, you must remove the –er or –ir ending and replace it with the following endings: Yo -í Nosotros -imos Tú -iste Él Ellos Ella -ió Ellas -ieron Usted Ustedes
  9. 9. Some regular –er verbs in the preterite tense.aprender – to learn entender – to understandbeber – to drink nacer – to be borncomer – to eat perder – to losecomprender – to understand responder – to answercorrer – to run romper – to breakdefender – to defend vender – to sell
  10. 10. Here is an example:Let’s conjugate the verb Comer (to eat)You should remove the –er ending from the verb Comer and addthe correct ending for each subject. Yo comí (I ate) Nosotros comimos (We ate) Tú comiste (You ate) Él (He ate) Ellos (They ate) Ella comió (She ate) Ellas comieron (They ate) Usted (You ate -formal) Ustedes (You all ate)
  11. 11. Some regular –ir verbs in the preterite tense.abrir – to open partir – to leaveañadir – to add permitir – to allowasistir – to attend recibir – to receivecompartir – to share salir – to go out, to leavedescribir – to describe subir – to go updescubrir – to discover vivir – to liveescribir – to write
  12. 12. Here is an example:Let’s conjugate the verb Escribir (to write)You should remove the –ir ending from the verb Escribir and addthe correct ending for each subject. Yo escribí (I wrote) Nosotros escribimos (We wrote) Tú escribiste (You wrote) Él (He wrote) Ellos (They wrote) Ella escribió (She wrote) Ellas escribieron (They wrote) Usted (You wrote -formal) Ustedes (You all wrote)
  13. 13. Let’s conjugate some moreregular verbs in the preterite tense.Cantar – to sing Preparar – to preparecanté cantamos preparé preparamoscantaste preparastecantó cantaron preparó pepararonCorrer – to run Recibir – to receivecorrí corrimos recibí recibimoscorriste recibistecorrió corrieron recibió recibieron
  14. 14. Actividad 1. Translate the following sentences.1. I received a gift last week. Yo recibí un regalo la semana pasada.2. The boys studied a lot last night. Los chicos estudiaron mucho anoche.3. My mother prepared paella yesterday. Mi mamá preparó paella ayer.4. You wrote a letter the day before yesterday. Tú escribiste una carta anteayer.

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