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Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
University of Petroleum & Energy Studies
Dehradun
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
Introduction
• Buses are used for transportation of people and these
are generally classified according to:
A. Size and passenger carrying capacity
B. Body shape
• According to size and capacity these buses are
commonly identified as ;
a) Mini bus b) Town bus
c) Suburban bus C) Luxury coach
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
Introduction
Table below gives the types of buses and their approximate range
of passenger capacity
S.No. Type of Bus Passeger Capacity
1 Mini bus 15 – 26
2 Small coaches for long distance 16 – 30
3 Small buses for towns upto 40
4 Medium coaches for long distance 31 - 45
5 Medium buses for towns 41 - 60
6 Large coaches for long distance 46 – 60
7 Large buses for towns 61 – 80
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Brief features of different types of buses
 Mini bus
- should have seating capacity up to 26
- normally built on light duty chassis
- front mounted engines, rear axle derive, soft &
comfortable suspension, reasonably comfortable
seating and fairly small entry platform
 Town Bus or City Bus
- Such buses are used for short distance journeys of
up to 30 km.
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
usually covered with durable trim materials such as
PVC, etc.
- due to short intervals between stops in local traffic,
such buses are provided with wide entrance & exit
doors with low steps entry & exit platforms.
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Brief features of different types of buses
 Suburban Bus
- These buses are used for a distance of about 40 kms.
- should have reasonably comfortable seating for
about
38 persons with roof rack for hand luggage.
- generally small entry platforms with single door.
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Brief features of different types of buses
 Luxury coach
- The luxury buses have a very comfortable seats
with under floor luggage space and roof rack for
hand luggage.
- Air conditioning, TV, VCR, music system, etc. are
provided in the coach body.
- wide windows or additional windows upto the roof
are used to improve visibility for the passengers
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Classification of buses based on body shapes
 Classic type
 Single deck
 Double deck
 Two level single decker
 Articulated
 Classic type
- Engine is mounted in front of the passenger compartment
- Disadvantage include low ratio of useful length to over all
length.
- Poor aerodynamic shape
- Presently not in much use except partially as school bus
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Classification of buses based on body shapes
 Single deck
- In this type of buses engine is mounted either
inside or below the driver’s cab enabling additional
length available for more seats and a better angle of
vision.
- Such buses may have one or two doors.
- Many single deck models have seating capacity
of fifty two which in city buses is reduced to have
more space for standing. This enable transportation
of more passengers for short duration.
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Classification of buses based on body shapes
 Double deck
- These buses have rear mounted engine which affords
a front entry or good forward visibility for
passengers
- Such buses have passenger capacity of approximately
sixty five to seventy five. It may have upper deck open
for tourists.
- Double decker buses have poor stability than single
decker buses
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
 Two level single decker
- This type of buses are used as luxury coaches.
- The layout provides good forward visibility for all
passengers and good separate luggage space under
floor
Vehicle Body Engineering
Bus Body Details
• Classification of buses based on body shapes
 Articulated Buses
- These are very large coaches for in-city operation.
These are made of two parts because of axle load
limitations. The rear is articulated to the main
vehicle

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DSA Re-launch.pptx for loans for finance
 

Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details

  • 1. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Dehradun
  • 2. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details Introduction • Buses are used for transportation of people and these are generally classified according to: A. Size and passenger carrying capacity B. Body shape • According to size and capacity these buses are commonly identified as ; a) Mini bus b) Town bus c) Suburban bus C) Luxury coach
  • 3. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details Introduction Table below gives the types of buses and their approximate range of passenger capacity S.No. Type of Bus Passeger Capacity 1 Mini bus 15 – 26 2 Small coaches for long distance 16 – 30 3 Small buses for towns upto 40 4 Medium coaches for long distance 31 - 45 5 Medium buses for towns 41 - 60 6 Large coaches for long distance 46 – 60 7 Large buses for towns 61 – 80
  • 4. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Brief features of different types of buses  Mini bus - should have seating capacity up to 26 - normally built on light duty chassis - front mounted engines, rear axle derive, soft & comfortable suspension, reasonably comfortable seating and fairly small entry platform  Town Bus or City Bus - Such buses are used for short distance journeys of up to 30 km.
  • 5. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details usually covered with durable trim materials such as PVC, etc. - due to short intervals between stops in local traffic, such buses are provided with wide entrance & exit doors with low steps entry & exit platforms.
  • 6. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Brief features of different types of buses  Suburban Bus - These buses are used for a distance of about 40 kms. - should have reasonably comfortable seating for about 38 persons with roof rack for hand luggage. - generally small entry platforms with single door.
  • 7. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Brief features of different types of buses  Luxury coach - The luxury buses have a very comfortable seats with under floor luggage space and roof rack for hand luggage. - Air conditioning, TV, VCR, music system, etc. are provided in the coach body. - wide windows or additional windows upto the roof are used to improve visibility for the passengers
  • 8. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Classification of buses based on body shapes  Classic type  Single deck  Double deck  Two level single decker  Articulated  Classic type - Engine is mounted in front of the passenger compartment - Disadvantage include low ratio of useful length to over all length. - Poor aerodynamic shape - Presently not in much use except partially as school bus
  • 9. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Classification of buses based on body shapes  Single deck - In this type of buses engine is mounted either inside or below the driver’s cab enabling additional length available for more seats and a better angle of vision. - Such buses may have one or two doors. - Many single deck models have seating capacity of fifty two which in city buses is reduced to have more space for standing. This enable transportation of more passengers for short duration.
  • 10. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Classification of buses based on body shapes  Double deck - These buses have rear mounted engine which affords a front entry or good forward visibility for passengers - Such buses have passenger capacity of approximately sixty five to seventy five. It may have upper deck open for tourists. - Double decker buses have poor stability than single decker buses
  • 11. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details  Two level single decker - This type of buses are used as luxury coaches. - The layout provides good forward visibility for all passengers and good separate luggage space under floor
  • 12. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details • Classification of buses based on body shapes  Articulated Buses - These are very large coaches for in-city operation. These are made of two parts because of axle load limitations. The rear is articulated to the main vehicle