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KONGUNADU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
(AUTONOMOUS)
NAMAKKAL- TRICHY MAIN ROAD, THOTTIAM
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
Mr.S.HARI KUMAR
Assistant Professor /ECE
KNCET
20EC503PE-INTERNET OF THINGS
(REGULATION-KNCET - UGR2020)
UNIT II - DOMAIN SPECIFIC IoTs & M2M
Domain Specific IoTs
Domain Specific IoTs
IoT Applications span a wide range of domains including:
• Home
• Cities
• Environment
• Energy Systems
• Retail
• Logistics
• Industry
• Agriculture
• Health & Lifestyle
Home Automation
IoT applications for smart homes:
• Smart Lighting
• Smart Appliances
• Intrusion Detection
• Smoke/ Gas Detectors
Home Automation
Smart Lighting
• Smart lighting for homes helps in saving energy by adapting the lighting to the ambient
conditions and switching on/off or dimming the lights when needed. Key enabling
technologies for smart lighting include solid state lighting (such as LED lights) and IP-enabled
lights.
• For solid state lighting solutions both spectral and temporal characteristics can be configured
to adapt illumination to various needs. Smart lighting solutions for home achieve energy
savings by sensing the human movements and their environments and controlling the lights
accordingly.
• Wireless-enabled and Internet connected lights can be controlled remotely from IoT
applications such as a mobile or web application.
• Smart lights with sensors for Occupancy, temperature, lux level, etc., can be configured to
adapt the lighting (by changing the light intensity, color, etc.) based on the ambient conditions
sensed, in order to provide a good ambiance.
Home Automation
Smart Appliances
• Modern homes have a number of appliances such as TVs, refrigerators, music systems,
washer/dryers, etc. Managing and controlling these appliances can be cumbersome, with each
appliance having its own controls or remote controls.
• Smart appliances make the management easier and also provide status information to the users
remotely. For example, smart washer/dryers that can be controlled remotely and notify when
the washing/drying cycle is complete.
Open Remote comprises of three components:
• Controller: manages scheduling and runtime integration between devices.
• Designer: allowstocreatebothconfigurationforthecontrolleranduserinterfacedesigns.
• Control Panel: allows to interact with devices and control them
Smart Cities
IoT applications for smart cities are,
• Smart Parking
• Smart Lighting for Road
• Smart Road
• Structural Health Monitoring
• Surveillance
• Emergency Response
Smart Cities
Smart Parking
• Finding a parking space during rush hours in crowded cities can be time consuming and
frustrating. Furthermore, drivers blindly searching for parking spaces create additional traffic
congestion.
• Smart parking make the search for parking space easier and convenient for drivers. Smart
parking are powered by loT systems that detect the number of empty parking slots and send
the information over the Internet to smart parking application back-ends. These applications
can be accessed by the drivers from smart-phones, tablets and in-car navigation systems.
• In smart parking, sensors are used for each parking slot, to detect whether the slot is empty or
occupied. This information is aggregated by a local controller and then sent over the Internet
to the database.
Smart Cities
Smart Lighting:
• Smart lighting systems for roads, parks and buildings can help in saving energy.
• According to an IEA report , lighting is responsible for 19% of global electricity use and
around 6% of global greenhouse gas emissions, Smart lighting allows lighting to be
dynamically controlled and also adaptive to the ambient conditions.
• Smart lights connected to the Internet can be controlled remotely to configure lighting
schedules and lighting intensity.
• Custom lighting configurations can be set for different situations such as a fogey day, a
festival, etc. Smart lights equipped with sensors can communicate with other lights and
exchange information on the sensed ambient conditions to adapt the lighting.
Environment
IoT applications for smart environments:
• Weather Monitoring
• Air Pollution Monitoring
• Noise Pollution Monitoring
• Forest Fire Detection
• River Flood Detection
Environment
Weather Monitoring
• IoT-based weather monitoring systems can collect data from a number of sensor attached
(such as temperature, humidity, pressure, etc.) and send the data to cloud-based applications
and storage back-ends.
• The data collected in the cloud can then be analyzed and visualized by cloud-based
applications. Weather alerts can be sent to the subscribed users from such applications.
• AirPi is a weather and air quality monitoring kit capable of recording and uploading
information about temperature, humidity, air pressure, light levels, UV levels, carbon
monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and smoke level to the Internet.
Environment
Air Pollution Monitoring
• loT based air pollution monitoring systems can monitor emission of harmful gases (CO2, CO,
NO, NO, etc.) by factories and automobiles using gaseous and meteorological sensors. The
collected data can be analyzed to make informed decisions on pollutions control approaches.
• A real-time air quality monitoring system comprises of several distributed monitoring stations
that communicate via wireless with a back-end server using machine-to-machine
communication.
• An air pollution system integrates a single-chip microcontroller, several air pollution sensors,
GPRS-Modem, and a GPS module.
Environment
Noise Pollution Monitoring
• Due to growing urban development, noise levels in cities have increased and even become
alarmingly high in some cities. Noise pollution can cause health hazards for humans due to
sleep disruption and stress.
• Noise pollution monitoring can help in generating noise maps tor cities. Urban noise maps can
help the policy makers in urban planning and making policies to control noise levels near
residential areas, schools and parks.
• IoT based noise pollution monitoring systems use a number of noise monitoring stations that
are deployed at different places in a city. The data on noise levels from the stations is collected
on servers or in the cloud. The collected data is then aggregated to generate noise maps.

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UNIT 2.pptx

  • 1. KONGUNADU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (AUTONOMOUS) NAMAKKAL- TRICHY MAIN ROAD, THOTTIAM DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING Mr.S.HARI KUMAR Assistant Professor /ECE KNCET 20EC503PE-INTERNET OF THINGS (REGULATION-KNCET - UGR2020) UNIT II - DOMAIN SPECIFIC IoTs & M2M
  • 2. Domain Specific IoTs Domain Specific IoTs IoT Applications span a wide range of domains including: • Home • Cities • Environment • Energy Systems • Retail • Logistics • Industry • Agriculture • Health & Lifestyle
  • 3. Home Automation IoT applications for smart homes: • Smart Lighting • Smart Appliances • Intrusion Detection • Smoke/ Gas Detectors
  • 4. Home Automation Smart Lighting • Smart lighting for homes helps in saving energy by adapting the lighting to the ambient conditions and switching on/off or dimming the lights when needed. Key enabling technologies for smart lighting include solid state lighting (such as LED lights) and IP-enabled lights. • For solid state lighting solutions both spectral and temporal characteristics can be configured to adapt illumination to various needs. Smart lighting solutions for home achieve energy savings by sensing the human movements and their environments and controlling the lights accordingly. • Wireless-enabled and Internet connected lights can be controlled remotely from IoT applications such as a mobile or web application. • Smart lights with sensors for Occupancy, temperature, lux level, etc., can be configured to adapt the lighting (by changing the light intensity, color, etc.) based on the ambient conditions sensed, in order to provide a good ambiance.
  • 5. Home Automation Smart Appliances • Modern homes have a number of appliances such as TVs, refrigerators, music systems, washer/dryers, etc. Managing and controlling these appliances can be cumbersome, with each appliance having its own controls or remote controls. • Smart appliances make the management easier and also provide status information to the users remotely. For example, smart washer/dryers that can be controlled remotely and notify when the washing/drying cycle is complete. Open Remote comprises of three components: • Controller: manages scheduling and runtime integration between devices. • Designer: allowstocreatebothconfigurationforthecontrolleranduserinterfacedesigns. • Control Panel: allows to interact with devices and control them
  • 6. Smart Cities IoT applications for smart cities are, • Smart Parking • Smart Lighting for Road • Smart Road • Structural Health Monitoring • Surveillance • Emergency Response
  • 7. Smart Cities Smart Parking • Finding a parking space during rush hours in crowded cities can be time consuming and frustrating. Furthermore, drivers blindly searching for parking spaces create additional traffic congestion. • Smart parking make the search for parking space easier and convenient for drivers. Smart parking are powered by loT systems that detect the number of empty parking slots and send the information over the Internet to smart parking application back-ends. These applications can be accessed by the drivers from smart-phones, tablets and in-car navigation systems. • In smart parking, sensors are used for each parking slot, to detect whether the slot is empty or occupied. This information is aggregated by a local controller and then sent over the Internet to the database.
  • 8. Smart Cities Smart Lighting: • Smart lighting systems for roads, parks and buildings can help in saving energy. • According to an IEA report , lighting is responsible for 19% of global electricity use and around 6% of global greenhouse gas emissions, Smart lighting allows lighting to be dynamically controlled and also adaptive to the ambient conditions. • Smart lights connected to the Internet can be controlled remotely to configure lighting schedules and lighting intensity. • Custom lighting configurations can be set for different situations such as a fogey day, a festival, etc. Smart lights equipped with sensors can communicate with other lights and exchange information on the sensed ambient conditions to adapt the lighting.
  • 9. Environment IoT applications for smart environments: • Weather Monitoring • Air Pollution Monitoring • Noise Pollution Monitoring • Forest Fire Detection • River Flood Detection
  • 10. Environment Weather Monitoring • IoT-based weather monitoring systems can collect data from a number of sensor attached (such as temperature, humidity, pressure, etc.) and send the data to cloud-based applications and storage back-ends. • The data collected in the cloud can then be analyzed and visualized by cloud-based applications. Weather alerts can be sent to the subscribed users from such applications. • AirPi is a weather and air quality monitoring kit capable of recording and uploading information about temperature, humidity, air pressure, light levels, UV levels, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and smoke level to the Internet.
  • 11. Environment Air Pollution Monitoring • loT based air pollution monitoring systems can monitor emission of harmful gases (CO2, CO, NO, NO, etc.) by factories and automobiles using gaseous and meteorological sensors. The collected data can be analyzed to make informed decisions on pollutions control approaches. • A real-time air quality monitoring system comprises of several distributed monitoring stations that communicate via wireless with a back-end server using machine-to-machine communication. • An air pollution system integrates a single-chip microcontroller, several air pollution sensors, GPRS-Modem, and a GPS module.
  • 12. Environment Noise Pollution Monitoring • Due to growing urban development, noise levels in cities have increased and even become alarmingly high in some cities. Noise pollution can cause health hazards for humans due to sleep disruption and stress. • Noise pollution monitoring can help in generating noise maps tor cities. Urban noise maps can help the policy makers in urban planning and making policies to control noise levels near residential areas, schools and parks. • IoT based noise pollution monitoring systems use a number of noise monitoring stations that are deployed at different places in a city. The data on noise levels from the stations is collected on servers or in the cloud. The collected data is then aggregated to generate noise maps.