SlideShare a Scribd company logo
THE PUNJABI CULTURE
Presented By:
Nishkam Dhiman
Preview
• Introduction
• Language
• Religion
• Symbols
• Behavior/Norms of Behavior
• Values and Beliefs
• Customs and Traditions
• Sex and Sextual Orientation
• Elements of Punjabi Culture
• Masculinity Vs Femininity
• Individualism Vs Collectivism
• Power Distance Index
• Uncertainty avoidance
• Display of emotions
• Views of Time
• World mindedness or Ethnocentric
• High or low context
• Indulgence
• Review of Argument
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDn2bn7_YSM
Introduction: Punjab is a Northwest State in India. The word Punjab is a compound
of the Persian words punj (five) and ab (waters). Thus Punjab roughly means "the land
of five rivers".[a]
• Race : Indo - Aryan [Aryan are the
people who came from Persia]
• Ethnicity : South Asian
Language: Punjabi
• Origin: Sanskrit [b]
• Script: Gurmukhi
• Developed around 1500 BC
• Punjabi Greeting: “Sat Sri Akal” meaning “ True is the
name of God”
• “Namaste” is the way most Indians greet which means “I
bow to the divine in you”
Different slangs :
• Chakk de phatte: “Come on , keep it up”
• Hor ki chalda? : “What's Up”
• Kiddan : “How have you been so far”
Song demonstrating Punjabi Language :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DmNT89Rz3GU&list=RDnzhKAEYRH
ww&index=7
Religion
• In Punjab majority of the people
belong to Sikh Religion(57.69%
followed by Hindu Religion(38.49%) .
• Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism.
• Since majority people are Sikh, the
culture is mainly dominated by the sikh
values , attitude, beliefs and behavior.
• Meaning of Sikh: Disciple or
Student.[c]
Sikhs wear the turban to take care
of the hair, promote equality, and
preserve the Sikh identity. Sikhs do
not cut their hair, as a religious
observance. The turban protects
the hair and keeps it clean.
Symbols
• Turban(Headwear): Wearing turbans is
common among Sikhs. The headgear
also serves as a religious observance.
• Khanda : The Khanda is the symbol of
the Sikh faith.[d]
A double edged sword: Belief in one God.
The Chakkar(ring): God without
beginning or end.
Two crossed kirpans (swords): spiritual
authority and political power.
Kara :It is a round bracelet made of Iron .
The Kara is a symbol of unbreakable
attachment and commitment to God.
It reminds the Sikhs to always do a good
deed.
Khanda
Kara
Values and beliefs
• Unity in Diversity
• Kindness and Compassion.
• Faith
• Family
• Engaging in selfless
service(Community Kitchen)
• Harmony
• Pride
• Adaptability
• Modesty
• Caste
• Honesty (work hard and live honestly)
• Liberation {Karma}
Song demonstrating Values
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1pQSRQgrpk
Caste: A caste system is one in which
people are born into their social standing
and will remain in it their whole lives.
People are assigned occupations
regardless of their talents, interests, or
potential. [e]
Karma: “Deed” or “Work/Action”[f]
Karma is the law of cause and effect.
Community Kitchen(selfless service)
Langar is the Community kitchen in
Gurudwara (Sikh Temple) where the food
is prepared and a free meal is served to
all the visitors, without distinction of
religion, caste, gender, economic status
or ethnicity.
Norms of Behavior
• Punjabi's are expected to behave respectfully with everyone. “JI” is the most
commonly used word to give respect.
• Giving gifts on festivals is a custom.
• Covering head with some cloth and removing the shoes while going to
Temple(religious place).
• Showing affectionate emotions are prohibited.
• Removing shoes before entering someone's house.
• Punjabi’s/Indians wobble head to answer a question.
Costumes
Females: Salwar, Kameez and
Dupatta
Males: Kurta, Pajama, Turban
Customs and Traditions
• Punjabis mostly live in joint families, and thus every occasion is enjoyed together
like a huge celebration.
• Every member of the family has unique duties and responsibilities, which can be
easily observed during births, festivals, marriages, funerals, as well as everyday
social occasions.[e]
• Mariages: Punjabi weddings are very loud, energetic, full of music,colors, fancy-
dresses, food and dancing.
• Marriages Last for 3 to 4 days.
• Arranged marriages are common.
• Lowest Divorce rate in the world i.e. 1%.
Customs and Traditions Songs : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQpcUSzYFe0
Marriage traditions and customs
Bride side Bridegroom Side
Ring Ceremony Mehndi (Henna- tatoo)
Vatna ( face mask)
Barat (Wedding
Procession)
Churra
Festivals:
• Lohri: Marks the end of peak winter,
this festival is traditionally associated
with the harvest of the crops.
It is celebrated on 13th January.
• Baisakhi: It marks the start of the
Punjabi New Year, but it is also a day
to celebrate 1699 - the year when
Sikhism was born as a collective
faith.[g]
It is celebrated on 13 or 14 April.
• Holi: Festival of Colors.
People put colors on each other.
Bonfire is done to represent victory of
good over evil.
• Diwali: Festival of Lights.
It is believed that on this day Rama
returned to his people after 14 years of
exile during which he fought and won a
battle against the demons and the
demon king, Ravana.
Funerals
• Before a Sikh funeral service, the body is bathed and dressed in clean
clothing.
• Cremation is preferred for Sikh funerals.
Dance and Music
Bhangra: Its is the traditional dance of
Punjab. Highly energetic with vigorous
kicks, leaps and bends of the body on
the beats of drum or short songs.
Performed to celebrate happy occasion.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z821Ez8ugY4
Cuisine
• Punjabi Cuisine generally have lentils
curry, fried vegetables, cheese curry,
chicken, rice, bread called naan and
buttermilk.
• Butter Chicken
• Sarson Ka Saag Aur Makki Ki Roti.
• Tandoori Chicken
• Chole Bhature
• Masala Chana
• Dal Makhani
• Fish Amritsari.
• Dhaba Dal.
• Mango Lassi/ Buttermilk
Culture’s use of Gender
The Indian movie songs called ‘Item Number’ objectify women.The songs show
highly sextualized dancer usually performing in a bar or pub surrounded by men.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sONw3dihCRs
In Punjabi society, women continue to be in an even more vulnerable position
today, caught between the two worlds, one, that places them in the illusion of
gender equality, and the other, which objectifies them. However, masculinity
continues to be the accepted norm in Punjabi society.
Gender Discrimination:
Study done by CNN shows that 239,000 girls under the age of five die in India each
year due to neglect linked with gender discrimination.[i]
Sex and Sextual Orientation
• LGBT people face many social and
legal difficulties and are looked down
by the society.
• Kinner/Hijra(the third gender)[j]
• Individuals characterised as neither
man nor woman.
• No sexual orientation towards males
or females
• Live in well-defined and organised all-
hijra communities, led by a guru.
• Street performers - singing, dancing,
and performing blessings for
donations. It is also traditional to have
hijras perform at weddings and baby
blessings
Hijra's face extreme discrimination in health,
housing, education, employment,
immigration, law, and any bureaucracy that is
unable to place them into male or female
gender categories.
In 2014, Supreme Court passed a law that
officially recognized the existence of the third
gender. This has allowed for Hijras to opt for
third gender classification on official legal
documents such as driver’s licenses and
passports.
Elements of Culture.
• Masculinity Vs Femininity: Masculine 56 [k]
• Individualism Vs Collectivism: Collective
• Power Distance Index: High Power Distance 77
• Uncertainty avoidance: Low 40
• Display of emotions: Low
• Views of Time : Polychronic
• World Mindedness or Ethnocentric: World Minded
• High or low context: High Context
• Indulgence: Low Indulgence 26
Review of the Argument
The people from different cultures show different communication styles. The effect of
culture on the interpersonal communication can be seen in both verbal and non verbal
communication of Punjabi’s.
Verbal Communication:
• Indirect : The communication style of Indians tends to be polite and indirect. They
may try to speak appeasingly to those they are not close to in order to avoid conflict
or confrontation.[l]
• Refusals: Direct refusals, such as ‘no’, may be considered to be too harsh and open
disagreement is likely to be interpreted as hostile or aggressive.
‘maybe’ or ‘I'll do my best’ as a way to express ‘no'.
• Extreme respect is given to elders and high authorities (personal and
professional )
• People are more open to new ideas, welcome change and free to question.
Non-Verbal:
• Personal Space : An arm's length would be a good distance to keep between
you and the person to whom you are speaking.
• Whistling or Winking: Both these actions are considered inappropriate.
• Nodding: Indians will often nod to acknowledge what is said out of politeness.
However, this does not always mean they understand or agree.
• Eye Contact: Most Punjabi's make direct eye contact during conversation.
• Head: The head is considered to be the holiest part of one's body. Touching
someone on the top of the head is deemed to be insensitive and offensive.
• Physical Contact : It is not acceptable to touch someone during conversation
unless you know the person well.
• Pointing a finger at someone would be considered rude.
References:
[a] https://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/punjab/punjablocation.htm
[b]https://patch.com/connecticut/trumbull/history-of-punjabi-language--gurmukhi-alphabet
[c] https://www.sikhs.org/summary.htm
[d] http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/religion/sikhism.html
[e] https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-35650616
[f] https://www.ananda.org/yogapedia/karma/
[g] https://theculturetrip.com/asia/india/articles/how-to-experience-punjabi-culture-in-india/
[h]https://www.indianmirror.com/culture/states-culture/punjab.html
[i]https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/15/asia/gender-discrimination-india-deaths-intl/index.html
[j] https://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/the-scientific-causes-behind-the-birth-of-hijra-or-third-gender
https://www.khalsaaid.org/
[k] https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/india/
[l]https://culturalatlas.sbs.com.au/indian-culture/indian-culture-communication
Thank You

More Related Content

What's hot

Punjab Pakistan.
Punjab Pakistan.Punjab Pakistan.
Punjab Pakistan.
Ali Kamal
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
Punjabi culture
Muzammil Ahmad
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
Punjabi culture
Muhammad Ali
 
Punjab Culture
Punjab CulturePunjab Culture
Punjab Culture
Mirwais Orguni
 
Culture of pakistan
Culture of pakistanCulture of pakistan
Culture of pakistan
MishailTahir
 
Punjabi culture presentation
Punjabi culture presentationPunjabi culture presentation
Punjabi culture presentation
SummayaMujeeb
 
Indian Culture
Indian CultureIndian Culture
Indian Culture
Asif Shaikh
 
Culture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
Culture & Heritage India Focus by CreatingdemandCulture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
Culture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
Creatingdemand
 
Sindh
SindhSindh
Sindh
EssaBaig18
 
Sindhi Culture
Sindhi CultureSindhi Culture
Sindhi Culture
HammadAkhtar13
 
Culture of pakistan
Culture of pakistanCulture of pakistan
Culture of pakistan
sufiyan Ghazi
 
Cultures of india
Cultures of indiaCultures of india
Cultures of india
Gowtham Raja
 
Diversity in india
Diversity in india Diversity in india
Diversity in india
princessclub
 
Languages of India
Languages of IndiaLanguages of India
Languages of India
Prashant Mahajan
 
India : Unity in diversity
India : Unity in diversityIndia : Unity in diversity
India : Unity in diversity
TCE, Univ of Pune,India
 
Unity in diversity in india
Unity in diversity in indiaUnity in diversity in india
Unity in diversity in india
Padma Lalitha
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
History Of Punjabi Culture
History Of Punjabi CultureHistory Of Punjabi Culture
History Of Punjabi Culture
Syed Anas Abdali
 
22 languages of India
22 languages of India22 languages of India
22 languages of India
Balraj Shukla
 
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
PSAITEJA
 

What's hot (20)

Punjab Pakistan.
Punjab Pakistan.Punjab Pakistan.
Punjab Pakistan.
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
Punjabi culture
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
Punjabi culture
 
Punjab Culture
Punjab CulturePunjab Culture
Punjab Culture
 
Culture of pakistan
Culture of pakistanCulture of pakistan
Culture of pakistan
 
Punjabi culture presentation
Punjabi culture presentationPunjabi culture presentation
Punjabi culture presentation
 
Indian Culture
Indian CultureIndian Culture
Indian Culture
 
Culture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
Culture & Heritage India Focus by CreatingdemandCulture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
Culture & Heritage India Focus by Creatingdemand
 
Sindh
SindhSindh
Sindh
 
Sindhi Culture
Sindhi CultureSindhi Culture
Sindhi Culture
 
Culture of pakistan
Culture of pakistanCulture of pakistan
Culture of pakistan
 
Cultures of india
Cultures of indiaCultures of india
Cultures of india
 
Diversity in india
Diversity in india Diversity in india
Diversity in india
 
Languages of India
Languages of IndiaLanguages of India
Languages of India
 
India : Unity in diversity
India : Unity in diversityIndia : Unity in diversity
India : Unity in diversity
 
Unity in diversity in india
Unity in diversity in indiaUnity in diversity in india
Unity in diversity in india
 
Punjabi culture
Punjabi culturePunjabi culture
Punjabi culture
 
History Of Punjabi Culture
History Of Punjabi CultureHistory Of Punjabi Culture
History Of Punjabi Culture
 
22 languages of India
22 languages of India22 languages of India
22 languages of India
 
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
 

Similar to The Punjabi Culture

Indian literature
Indian literatureIndian literature
Indian literature
Ignatius Joseph Estroga
 
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
arvind singh rathore
 
Difference between pakistan and American Culture
Difference between pakistan and American CultureDifference between pakistan and American Culture
Difference between pakistan and American Culture
Farhanullah khan
 
Sikhs
SikhsSikhs
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
Jiju Paul Jacob
 
Indiapresentation
IndiapresentationIndiapresentation
Indiapresentation
malik basit
 
Race, Religion and Language
Race, Religion and Language Race, Religion and Language
Race, Religion and Language
Alishba91623
 
General Introduction to Culture
General Introduction to CultureGeneral Introduction to Culture
General Introduction to Culture
Xavier Pradheep Singh
 
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptxUNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
Sasikala Antony
 
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptx
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptxSikhism and Its Nature.pptx
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptx
JosAlbertAguana
 
2017Sikhism.pptx
2017Sikhism.pptx2017Sikhism.pptx
2017Sikhism.pptx
SyedaSefatYeasmin
 
India
IndiaIndia
Unity in Diversity
 Unity in Diversity Unity in Diversity
Unity in Diversity
ilaiyarani
 
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISMSALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
pritihm
 
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad SajidLec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
Dr. Imran A. Sajid
 
Systems design proposal habitat final
Systems design proposal habitat finalSystems design proposal habitat final
Systems design proposal habitat final
Rajib Bhakat
 
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
Justin Patel
 
Bhakti and sufi movement
Bhakti and sufi movementBhakti and sufi movement
Bhakti and sufi movement
Sooth Spd
 
ethnosemantics
ethnosemanticsethnosemantics
ethnosemantics
Sajida Shah
 
Religion and diversity
Religion and diversityReligion and diversity
Religion and diversity
saurav kishor
 

Similar to The Punjabi Culture (20)

Indian literature
Indian literatureIndian literature
Indian literature
 
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
Indiapresentation 090518123848-phpapp02
 
Difference between pakistan and American Culture
Difference between pakistan and American CultureDifference between pakistan and American Culture
Difference between pakistan and American Culture
 
Sikhs
SikhsSikhs
Sikhs
 
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
 
Indiapresentation
IndiapresentationIndiapresentation
Indiapresentation
 
Race, Religion and Language
Race, Religion and Language Race, Religion and Language
Race, Religion and Language
 
General Introduction to Culture
General Introduction to CultureGeneral Introduction to Culture
General Introduction to Culture
 
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptxUNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
UNIT II - Social Diversity in India.pptx
 
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptx
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptxSikhism and Its Nature.pptx
Sikhism and Its Nature.pptx
 
2017Sikhism.pptx
2017Sikhism.pptx2017Sikhism.pptx
2017Sikhism.pptx
 
India
IndiaIndia
India
 
Unity in Diversity
 Unity in Diversity Unity in Diversity
Unity in Diversity
 
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISMSALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
SALIENT FEATURES OF JAINISM
 
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad SajidLec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
Lec ii Culture: An Introduction - Imran Ahmad Sajid
 
Systems design proposal habitat final
Systems design proposal habitat finalSystems design proposal habitat final
Systems design proposal habitat final
 
Indian culture
Indian cultureIndian culture
Indian culture
 
Bhakti and sufi movement
Bhakti and sufi movementBhakti and sufi movement
Bhakti and sufi movement
 
ethnosemantics
ethnosemanticsethnosemantics
ethnosemantics
 
Religion and diversity
Religion and diversityReligion and diversity
Religion and diversity
 

More from Nishkam Dhiman

Combined operation of power plants
Combined operation of power plantsCombined operation of power plants
Combined operation of power plants
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Cogeneration
CogenerationCogeneration
Cogeneration
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Nuclear power plants
Nuclear power plantsNuclear power plants
Nuclear power plants
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Hydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plantHydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plant
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Gas turbine power plants
Gas turbine power plantsGas turbine power plants
Gas turbine power plants
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Steam power plant 2
Steam power plant 2Steam power plant 2
Steam power plant 2
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Diesel power plant
Diesel power plantDiesel power plant
Diesel power plant
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Steam power plant
Steam power plantSteam power plant
Steam power plant
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Electric Motors
Electric MotorsElectric Motors
Electric Motors
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Magnets and magnetism
Magnets and magnetismMagnets and magnetism
Magnets and magnetism
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Electromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic inductionElectromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic induction
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's lawsAc and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
Nishkam Dhiman
 
Basics of electrical engineering
Basics of electrical engineeringBasics of electrical engineering
Basics of electrical engineering
Nishkam Dhiman
 

More from Nishkam Dhiman (13)

Combined operation of power plants
Combined operation of power plantsCombined operation of power plants
Combined operation of power plants
 
Cogeneration
CogenerationCogeneration
Cogeneration
 
Nuclear power plants
Nuclear power plantsNuclear power plants
Nuclear power plants
 
Hydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plantHydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plant
 
Gas turbine power plants
Gas turbine power plantsGas turbine power plants
Gas turbine power plants
 
Steam power plant 2
Steam power plant 2Steam power plant 2
Steam power plant 2
 
Diesel power plant
Diesel power plantDiesel power plant
Diesel power plant
 
Steam power plant
Steam power plantSteam power plant
Steam power plant
 
Electric Motors
Electric MotorsElectric Motors
Electric Motors
 
Magnets and magnetism
Magnets and magnetismMagnets and magnetism
Magnets and magnetism
 
Electromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic inductionElectromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic induction
 
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's lawsAc and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
Ac and dc meters and kirchoff's laws
 
Basics of electrical engineering
Basics of electrical engineeringBasics of electrical engineering
Basics of electrical engineering
 

Recently uploaded

The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
ImMuslim
 
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
Celine George
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
Mohammad Al-Dhahabi
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
RidwanHassanYusuf
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
haiqairshad
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
Celine George
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Krassimira Luka
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdfCIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
blueshagoo1
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
EduSkills OECD
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
Jyoti Chand
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
 
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
How Barcodes Can Be Leveraged Within Odoo 17
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
 
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in useHow to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
How to Fix [Errno 98] address already in use
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
 
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdfCIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
CIS 4200-02 Group 1 Final Project Report (1).pdf
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
 

The Punjabi Culture

  • 1. THE PUNJABI CULTURE Presented By: Nishkam Dhiman
  • 2. Preview • Introduction • Language • Religion • Symbols • Behavior/Norms of Behavior • Values and Beliefs • Customs and Traditions • Sex and Sextual Orientation • Elements of Punjabi Culture • Masculinity Vs Femininity • Individualism Vs Collectivism • Power Distance Index • Uncertainty avoidance • Display of emotions • Views of Time • World mindedness or Ethnocentric • High or low context • Indulgence • Review of Argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDn2bn7_YSM
  • 3. Introduction: Punjab is a Northwest State in India. The word Punjab is a compound of the Persian words punj (five) and ab (waters). Thus Punjab roughly means "the land of five rivers".[a] • Race : Indo - Aryan [Aryan are the people who came from Persia] • Ethnicity : South Asian
  • 4. Language: Punjabi • Origin: Sanskrit [b] • Script: Gurmukhi • Developed around 1500 BC • Punjabi Greeting: “Sat Sri Akal” meaning “ True is the name of God” • “Namaste” is the way most Indians greet which means “I bow to the divine in you” Different slangs : • Chakk de phatte: “Come on , keep it up” • Hor ki chalda? : “What's Up” • Kiddan : “How have you been so far” Song demonstrating Punjabi Language : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DmNT89Rz3GU&list=RDnzhKAEYRH ww&index=7
  • 5. Religion • In Punjab majority of the people belong to Sikh Religion(57.69% followed by Hindu Religion(38.49%) . • Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism. • Since majority people are Sikh, the culture is mainly dominated by the sikh values , attitude, beliefs and behavior. • Meaning of Sikh: Disciple or Student.[c] Sikhs wear the turban to take care of the hair, promote equality, and preserve the Sikh identity. Sikhs do not cut their hair, as a religious observance. The turban protects the hair and keeps it clean.
  • 6. Symbols • Turban(Headwear): Wearing turbans is common among Sikhs. The headgear also serves as a religious observance. • Khanda : The Khanda is the symbol of the Sikh faith.[d] A double edged sword: Belief in one God. The Chakkar(ring): God without beginning or end. Two crossed kirpans (swords): spiritual authority and political power. Kara :It is a round bracelet made of Iron . The Kara is a symbol of unbreakable attachment and commitment to God. It reminds the Sikhs to always do a good deed. Khanda Kara
  • 7. Values and beliefs • Unity in Diversity • Kindness and Compassion. • Faith • Family • Engaging in selfless service(Community Kitchen) • Harmony • Pride • Adaptability • Modesty • Caste • Honesty (work hard and live honestly) • Liberation {Karma} Song demonstrating Values https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1pQSRQgrpk Caste: A caste system is one in which people are born into their social standing and will remain in it their whole lives. People are assigned occupations regardless of their talents, interests, or potential. [e] Karma: “Deed” or “Work/Action”[f] Karma is the law of cause and effect.
  • 8. Community Kitchen(selfless service) Langar is the Community kitchen in Gurudwara (Sikh Temple) where the food is prepared and a free meal is served to all the visitors, without distinction of religion, caste, gender, economic status or ethnicity.
  • 9. Norms of Behavior • Punjabi's are expected to behave respectfully with everyone. “JI” is the most commonly used word to give respect. • Giving gifts on festivals is a custom. • Covering head with some cloth and removing the shoes while going to Temple(religious place). • Showing affectionate emotions are prohibited. • Removing shoes before entering someone's house. • Punjabi’s/Indians wobble head to answer a question.
  • 10. Costumes Females: Salwar, Kameez and Dupatta Males: Kurta, Pajama, Turban
  • 11. Customs and Traditions • Punjabis mostly live in joint families, and thus every occasion is enjoyed together like a huge celebration. • Every member of the family has unique duties and responsibilities, which can be easily observed during births, festivals, marriages, funerals, as well as everyday social occasions.[e] • Mariages: Punjabi weddings are very loud, energetic, full of music,colors, fancy- dresses, food and dancing. • Marriages Last for 3 to 4 days. • Arranged marriages are common. • Lowest Divorce rate in the world i.e. 1%. Customs and Traditions Songs : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQpcUSzYFe0
  • 12. Marriage traditions and customs Bride side Bridegroom Side Ring Ceremony Mehndi (Henna- tatoo) Vatna ( face mask) Barat (Wedding Procession) Churra
  • 13.
  • 14. Festivals: • Lohri: Marks the end of peak winter, this festival is traditionally associated with the harvest of the crops. It is celebrated on 13th January. • Baisakhi: It marks the start of the Punjabi New Year, but it is also a day to celebrate 1699 - the year when Sikhism was born as a collective faith.[g] It is celebrated on 13 or 14 April.
  • 15. • Holi: Festival of Colors. People put colors on each other. Bonfire is done to represent victory of good over evil. • Diwali: Festival of Lights. It is believed that on this day Rama returned to his people after 14 years of exile during which he fought and won a battle against the demons and the demon king, Ravana.
  • 16. Funerals • Before a Sikh funeral service, the body is bathed and dressed in clean clothing. • Cremation is preferred for Sikh funerals.
  • 17. Dance and Music Bhangra: Its is the traditional dance of Punjab. Highly energetic with vigorous kicks, leaps and bends of the body on the beats of drum or short songs. Performed to celebrate happy occasion. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z821Ez8ugY4
  • 18. Cuisine • Punjabi Cuisine generally have lentils curry, fried vegetables, cheese curry, chicken, rice, bread called naan and buttermilk. • Butter Chicken • Sarson Ka Saag Aur Makki Ki Roti. • Tandoori Chicken • Chole Bhature • Masala Chana • Dal Makhani • Fish Amritsari. • Dhaba Dal. • Mango Lassi/ Buttermilk
  • 19. Culture’s use of Gender The Indian movie songs called ‘Item Number’ objectify women.The songs show highly sextualized dancer usually performing in a bar or pub surrounded by men. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sONw3dihCRs In Punjabi society, women continue to be in an even more vulnerable position today, caught between the two worlds, one, that places them in the illusion of gender equality, and the other, which objectifies them. However, masculinity continues to be the accepted norm in Punjabi society. Gender Discrimination: Study done by CNN shows that 239,000 girls under the age of five die in India each year due to neglect linked with gender discrimination.[i]
  • 20. Sex and Sextual Orientation • LGBT people face many social and legal difficulties and are looked down by the society. • Kinner/Hijra(the third gender)[j] • Individuals characterised as neither man nor woman. • No sexual orientation towards males or females • Live in well-defined and organised all- hijra communities, led by a guru. • Street performers - singing, dancing, and performing blessings for donations. It is also traditional to have hijras perform at weddings and baby blessings Hijra's face extreme discrimination in health, housing, education, employment, immigration, law, and any bureaucracy that is unable to place them into male or female gender categories. In 2014, Supreme Court passed a law that officially recognized the existence of the third gender. This has allowed for Hijras to opt for third gender classification on official legal documents such as driver’s licenses and passports.
  • 21. Elements of Culture. • Masculinity Vs Femininity: Masculine 56 [k] • Individualism Vs Collectivism: Collective • Power Distance Index: High Power Distance 77 • Uncertainty avoidance: Low 40 • Display of emotions: Low • Views of Time : Polychronic • World Mindedness or Ethnocentric: World Minded • High or low context: High Context • Indulgence: Low Indulgence 26
  • 22. Review of the Argument The people from different cultures show different communication styles. The effect of culture on the interpersonal communication can be seen in both verbal and non verbal communication of Punjabi’s. Verbal Communication: • Indirect : The communication style of Indians tends to be polite and indirect. They may try to speak appeasingly to those they are not close to in order to avoid conflict or confrontation.[l] • Refusals: Direct refusals, such as ‘no’, may be considered to be too harsh and open disagreement is likely to be interpreted as hostile or aggressive. ‘maybe’ or ‘I'll do my best’ as a way to express ‘no'. • Extreme respect is given to elders and high authorities (personal and professional ) • People are more open to new ideas, welcome change and free to question.
  • 23. Non-Verbal: • Personal Space : An arm's length would be a good distance to keep between you and the person to whom you are speaking. • Whistling or Winking: Both these actions are considered inappropriate. • Nodding: Indians will often nod to acknowledge what is said out of politeness. However, this does not always mean they understand or agree. • Eye Contact: Most Punjabi's make direct eye contact during conversation. • Head: The head is considered to be the holiest part of one's body. Touching someone on the top of the head is deemed to be insensitive and offensive. • Physical Contact : It is not acceptable to touch someone during conversation unless you know the person well. • Pointing a finger at someone would be considered rude.
  • 24. References: [a] https://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/punjab/punjablocation.htm [b]https://patch.com/connecticut/trumbull/history-of-punjabi-language--gurmukhi-alphabet [c] https://www.sikhs.org/summary.htm [d] http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/religion/sikhism.html [e] https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-35650616 [f] https://www.ananda.org/yogapedia/karma/ [g] https://theculturetrip.com/asia/india/articles/how-to-experience-punjabi-culture-in-india/ [h]https://www.indianmirror.com/culture/states-culture/punjab.html [i]https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/15/asia/gender-discrimination-india-deaths-intl/index.html [j] https://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/the-scientific-causes-behind-the-birth-of-hijra-or-third-gender https://www.khalsaaid.org/ [k] https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/india/ [l]https://culturalatlas.sbs.com.au/indian-culture/indian-culture-communication