President Zia also increased the involvement of Islam in the Pakstani Government in a 1984 Referendum where he asked the people of Pakistan if they were in favour of the enforcement of Sharia or Islamic Law. The result of this Referendum can be seen in the Shariat or Islamic Court, which enforces laws relating to Islam and assesses whether State laws comply with Islam. Next Slide
The adherence to Islam is written into the Preamble of the constitution in the ‘name of Allah, the most Beneficient, the most Merciful’, and, there are several articles that prescribe to specific provisions laid down by the state for the Muslims of Pakistan. Next slide
Initially, Islam was established as the state ideology as a means of distinguishing Pakistan’s identity as separate from predominantly Hindu India. Thus, Islam was used as the basis for the creation and the unification of a separate state, but it was not expected to serve as a model for government. In contemporary Pakistan, Islam remains an important element of national identification and has become a central issue in Pakistan’s politics (Blood 1994; Haqqani 2004, pp.87-9).
While there are many areas of conflict in Pakistan, a major source relates to an ideological division over the role of Islam in national life. Some factions argue that the Islamic ideology is essential to bind its culturally diverse people together.
However, others argue that the insistence on Islamic ideology, in opposition to regional demands as expressed in secular and cultural idiom, has alienated regional groups and eroded national unity (Pakistan 2008).
The ideology of Islam is deeply rooted in Pakistan’s history with close links to the ambitions of the Pakistani military and the Pakistani elite’s world view (Haqqani 2004, p.85).
Over the years, military rule has fomented the religious military presence in Pakistan, encouraging political and radical Islam to the point where Islamists have gained disproportionate influence over the country’s overall direction.
In this way, Islam is being used as the means of achieving a common bond and unity in a country where the population remains fractured by ethnic and linguistic differences (Haqqani 2004, pp.91-96).
Thus, while Islamic ideology remains important in Pakistan, the implications exacerbated by military rule and fundamentalism complicate Pakistan’s political situation and reduce its ability to be identified as a functional modern state.
1. Punjab is the most
populous province of Pakistan, with
approximately 56% of the country's
2. The main languages
are Punjabi and Saraiki
3. Lahore has traditionally been the
capital of Punjab for a thousand
years; it is Punjab's main cultural,
historical, administrative and
1. Geographically it is the third largest
province of Pakistan
2. It is hot in the summer and mild in
3. Sindhi is the sole official language
4. Karachi is the largest city,
main seaport and the as well as
the capital of the province of Sindh.
5. It was the original capital of Pakistan
until the construction of Islamabad
Balochistan is the
largest province (by
area) of Pakistan
Refined blend of varıous regional
cooking traditions of the South
Asia . Pakistani cuisine is known
for its richness and flavour. It has
been partly influenced by Arab,
Persian, and Indian Cuisine, it
retains its own distinct Pakistani
Within Pakistan, cuisine varies
greatly from region to region,
reflecting the country's ethnic
and cultural diversity.
Given the diversity of the people of Pakistan, cuisines
generally differ from home to home and may be totally
different than the mainstream Pakistani cuisine.
• As religion defines culture, so it is with the
food in pakistan as Muslims are forbidden to
eat pork or consume alcohol and
then halal dietary guidelines are strictly
• Pakistanis focus on other areas of food such
as beef, lamb, chicken, fish and vegetables as
well as traditional fruit and dairy products.
Pakistani dishes are known for having spicy flavours,
and some dishes often contain liberal amounts of oil
which contributes to a richer flavour.
Cumin seeds, chilli powder, turmeric, Garam Masala is
a very popular blend of spices used in many Pakistani
Barbeque and kebabs
• Kebabs are a staple item in Pakistani cuisine
today, and one can find countless varieties of
kebabs all over the country.
• Biryani is a very popular dish in Pakistan and
has many varieties such as Lahori and Sindhi
Islam in Government
• Increased involvement of Islam in the
Pakistani Government since 1984
• Enforcement of Sharia or Islamic Law
• Assessment by the Shariat/Islamic Court
regarding federal laws
Islam in constitution
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973,
• Whereas sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to
Almighty Allah alone, and the authority to be exercised by
the people of Pakistan within the limits prescribed by Him
is a sacred trust…
• Wherein the principles of democracy, freedom, equality,
tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by Islam, shall be
• Wherein the Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives
in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with
the teachings and requirements of Islam as set out in the
Holy Quran and Sunnah.
Role of Islam in Pakistan
• Islam established as state ideology to distinguish
Pakistan’s identity as separate from Hindu India.
• Islam used as the basis for the creation and
unification of a separate state, not expected to
serve as a model for government (Blood 1994).
• Islam remains an important element of national
identification and is a central issue in Pakistan’s
(Haqqani 2004, pp.87-9)
Controversy over Islam’s role
• Islamic ideology is essential to bind its
culturally diverse people together.
• Insistence on Islamic ideology, in
opposition to regional demands, has
alienated regional groups and eroded
national unity (Pakistan 2008).
Islam in Pakistan
• Islam deeply rooted in Pakistan’s history
• Links to Pakistani military and the Pakistani
elite’s world view (Haqqani 2004, p.85).
• Military rule fomented religious military
presence in Pakistan.
• Islamists gained disproportionate influence
over the country’s overall direction.
• Islam used as the means of achieving a
common bond and unity (Haqqani 2004,
While Islamic ideology remains
important in Pakistan, the
implications exacerbated by military
rule and fundamentalism complicate
Pakistan’s political situation and
reduce its ability to be identified as a
functional modern state.
“The Diverse Cultures of Four Provinces
Khyber Pakhtoon Khwah
Introduction to The Islamic
Republic of PAKISTAN
Pakistan is situated in South Asia, bodering the Arabian Sea, between India
on the East , Iran and Afghanistan on the West and China in the North.
• Date of Independence: August 14, 1947
• Official Name: The Islamic Republic of Pakistan
• Religion: Islam
• Capital: Islamabad
• Type of Government: Parliamentary Democracy
• Population: 180 Million (2011 estimate)
• Area: 310,404 square miles
• National Language: Urdu
• Regional Languages: Punjabi, Sindhi, balochi &
• Unit of Currency: Pakistani Rupee
• Major Crops: Wheat, Rice, cotton, Mize, Grams ,
Sugar cane,, pulses etc.
Characteristics of Pakistani People
• Aesthetic Sense
• Business Minded
Pakistan is an ideological Islamic state. Its
existence is due to Islam. So Pakistani culture is primarily
based on the Islamic way of life.
VILLAGE LIFE Of PUNJAB
Pakistan is an agricultural country.
Most of its population lives in the
Villages of Pakistan are very
A typical Pakistani village is situated
away from the noise of a city.
It is a peaceful and silent place.
There are green trees, vast meadows,
and flowery bushes in every village.
The blossoming flowers, fragrant
air, the rising and setting sun all
leave a healthy influence on the
health of villagers.
Most of the village people have
simple habits and limited needs.
•It consists of unpaved paths and
•Its houses are made of mud.
However, now villagers have
started to make their houses of
VILLAGE LIFE Of PUNJAB
• Cholistan is in tact the biggest
desert in Pakistan
• This famous desert is 30 Km
from Bahawalpur and
comprises of an area of 16,000
• The Thal desert is
situated in Punjab,
Pakistan. Its vast area is
mainly between the
Jhelum and Sindh rivers
near the Pothohar
BEAUTIFUL DERSERS OF PUNJAB
World Famous Personalities of Sindh
Quaid e Azam
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
The Founder of Pakistan
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Former Primer Minister
Former Prime Minister of
First Woman PM in Muslim
Asif Ali Zardari
The President of Pakistan
We show our
Mr. Barak Obama,
The president of USA
by giving him
the traditional look of Sindhi Person
• Area: Largest province
• Capital: Quetta
• Division: 6
• Districts: 30
• Special Features: Mineral and Gawadar sea port.
The history of Baluchistan covers thousand of years from the first century to
the third century with Iran and Afghanistan .Before partition of the subcontinent
Baluchistan was an independent state but when Pakistan came into being then
Mir Ahmed Yar khan who was the king of Baluchistan decided to affiliate with the
government of Pakistan
Eid is our religious festival which we celebrate
two time in a year. we also celebrate Eid meelad
ul Nabi which is the birthday of our holy prophet
Sibi mela is our social festival that is traces its roots to
ancient human civilization. this festival attracts people
from across the country. It is attended by the common
folk, ministers and other government officials.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is largely located on
the Iranian plateau and Eurasian land plate.
while peripheral eastern regions are located
near the Indian subcontinent and this has led
to seismic activity in the past.
It covers an area of 74,521 km² (28,773 sq mi).
It is the smallest Province of Pakistan by area.
It lies in a region where Indian subcontinent
meets the Hindu kash of Afghanistan
Since the ancient times numerous groups have invaded Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa including the Persian, Greek, Turks. Mughals and the
British b/w 2000 and 1500 BC. The Aryans spilt off into and Iranian
branch represented by Pashtun which is came into being as dominant.
Dress and music in KPK
3. Guitar etc
In big cities usually wear shalwar
kameez (shirt and trouser) and
women cover their head with
•The northern areas in KPK are famous and
attractive for the tourist.
•They are rich in natural beauty.
•The second highest mountain peak
of the world that is K2 is also in northern areas.