Sikhs

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Educate yourself.. Please. Turban does not equal terrorist!

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Sikhs

  1. 1. THE SIKH COALITION<br />www.sikhcoalition.org<br />
  2. 2. Who are the Sikhs? <br />Asian Indians ( 2010 census) <br />Sikh ethnicity <br />Origin: Punjab Indian/Punjab Pakistan<br />Homeland: Kesghar of AnadPur<br /> -Father Guru Gobind Singh<br /> -Mother= Manta Sahib Kaur<br /> “Renounce all previous lineages of caste, creed & religious affiliation”****<br />Language: <br />Spoken<br />Punjabi<br />Written<br />Gurumukhi Script<br />
  3. 3. County of Origin: PUNJAB<br />
  4. 4. Immigration to U.S.A<br />PUSH <br />in water rates and land revenue<br />= mortgage land to moneylenders<br /> - could not pay back 3x amount<br /> IN AMERICA/CANADA: <br /> Pay: $2.00/ day <br /> (Vs .30 cents in Punjab)<br /> PULL: <br />British recruitment<br /> -Canada<br /> -Labor : Rail Roads<br /> : lumber industry<br /> -poor work conditions and broken promises<br />
  5. 5. Sacramento<br />Imperial Valley<br />San Diego <br />
  6. 6. 1899-1920 : 7,348 Asian Americans immigrated<br />1899-1920 <br />- 85% SIKHS<br />-13% Muslim <br />-2% Hindu<br />***** All Termed Hindus*****<br />1910-1920 : <br /> In Asian Indians by 33.5% <br /> - group of laborers threatening majority group monopoly.<br />
  7. 7. LocationLocationLocation<br />1908 <br />Coastal Valleys <br />Oregon <br />Washington<br />Continue southern movement ( California)<br />San Joaquin Valley<br />Imperial Valley<br />Sacramento Valley<br />
  8. 8. Gurdwara<br />SIKH TEMPLE<br />( Religious/ethnic enclave)<br />1901-1915 <br />Center of Immigration Movement<br />Meet on weekends to think about common welfare<br />Welcome new and help them find jobs<br />Stockton California<br />
  9. 9. Sikhism<br /><ul><li>5th largest organized religion
  10. 10. Blend of Islam and Hinduism
  11. 11. Monotheistic
  12. 12. 15th century
  13. 13. Guru Nanak Due
  14. 14. The Counsel of the Gurus
  15. 15. 10 successive Gurus</li></ul> Sikh= learners<br />God = Sat Nam <br />TRUTH<br />
  16. 16. . "There is only the One Supreme Lord; there is no other at all. Spirit, soul and body, all belong to Him; whatever pleases His Will, comes to pass" (Guru Granth Sahib Ji, 45).<br />God has created a religion, a path, a faith, which brings one closer to God and helps one to unite with him. <br />There is one endless God<br />“indescribable, inestimable, indubitable, infallible, intangible, imperishable, immutable, immortal, immaculate, immanent, unconquerable, unique, formless, fearless, deathless, timeless, ageless, compassionate, omnipresent and creator of all.” <br />
  17. 17. What does a Sikh look like?5 Articles of Faith (Kakaars )<br />Purpose: To keep Sikhs united in pursuit of ideal life.<br />-symbols of faith- bringing them closer to God<br />Kara: Bracelet made of steel. Worn to remind a Sikh that he or she is a servant of the Guru and should not do anything that may bring shame or disgrace.<br />Kangha : Worn in their hair. Serves as a constant reminder that the Sikh must remain socially committed and never practice asceticism.<br />
  18. 18. KESH<br />Keeping of hair in natural state :<br /> - living in harmony with the will of God. Symbolic : Khalsabrotherhood and Sikh faith <br />They are to live the way God made them <br />Turban is part of the instruction <br /> *protect the hair- <br /> *keep a Sikh focused on his beliefs. <br /> * declares sovereignty, dedication, self- respect, courage and piety<br />
  19. 19. Kachhera: (Soldier's shorts) is linked to a high moral character and must be worn at all times. It reminds the Sikh of the need for self-restrain over passions and desires. <br />Kirpan: religious sword <br /> an initiated Sikh's solemn obligation of courage and self-defense.<br /> denotes dignity and self-reliance, the capacity and readiness to always defend the weak and the oppressed. It helps sustain one's martial spirit and the determination to sacrifice oneself in order to defend truth, oppression and Sikh moral values. ****mandated <br />
  20. 20. The Sikh Coalition: <br /> Open to all in need of civil rights protection<br /> reject caste systems<br /> Integration Goals: pluralistic <br /> “ work towards a world where Sikhs may freely practice and enjoy their faith while fostering strong relations with their local community.”<br /> STRESS: Importance of life here in America<br />- no mention: Tours to Punjab<br />Donations accepted**<br />
  21. 21. Issues Sikhs Face<br />PREJUDICE<br />TERRORIST<br />Appearance<br />Five Articles of Faith<br />Anti immigrants<br /> “Orientals”<br /> Indians<br />DISCRIMINATION<br />WHY DID YOU ATTACK US?<br />Taxi Cab Drivers<br />Lexus<br />AT&T<br />M.T.A.<br />Air Travel Discrimination<br />October 28,2007<br />Flying while Sikh<br />Turban and Kesh<br />Sensenbrenner-King Bill<br />TerwinderKaur : Browndeer<br />November 4, 2004<br />
  22. 22. Gender Equality= Fundamental Principal<br />Women’s Empowerment<br /> FEMALE FETICIDE <br />Selective abortion of females<br />DOWERY PRATICE – lowers value of girl child<br />Many links, organizations and educational materials<br />
  23. 23. Programs within the Community<br />LEGAL MATTERS:<br />Bias incident reports<br />Bias incident reporting<br />Hate crimes<br />Employment discrimination<br />Public accommodations<br />Profiling<br />Safeguard religious freedom<br />
  24. 24. Advocacy<br />Encourage civic participation <br />Government respect or Sikh concerns<br />Petitions<br />Rallies<br />Vigils<br />Letter writing campaigns<br />Congressional outreach<br />Civil rights reports<br />Meeting with governmental agencies and media outreach<br />
  25. 25. OUT REACH TO PUNJABS<br /> SIKH GENOCIDE PROJECT<br />Invasion: June 1984<br /> Pogroms: November 1984<br /> **And then some**<br />www.sikhgenocide.org<br /> ENSAAF - Justice<br /> End torture in Punjab<br />“No one is held here without being tortured”<br />
  26. 26. Community Outreach<br />EDUCATION: <br />Distribute and create materials on Sikhs for government and educational agencies.<br />Essay competitions<br />Library project<br />Department of education meetings on bias<br />SIKH STUDENT ASSOCIATION<br /> CIVIL RIGHTS PROGRAM<br />

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