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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The power of communities in
coping with natural disasters: The
case of El Morro, Chile
Jenny Moreno, The University of Nottingham, UK.
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Introduction
1. Context
2. Case study
3. Methodology
4. Findings
5. Conclusions
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The 1960 Chile earthquake and tsunami, 9.5 Mw
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The 2010 Chile earthquake and tsunami, 8.8 Mw
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The devastating effects
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The devastating effects
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
El Morro
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Question
What are capacities and resources that
contribute to coping with natural disasters in
the Chilean context?
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Community Resilience
The capacity of communities to cope with
and recover from disasters, learning from
such stress, activating their latent resources
and transforming in the face of adversity
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
- An ethnographic work was conducted for 6
months in El Morro.
- The main data techniques were semi-structured
interviews, participant observation and
document analysis.
Methodology
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Community resilience capacities
• Employment
• Income
• Local infraestructure
• Basic Services
• Natural Resources*
• Traditions
• Norms
• Values
• Language
• Beliefs
• Local knowledge
• Participation
• Leadership
• Cooperation
• Organisation
• Social Networks
• Trust
• Sense of Community
• Place attachment Social Cultural
EconomicPhysical
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Local Knowledge and sense of community
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Cooperation and leadership
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Model of community resilience
Time
Context
Inter-relationships
Intra-relationships
Disaster
Resilience
Transformation
Hindering
Factors
Economic
Physical
Social
Political
Intangible
Capacities
Social
Cultural
Capacities
Enhanced
/Undermined
Decay/
Dark side
Growth/
Positive side
Learning from
success
Learning from
failure
Enabling
Factors
Economic
Physical
Social
Political
Tangible
Capacities
Physical
Economic
Pre-disaster
resilience
Latent
capacities
Learning
Catalyst
Capacities
Mixed
Factors
Post-event
Resilience
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
- Communities play an important role in emergency
situations, especially in poor neighborhoods.
- Social and cultural capacities are essential to cope
with disasters.
- Communities have the potential for resilience.
- From victims to survivors.
- Practical implications: Disaster Risk Reduction Policies.
Conclusions
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Thank you
Jenny Moreno
ldxjamo@nottingham.ac.uk

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The Power of Communities in Coping with Natural Disasters The Case of El Morro, Chile, Jenny MORENO

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The power of communities in coping with natural disasters: The case of El Morro, Chile Jenny Moreno, The University of Nottingham, UK.
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Introduction 1. Context 2. Case study 3. Methodology 4. Findings 5. Conclusions
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The 1960 Chile earthquake and tsunami, 9.5 Mw
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The 2010 Chile earthquake and tsunami, 8.8 Mw
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The devastating effects
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The devastating effects
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org El Morro
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Question What are capacities and resources that contribute to coping with natural disasters in the Chilean context?
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Community Resilience The capacity of communities to cope with and recover from disasters, learning from such stress, activating their latent resources and transforming in the face of adversity
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org - An ethnographic work was conducted for 6 months in El Morro. - The main data techniques were semi-structured interviews, participant observation and document analysis. Methodology
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Community resilience capacities • Employment • Income • Local infraestructure • Basic Services • Natural Resources* • Traditions • Norms • Values • Language • Beliefs • Local knowledge • Participation • Leadership • Cooperation • Organisation • Social Networks • Trust • Sense of Community • Place attachment Social Cultural EconomicPhysical
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Local Knowledge and sense of community
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Cooperation and leadership
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Model of community resilience Time Context Inter-relationships Intra-relationships Disaster Resilience Transformation Hindering Factors Economic Physical Social Political Intangible Capacities Social Cultural Capacities Enhanced /Undermined Decay/ Dark side Growth/ Positive side Learning from success Learning from failure Enabling Factors Economic Physical Social Political Tangible Capacities Physical Economic Pre-disaster resilience Latent capacities Learning Catalyst Capacities Mixed Factors Post-event Resilience
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org - Communities play an important role in emergency situations, especially in poor neighborhoods. - Social and cultural capacities are essential to cope with disasters. - Communities have the potential for resilience. - From victims to survivors. - Practical implications: Disaster Risk Reduction Policies. Conclusions
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 17. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Thank you Jenny Moreno ldxjamo@nottingham.ac.uk