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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Governing Risk Reduction in the
Built Environment: the Case of
Victoria, Australia
Alan March, Director Bachelor of Design and
PREPARE Research Group
Rebecca Clements, Maria Kornakova
University of Melbourne
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Today’s Presentation:
•The Built Environment
•Australia’s Built Environment and Overall Risk Profiles
•Victorian Risk Profiles
•Victoria: the structure of EM and Risk Reduction
•Change and Critical Review
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The Built Environment
The structures, interventions, modifications, artefacts,
processes and outcomes of human actions in settlements
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Distribution of Australian Population
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011
Australia’s Built Environment and Overall Risk Profiles
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
1. Spatially extensive, prime cities in each state
2. High density CBD / low density suburbs / isolated regional towns
3. Good quality services (diverse quality)
4. Road transport emphasis
5. Extensive interfaces with natural world
6. Oriented to knowledge economy – former primary industries
7. Fossil fuel and technological dependance
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Source: Emergency Risks in Victoria 2012
KEY RISKS IN VICTORIA
•Bushfire
•Flood
•Transport infrastructure
emergency
•Electricity supply disruption
•Pandemic influenza
•Hazardous materials
incident
•Mine failure
•Marine pollution
•Heatwave
•Earthquake
•Pest outbreak
•Plant and animal disease
•Storm
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Source: Emergency Risks in Victoria 2012
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Recent Disaster - Bushfire in Victoria
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
2009 Victoria, Australia Bushfire
• 173 lives lost
• 430,000 hectares land burnt
• 2000+ homes and 61 commercial premises
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
NERAG
National Emergency Risk
Assessment Guidelines
All hazards method
State level
Risk assessment
NSDR
National Strategy for
Disaster Resilience
Emergency Risks
in Victoria
Report
Victoria: the structures of EM and Risk Reduction
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Victoria: the structures of EM and Risk Reduction
VICSES EMERGENCY PLANS
State Emergency
Earthquake Plan
EMMV
Emergency Management
Manual Victoria
SERP
State Emergency
Response Plan
State Emergency
Flood Plan
State Emergency
Tsunami Plan
State Emergency
Storm Plan
Emergency
Management
Act 2013
GUIDING LEGISLATION
Source: Emergency
Management Victoria
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Bushfire management governance
Source: State
Bushfire Plan 2014
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Integrated Fire Management Planning
Inc. a range of other strategies to integrate with many organisations
RFMPC
Regional Fire Management
Planning Committee
STRATEGIESSFMPC
State Fire Management
Planning Committee
RSFMP
Regional Strategic Fire Management Plans
MFMPC
Municipal Fire Management
Planning Committee
STATEREGIONALMUNICIPAL
• Develop process, insert amendments into EMMV
• Establish a consistent format / life cycle for plans
• Ensure a consistent community engagement framework
• Ensure consistency of risk assessment models
• Develop standard protocols for data sharing
• Develop a web-based interface
• Lead development of integrated training
• Establish audit and dispute resolution processes
• Work with other agencies to influence R&D
• Develop “Centre for Excellence” / recognition program
• Promote development of Code of Practise for fire management
Report to
SCRC’s
Risk & Resilience
Sub-committee
Report to
SFMPC
Report to
RFMPC
& municipal
council and
community • Risk based
• Regard social, econ, built and nat env
• Incorporate local needs
• Guide for participants in fire management
MFMP
Municipal Fire Management Plans
AIM
Implement f/work and ensure
consistency
AIM
Critical link between state and
municipal
AIM
Responsible for planning,
monitoring and implementation
at local level
• Risk based
• Consider needs of whole region
• Prevention / response / recovery
EMV
SUPPORT
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Critical Review & Change
1. Governance boundaries vastly different across hazards
2. Strategies are imperfectly linked into land management
and planning, particularly at regional level and vertically
3. Response is still the driver for planning
4. Fast onset favoured over slow onset hazards
5. Local government heavy built environment
responsibilities with little power or resources
6. State response agencies with resources but limited
connections into local government
7. Built environment often understood as seen as static
8. Citizens treated as homogenous
9. Strong expectation of effective response despite shared
responsibility policies
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
• Flood governance
Source: Victorian Floodplain Management Strategy 2016
Flood management
Floodplain management
Mainly prevention
Water Act 1989
Part 10, div 4
9 x CMAsMelbourne Water
REGIONAL
Floodplain Managers
Planning & Environment Act 1987
Referral
authorities
Consider
applications
Statement of Obligations
State floodplain
strategy
STATE
Regional floodplain strategies
Require
Planning Schemes
Victorian Planning Provisions
LOCAL
Zones / Overlays
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
• Flood governance
Source: Victorian Floodplain Management Strategy 2016
9 CMAs and Melbourne Water

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Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Australia, Alan Peter MARCH

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment: the Case of Victoria, Australia Alan March, Director Bachelor of Design and PREPARE Research Group Rebecca Clements, Maria Kornakova University of Melbourne
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Today’s Presentation: •The Built Environment •Australia’s Built Environment and Overall Risk Profiles •Victorian Risk Profiles •Victoria: the structure of EM and Risk Reduction •Change and Critical Review
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Built Environment The structures, interventions, modifications, artefacts, processes and outcomes of human actions in settlements
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Distribution of Australian Population Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011 Australia’s Built Environment and Overall Risk Profiles
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 1. Spatially extensive, prime cities in each state 2. High density CBD / low density suburbs / isolated regional towns 3. Good quality services (diverse quality) 4. Road transport emphasis 5. Extensive interfaces with natural world 6. Oriented to knowledge economy – former primary industries 7. Fossil fuel and technological dependance
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Source: Emergency Risks in Victoria 2012 KEY RISKS IN VICTORIA •Bushfire •Flood •Transport infrastructure emergency •Electricity supply disruption •Pandemic influenza •Hazardous materials incident •Mine failure •Marine pollution •Heatwave •Earthquake •Pest outbreak •Plant and animal disease •Storm
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Source: Emergency Risks in Victoria 2012
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Recent Disaster - Bushfire in Victoria
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2009 Victoria, Australia Bushfire • 173 lives lost • 430,000 hectares land burnt • 2000+ homes and 61 commercial premises
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 17. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 18. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org NERAG National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines All hazards method State level Risk assessment NSDR National Strategy for Disaster Resilience Emergency Risks in Victoria Report Victoria: the structures of EM and Risk Reduction
  • 19. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Victoria: the structures of EM and Risk Reduction VICSES EMERGENCY PLANS State Emergency Earthquake Plan EMMV Emergency Management Manual Victoria SERP State Emergency Response Plan State Emergency Flood Plan State Emergency Tsunami Plan State Emergency Storm Plan Emergency Management Act 2013 GUIDING LEGISLATION Source: Emergency Management Victoria
  • 20. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 21. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Bushfire management governance Source: State Bushfire Plan 2014
  • 22. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 23. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Integrated Fire Management Planning Inc. a range of other strategies to integrate with many organisations RFMPC Regional Fire Management Planning Committee STRATEGIESSFMPC State Fire Management Planning Committee RSFMP Regional Strategic Fire Management Plans MFMPC Municipal Fire Management Planning Committee STATEREGIONALMUNICIPAL • Develop process, insert amendments into EMMV • Establish a consistent format / life cycle for plans • Ensure a consistent community engagement framework • Ensure consistency of risk assessment models • Develop standard protocols for data sharing • Develop a web-based interface • Lead development of integrated training • Establish audit and dispute resolution processes • Work with other agencies to influence R&D • Develop “Centre for Excellence” / recognition program • Promote development of Code of Practise for fire management Report to SCRC’s Risk & Resilience Sub-committee Report to SFMPC Report to RFMPC & municipal council and community • Risk based • Regard social, econ, built and nat env • Incorporate local needs • Guide for participants in fire management MFMP Municipal Fire Management Plans AIM Implement f/work and ensure consistency AIM Critical link between state and municipal AIM Responsible for planning, monitoring and implementation at local level • Risk based • Consider needs of whole region • Prevention / response / recovery EMV SUPPORT
  • 24. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 25. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Critical Review & Change 1. Governance boundaries vastly different across hazards 2. Strategies are imperfectly linked into land management and planning, particularly at regional level and vertically 3. Response is still the driver for planning 4. Fast onset favoured over slow onset hazards 5. Local government heavy built environment responsibilities with little power or resources 6. State response agencies with resources but limited connections into local government 7. Built environment often understood as seen as static 8. Citizens treated as homogenous 9. Strong expectation of effective response despite shared responsibility policies
  • 26. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Flood governance Source: Victorian Floodplain Management Strategy 2016 Flood management Floodplain management Mainly prevention Water Act 1989 Part 10, div 4 9 x CMAsMelbourne Water REGIONAL Floodplain Managers Planning & Environment Act 1987 Referral authorities Consider applications Statement of Obligations State floodplain strategy STATE Regional floodplain strategies Require Planning Schemes Victorian Planning Provisions LOCAL Zones / Overlays
  • 27. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Flood governance Source: Victorian Floodplain Management Strategy 2016 9 CMAs and Melbourne Water