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Phonetics powerpoint

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Phonetics powerpoint

  1. 1. Phonetics -from the greek word phone meaning sound or voice -branch of linguistic that comprises the study oof the sounds and their production.
  2. 2. Phonetics Articulatory Phonetics Acoustic Phonetics Auditory Phonetics
  3. 3. Articulatory phonetics -the study of the production of speech by the organs of speech by the speaker.
  4. 4. Organs of Speech Lips Teeth Tongue Alveolar Ridge Hard Palate Velum Uvula Glottis
  5. 5. Lips The upper lip and lower lip help to produce bilabial sounds /p, b, m/. If they are held together, the sounds produced in that position are bilabial stops : / p, b/. If the lips are held together, they produce different vowels.
  6. 6. Lips
  7. 7. Teeth The tip of the tongue helps to produce /t, d, z, etc/. The blade of the tongue helps to produce /t∫, d, ∫, etc/. The front of the tongue helps to produce palatal sound /j/ and the back of the tongue helps to produce /k, g/ sounds.
  8. 8. Teeth
  9. 9. Tongue -with its wide variety of possible movements, it assists in forming the sounds of speech.
  10. 10. Tongue
  11. 11. Alveolar Ridge -hard ridge behind upper front teeth. It is between the roof of the mouth and the upper teeth.
  12. 12. Alveolar Ridge
  13. 13. Hard Palate -also known as the roof of the mouth.
  14. 14. Hard Palate
  15. 15. Velum The soft palate is movable, consisting of muscle fibers sheathed in mucous membrane. It is responsible for closing off the nasal passages during the act of swallowing, and also for closing off the airway.
  16. 16. Velum(soft palate)
  17. 17. Uvula -the loose hanging end of the soft palate.
  18. 18. Uvula
  19. 19. Glottis - it assist in forming the buzzing sounds ( g , ng ,j )
  20. 20. Glottis
  21. 21. Acoustic Phonetics -Is a subfield of phonetics which deals with acoustic aspects of speech sounds.
  22. 22. Auditory Phonetics Is a subfield of phonetics concerned with the hearing of speech sounds.
  23. 23. Phonetic Transcription -It is the visual representation of speech sounds. The most common type of phonetic transcription uses a phonetic alphabet is the International Phonetic Alphabet
  24. 24. IPA Vowels
  25. 25. IPA Diphtongs
  26. 26. IPA Consonants
  27. 27. “θæŋk ju: !!!”

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