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Language and the brain


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English Education

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Language and the brain

  1. 1. gRouP 12 By : Lila Faridatul Anggraini Novi Umi Farida
  2. 2. Neurolinguistics Definition: Example: The study of the relationship between language and the brain. A huge metal rod had gone through the front part of Mr. Gage’s brain
  3. 3. Language Areas in the Brain Definition: Example: The most important parts are in areas above the left ear. Several areas of the brain have been identified with linguistic skills, such as producing and understanding speech. Broca’s area Wernicke’s area The motor cortex The arcuate fasciculus
  4. 4. Language Areas in the Brain 1.Broca’s area or Anterior speech cortex The area that responsible for language production. E2x.aWmeplren : iucsiknge ’psropaerre sayntoaxr posterior speech cortex The area that responsible for language processing. Example : analyze others' sentences 3. The motor cortex is an area that generally controls movement of the muscles. Example : for moving hands, feet, etc. 4. The arcuate fasciculus is a bundle of nerve fibers. Example : Connection between Wernicke’s and Broca’s areas.
  5. 5. The Localization View Definition: Example: Is specific aspects of language ability can be accorded specific locations in the brain. To suggest the brain activity involved in hearing a word, understanding it, then saying it, would follow a definite pattern.
  6. 6. Tongue tips and slips 1. The tip of the tongue Phenomenon Definition : Is the failure to retrieve a word from memory. Example : Speakers produced transcendental medication but instead “ meditation”
  7. 7. 2. Slips of the Tongue Definition: Example:  Is the replacement of one word with another that can add up to something far from what we meant to say.  black boxes but we say “black bloxes” or a cup of tea but we say “tup”
  8. 8. 3. Slips of the Ear Definition: Example:  An error of misperception in listening: mistaking a word or phrase for a similar-sounding word or phrase in speech or conversation.  He hear great ape but actually the speaker said “gray tape”.
  9. 9. Definition : Example :  Aphasia is an impairment of language function due to localized brain damage that leads to difficulty in understanding and/or producing linguistic forms.  The person who suffer stroke. Those effects can range from mild to severe reduction in the ability to use language
  10. 10. Definition: Example:  Is characterized by a substantially reduced amount of speech, distorted acticulation and slow.  Eliminate inflections such as -ed .
  11. 11. Definition: Example:  The type of language disorder that results in auditory comprehension.  When asked to repeat the word glass he might say window, or something contiguous with glass.
  12. 12. Definition: Example:  Damage to the arcuate fasciculus that cause mispronounce words, but typically do not have articulation problems.  repetitions of the words “base” and “wash.” What the speaker hears and understands can’t be transferred very successfully.
  13. 13. Definition: Example:  a behavioural technique for studying brain asymmetry in auditory processing.  through one earphone comes the syllable ga or the word dog, and through the other earphone at exactly the same time comes da or cat.
  14. 14. Definition: Example:  a limited time in which an event can occur, usually to result in some kind of transformation.  children learn languages most rapidly when young, and that it is more difficult when they become adult.