SlideShare a Scribd company logo
2–1
Agenda of the Lecture
1.Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem
2.Types of Resource Constraints
3.Classification of a Scheduling Problem
4.Resource Allocation Methods
A. Assumptions
B. Time-Constrained Projects: Smoothing Resource Demand
C. Resource-Constrained Projects
5.Computer Demonstration of Resource-Constrained Scheduling
A. The Impacts of Resource-Constrained Scheduling
6.Splitting Activities
7.Benefits of Scheduling Resources
8.Assigning Project Work
9.Multi project Resource Schedules
10. Using the Resource Schedule to Develop a Project Cost Baseline
A. Why a Time-Phased Budget Baseline Is Needed
B. Creating a Time-Phased Budget
8–2
8–3
Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem
• Resources and Priorities
–Project network times are not a schedule
until resources have been assigned.
• The implicit assumption is that resources will be available in
the required amounts when needed.
• Adding new projects requires making realistic judgments of
resource availability and project durations.
–Cost estimates are not a budget
until they have been time-phased.
8–4
Project Planning Process
FIGURE 8.1
8–5
Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem
.
• Resource Smoothing (or Leveling)
–Involves attempting to even out varying demands
on resources by using slack (delaying noncritical
activities) to manage resource utilization when
resources are adequate over the life of the project.
8–6
Types of Project Constraints
• Technical or Logic Constraints
– Constraints related to the networked sequence
in which project activities must occur.
• Physical Constraints
– Activities that cannot occur in parallel or are affected by
contractual or environmental conditions.
• Resource Constraints
– The absence, shortage, or unique interrelationship and
interaction characteristics of resources that require a particular
sequencing of project activities
• Kinds of Resource Constraints
– People, materials, equipment
8–7
Constraint Examples
FIGURE 8.2
8–8
Classification of A Scheduling Problem
• Classification of Problem
–Using a priority matrix will help determine if
the project is time or resource constrained.
1.Time-Constrained Project
–Must be completed by an imposed date.
• Time is fixed, resources are flexible: additional resources
are required to ensure project meets schedule.
2.Resource-Constrained Project
–Is one in which the level of resources available
cannot be exceeded.
• Resources are fixed, time is flexible: inadequate
resources
will delay the project.
8–9
Resource Allocation Methods
• Limiting Assumptions
–Splitting activities is not allowed—once an
activity is start, it is carried to completion.
–Level of resources used for an activity cannot
be changed.
• Risk Assumptions
–Activities with the most slack pose the least risk.
–Reduction of flexibility does not increase risk.
–The nature of an activity (easy, complex)
doesn’t increase risk.
8–10
Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d)
• Time-Constrained Projects
–Must be completed by an imposed date.
–Require use of leveling techniques that focus
on balancing or smoothing resource demands.
–Use positive slack (delaying noncritical activities)
to manage resource utilization over the duration
of the project.
1. Peak resource demands are reduced.
2. Resources over the life of the project are
reduced.
3. Fluctuation in resource demand is minimized.
8–11
Botanical
Garden
FIGURE 8.3
8–12
Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d)
• Resource Demand Leveling Techniques
for Time-Constrained Projects
–Advantages
• Peak resource demands are reduced.
• Resources over the life of the project are reduced.
• Fluctuation in resource demand is minimized.
–Disadvantages
• Loss of flexibility that occurs from reducing slack.
• Increases in the criticality of all activities.
8–13
Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d)
• Resource-Constrained Projects
– Resources are limited in quantity or availability.
– Activities are scheduled using heuristics
(rules-of-thumb) that focus on:
1. Minimum slack
2. Smallest (least) duration
3. Lowest activity identification number
– The parallel method is used to apply heuristics
• An iterative process starting at the first time period
of the project and scheduling period-by-period the start
of any activities using the three priority rules.
8–14
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 2–3
FIGURE 8.4
8–15
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 2–3
FIGURE 8.4 (cont’d)
8–16
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 2–3
FIGURE 8.4 (cont’d)
8–17
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 5–6
FIGURE 8.5
8–18
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 5–6
FIGURE 8.5 (cont’d)
8–19
Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 5–6
FIGURE 8.5 (cont’d)
8–20
Computer Demonstration of Resource-
Constrained Scheduling
• EMR Project
–The development of a handheld Electronic Medical
Reference guide to be used by emergency medical
technicians and paramedics.
• Problem
–There are only eight design engineers who can be
assigned to the project due to a shortage of design
engineers and commitments to other projects.
8–21
EMR Project:
Network View
Schedule before
Resources Leveled
FIGURE 8.6
8–22
EMR Project before Resources Added
FIGURE 8.7
8–23
EMR Project—Time Constrained Resource Usage View,
January 15–23
FIGURE 8.8A
Resources Calculations
• Project requires 21 design engineers on Jan 18th
and 19th (168 hrs/8 hrs per engineer = 21
engineers)
8–24
FIGURE 8.8A
8–25
Resource Loading Chart for EMR Project, January 15–23
FIGURE 8.8B
8–26
EMR Project
Network View
Schedule
after Resources
Leveled
FIGURE 8.9
8–27
EMR Project Resources Leveled
FIGURE 8.10
8–28
The Impacts of Resource-Constrained
Scheduling
• Reduces delay but reduces flexibility.
• Increases criticality of events.
• Increases scheduling complexity.
• May make the traditional critical path
no longer meaningful.
• Can break sequence of events.
• May cause parallel activities to become
sequential and critical activities with slack
to become noncritical.
8–29
Splitting
• Splitting
– A scheduling technique use to get a better project
schedule and/or increase resource utilization.
• Involves interrupting work on an activity to
employ the resource on another activity, then
returning the resource to finish the interrupted
work.
• Is feasible when startup and shutdown costs are
low.
• Is considered the major reason why projects fail
to meet schedule.
8–30
Splitting Activities
FIGURE 8.11
8–31
Benefits of Scheduling Resources
• Leaves time for consideration
of reasonable alternatives:
–Cost-time tradeoffs
–Changes in priorities
• Provides information for time-phased
work package budgets to assess:
–Impact of unforeseen events
–Amount of flexibility in available resources
8–32
Multiproject Resource Schedules
• Multiproject Scheduling Problems
1. Overall project slippage
• Delay on one project create delays for other projects
2. Inefficient resource application
• The peaks and valleys of resource demands create
scheduling problems and delays for projects.
3. Resource bottlenecks
• Shortages of critical resources required for multiple
projects cause delays and schedule extensions.
8–33
Multiproject Resource Schedules (cont’d)
• Managing Multiproject Scheduling:
–Create project offices or departments to oversee
the scheduling of resources across projects.
–Use a project priority queuing system: first come,
first served for resources.
–Centralize project management: treat all projects
as a part of a “megaproject.”
–Outsource projects to reduce the number
of projects handled internally.
8–34
Direct Labor Budget
Rollup ($000)
FIGURE 8.12
8–35
Time-Phased Work Package Budget (Labor Cost Only)
FIGURE 8.13
8–36
Two Time-Phased Work Packages (Labor Cost Only)
FIGURE 8.14
8–37
Patient Entry Project Network
FIGURE 8.15
8–38
Patient Entry Time-Phased Work Packages Assigned
FIGURE 8.16
8–39
CEBOO Project Monthly Cash Flow Statement
FIGURE 8.17
8–40
CEBOO Project Weekly Resource Usage Schedule
FIGURE 8.18
8–41
Key Terms
Heuristic
Planned value (PV)
Resource-constrained projects
Smoothing
Splitting
Time-constrained projects
Time-phased budget baseline
8–42
The End
Thanks a lot for Your Attention!
Any Comment !!!
Any Question?????

More Related Content

What's hot

Project time management
Project time managementProject time management
Project time management
Jack Pumpuni Frimpong-Manso
 
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
Elizabeth Harrin FAPM
 
PMP-Cost Management area
PMP-Cost Management areaPMP-Cost Management area
PMP-Cost Management area
Zaur Ahmadov, PMP
 
Project scope management 1
Project scope management 1Project scope management 1
Project scope management 1
Mohammad Ashraf Khan, PMP
 
Chap 6 Developing A Project Plan
Chap 6 Developing A Project PlanChap 6 Developing A Project Plan
Chap 6 Developing A Project Plan
project management
 
Planning and Resourcing a Project
Planning and Resourcing a ProjectPlanning and Resourcing a Project
Planning and Resourcing a Project
Nishant Munjal
 
Project Time Management
Project Time ManagementProject Time Management
Project Time Management
Serdar Temiz
 
Chap008
Chap008Chap008
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP WorkgroupProject Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
Tùng Trần Thanh
 
Fundamentals of Project Management
Fundamentals of Project Management Fundamentals of Project Management
Fundamentals of Project Management
Yesica Adicondro
 
Lecture 2
Lecture 2Lecture 2
Lecture 2
9anm12
 
Project management
Project managementProject management
Project management
Jay Raval
 
Leadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
Leadership: Being an Effective Project ManagerLeadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
Leadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
Earl Tongol
 
Episode 25 : Project Risk Management
Episode 25 :  Project Risk ManagementEpisode 25 :  Project Risk Management
Episode 25 : Project Risk Management
SAJJAD KHUDHUR ABBAS
 
Project planning and scheduling techniques
Project planning and scheduling techniquesProject planning and scheduling techniques
Project planning and scheduling techniques
Shivangi Saini
 
Earned value analysis (1)
Earned value analysis (1)Earned value analysis (1)
Earned value analysis (1)
Harshit Mahajan
 
Project Management
Project ManagementProject Management
Project Management
Hamdard University
 
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
DavidMcLachlan1
 
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
Fahad Mahmud Mirza
 
Chap 9.0 Project Resource Management overview
Chap 9.0   Project Resource Management overviewChap 9.0   Project Resource Management overview
Chap 9.0 Project Resource Management overview
Anand Bobade
 

What's hot (20)

Project time management
Project time managementProject time management
Project time management
 
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
 
PMP-Cost Management area
PMP-Cost Management areaPMP-Cost Management area
PMP-Cost Management area
 
Project scope management 1
Project scope management 1Project scope management 1
Project scope management 1
 
Chap 6 Developing A Project Plan
Chap 6 Developing A Project PlanChap 6 Developing A Project Plan
Chap 6 Developing A Project Plan
 
Planning and Resourcing a Project
Planning and Resourcing a ProjectPlanning and Resourcing a Project
Planning and Resourcing a Project
 
Project Time Management
Project Time ManagementProject Time Management
Project Time Management
 
Chap008
Chap008Chap008
Chap008
 
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP WorkgroupProject Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
Project Schedule Management - Estimate Activity Durations - PMP Workgroup
 
Fundamentals of Project Management
Fundamentals of Project Management Fundamentals of Project Management
Fundamentals of Project Management
 
Lecture 2
Lecture 2Lecture 2
Lecture 2
 
Project management
Project managementProject management
Project management
 
Leadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
Leadership: Being an Effective Project ManagerLeadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
Leadership: Being an Effective Project Manager
 
Episode 25 : Project Risk Management
Episode 25 :  Project Risk ManagementEpisode 25 :  Project Risk Management
Episode 25 : Project Risk Management
 
Project planning and scheduling techniques
Project planning and scheduling techniquesProject planning and scheduling techniques
Project planning and scheduling techniques
 
Earned value analysis (1)
Earned value analysis (1)Earned value analysis (1)
Earned value analysis (1)
 
Project Management
Project ManagementProject Management
Project Management
 
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
6.5 Resource Leveling and Resource Smoothing
 
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
Project Feasibility [DECEMBER 2006]
 
Chap 9.0 Project Resource Management overview
Chap 9.0   Project Resource Management overviewChap 9.0   Project Resource Management overview
Chap 9.0 Project Resource Management overview
 

Similar to Scheduling-Resources-and-Costs.ppt

PM-Chapter8-1.pptx
PM-Chapter8-1.pptxPM-Chapter8-1.pptx
PM-Chapter8-1.pptx
TecnicoItca
 
Chap008.ppt
Chap008.pptChap008.ppt
Chap008.ppt
LucasMogaka
 
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
THULASIMANOHARAN2
 
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.pptChapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
PM Session 6
PM Session 6PM Session 6
PM Session 6
dmdk12
 
Allocating Resources To The Project
Allocating Resources To The ProjectAllocating Resources To The Project
Allocating Resources To The Project
Jeff Brooks
 
4) PTM & PCM .pptx
4) PTM & PCM .pptx4) PTM & PCM .pptx
4) PTM & PCM .pptx
MuhammadAmanAzam
 
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
ShudipPal
 
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gertPert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
Raj J Das
 
Network diagrams
Network diagramsNetwork diagrams
Network diagrams
Lii Van
 
Techniques of OR.pptx
Techniques of OR.pptxTechniques of OR.pptx
Techniques of OR.pptx
ArdraSabu
 
ch09s.ppt
ch09s.pptch09s.ppt
ch09s.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSPResource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
Sagar Kaptan
 
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
Shrikant Kate
 
Session 8 4th edition PMP
Session 8 4th edition PMPSession 8 4th edition PMP
Session 8 4th edition PMP
محمد عصمت عبد الرازق
 
Time management pressent
Time management pressentTime management pressent
Time management pressent
iklil fairuz
 
Ch09 (1).pptx
Ch09 (1).pptxCh09 (1).pptx
Ch09 (1).pptx
OmkarShetye11
 
Resource-Allocation.ppt
Resource-Allocation.pptResource-Allocation.ppt
Resource-Allocation.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Allocating resources
Allocating resourcesAllocating resources
Allocating resources
Snigdha Vashishth
 
projectmanagement-123765482.pdf
projectmanagement-123765482.pdfprojectmanagement-123765482.pdf
projectmanagement-123765482.pdf
AmarDeo7
 

Similar to Scheduling-Resources-and-Costs.ppt (20)

PM-Chapter8-1.pptx
PM-Chapter8-1.pptxPM-Chapter8-1.pptx
PM-Chapter8-1.pptx
 
Chap008.ppt
Chap008.pptChap008.ppt
Chap008.ppt
 
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
Scheduling resources and costs is a crucial aspect of project management that...
 
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.pptChapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
Chapter-8-Post-Mid.ppt
 
PM Session 6
PM Session 6PM Session 6
PM Session 6
 
Allocating Resources To The Project
Allocating Resources To The ProjectAllocating Resources To The Project
Allocating Resources To The Project
 
4) PTM & PCM .pptx
4) PTM & PCM .pptx4) PTM & PCM .pptx
4) PTM & PCM .pptx
 
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
Software Engineering (Project Scheduling)
 
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gertPert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
Pert,cpm, resource allocation and gert
 
Network diagrams
Network diagramsNetwork diagrams
Network diagrams
 
Techniques of OR.pptx
Techniques of OR.pptxTechniques of OR.pptx
Techniques of OR.pptx
 
ch09s.ppt
ch09s.pptch09s.ppt
ch09s.ppt
 
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSPResource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
Resource scheduling in Construction Projects Using MSP
 
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
Construction Scheduling, Work Study and Work Measurement _ Unit 2 _ Construct...
 
Session 8 4th edition PMP
Session 8 4th edition PMPSession 8 4th edition PMP
Session 8 4th edition PMP
 
Time management pressent
Time management pressentTime management pressent
Time management pressent
 
Ch09 (1).pptx
Ch09 (1).pptxCh09 (1).pptx
Ch09 (1).pptx
 
Resource-Allocation.ppt
Resource-Allocation.pptResource-Allocation.ppt
Resource-Allocation.ppt
 
Allocating resources
Allocating resourcesAllocating resources
Allocating resources
 
projectmanagement-123765482.pdf
projectmanagement-123765482.pdfprojectmanagement-123765482.pdf
projectmanagement-123765482.pdf
 

More from TecnicoItca

tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdftipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
TecnicoItca
 
-Interes-Simple.ppt
-Interes-Simple.ppt-Interes-Simple.ppt
-Interes-Simple.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptxTesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
TecnicoItca
 
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.pptGestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptx
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptxProject-Progress-Presentation.pptx
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptx
TecnicoItca
 
-Project-Management.ppt
-Project-Management.ppt-Project-Management.ppt
-Project-Management.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Telsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
Telsys-Case-International-Management.pptTelsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
Telsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Project-Management.pptx
Project-Management.pptxProject-Management.pptx
Project-Management.pptx
TecnicoItca
 
Project-Management.ppt
Project-Management.pptProject-Management.ppt
Project-Management.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptxPROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
TecnicoItca
 
Project-Management-Introduction.ppt
Project-Management-Introduction.pptProject-Management-Introduction.ppt
Project-Management-Introduction.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Project-Manager.ppt
Project-Manager.pptProject-Manager.ppt
Project-Manager.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
ch10s.ppt
ch10s.pptch10s.ppt
ch10s.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
-PM-09-7.ppt
-PM-09-7.ppt-PM-09-7.ppt
-PM-09-7.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.pptChapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.pptClases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptxValoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
TecnicoItca
 
Bonos-Clase.ppt
Bonos-Clase.pptBonos-Clase.ppt
Bonos-Clase.ppt
TecnicoItca
 
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.pptValuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
TecnicoItca
 

More from TecnicoItca (20)

tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdftipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
tipos-de-organizacion-empresarial.pdf
 
-Interes-Simple.ppt
-Interes-Simple.ppt-Interes-Simple.ppt
-Interes-Simple.ppt
 
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptxTesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
Tesis-de-gerencia-de-proyectos (1).pptx
 
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.pptGestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
Gestion-Financiera-Semestre-2016-0-ppt.ppt
 
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
08-Project-Control-ppt.ppt
 
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptx
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptxProject-Progress-Presentation.pptx
Project-Progress-Presentation.pptx
 
-Project-Management.ppt
-Project-Management.ppt-Project-Management.ppt
-Project-Management.ppt
 
Telsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
Telsys-Case-International-Management.pptTelsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
Telsys-Case-International-Management.ppt
 
Project-Management.pptx
Project-Management.pptxProject-Management.pptx
Project-Management.pptx
 
Project-Management.ppt
Project-Management.pptProject-Management.ppt
Project-Management.ppt
 
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptxPROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
PROJECT-SCHEDULING-pptx.pptx
 
Project-Management-Introduction.ppt
Project-Management-Introduction.pptProject-Management-Introduction.ppt
Project-Management-Introduction.ppt
 
Project-Manager.ppt
Project-Manager.pptProject-Manager.ppt
Project-Manager.ppt
 
ch10s.ppt
ch10s.pptch10s.ppt
ch10s.ppt
 
-PM-09-7.ppt
-PM-09-7.ppt-PM-09-7.ppt
-PM-09-7.ppt
 
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.pptChapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
Chapter-5-Scheduling-and-Resource-Allocation.ppt
 
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.pptClases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
Clases-de-Bonos-matematica.ppt
 
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptxValoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
Valoracion-de-Bonos.pptx
 
Bonos-Clase.ppt
Bonos-Clase.pptBonos-Clase.ppt
Bonos-Clase.ppt
 
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.pptValuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
Valuacion-de-Bonos-3.ppt
 

Recently uploaded

Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
eshikajshani
 
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Ak47
 
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
John Leonardo
 
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
AK47 AK47
 
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
NasrudinMohamedAhmed
 
Integration PowerPoint covering various areas
Integration PowerPoint covering various areasIntegration PowerPoint covering various areas
Integration PowerPoint covering various areas
Vaidyanathan11
 
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Commonwealth
 
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service taxGoods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
AadityaBBAB178
 
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptxppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
coolpool363
 
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
avanikakapoor
 
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdfGUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
ProexportColombia1
 
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
rightmanforbloodline
 
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.pptSustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
JayanthAdithya1
 
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
rightmanforbloodline
 
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
simran aarya
 
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
Adnet Communications
 
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
margaretblush
 
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS JUNE 2024
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS  JUNE 2024MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS  JUNE 2024
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS JUNE 2024
Antonis Zairis
 
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
Lucknow Girls Call Kesar Bagh 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service A...
 
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
 
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
 
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
 
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance.Part3
 
Integration PowerPoint covering various areas
Integration PowerPoint covering various areasIntegration PowerPoint covering various areas
Integration PowerPoint covering various areas
 
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
 
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
 
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service taxGoods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
Goods and Service Tax new goods and service tax
 
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptxppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
ppt on Review of literature 1720335948098.pptx
 
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
 
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdfGUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER-13_ACCOUNTING REGULATION.pdf
 
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
SOLUTIONMANUALInternational Financial Management, 9th Edition By Cheol Eun, B...
 
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.pptSustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
 
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Financial Accounting, 8th Edition 2024 by...
 
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
Exclusive Girls Call Mumbai 9833325238 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servic...
 
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
https://silverone.com/investors/presentations/
 
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
 
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS JUNE 2024
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS  JUNE 2024MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS  JUNE 2024
MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND ASSOCIATES OF ATHENS CALLS ATHENS JUNE 2024
 
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
Is it possible to sell hamster kombat tokens?
 

Scheduling-Resources-and-Costs.ppt

  • 2. Agenda of the Lecture 1.Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem 2.Types of Resource Constraints 3.Classification of a Scheduling Problem 4.Resource Allocation Methods A. Assumptions B. Time-Constrained Projects: Smoothing Resource Demand C. Resource-Constrained Projects 5.Computer Demonstration of Resource-Constrained Scheduling A. The Impacts of Resource-Constrained Scheduling 6.Splitting Activities 7.Benefits of Scheduling Resources 8.Assigning Project Work 9.Multi project Resource Schedules 10. Using the Resource Schedule to Develop a Project Cost Baseline A. Why a Time-Phased Budget Baseline Is Needed B. Creating a Time-Phased Budget 8–2
  • 3. 8–3 Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem • Resources and Priorities –Project network times are not a schedule until resources have been assigned. • The implicit assumption is that resources will be available in the required amounts when needed. • Adding new projects requires making realistic judgments of resource availability and project durations. –Cost estimates are not a budget until they have been time-phased.
  • 5. 8–5 Overview of the Resource Scheduling Problem . • Resource Smoothing (or Leveling) –Involves attempting to even out varying demands on resources by using slack (delaying noncritical activities) to manage resource utilization when resources are adequate over the life of the project.
  • 6. 8–6 Types of Project Constraints • Technical or Logic Constraints – Constraints related to the networked sequence in which project activities must occur. • Physical Constraints – Activities that cannot occur in parallel or are affected by contractual or environmental conditions. • Resource Constraints – The absence, shortage, or unique interrelationship and interaction characteristics of resources that require a particular sequencing of project activities • Kinds of Resource Constraints – People, materials, equipment
  • 8. 8–8 Classification of A Scheduling Problem • Classification of Problem –Using a priority matrix will help determine if the project is time or resource constrained. 1.Time-Constrained Project –Must be completed by an imposed date. • Time is fixed, resources are flexible: additional resources are required to ensure project meets schedule. 2.Resource-Constrained Project –Is one in which the level of resources available cannot be exceeded. • Resources are fixed, time is flexible: inadequate resources will delay the project.
  • 9. 8–9 Resource Allocation Methods • Limiting Assumptions –Splitting activities is not allowed—once an activity is start, it is carried to completion. –Level of resources used for an activity cannot be changed. • Risk Assumptions –Activities with the most slack pose the least risk. –Reduction of flexibility does not increase risk. –The nature of an activity (easy, complex) doesn’t increase risk.
  • 10. 8–10 Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d) • Time-Constrained Projects –Must be completed by an imposed date. –Require use of leveling techniques that focus on balancing or smoothing resource demands. –Use positive slack (delaying noncritical activities) to manage resource utilization over the duration of the project. 1. Peak resource demands are reduced. 2. Resources over the life of the project are reduced. 3. Fluctuation in resource demand is minimized.
  • 12. 8–12 Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d) • Resource Demand Leveling Techniques for Time-Constrained Projects –Advantages • Peak resource demands are reduced. • Resources over the life of the project are reduced. • Fluctuation in resource demand is minimized. –Disadvantages • Loss of flexibility that occurs from reducing slack. • Increases in the criticality of all activities.
  • 13. 8–13 Resource Allocation Methods (cont’d) • Resource-Constrained Projects – Resources are limited in quantity or availability. – Activities are scheduled using heuristics (rules-of-thumb) that focus on: 1. Minimum slack 2. Smallest (least) duration 3. Lowest activity identification number – The parallel method is used to apply heuristics • An iterative process starting at the first time period of the project and scheduling period-by-period the start of any activities using the three priority rules.
  • 15. 8–15 Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 2–3 FIGURE 8.4 (cont’d)
  • 16. 8–16 Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 2–3 FIGURE 8.4 (cont’d)
  • 18. 8–18 Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 5–6 FIGURE 8.5 (cont’d)
  • 19. 8–19 Resource-Constrained Schedule through Period 5–6 FIGURE 8.5 (cont’d)
  • 20. 8–20 Computer Demonstration of Resource- Constrained Scheduling • EMR Project –The development of a handheld Electronic Medical Reference guide to be used by emergency medical technicians and paramedics. • Problem –There are only eight design engineers who can be assigned to the project due to a shortage of design engineers and commitments to other projects.
  • 21. 8–21 EMR Project: Network View Schedule before Resources Leveled FIGURE 8.6
  • 22. 8–22 EMR Project before Resources Added FIGURE 8.7
  • 23. 8–23 EMR Project—Time Constrained Resource Usage View, January 15–23 FIGURE 8.8A
  • 24. Resources Calculations • Project requires 21 design engineers on Jan 18th and 19th (168 hrs/8 hrs per engineer = 21 engineers) 8–24 FIGURE 8.8A
  • 25. 8–25 Resource Loading Chart for EMR Project, January 15–23 FIGURE 8.8B
  • 26. 8–26 EMR Project Network View Schedule after Resources Leveled FIGURE 8.9
  • 27. 8–27 EMR Project Resources Leveled FIGURE 8.10
  • 28. 8–28 The Impacts of Resource-Constrained Scheduling • Reduces delay but reduces flexibility. • Increases criticality of events. • Increases scheduling complexity. • May make the traditional critical path no longer meaningful. • Can break sequence of events. • May cause parallel activities to become sequential and critical activities with slack to become noncritical.
  • 29. 8–29 Splitting • Splitting – A scheduling technique use to get a better project schedule and/or increase resource utilization. • Involves interrupting work on an activity to employ the resource on another activity, then returning the resource to finish the interrupted work. • Is feasible when startup and shutdown costs are low. • Is considered the major reason why projects fail to meet schedule.
  • 31. 8–31 Benefits of Scheduling Resources • Leaves time for consideration of reasonable alternatives: –Cost-time tradeoffs –Changes in priorities • Provides information for time-phased work package budgets to assess: –Impact of unforeseen events –Amount of flexibility in available resources
  • 32. 8–32 Multiproject Resource Schedules • Multiproject Scheduling Problems 1. Overall project slippage • Delay on one project create delays for other projects 2. Inefficient resource application • The peaks and valleys of resource demands create scheduling problems and delays for projects. 3. Resource bottlenecks • Shortages of critical resources required for multiple projects cause delays and schedule extensions.
  • 33. 8–33 Multiproject Resource Schedules (cont’d) • Managing Multiproject Scheduling: –Create project offices or departments to oversee the scheduling of resources across projects. –Use a project priority queuing system: first come, first served for resources. –Centralize project management: treat all projects as a part of a “megaproject.” –Outsource projects to reduce the number of projects handled internally.
  • 34. 8–34 Direct Labor Budget Rollup ($000) FIGURE 8.12
  • 35. 8–35 Time-Phased Work Package Budget (Labor Cost Only) FIGURE 8.13
  • 36. 8–36 Two Time-Phased Work Packages (Labor Cost Only) FIGURE 8.14
  • 37. 8–37 Patient Entry Project Network FIGURE 8.15
  • 38. 8–38 Patient Entry Time-Phased Work Packages Assigned FIGURE 8.16
  • 39. 8–39 CEBOO Project Monthly Cash Flow Statement FIGURE 8.17
  • 40. 8–40 CEBOO Project Weekly Resource Usage Schedule FIGURE 8.18
  • 41. 8–41 Key Terms Heuristic Planned value (PV) Resource-constrained projects Smoothing Splitting Time-constrained projects Time-phased budget baseline
  • 42. 8–42 The End Thanks a lot for Your Attention! Any Comment !!! Any Question?????