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Scale-free social
networks in
Ukrainian
democratic
movement since
1976
Presentation for the International Symposium "Three Revolutions – Portraits of
Ukraine„
1 March 2017, Natolin campus of the College of Europe in Warsaw
Scale-free networks
Complex network degree distribution
of random and scale-free
Social Entrepreneurship. Theory and Practice.
Ryszard Praszkier, Andrzej Nowak.
Random network
Small worlds with weak ties
Scale-free network
Fragile hierarchies
The structure and function of complex networks.
M. E. J. Newman
Hierarchical organization in
complex networks. Erzsebet
Ravasz and Albert-Laszlo
Barabasi
Fault tolerance and resilience
Mediation-driven attachment model
Social networks can be
presented as graphs and
described by formulas
Social Entrepreneurship. Theory
and Practice. Ryszard Praszkier,
Andrzej Nowak. Cambridge
Vibrant network
Major development problem
Most Ukr.Dem.Nets
had created
•no identity
(no name)
•no social capital
•no memory
Why Ukr.Dem.Nets evolved?
• Created for countering
existential threat
• Goal seemed
unreachable
• “We cannot possibly
win, but we should fight”
• Dissidents’ toast „For
the success of our
hopeless cause”
After the victory
Ukr.Dem.Nets
tried to prolong
its existence
after the goal
was achieved,
but degraded
according to the
same scenario.
Why?
Community detection in graphs. Santo Fortunato
Ukr.Dem.Nets connectivity problems
But the war goes on…
Ukr.Dem.Nets transformed
into volunteer networks, which
are mostly ego-networks.
(c) Steve Borgatti MGT 780 Social Network Analysis
Structural holes
Structural Holes and Good Ideas. Ronald S Burt.
Connectors are needed
Ukr.Dem.Nets were connectors, bridges, social
intermediaries for Ukrainian society
We propose Social Intermediary is a new institution
to fill the structural holes
Social intermediary concept
Social intermediary as an expert on
preparation and organization of
inclusive multi-stakeholder social
dialogues in local communities in
zones of ongoing or potential violent
conflicts.
Oleksa Tykhyj (1927 - 1984), one of
founders of Ukrainian Helsinki Group,
political prisoner, school teacher from
Donbas.
Oleksa Tykhyj Avenue - facilitating
co-decision of local councils of 5
towns of Kramatorsk agglomeration
and Donetsk oblast regional
administration to give a name of a
Social Intermediaries as connectors
Alumni achievements
They created new practices of dialogues
and joint activities on community security and
sustainable development, integration of internally
displaced persons and displaced universities into
local communities, psychological rehabilitation of
victims of war, civil education, cooperation
between civil and military.
Who knows this man?
Who knows this man?
Vasyl Ovsienko,
political prisoner,
member of Ukrainian
Helsinki Group from
1977, participant of
all the three
revolutions and all
Maidans.
Mapping the majority
Who
is
she?
Further research ideas
•Mapping social networks of participants of all
3R
 My hypothesis – Ukr.Dem.Nets were
better connected and had lower homophily
(more diversity) than average
•Studying the role of anti-development
groups in Ukr.Dem.Nets
Next step
Arrival
Language is the foundation of
civilization.
It is the glue that holds a people
together.
It is the first weapon drawn in a
conflict.
Nataliya ZubarNataliya Zubar
Maidan Monitoring Information Center, Chair
Kharkiv, Ukraine
Email: pani@maidan.org.ua
Phone: +38 068 550 6687
Twitter: @nataliezubar
@contact@contact

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Scale-free social networks in Ukrainian democratic movement since 1976

Editor's Notes

  1. Scale-free social networks maintain the crucial role in sustainability of democratic movement in Ukraine since the establishment of Ukrainian Helsinki Group in 1976.
  2. How the people became the subject in Ukraine
  3. Lets recall the evolution of the democratic movement in Ukraine
  4. Social networks displayed high resilience to Soviet hierarchical repressive institution.
  5. The networks with a hierarchical organization exhibit a greater vulnerability to failures when compared to non-hierarchical models
  6. Scale-free social networks were increasingly important in all Ukrainian Maidans.
  7. Social networks can be presented by graphs and described by formulas, however I am not going into math. Just take a notice of the word „mediation” here.
  8. Explain the pyramid
  9. In the context of social movements, the absence of brokers means that networks would break into isolated components, separated by political or social barriers.
  10. In the context of social movements, the absence of brokers means that networks would break into isolated components, separated by political or social barriers.
  11. Ukr.Dem.Nets transformed into volunteer networks, which are mostly ego-networks.
  12. Volunteer ego-networks Low social capital due to poor conecteddness The need of insterting connector nodes
  13. Bridges create paths for information diffusion – if and when they are activated. In addition, actors occupying brokerage positions need to engage in actual exchange to become information brokers.
  14. We define social intermediary as an expert on preparation and organization of inclusive multi-stakeholder social dialogues in local communities in zones of ongoing or potential violent conflicts.
  15. Oleksa Tykhyj (1927 - 1984), one of founders of Ukrainian Helsinki Group, political prisoner of USSR, school teacher from this region. Oleksa Tykhyj Avenue - facilitating co-decision of local councils of 5 towns of Kramatorsk agglomeration and Donetsk oblast regional administration to give a name of a human rights activist for main street of each location in and the road between them, 46 km total, two years of negotiations.
  16. Alumni achievements: They created new practices of dialogues and joint activities on community security and sustainable development, integration of internally displaced persons and displaced universities into local communities, psychological rehabilitation of victims of war, civil education, cooperation between civil and military.
  17. Vasyl Ovsienko, political prisoner, member of Ukrainian Helsinki Group from 1977, participant of the three revolutions.
  18. Vasyl Ovsienko, political prisoner, member of Ukrainian Helsinki Group from 1977, participant of the three revolutions.
  19. Minority of participants – organizers, speakers – are studied. We need to study the majority
  20. How the people became the subject in Ukraine
  21. Author was an observer of Revolution on Granite and participant of all other Maidans.