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International Research Journal       ISSN-0975-3486         VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4        RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097

                                      Research Paper—Education
                               A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF
                                QUALITATIVE DIFFERENCE
                            PERCEIVED BY PUPIL TEACHERS IN
                                   B.Ed. INSTITUTIONS

 Dec.-09—Jan.-2010                      *Bharat Ranjan
                * Lecturer,B.Ed. Deptt., Rama Degree College Chinhat, Lucknow.
Quality has become the defining element in 21st century      of secondary school appeared to be independents of
in the context of new social realities. Quality              organizational management, place of school sex of
management plays a strategic role in educational             students and population.
organization to achieve higher standard (Gilbert, 1993).          Sudhira (1994) In his study of teacher job
Now a days a large number of foreign universities            satisfaction and job stress of secondary school
offering their programs in India. It is obvious that         physical education teachers working in different
multinationals are not confined to commerce and              management schools. It was found that with regard
industry but are also eyeing on education. The               to the job satisfaction of physical education teachers
emergence of I.T. has prompted foreign universities,         in different management schools found to be different
both conventional and distance education                     significantly. It was indicated that the physical
institutions to offer their programmes in India. These       education teachers working in private school had
institutions will compete with our local institutions and    significantly higher job dissatisfaction as compared
the concept of quality is going to determine their future.   to teachers working in semi government and
     Therefore globalization of Indian higher education      government schools. The teachers working in semi
can be worked out effectively after meeting the              government schools were also found to be more
challenges imposed by W.T.O. through the                     dissatisfied than teachers of government schools.
improvement of quality only. Thus quality control has             Kumar S. (2002) Studied the organizational
become a necessity in the present age. To enhance            commitment, attitude towards work and job satisfaction
quality of higher education, a university needs huge         of post graduate teachers and showed the correction
amount of funds. Funds are needed for improving the          between organizational commitment and job
quality of academic and physical infrastructure              satisfaction is moderate which shows that the teacher
modernizing our laboratory and classrooms updating           who are more committed towards organization are more
the stock of books, journals and reference material in       satisfied with their job
our library and payment of salaries of teaching and               Kumar and Patnaik (2004) Studied the
non-teaching staff and so on. One can not get these          organizational commitment, attitude towards work and
funds unless he the expenditure incurred by the              job satisfaction of post graduate teachers. The
university in terms of the higher quality output.            correlation between organizational commitment and job
     Solanki (1992) Studied the relationship between         satisfaction is moderate which showed that the teachers
educational management and organizational climate of         who were more, committed towards organization are
secondary school, The finding indicated that- (i) The        more satisfied with their job. The organizational
secondary school differed among themselves in their          commitment is moderately related to attitude towards
organizational climate. (ii) The organizational climate      work

90
International Research Journal        ISSN-0975-3486        VOL. I * ISSUE—3&4         RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097
     Usha and Sasi Kumar (2007) Studied the teacher          between qualitative difference in perception of pupil
commitment and teachers self concept as predicators          teachers of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of faculty
of job satisfaction. The study revealed that there were      i.e. Science and Arts. 3. There is no significant
low and slight correlation between teacher commitment        difference between qualitative difference in perception
and job satisfaction in case of male and female              of pupil teachers of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of
teachers.                                                    sex. 4. There is no significant difference between
     Statement of the Problem                                qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers
     A comparative study of qualitative difference           of self financed B.Ed. institutions on the basis of sex.
perceived by pupil teachers in B.Ed. Institution             5. There is no significant difference between qualitative
     Objectives                                              difference in perception of pupil teachers of
     1- To compare the qualitative difference in             government aided B.Ed. institutions on the basis of
perception of pupil teachers of self financed and            sex.
government aided B.Ed. institutions. 2-To compare the             Methodology—Survey method was used to collect
qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers       data under the present investigation.
of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of faculty i.e. Science        Tools of Study:- (I) Qualitative
and Arts. 3-To compare the qualitative difference in              Questionnaire self prepared by the investigator.
perception of pupil teachers of B.Ed. institutions on        Sample and Sampling Techniques Present
the basis of sex.4-To compare the qualitative difference     investigation consists of pupil teachers of 8 B.Ed.
in perception of pupil teachers of self financed B.Ed.       institutions affiliated to Lucknow University, Lucknow
institutions on the basis of sex. 5-To compare the           and C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur in Lucknow District
qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers       Jurisdiction. The investigator has used the stratified
of government aided B.Ed. institutions on the basis of       random sampling technique for selection of the sample.
sex.                                                         Administration and statistical analysis
Hypotheses                                                        The test Administration involved data collection
     1. There is no significant difference between           of data from 400 subjects of sample institution chosen
qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers       for study . Mean, S.D and ‘t’ were calculated on scores
of self financed and government aided B.Ed.                  of qualitative difference perceived by pupil teachers.
institutions. 2. There is no significant difference
       Table :Detail of Sample Description of Qualitative Difference Perceived by Pupil Teachers
    S.No.    TYPE OF                      N                   M               S.D.           t
            INSTITUTTION
    1.       Grant-in-aided               200                 28.80           6.48
             Self-financed                200                 23.37            5.45          3.10*
    2.       Science                      200                 30.12           6.21
              Arts                        200                 29.56           6.07           0.91
    3.       Male                         200                 32.06           5.83
             Female                       200                 29.47           5.19           4.79*
    4.       Grant-in-aided
             Male                         100                 33.34           5.09            4.65*
             Female                       100                 30.22            4.45
    5.       Self-financed
             Male                         100                 30.82            4.92          1.54
             Female                       100                 29.74           5.03
       * Significant at 0.01 level of significance

çÚUâ¿ü °ÙæçÜçââ °‡ÇU §ßñËØé°àæÙ                                                                                   91
International Research Journal         ISSN-0975-3486         VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4           RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097
Findings                                                      better perception than female pupil teachers of teacher
     1. The qualitative difference as perceived by pupil      education institutions. 4. The qualitative difference as
teachers of self financed and government aided teacher        perceived by male and female pupil teachers of self
education institutions, the significant difference was        financed teacher education institutions, the
found. The pupil teachers of self financed institutions       insignificant qualitative difference was found between
showed better perception than government aided                male and female pupil teachers of self financed teacher
teacher education institutions. 2. The qualitative            education institutions 5. The qualitative difference
difference is perceived by Science and Arts faculty           as perceived by male and female pupil teachers of
based pupil teachers, the insignificant qualitative           government aided teacher education institutions, the
difference was found among both faculty based pupil           significant qualitative difference between male and
teachers 3. The qualitative difference as perception          female government aided teacher education
by male and female pupil teachers of teacher education        institutions, the male pupil teacher perceived better
institutions, the significant difference was found            qualitative difference than female pupil teachers of
between male and female pupil teachers of teacher             government aided teacher education institutions.
education institutions. The male pupil teachers have




R E F E R E N C E

     Garrett, H.E., : Statistics in Psychology and Education, Allied Pacific Pvt. Ltd. Bombay
     Kumar,S. and Patnaik, P.S. : A study of Organizational Commitment, Attitude towards Work and Job Satisfaction of
Post Graduate teachers. Journal of Educational Research and Extension Vol. 41(2) pp 1-15, 2004.
     Panda, B.N. & : Teacher Education, A.P.H.
      Tewari A.D.,    Publishing Corporation 5, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi, 1997.
     Solanki, Kanti Lal :       A Study of Relationship between the Educational Management and Organizational Climate of
Secondary School of Saurashtara region. Ph.D. (Education) Saurashtara University – 1992.
     Sudhira : Teacher Job Satisfaction and Job Stress of Secondary School Physical Education Teachers working in Different
Management Schools in Madhya Pradesh, Ph.D. Education Jiwaji University 1994.
     Usha, P. and Sasikumar, P. :        Teacher Commitment and Teachers Self-concept as Predictors of Job Satisfaction. ,
Edutracks Hydrabad, Neel Kamal Publication Pvt. Ltd.Vol. 6 No. 12 August 2007 pp. 26-27.


92

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RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION

  • 1. International Research Journal ISSN-0975-3486 VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4 RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097 Research Paper—Education A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF QUALITATIVE DIFFERENCE PERCEIVED BY PUPIL TEACHERS IN B.Ed. INSTITUTIONS Dec.-09—Jan.-2010 *Bharat Ranjan * Lecturer,B.Ed. Deptt., Rama Degree College Chinhat, Lucknow. Quality has become the defining element in 21st century of secondary school appeared to be independents of in the context of new social realities. Quality organizational management, place of school sex of management plays a strategic role in educational students and population. organization to achieve higher standard (Gilbert, 1993). Sudhira (1994) In his study of teacher job Now a days a large number of foreign universities satisfaction and job stress of secondary school offering their programs in India. It is obvious that physical education teachers working in different multinationals are not confined to commerce and management schools. It was found that with regard industry but are also eyeing on education. The to the job satisfaction of physical education teachers emergence of I.T. has prompted foreign universities, in different management schools found to be different both conventional and distance education significantly. It was indicated that the physical institutions to offer their programmes in India. These education teachers working in private school had institutions will compete with our local institutions and significantly higher job dissatisfaction as compared the concept of quality is going to determine their future. to teachers working in semi government and Therefore globalization of Indian higher education government schools. The teachers working in semi can be worked out effectively after meeting the government schools were also found to be more challenges imposed by W.T.O. through the dissatisfied than teachers of government schools. improvement of quality only. Thus quality control has Kumar S. (2002) Studied the organizational become a necessity in the present age. To enhance commitment, attitude towards work and job satisfaction quality of higher education, a university needs huge of post graduate teachers and showed the correction amount of funds. Funds are needed for improving the between organizational commitment and job quality of academic and physical infrastructure satisfaction is moderate which shows that the teacher modernizing our laboratory and classrooms updating who are more committed towards organization are more the stock of books, journals and reference material in satisfied with their job our library and payment of salaries of teaching and Kumar and Patnaik (2004) Studied the non-teaching staff and so on. One can not get these organizational commitment, attitude towards work and funds unless he the expenditure incurred by the job satisfaction of post graduate teachers. The university in terms of the higher quality output. correlation between organizational commitment and job Solanki (1992) Studied the relationship between satisfaction is moderate which showed that the teachers educational management and organizational climate of who were more, committed towards organization are secondary school, The finding indicated that- (i) The more satisfied with their job. The organizational secondary school differed among themselves in their commitment is moderately related to attitude towards organizational climate. (ii) The organizational climate work 90
  • 2. International Research Journal ISSN-0975-3486 VOL. I * ISSUE—3&4 RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097 Usha and Sasi Kumar (2007) Studied the teacher between qualitative difference in perception of pupil commitment and teachers self concept as predicators teachers of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of faculty of job satisfaction. The study revealed that there were i.e. Science and Arts. 3. There is no significant low and slight correlation between teacher commitment difference between qualitative difference in perception and job satisfaction in case of male and female of pupil teachers of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of teachers. sex. 4. There is no significant difference between Statement of the Problem qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers A comparative study of qualitative difference of self financed B.Ed. institutions on the basis of sex. perceived by pupil teachers in B.Ed. Institution 5. There is no significant difference between qualitative Objectives difference in perception of pupil teachers of 1- To compare the qualitative difference in government aided B.Ed. institutions on the basis of perception of pupil teachers of self financed and sex. government aided B.Ed. institutions. 2-To compare the Methodology—Survey method was used to collect qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers data under the present investigation. of B.Ed. institutions on the basis of faculty i.e. Science Tools of Study:- (I) Qualitative and Arts. 3-To compare the qualitative difference in Questionnaire self prepared by the investigator. perception of pupil teachers of B.Ed. institutions on Sample and Sampling Techniques Present the basis of sex.4-To compare the qualitative difference investigation consists of pupil teachers of 8 B.Ed. in perception of pupil teachers of self financed B.Ed. institutions affiliated to Lucknow University, Lucknow institutions on the basis of sex. 5-To compare the and C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur in Lucknow District qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers Jurisdiction. The investigator has used the stratified of government aided B.Ed. institutions on the basis of random sampling technique for selection of the sample. sex. Administration and statistical analysis Hypotheses The test Administration involved data collection 1. There is no significant difference between of data from 400 subjects of sample institution chosen qualitative difference in perception of pupil teachers for study . Mean, S.D and ‘t’ were calculated on scores of self financed and government aided B.Ed. of qualitative difference perceived by pupil teachers. institutions. 2. There is no significant difference Table :Detail of Sample Description of Qualitative Difference Perceived by Pupil Teachers S.No. TYPE OF N M S.D. t INSTITUTTION 1. Grant-in-aided 200 28.80 6.48 Self-financed 200 23.37 5.45 3.10* 2. Science 200 30.12 6.21 Arts 200 29.56 6.07 0.91 3. Male 200 32.06 5.83 Female 200 29.47 5.19 4.79* 4. Grant-in-aided Male 100 33.34 5.09 4.65* Female 100 30.22 4.45 5. Self-financed Male 100 30.82 4.92 1.54 Female 100 29.74 5.03 * Significant at 0.01 level of significance çÚUâ¿ü °ÙæçÜçââ °‡ÇU §ßñËØé°àæÙ 91
  • 3. International Research Journal ISSN-0975-3486 VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4 RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097 Findings better perception than female pupil teachers of teacher 1. The qualitative difference as perceived by pupil education institutions. 4. The qualitative difference as teachers of self financed and government aided teacher perceived by male and female pupil teachers of self education institutions, the significant difference was financed teacher education institutions, the found. The pupil teachers of self financed institutions insignificant qualitative difference was found between showed better perception than government aided male and female pupil teachers of self financed teacher teacher education institutions. 2. The qualitative education institutions 5. The qualitative difference difference is perceived by Science and Arts faculty as perceived by male and female pupil teachers of based pupil teachers, the insignificant qualitative government aided teacher education institutions, the difference was found among both faculty based pupil significant qualitative difference between male and teachers 3. The qualitative difference as perception female government aided teacher education by male and female pupil teachers of teacher education institutions, the male pupil teacher perceived better institutions, the significant difference was found qualitative difference than female pupil teachers of between male and female pupil teachers of teacher government aided teacher education institutions. education institutions. The male pupil teachers have R E F E R E N C E Garrett, H.E., : Statistics in Psychology and Education, Allied Pacific Pvt. Ltd. Bombay Kumar,S. and Patnaik, P.S. : A study of Organizational Commitment, Attitude towards Work and Job Satisfaction of Post Graduate teachers. Journal of Educational Research and Extension Vol. 41(2) pp 1-15, 2004. Panda, B.N. & : Teacher Education, A.P.H. Tewari A.D., Publishing Corporation 5, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi, 1997. Solanki, Kanti Lal : A Study of Relationship between the Educational Management and Organizational Climate of Secondary School of Saurashtara region. Ph.D. (Education) Saurashtara University – 1992. Sudhira : Teacher Job Satisfaction and Job Stress of Secondary School Physical Education Teachers working in Different Management Schools in Madhya Pradesh, Ph.D. Education Jiwaji University 1994. Usha, P. and Sasikumar, P. : Teacher Commitment and Teachers Self-concept as Predictors of Job Satisfaction. , Edutracks Hydrabad, Neel Kamal Publication Pvt. Ltd.Vol. 6 No. 12 August 2007 pp. 26-27. 92