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03/24/15 1NAME : R.NAVEEN
03/24/15 2
 POWERSHARING
 power sharing is necessary to ensure the
stability
of political order in a democracy. It is desirable
to
reduce the possibility of conflict between social
groups. It ensures stability of government and
unity of the nation.
 FORMS OF POWERSHARING
power sharing can be between
 organs of government
Social groups
Government at different levels
03/24/15 3
 ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT
In democracy, power is shared among
different organs of government such as
legislature, executive and judiciary.
legislature makes laws, executive enforces
those laws and judiciary interprets those
laws. This result in balance of power among
various organs of government.
 SOCIAL GROUPS
 power may also shared among different
social groups such as religious and
03/24/15 4
 GOVERNMENT AT DIFFERENT
LEVELS
 in federal form of government, power is shared
between the central government and the
government of the units.
 POLITICAL PARTIES AND
PRESSURE GROUPS
 power sharing arrangement can also be seen in
03/24/15 5
POWERSHARING MADE IN
BELGIUM
 belgium is a small coumtry in europe whose
population is about one crore only. Of the country’s
total population about 59% lives in the flemish region
and speak dutch language. About 40% speak french
and the remaining about 1% speak german language.
 In the capital city of brussels 80% people speak french
while only 20% are dutch-speaking people.
 the minority-french speaking community was rich and
powerful which was resented by the dutch-speaking
community. This lead to tension between the two
communities during the 1950s and 1960s. Another
03/24/15 6
 In spite of these
diversities and tensions
the belgium leaders
decided to make an
arrangement for power
sharing.
The features of this
arrangements are :-
 The constitution provides
that the no of dutch and
french-speaking ministers
shall be equal in the
central government.
 Brussels has a separate
government in which both
the communities have
equal representation.
 many powers of the
central government have
Brussel-capital region
Walloon(french
speaking)
Flemish(dutch-speaking)
German-speaking
03/24/15 7
POWER SHARING IN SRI
LANKA
 Sri lanka is an island nation, just a few
kilometers away from southern coast of tamil
nadu. It has about 2 crore people. It has a
diverse population.the major social groups are
the sinhala-speakers of about 74 per cent and
the tamil-speakers of about 18 per cent.
 Among tamils there are two sub-groups. Tamil
natives of the country are called sri lankan tamils
of about 13 per cent.
 Sri lanka become an independent country in
1948. They tried to ignore the tamils. In 1956, a
law was passed in declaring sinhala as the
03/24/15 8
 As a result these measures conflicts started
between the sinhalase and tamils. Tamils
organised themselves and started their struggle
against these measures. This lead to a civil war
in the country in which thousands of people have
been killed and a large no of them have settled
in other countries after leaving their own
homeland.
Sri lankan tamils
Sinhalese
Indian tamil
muslim
03/24/15 9
ACCOMODATION IN
BELGIUM
Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their
constituents four times.
Constitution prescribes that the french and dutch-
speaking ministers shall be equal in the central
government.
 the central government powers have been given
to the state government of the two regions of the
country.
The state government power are not controlled by
the autharity of the central government.
The french-speaking people accepted the equal
representation due to the dutch-speaking people
03/24/15 10
DESIRABLE OF POWER
SHARING
 PRUDENTIAL REASON
Prudential reason for power sharing is
good because it helps to reduce
possibility of conflict between social
groups.
In india, this has been done by
reserving seats in the legislatures and
government services for members
03/24/15 11
 MORAL REASON
Moral power for shaaring is good for
democracies because it is the very spirit of
democracy.
People have a right to be consulted on how
they are to be governed.
In india members from different political
parties get elected to the legislature and
participate in the working of the government.
A legitimate government is one where
citizens through participation, acquire a stake
03/24/15 12
 EXAMPLES OF POWER
SHARING
The bombay high court ordered the
maharashtra state government to
immediately take action and improve living
condition for the 2,000-odd children at seven
children’s homes in mumbai.
the finance ministers of various states in
nigeria got together and demanded that the
federal government declare its sources of
03/24/15 13

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POWER SHARING (social science ppt)

  • 1. 03/24/15 1NAME : R.NAVEEN
  • 2. 03/24/15 2  POWERSHARING  power sharing is necessary to ensure the stability of political order in a democracy. It is desirable to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. It ensures stability of government and unity of the nation.  FORMS OF POWERSHARING power sharing can be between  organs of government Social groups Government at different levels
  • 3. 03/24/15 3  ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT In democracy, power is shared among different organs of government such as legislature, executive and judiciary. legislature makes laws, executive enforces those laws and judiciary interprets those laws. This result in balance of power among various organs of government.  SOCIAL GROUPS  power may also shared among different social groups such as religious and
  • 4. 03/24/15 4  GOVERNMENT AT DIFFERENT LEVELS  in federal form of government, power is shared between the central government and the government of the units.  POLITICAL PARTIES AND PRESSURE GROUPS  power sharing arrangement can also be seen in
  • 5. 03/24/15 5 POWERSHARING MADE IN BELGIUM  belgium is a small coumtry in europe whose population is about one crore only. Of the country’s total population about 59% lives in the flemish region and speak dutch language. About 40% speak french and the remaining about 1% speak german language.  In the capital city of brussels 80% people speak french while only 20% are dutch-speaking people.  the minority-french speaking community was rich and powerful which was resented by the dutch-speaking community. This lead to tension between the two communities during the 1950s and 1960s. Another
  • 6. 03/24/15 6  In spite of these diversities and tensions the belgium leaders decided to make an arrangement for power sharing. The features of this arrangements are :-  The constitution provides that the no of dutch and french-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government.  Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation.  many powers of the central government have Brussel-capital region Walloon(french speaking) Flemish(dutch-speaking) German-speaking
  • 7. 03/24/15 7 POWER SHARING IN SRI LANKA  Sri lanka is an island nation, just a few kilometers away from southern coast of tamil nadu. It has about 2 crore people. It has a diverse population.the major social groups are the sinhala-speakers of about 74 per cent and the tamil-speakers of about 18 per cent.  Among tamils there are two sub-groups. Tamil natives of the country are called sri lankan tamils of about 13 per cent.  Sri lanka become an independent country in 1948. They tried to ignore the tamils. In 1956, a law was passed in declaring sinhala as the
  • 8. 03/24/15 8  As a result these measures conflicts started between the sinhalase and tamils. Tamils organised themselves and started their struggle against these measures. This lead to a civil war in the country in which thousands of people have been killed and a large no of them have settled in other countries after leaving their own homeland. Sri lankan tamils Sinhalese Indian tamil muslim
  • 9. 03/24/15 9 ACCOMODATION IN BELGIUM Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constituents four times. Constitution prescribes that the french and dutch- speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government.  the central government powers have been given to the state government of the two regions of the country. The state government power are not controlled by the autharity of the central government. The french-speaking people accepted the equal representation due to the dutch-speaking people
  • 10. 03/24/15 10 DESIRABLE OF POWER SHARING  PRUDENTIAL REASON Prudential reason for power sharing is good because it helps to reduce possibility of conflict between social groups. In india, this has been done by reserving seats in the legislatures and government services for members
  • 11. 03/24/15 11  MORAL REASON Moral power for shaaring is good for democracies because it is the very spirit of democracy. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed. In india members from different political parties get elected to the legislature and participate in the working of the government. A legitimate government is one where citizens through participation, acquire a stake
  • 12. 03/24/15 12  EXAMPLES OF POWER SHARING The bombay high court ordered the maharashtra state government to immediately take action and improve living condition for the 2,000-odd children at seven children’s homes in mumbai. the finance ministers of various states in nigeria got together and demanded that the federal government declare its sources of