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6th International Conference on e-Learning and Innovative Pedagogies

Peer-to-peer Learning on Large Scale
Online Courses : Focusing on
Lurkers
MASUMI HORI1, SEISHI ONO2, KAZUTSUNA YAMAJI3, SHINZO KOBAYASHI4
1. Tezukayama University, 2. NPO CCC-TIES, 3. National Institute of Informatics,4. SmileNC & co., Japan
Today’s Outline
1.

Background and Motivation

2.

Lurkers: Learners on LSOCs

3.

CHiLOs APPROACH

4.

Implementation of CHiLOs

5.

Conclusion

2
Background and Motivation

3
The Virtual Learning Environment
on Large Scale Online Courses
LSOCs: Large Scale Online Courses

VLE on LSOCs
Learning Contents

Contents Platform

User
Authentication

Learning
Application
4
LSOCs Have Large Scale
and Diversity Learners
Unemployed, elderly,

Coursera-student-map *

physically challenged,
and NEET (Not in Employment,
Education or Training)

* http://www.dunsurfin.com/my-mooc-life-so-far-part-2/coursera-student-map/

5
Challenge of VLE on the MOOCs as LSOC






High dropout rate
Difficulty of user authentication
A Lack of face-to-face teaching
Difficulty of stable system operation
A Lack of consideration on ULE

CHiLOs
Creative Higher Education Learning Objects

6
Lurkers: Learners on LSOCs

7
Characteristic of Learners on LSOCs
Presence of lurkers

Nielsen,J :Participation Inequality: Encouraging More Users to Contribute,
Jakob Nielsen’s Alertbox,October, 2006,

In most online communities,
90% of users are lurkers who
never contribute

Low completion rate

http://mfeldstein.com/emerging-student-patterns-in-moocs-a-revised-graphical-view/

Common challenge of
MOOCs

8
Trait of Lurkers
Learners’ Viewing Time for Lecture Videos
A real experiment with involving 30,000 learners in 2008

probability

Most learners prefer one or
two minute short lectures

Viewing Time(minutes)

9
CHiLOs APPROACH

10
Micronized VLE, CHiLOs
Creative Higher Education Learning Objects
Key Key Key Key
-word -word -word -word
1min

1min

1min

1min

CHiLO

AIF

LMS

LMS

Lectures

Micro lectures such as one-minute nano lectures

CHiLO

LMS

Learning
Contents

Contents
Platform

Books

Micro LMSs using e-books

Badges

User
Authentication

CHiLO
User authentications and issues of certificate
using Academic Identify Federation

Communities

Learning
Application

CHiLO
Personalized learning using ubiquitous
environment

11
CHiLO Lectures
Course
1stWeek

2ndWeek

...

Topic

Topic

...

Key Key Key Key
-word -word -word -word
1min

1min

1min

1min

Packaging
one-minute nano lectures as e-books

One Volume
12
CHiLO Books and CHiLO Badges
CHiLO Books

LMS using e-Book

LMS

LMS

LMS

Quiz

Quiz

Quiz

Assignment

Assignment

Assignment

AIF

Issue of Certificate
with AIF

CHiLO badges

AIF : Academic Identity Federations
(SIR in Spain or GakuNin in Japan)
13
CHiLO Communities
Users can be a connoisseur as well as a learner

Learning
connoisseur

Learning
connoisseur

Learning
connoisseur

Learning
connoisseur

Learning
connoisseur

Information from the connoisseurs
is automatically incorporated
Personalization
14
Implementation of CHiLOs

15
The Block Diagram of CHiLOs’ Implement
http://chilos.jp

Distribute

Under
development

iPad/iPhone/Android

Device

Learning Contents

one-minute nano lectures

CHiLO

Lectures
Contents Platform

iBooks / EPUB

CHiLO

Books
API Control Server
Learning Application

CHiLO

LMS

CHiLO

Badges

Canvas

Moodle

Quiz module

Quiz module

Open Badge

User Authentication

Sakai
Quiz module

Communities

Open Badge

SNS

Open Badge

Individual
SNS

Facebook

Open ID

AIF(GakuNin)
16
An example of CHiLO Book

CHiLO Communities

CHiLO badges

One minute nano lecture
Slide

Script

CHiLO Books

test on Moodle
17
Conclusion

18
The benefits and disadvantages
The CHiLOs should be a micronized VLE.
 The benefits
» The CHiLO Lectures :
Enhancement of learning effects.
» The CHiLO Books :
Scalability for distributed systems on LSOCs.
» The CHiLO Communities:
Supportive peer-to-peer VLE.


Disadvantages
» Management of the big data.
19
CHiLOs’ Portal

http://chilos.jp/

20

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  • 1. 6th International Conference on e-Learning and Innovative Pedagogies Peer-to-peer Learning on Large Scale Online Courses : Focusing on Lurkers MASUMI HORI1, SEISHI ONO2, KAZUTSUNA YAMAJI3, SHINZO KOBAYASHI4 1. Tezukayama University, 2. NPO CCC-TIES, 3. National Institute of Informatics,4. SmileNC & co., Japan
  • 2. Today’s Outline 1. Background and Motivation 2. Lurkers: Learners on LSOCs 3. CHiLOs APPROACH 4. Implementation of CHiLOs 5. Conclusion 2
  • 4. The Virtual Learning Environment on Large Scale Online Courses LSOCs: Large Scale Online Courses VLE on LSOCs Learning Contents Contents Platform User Authentication Learning Application 4
  • 5. LSOCs Have Large Scale and Diversity Learners Unemployed, elderly, Coursera-student-map * physically challenged, and NEET (Not in Employment, Education or Training) * http://www.dunsurfin.com/my-mooc-life-so-far-part-2/coursera-student-map/ 5
  • 6. Challenge of VLE on the MOOCs as LSOC      High dropout rate Difficulty of user authentication A Lack of face-to-face teaching Difficulty of stable system operation A Lack of consideration on ULE CHiLOs Creative Higher Education Learning Objects 6
  • 8. Characteristic of Learners on LSOCs Presence of lurkers Nielsen,J :Participation Inequality: Encouraging More Users to Contribute, Jakob Nielsen’s Alertbox,October, 2006, In most online communities, 90% of users are lurkers who never contribute Low completion rate http://mfeldstein.com/emerging-student-patterns-in-moocs-a-revised-graphical-view/ Common challenge of MOOCs 8
  • 9. Trait of Lurkers Learners’ Viewing Time for Lecture Videos A real experiment with involving 30,000 learners in 2008 probability Most learners prefer one or two minute short lectures Viewing Time(minutes) 9
  • 11. Micronized VLE, CHiLOs Creative Higher Education Learning Objects Key Key Key Key -word -word -word -word 1min 1min 1min 1min CHiLO AIF LMS LMS Lectures Micro lectures such as one-minute nano lectures CHiLO LMS Learning Contents Contents Platform Books Micro LMSs using e-books Badges User Authentication CHiLO User authentications and issues of certificate using Academic Identify Federation Communities Learning Application CHiLO Personalized learning using ubiquitous environment 11
  • 12. CHiLO Lectures Course 1stWeek 2ndWeek ... Topic Topic ... Key Key Key Key -word -word -word -word 1min 1min 1min 1min Packaging one-minute nano lectures as e-books One Volume 12
  • 13. CHiLO Books and CHiLO Badges CHiLO Books LMS using e-Book LMS LMS LMS Quiz Quiz Quiz Assignment Assignment Assignment AIF Issue of Certificate with AIF CHiLO badges AIF : Academic Identity Federations (SIR in Spain or GakuNin in Japan) 13
  • 14. CHiLO Communities Users can be a connoisseur as well as a learner Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Information from the connoisseurs is automatically incorporated Personalization 14
  • 16. The Block Diagram of CHiLOs’ Implement http://chilos.jp Distribute Under development iPad/iPhone/Android Device Learning Contents one-minute nano lectures CHiLO Lectures Contents Platform iBooks / EPUB CHiLO Books API Control Server Learning Application CHiLO LMS CHiLO Badges Canvas Moodle Quiz module Quiz module Open Badge User Authentication Sakai Quiz module Communities Open Badge SNS Open Badge Individual SNS Facebook Open ID AIF(GakuNin) 16
  • 17. An example of CHiLO Book CHiLO Communities CHiLO badges One minute nano lecture Slide Script CHiLO Books test on Moodle 17
  • 19. The benefits and disadvantages The CHiLOs should be a micronized VLE.  The benefits » The CHiLO Lectures : Enhancement of learning effects. » The CHiLO Books : Scalability for distributed systems on LSOCs. » The CHiLO Communities: Supportive peer-to-peer VLE.  Disadvantages » Management of the big data. 19