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PASSIVE  VOICE PRESENTATION
LET´S LOOK INSIDE!!! HAVE FUN WHILE LEARNING ... By:  Emilce Galeano & Mª Fernanda Trujillo
Passive Use: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In Passive sentences we use:  the correct form of  be  (is/are/was/were/has been, etc) + the past participle.  (be) done (be) cleaned (be) written (be) built Passive Form: to be  +  past participle   How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given: - object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence - subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out) by Peter. is built A house Passive: a house. builds Peter Active:
Examples by Peter. is built A house Passive   Simple Present a house. builds Peter Active by Peter. was built A house Passive   Simple Past a house. built Peter Active: by Peter. has been built A house Passive   Present Perfect a house. has built Peter Active
More examples by Peter. will be built A house Passive   will-future a house. will build Peter Active by Peter. can be built A house Passive   Modals a house. can build Peter Active
Transitive Verbs When active sentences have verbs with direct objects (are transitive), they can become passive:  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Write, eat, tell, break, look at, act, ask, answer, appreciate, avoid, become, built, buy, choose, bother, read, clean,  catch, play…   My stereo has been stolen by a thief.   A thief stole my stereo.   A table is being reserved.   She is reserving a table.
Intransitive  verbs An  intransitive   verb  is one that does not take an  object .   They arrived.  (The verb does not require an object to complete it.) They do not have a  passive  form. Arrive, sleep, play, run, fell, improve, cry, etc … Tom grades improved (what ó whom) with the help of a tutor The child cryed (what ó whom) loudly.
When there are two objects in an active sentence,  there are two possible passive sentences. Example:   Mr Smith sent Tom a book. ( Active ) (Passive) 1 possibility: Tom was sent a book by Mr Smith. This structure is not possible in spanish.because translating it would be like this: A Tom le fue enviado un libro por el señor Smith. 2 POSSIBILITY : A book was sent to Tom by Mr Smith. (Un libro fue enviado a Tom por el señor Smith).   Object 1= indirect object: Tom  Object 2= direct object: a book Two objects in the Active Sentence
[object Object],[object Object],ACTIVE:  Everybody thinks Cathy works very hard.(Todo el mundo piensa que Cathy trabaja muy duro).  PASSIVE 1:  Cathy is thought to work very hard. (Se piensa que Cathy...) PASSIVE 2:  It is thought that Cathy works very hard. (Se piensa que Cathy...)   SUBJECT + TO BE + PARTICIPLE :  It is reported (Se informa);  It is said (Se dice); It is known (Se sabe); It is supposed (Se supone);  It is considered (Se considera); It is expected (Se espera).
Differences between English and Spanish Remember... Passive voice  is more common in English  than in Spanish.
Qué es la VOZ  ACTIVA? La voz activa es la forma en que hablamos habitualmente. Siempre decimos que alguien (una persona) realiza (o no realiza) una acción.   ejemplo:   Presente:  Michael corta la manzana.   ·   Michael cuts the apple. Pasado:  Michael cortó la manzana.   ·   Michael cut the apple.
Qué es la VOZ PASIVA? Hay ocasiones en que no queremos resaltar que una persona es la que realiza la acción. En este caso,  hacemos que el objeto (cosas o personas sobre las que recae la acción) cobre el protagonismo de la acción.  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Ejemplo: En la voz pasiva utilizamos al objeto de la frase activa como sujeto.
ESTRUCTURA DE LAS ORACIONES EN VOZ PASIVA   . Ejemplo: This house was built in 1980.  Esta casa fue construida en 1980   Objeto (hace de Sujeto) + verbo "to be" conjugado + participio pasado + complemento ¿Cómo transformamos  una frase activa  en una frase pasiva?
IMPORTANTE:  Hay que hacer coincidir los tiempos verbales del verbo "to be". Si el verbo en la frase activa está en Present Tense diremos, por ejemplo: "is/are + built". Si el verbo está en Past Tense diremos "was/were + built". Si el verbo está en Present Perfect diremos "have/has been + built."  Ellos fueron asesinados (por él). Él los mató. They  were  killed (by him). He killed them. Los juguetes son hechos. Ellos hacen juguetes. Toys  are  made. They make toys. Ella es amada (por él). Él la ama. She  is  loved (by him) He loves her. Pasiva Activa
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
·  La diferencia que se puede observar con el castellano es que, mientras en éste el participio concuerda en  género  y  número  con el sujeto, en inglés, al ser la forma del participio única, no se produce dicha concordancia:  IMPORTANTE Los niños son peinados 3. The childrens´ hair is combed. La niña es peinada 2. The girl´s hair is combed. El niño es peinado 1. The boy´s hair is combed.
1- Tom writes a letter 2- Tom is writing a letter 3- Tom was writing a letter 4- Tom wrote a letter 5- Tom has written a letter 6- Tom had written a letter 7- Tom will write a letter 8- Tom is going to write a letter 9- Tom can write a letter 10- Tom could write a letter 11- Tom must write a letter 12- Tom may write a letter 13- Tom might write a letter PRACTICE  EXERCISES Active  Voice
Keep having fun... ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
THANK YOU SO MUCH IF YOU FIND THIS TOPIC USEFUL. NO DOUBT TO VISIT THESE WEBPAGES: http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/intransitive-verb.html http://foro.univision.com/univision/board/message?board.id http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/passiv.htm

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Passive Voice

  • 1. PASSIVE VOICE PRESENTATION
  • 2. LET´S LOOK INSIDE!!! HAVE FUN WHILE LEARNING ... By: Emilce Galeano & Mª Fernanda Trujillo
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. In Passive sentences we use: the correct form of be (is/are/was/were/has been, etc) + the past participle. (be) done (be) cleaned (be) written (be) built Passive Form: to be + past participle How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given: - object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence - subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out) by Peter. is built A house Passive: a house. builds Peter Active:
  • 6. Examples by Peter. is built A house Passive   Simple Present a house. builds Peter Active by Peter. was built A house Passive   Simple Past a house. built Peter Active: by Peter. has been built A house Passive   Present Perfect a house. has built Peter Active
  • 7. More examples by Peter. will be built A house Passive   will-future a house. will build Peter Active by Peter. can be built A house Passive   Modals a house. can build Peter Active
  • 8.
  • 9. Intransitive verbs An intransitive verb is one that does not take an object . They arrived. (The verb does not require an object to complete it.) They do not have a passive form. Arrive, sleep, play, run, fell, improve, cry, etc … Tom grades improved (what ó whom) with the help of a tutor The child cryed (what ó whom) loudly.
  • 10. When there are two objects in an active sentence, there are two possible passive sentences. Example:   Mr Smith sent Tom a book. ( Active ) (Passive) 1 possibility: Tom was sent a book by Mr Smith. This structure is not possible in spanish.because translating it would be like this: A Tom le fue enviado un libro por el señor Smith. 2 POSSIBILITY : A book was sent to Tom by Mr Smith. (Un libro fue enviado a Tom por el señor Smith). Object 1= indirect object: Tom  Object 2= direct object: a book Two objects in the Active Sentence
  • 11.
  • 12. Differences between English and Spanish Remember... Passive voice is more common in English than in Spanish.
  • 13. Qué es la VOZ ACTIVA? La voz activa es la forma en que hablamos habitualmente. Siempre decimos que alguien (una persona) realiza (o no realiza) una acción. ejemplo: Presente: Michael corta la manzana. · Michael cuts the apple. Pasado: Michael cortó la manzana. · Michael cut the apple.
  • 14.
  • 15. ESTRUCTURA DE LAS ORACIONES EN VOZ PASIVA . Ejemplo: This house was built in 1980. Esta casa fue construida en 1980 Objeto (hace de Sujeto) + verbo "to be" conjugado + participio pasado + complemento ¿Cómo transformamos una frase activa en una frase pasiva?
  • 16. IMPORTANTE: Hay que hacer coincidir los tiempos verbales del verbo "to be". Si el verbo en la frase activa está en Present Tense diremos, por ejemplo: "is/are + built". Si el verbo está en Past Tense diremos "was/were + built". Si el verbo está en Present Perfect diremos "have/has been + built." Ellos fueron asesinados (por él). Él los mató. They were killed (by him). He killed them. Los juguetes son hechos. Ellos hacen juguetes. Toys are made. They make toys. Ella es amada (por él). Él la ama. She is loved (by him) He loves her. Pasiva Activa
  • 17.
  • 18. · La diferencia que se puede observar con el castellano es que, mientras en éste el participio concuerda en género y número con el sujeto, en inglés, al ser la forma del participio única, no se produce dicha concordancia: IMPORTANTE Los niños son peinados 3. The childrens´ hair is combed. La niña es peinada 2. The girl´s hair is combed. El niño es peinado 1. The boy´s hair is combed.
  • 19. 1- Tom writes a letter 2- Tom is writing a letter 3- Tom was writing a letter 4- Tom wrote a letter 5- Tom has written a letter 6- Tom had written a letter 7- Tom will write a letter 8- Tom is going to write a letter 9- Tom can write a letter 10- Tom could write a letter 11- Tom must write a letter 12- Tom may write a letter 13- Tom might write a letter PRACTICE EXERCISES Active Voice
  • 20.
  • 21. THANK YOU SO MUCH IF YOU FIND THIS TOPIC USEFUL. NO DOUBT TO VISIT THESE WEBPAGES: http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/intransitive-verb.html http://foro.univision.com/univision/board/message?board.id http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/passiv.htm