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Quarter 1 – Module 1
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Information and Communication
Technology
Guided Question
Directions: Answer the following questions honestly.
1. How many times have you checked your phone this morning?
2. How many status updates have you posted in Facebook today?
3. Did you use the Internet for an hour after you woke up this morning?
4. Do you follow a celebrity via his/her social media account?
If you happen to be “guilty as charged” in most of these questions,
chances are, you are a digital native. And chances are, from the moment
you were born, you were surrounded by technology. You are surrounded
by ICT.
Information and Communication Technology
What is Information and Communication Technology or ICT?
It deals with the use of different communication technologies
such as mobile phones, Internet and etc. to locate, save, send,
and edit information.
Having a unified way to communicate is one of the goals of ICT.
We spend less because of ICT.
Information and Communication Technology
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as WWW, W3, or
simply the Web is an interconnected system of public webpages
accessible through the Internet. It was invented Sir Tim
Berners-Lee in 1989.
Web pages are what make up the world wide web and it can
either be static or dynamic.
Web 1.0
Web pages are static and not interactive. You can’t post
comments or create an account.
Web 1.0
Advantages of Static Websites
•Lower once-off cost
•Faster loading than dynamic sites
•Cheaper hosting required than dynamic sites, as they usually us
e less bandwidth and server resources than dynamic sites.
•Developer independent. Dynamic sites are usually built in a spe
cific
way, with a specific framework, and thus requires a developer wi
th a
specific skill set to manage.
https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
Web 1.0
Disadvantages of Static Websites
•Might have higher maintenance costs if the content changes oft
en.
•No user registrations, or advanced functionality usually connect
ed
with dynamic sites.
•Dependent on a developer to make changes, which can be a pr
oblem during public holidays, or on short notice, whereas with a
dynamic site you can make changes to the content any time.
https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
Web 1.0
Some Examples of Static Websites
•www.9boninnes.co.za
•www.quayside906.co.za
•www.fibercom.co.za
•www.blouberg-holiday.co.za
www.strongroom.co.za
https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
Web 2.0
term used to describe the present generation of the World Wide
Web that concentrates on its capability of providing people the m
eans to collaborate and share information online.
The second stage in World Wide Web
Dynamic Website
o The content of the website changes
Interactive
o The user may be able to comment or create user account
enables an increased user participation in the web
Web 2.0
Features of Web 2.0
Folksonomy - It allows users to categorize and classify/arrange
information using freely chosen keywords (e.g., tagging). Popular
social networking sites such as Twitter, Instagram, Facebook,
etc. use tags that start with the pound sign (#). This is also
referred to as hashtag.
Features of Web 2.0
Rich User Experience - Content is dynamic and is responsive
to user’s input. An example would be a website that shows local
content. In the case of social networking sites, when logged on,
your account is used to modify what you see in their website.
Features of Web 2.0
User Participation - The owner of the website is not the only one who is
able to put content. Others are able to place a content of their own by
means of comment, reviews, and evaluation. Some websites allow reader
s to comment on an article, participate in a poll, or review a specific pro
duct (e.g., Amazon.com, online stores).
Features of Web 2.0
Software as a Service - Users will subscribe to a software only when
needed rather than purchasing them. This is a cheaper option if you do
not always need to use a software. For instance, Google Docs is a free w
eb-based application that allows the user to create and edit word proces
sing and spreadsheet documents online. When you need a software, like
a Word Processor, you can purchase it for a one-time huge amount and
install it in your computer and it is yours forever. Software as a service
allows you to “rent” a software for a minimal fee.
Features of Web 2.0
Mass Participation - It is a diverse information sharing through
universal web access. Since most users can use the Internet, We
b 2.0’s content is based on people from various cultures.
Web 3.0
 Also called as Semantic Web
 Semantics – ability of Web technologies to understand and
interpret human-generated content
 The aim of Web 3.0 is to have machines understand the
user’s preferences to be able to deliver web content specifically
targeting the user.
 The Internet is able to predict the best possible answers to yo
ur question by “learning from your previous choices
Example:
Apple’s Siri
Web 3.0
-is a set of values and technical applications that
define a new era of the world Wide Web. Prime
Web 3.0 examples include, decentralization, artifi
cial intelligence, ubiquity, and connectivity. (can a
ccess everyone, anywhere and anytime
Because IOT (Internet of things/technology) can l
aunch several smart devices ( This internet conn
ected devices will no longer belimited to PCs or
smart phones as they were on Web 2.0
Typical Web 3.0 traits:
The semantic web is a development in online tec
hnology that enables people to produce, share an
d connect material through search and analysis. I
nstead of using numbers and keywords, It is cent
ered on word understanding
-It uses machine learning and artificial intelligence
. The final results is the formation of Web 3.0 to g
row smarter and more receptive to user demands.
If these ideas are paired with Natural Language
Processing (NLP), the result is a computer that us
es NLP.
It illustrates how the internet of Things connects various d
evices and applications. This procedure is made possible b
y semantic metadata, allowing for the efficient exploitatio
n of all available data. In addition, anyone can access the i
nternet from anywhere at any time without a computer or
other smart device.
It gives users a choice to interact in public or in private wi
thout exposing them to dangers through a third party, pr
oviding trustless data.
3-D graphics are used. In fact this is already evident in e-c
ommerce, virtual tours, and computer gaming.
SUMMARY:
Started in 1994 –Web 1.0 introduced in the Internet
-Read-only content
-Not Interactable
Similar Huge Wikipedia page
2004 – Web 2.0
-Made the internet much more interactive because of developm
ents in web technologies
Interactive web platform; YouTube, FB, Wikipedia, etc.
???? (Lack of privacy)
TOR
INCOGNITO MODE
WEB 3.0
Human Intelligence
AI (Artificial Intelligence)
Next step of the evolution of the Internet
-allowing process data with mere H.I
-Open, Trusting, Permissionless networks
-can run innovative program to help users by providing them with
their relevant choices.
*Smart Applications
*User
What I Can Do
Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words.
WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0
As the world of ICT continues to grow, the industry h
as focused on several innovations. These innovations
cater to the needs of the people that benefit most out
of ICT. Whether it is for business or personal use, the
se trends are current front runners in the innovation
of ICT.
Trends in ICT
1. Convergence
• Technological convergence is the combination of two or more different
entities of technologies to create a new single device.
• Example: Using of smartphone to create word documents that
was previously can only be created using desktop computer.
2. Social Media
• It is a website, application, or online channel that enables web users
to create, co-create, modify, and exchange user-generated content.
Trends in ICT
1. Social Networks - sites that allow you to connect with other people
with same interests or background.
Examples: Facebook, Google+
2. Bookmarking Sites - sites that allow users you to store and manage
links to various websites and resources, and to tag
Examples: StumbleUpon, Pinterest
3. Social News - sites that allow users to post their own news items or
links to other news sources.
Examples: reddit, dig
Types of Social Media
4. Media Sharing - sites that allow you to upload and share media
content like images, music, and video.
Examples: Flickr, YouTube, and Instagram
5. Microblogging - sites that focus on short updates from the user.
Those who are subscribed will receive updates.
Examples: Twitter
6. Blogs and Forums - sites that allow users to post their content.
Examples: Blogger, WordPress, Tumblr
Types of Social Media
3. Assistive Media
• It is a nonprofit service designed to help people who have visual and
reading impairments. A database of audio recordings is used to read
to the user. You may visit http://assistivemedia.org/ for several of t
heir audio recordings.
4. Mobile Technologies
• The popularity of smartphones and tablets has taken a major rise
over the years. This is largely because of the devices’ capability to do
tasks that were originally found in personal computers.
Trends in ICT
1. iOS – used in Apple devices such as the iPhone and iPad
2. Android – an open source operating system developed by Google.
Being open source means several mobile phone companies use this OS
for free.
3. Blackberry OS – used in blackberry devices
4. Windows Phone OS – a closed source and proprietary operating
system developed by Microsoft
5. Symbian – the original smartphone OS used by Nokia devices
6. WebOS – originally used for smartphones; now used for smartTVs
7. Windows Mobile – developed by Microsoft for smartphones and
pocket PCs.
Different types of mobile operating systems:
Assessment
True or False.
Write T if the statement is correct, otherwise write F.
1. Web pages that are the same regardless of the user are
referred to static.
2. Blogging sites are sites that focus on short updates.
3. Android is a mobile operating system for Apple devices.
4. Folksonomy deals with information tagging.
5. ICT deals with the use of different technologies to work on
a similar goal or task.
Assessment
True or False.
Write T if the statement is correct, otherwise write F.
1. Web pages that are the same regardless of the user are
referred to static.
2. Blogging sites are sites that focus on short updates.
3. Android is a mobile operating system for Apple devices.
4. Folksonomy deals with information tagging.
5. ICT deals with the use of different technologies to work on
a similar goal or task.
T
F
F
T
F
What I Can Do
Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words.
WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0
What I Can Do
Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words.
WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0
 Static
 Not interactive
 Page View
 Mostly Read
Only
 Sharing Content
 Community
Focus
 Interactive
Advertising
 Portable
 Smart
Applications
 User
Engagement

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Module 1.pptx

  • 1. Quarter 1 – Module 1 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL Information and Communication Technology
  • 2. Guided Question Directions: Answer the following questions honestly. 1. How many times have you checked your phone this morning? 2. How many status updates have you posted in Facebook today? 3. Did you use the Internet for an hour after you woke up this morning? 4. Do you follow a celebrity via his/her social media account? If you happen to be “guilty as charged” in most of these questions, chances are, you are a digital native. And chances are, from the moment you were born, you were surrounded by technology. You are surrounded by ICT.
  • 3. Information and Communication Technology What is Information and Communication Technology or ICT? It deals with the use of different communication technologies such as mobile phones, Internet and etc. to locate, save, send, and edit information. Having a unified way to communicate is one of the goals of ICT. We spend less because of ICT.
  • 4. Information and Communication Technology World Wide Web The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as WWW, W3, or simply the Web is an interconnected system of public webpages accessible through the Internet. It was invented Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. Web pages are what make up the world wide web and it can either be static or dynamic. Web 1.0 Web pages are static and not interactive. You can’t post comments or create an account.
  • 5. Web 1.0 Advantages of Static Websites •Lower once-off cost •Faster loading than dynamic sites •Cheaper hosting required than dynamic sites, as they usually us e less bandwidth and server resources than dynamic sites. •Developer independent. Dynamic sites are usually built in a spe cific way, with a specific framework, and thus requires a developer wi th a specific skill set to manage. https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
  • 6. Web 1.0 Disadvantages of Static Websites •Might have higher maintenance costs if the content changes oft en. •No user registrations, or advanced functionality usually connect ed with dynamic sites. •Dependent on a developer to make changes, which can be a pr oblem during public holidays, or on short notice, whereas with a dynamic site you can make changes to the content any time. https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
  • 7. Web 1.0 Some Examples of Static Websites •www.9boninnes.co.za •www.quayside906.co.za •www.fibercom.co.za •www.blouberg-holiday.co.za www.strongroom.co.za https://nellen.co.za/static-websites
  • 8. Web 2.0 term used to describe the present generation of the World Wide Web that concentrates on its capability of providing people the m eans to collaborate and share information online. The second stage in World Wide Web Dynamic Website o The content of the website changes Interactive o The user may be able to comment or create user account enables an increased user participation in the web
  • 10. Features of Web 2.0 Folksonomy - It allows users to categorize and classify/arrange information using freely chosen keywords (e.g., tagging). Popular social networking sites such as Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, etc. use tags that start with the pound sign (#). This is also referred to as hashtag.
  • 11. Features of Web 2.0 Rich User Experience - Content is dynamic and is responsive to user’s input. An example would be a website that shows local content. In the case of social networking sites, when logged on, your account is used to modify what you see in their website.
  • 12. Features of Web 2.0 User Participation - The owner of the website is not the only one who is able to put content. Others are able to place a content of their own by means of comment, reviews, and evaluation. Some websites allow reader s to comment on an article, participate in a poll, or review a specific pro duct (e.g., Amazon.com, online stores).
  • 13. Features of Web 2.0 Software as a Service - Users will subscribe to a software only when needed rather than purchasing them. This is a cheaper option if you do not always need to use a software. For instance, Google Docs is a free w eb-based application that allows the user to create and edit word proces sing and spreadsheet documents online. When you need a software, like a Word Processor, you can purchase it for a one-time huge amount and install it in your computer and it is yours forever. Software as a service allows you to “rent” a software for a minimal fee.
  • 14. Features of Web 2.0 Mass Participation - It is a diverse information sharing through universal web access. Since most users can use the Internet, We b 2.0’s content is based on people from various cultures.
  • 15. Web 3.0  Also called as Semantic Web  Semantics – ability of Web technologies to understand and interpret human-generated content  The aim of Web 3.0 is to have machines understand the user’s preferences to be able to deliver web content specifically targeting the user.  The Internet is able to predict the best possible answers to yo ur question by “learning from your previous choices Example: Apple’s Siri
  • 16. Web 3.0 -is a set of values and technical applications that define a new era of the world Wide Web. Prime Web 3.0 examples include, decentralization, artifi cial intelligence, ubiquity, and connectivity. (can a ccess everyone, anywhere and anytime Because IOT (Internet of things/technology) can l aunch several smart devices ( This internet conn ected devices will no longer belimited to PCs or smart phones as they were on Web 2.0
  • 17. Typical Web 3.0 traits: The semantic web is a development in online tec hnology that enables people to produce, share an d connect material through search and analysis. I nstead of using numbers and keywords, It is cent ered on word understanding -It uses machine learning and artificial intelligence . The final results is the formation of Web 3.0 to g row smarter and more receptive to user demands. If these ideas are paired with Natural Language Processing (NLP), the result is a computer that us es NLP.
  • 18. It illustrates how the internet of Things connects various d evices and applications. This procedure is made possible b y semantic metadata, allowing for the efficient exploitatio n of all available data. In addition, anyone can access the i nternet from anywhere at any time without a computer or other smart device. It gives users a choice to interact in public or in private wi thout exposing them to dangers through a third party, pr oviding trustless data. 3-D graphics are used. In fact this is already evident in e-c ommerce, virtual tours, and computer gaming.
  • 19. SUMMARY: Started in 1994 –Web 1.0 introduced in the Internet -Read-only content -Not Interactable Similar Huge Wikipedia page 2004 – Web 2.0 -Made the internet much more interactive because of developm ents in web technologies Interactive web platform; YouTube, FB, Wikipedia, etc. ???? (Lack of privacy) TOR INCOGNITO MODE
  • 20. WEB 3.0 Human Intelligence AI (Artificial Intelligence) Next step of the evolution of the Internet -allowing process data with mere H.I -Open, Trusting, Permissionless networks -can run innovative program to help users by providing them with their relevant choices. *Smart Applications *User
  • 21. What I Can Do Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words. WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0
  • 22.
  • 23. As the world of ICT continues to grow, the industry h as focused on several innovations. These innovations cater to the needs of the people that benefit most out of ICT. Whether it is for business or personal use, the se trends are current front runners in the innovation of ICT. Trends in ICT
  • 24. 1. Convergence • Technological convergence is the combination of two or more different entities of technologies to create a new single device. • Example: Using of smartphone to create word documents that was previously can only be created using desktop computer. 2. Social Media • It is a website, application, or online channel that enables web users to create, co-create, modify, and exchange user-generated content. Trends in ICT
  • 25. 1. Social Networks - sites that allow you to connect with other people with same interests or background. Examples: Facebook, Google+ 2. Bookmarking Sites - sites that allow users you to store and manage links to various websites and resources, and to tag Examples: StumbleUpon, Pinterest 3. Social News - sites that allow users to post their own news items or links to other news sources. Examples: reddit, dig Types of Social Media
  • 26. 4. Media Sharing - sites that allow you to upload and share media content like images, music, and video. Examples: Flickr, YouTube, and Instagram 5. Microblogging - sites that focus on short updates from the user. Those who are subscribed will receive updates. Examples: Twitter 6. Blogs and Forums - sites that allow users to post their content. Examples: Blogger, WordPress, Tumblr Types of Social Media
  • 27. 3. Assistive Media • It is a nonprofit service designed to help people who have visual and reading impairments. A database of audio recordings is used to read to the user. You may visit http://assistivemedia.org/ for several of t heir audio recordings. 4. Mobile Technologies • The popularity of smartphones and tablets has taken a major rise over the years. This is largely because of the devices’ capability to do tasks that were originally found in personal computers. Trends in ICT
  • 28. 1. iOS – used in Apple devices such as the iPhone and iPad 2. Android – an open source operating system developed by Google. Being open source means several mobile phone companies use this OS for free. 3. Blackberry OS – used in blackberry devices 4. Windows Phone OS – a closed source and proprietary operating system developed by Microsoft 5. Symbian – the original smartphone OS used by Nokia devices 6. WebOS – originally used for smartphones; now used for smartTVs 7. Windows Mobile – developed by Microsoft for smartphones and pocket PCs. Different types of mobile operating systems:
  • 29. Assessment True or False. Write T if the statement is correct, otherwise write F. 1. Web pages that are the same regardless of the user are referred to static. 2. Blogging sites are sites that focus on short updates. 3. Android is a mobile operating system for Apple devices. 4. Folksonomy deals with information tagging. 5. ICT deals with the use of different technologies to work on a similar goal or task.
  • 30. Assessment True or False. Write T if the statement is correct, otherwise write F. 1. Web pages that are the same regardless of the user are referred to static. 2. Blogging sites are sites that focus on short updates. 3. Android is a mobile operating system for Apple devices. 4. Folksonomy deals with information tagging. 5. ICT deals with the use of different technologies to work on a similar goal or task. T F F T F
  • 31. What I Can Do Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words. WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0
  • 32. What I Can Do Differentiate Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0 in your own words. WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0  Static  Not interactive  Page View  Mostly Read Only  Sharing Content  Community Focus  Interactive Advertising  Portable  Smart Applications  User Engagement