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CODE OF
PHARMACEUTICAL ETHICS
1
Dr. Prashant L. Pingale
Associate Professor-Pharmaceutics
GES’s Sir Dr. M. S. Gosavi College of Pharm. Edu. & Research, Nashik
Contents as per Syllabus
 Definition,
 Pharmacist in relation to his/her:
 Job,
 Trade,
 Medical profession and
 Profession,
 Pharmacist’s oath.
2
Definitions
 Ethics: It means moral principles. It is a science of moral duty. Ethics are
rules by which a profession regulates actions and sets standard for all its
members.
 Pharmaceutical ethics: the ethics in relation to pharmacy profession is
called pharmaceutical ethics.
 Morality: Morality means good conduct or behaviour and consciousness.
 Law: Law is defined as, the rules of human conduct binding to all persons
in a state or nation.
3
Difference between Law and Ethics 4
Law Ethics
Rules of human conduct binding to all
persons in a state or nation.
Rules by which a profession regulates actions and
sets standard for all its members.
If law is broken, a violator may be subjected
to punishment, a fine or imprisonment.
If rules are broken, the professional body may
subject the violator to loss professional privileges.
Standards of Law Standards of Conduct
Law may prevent one from causing injury to
other. But it can't force him to help his
neighbour in hours of need.
Helping neighbours is the function of ethics.
Selling misbranded or adulterated drug is
prevented by law
Selling medicines at cheaper rate than that of the
fellow pharmacist in his area is not ethical
Code of Pharmaceutical Ethics
 The code of pharmaceutical ethics is formulated by Pharmacy Council of India
(PCI) for the guidance of Indian pharmacist.
 The code of pharmaceutical ethics helps to guide the pharmacist as to how
pharmacist should conduct himself/herself in relation to:
✓ Job
✓ Trade
✓ Profession (Pharmacy)
✓ Medical profession.
5
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Scope of Pharmaceutical Services
 Conduct of Pharmacy
 Handling of Prescriptions
 Handling of Drugs
 Apprentice Pharmacists
6
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Scope of Pharmaceutical Services:
 When premises are registered under statutory requirements and opened as a
pharmacy, a reasonably comprehensive pharmaceutical service should be provided.
 This involves the supply of commonly required medicines of this nature without
undue delay.
 It also involves willingness to furnish emergency supplies at all times.
7
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Conduct of Pharmacy:
 The condition in a pharmacy should be such as to preclude avoidable risk or error
or of accidental contamination in the preparation, dispensing and supply of
medicines.
 The appearance of the premises should reflect the professional character of the
pharmacy.
 It should be clear to the public that the practice of pharmacy is carried out in the
establishment.
 Signs, notices, descriptions, wording on business, stationary and related
indications, should be restrained in size, design and terms.
8
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Handling of Prescriptions:
 A received prescription should be checked for therapeutic efficiency.
 The Pharmacist should not even show any expression on face of alarm or
astonishment upon the receipt of a prescription; as such things may cause anxiety in
patients or their agents and may lose their faith on physician.
 Any question on a prescription should be answered with every caution and care.
 A guidance should be given on refilling of prescriptions, a pharmacist should solely
be guided by the instructions of the prescriber aid should advise the patient to use
medicines or remedies strictly in accordance with the intention of the physician as
noted on the prescription.
9
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Handling of Drugs:
 All possible care should be taken to dispense a prescription correctly by weighing
and measuring all ingredients in correct proportions by the help of scale and
measures: visual estimations must be avoided.
 Always use drugs and medicinal preparations of standard quality available.
 Pharmacist should never fill his prescriptions with spurious, substandard and
unethical preparations.
 A Pharmacist should be very Judicious in dealing with drugs and medicinal
preparations used for addiction or any other abusive purposes.
10
Pharmacist in relation to Job
 Apprentice Pharmacists:
 While in-charge of a dispensary, drugstore or hospital pharmacy where apprentice
pharmacists are admitted for practical training, a pharmacist should see that the
trainees are given full facilities for their work so that on the completion of their
training they have acquired sufficient technique and skill to make themselves
dependable pharmacists.
 No certificate or credentials should be granted unless the above criterion is
attained and the recipient has proved himself worthy of the same.
11
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Price Structure
 Fair Trade Practices
 Purchase of Drugs
 Hawking of Drugs
 Advertising and Displays
12
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Price Structure:
 Prices charged from customers should be fair and in keeping with the quality and
quantity of commodity supplied and the labour and skill required in making it ready
for use, so as to ensure an adequate remuneration to the pharmacist taking into
consideration his knowledge, skill, the time consumed and the great responsibility
involved, but at the same time without unduly taxing the purchaser.
13
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Fair Trade Practices:
 No attempt should be made to capture the business of a fellow pharmacist by cut-throat
competition, that is, by offering any sort of prizes or gifts or by knowingly charging lower
prices for medical commodities than those charged by fellow pharmacist.
 In case any order or prescription genuinely intended to be served by some dispensary is
brought by mistake to another, the latter should refuse to accept it and should direct the
customer to the right place.
 Labels, trademarks and other signs and symbols of contemporaries should not be
imitated or copied.
14
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Purchase of Drugs:
 Drugs should always be purchased from genuine and reputable sources and a
pharmacist should always be on his guard not to aid or abet, directly or indirectly the
manufacture, possession, distribution and sale of spurious or sub- standard drugs.
15
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Hawking of Drugs:
 Hawking of drugs and medicinal should not be encouraged nor should any attempt be
made to solicit orders for such substances from door to door.
 `Self-service` method of operating pharmacies and drug - stores should not be used as
this practice may lead to the distribution of therapeutic substances without an expert
supervision and thus would encourage self-medication, which is highly undesirable
16
Pharmacist in relation to trade
 Advertising and Displays:
 No display material either on the premises, in the press or elsewhere should be used by a
pharmacist in connection with the sale to the public of medicines or medical appliances
which is undignified in style or which contains:
a. Any offer about refund of money,
b. Misleading, or exaggerated statements or claims,
c. The word "Cure" in reference to an ailment or symptoms of ill-health,
d. A guarantee of therapeutic efficacy,
e. An appeal to fear
17
Pharmacist in relation to Profession
 Extend help to fellow pharmacist in emergency need.
 Should Maintain Standard of the profession.
 Should try to weed out corruption in profession and society.
 Should not be afraid of bringing or causing a miscreant to be brought to
book, may be a member of his own profession.
 Should have up to date Knowledge of Professional matters.
 Should have fair knowledge of laws related to his profession.
18
Pharmacist in relation to Medical Profession
 Limitation of Professional Activities: Pharmacist under no circumstances, take to
medical practice i.e. diagnosing drug and prescribing medicines. In emergency he
can give first aid to the person. Should not recommend a medical practitioner,
 Clandestine (Concealed/ Secret) Arrangement: No pharmacist should enter into
the secret arrangement and contract with the physician to offer him any
commission or any other advantage.
 Liaison with Public: Being a liaison between medical profession and people, a
pharmacist will always keep himself updated with the modern development of
pharmacy by regular reading of books, magazines etc.
19
Pharmacist’s oath
 I swear by the code of Ethics of Pharmacy Council of India in relation to the community and shall act
as an integral part of health care team.
 I shall uphold the laws and standards governing my profession.
 I shall strive to perfect and enlarge my knowledge to contribute to the advancement of pharmacy and
the public health.
 I shall follow the system which I consider best for pharmaceutical care and counselling of patients.
 I shall Endeavour to discover and manufacture drugs of quality to alleviate sufferings of humanity.
 I shall hold in confidence the knowledge gained about the patients in connection with my
professional practice and never divulge unless compelled to do so by the law.
 I shall associate with organizations having their objectives for betterment of the Profession of
Pharmacy and make contribution to carry out the work of those organizations.
 While I continue to keep this oath unviolated, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of
pharmacy respected by all, at all times!
 Should I trespass and violate this oath may the reverse be my lot!
20
Code of pharmaceutical ethics

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Code of pharmaceutical ethics

  • 1. CODE OF PHARMACEUTICAL ETHICS 1 Dr. Prashant L. Pingale Associate Professor-Pharmaceutics GES’s Sir Dr. M. S. Gosavi College of Pharm. Edu. & Research, Nashik
  • 2. Contents as per Syllabus  Definition,  Pharmacist in relation to his/her:  Job,  Trade,  Medical profession and  Profession,  Pharmacist’s oath. 2
  • 3. Definitions  Ethics: It means moral principles. It is a science of moral duty. Ethics are rules by which a profession regulates actions and sets standard for all its members.  Pharmaceutical ethics: the ethics in relation to pharmacy profession is called pharmaceutical ethics.  Morality: Morality means good conduct or behaviour and consciousness.  Law: Law is defined as, the rules of human conduct binding to all persons in a state or nation. 3
  • 4. Difference between Law and Ethics 4 Law Ethics Rules of human conduct binding to all persons in a state or nation. Rules by which a profession regulates actions and sets standard for all its members. If law is broken, a violator may be subjected to punishment, a fine or imprisonment. If rules are broken, the professional body may subject the violator to loss professional privileges. Standards of Law Standards of Conduct Law may prevent one from causing injury to other. But it can't force him to help his neighbour in hours of need. Helping neighbours is the function of ethics. Selling misbranded or adulterated drug is prevented by law Selling medicines at cheaper rate than that of the fellow pharmacist in his area is not ethical
  • 5. Code of Pharmaceutical Ethics  The code of pharmaceutical ethics is formulated by Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) for the guidance of Indian pharmacist.  The code of pharmaceutical ethics helps to guide the pharmacist as to how pharmacist should conduct himself/herself in relation to: ✓ Job ✓ Trade ✓ Profession (Pharmacy) ✓ Medical profession. 5
  • 6. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Scope of Pharmaceutical Services  Conduct of Pharmacy  Handling of Prescriptions  Handling of Drugs  Apprentice Pharmacists 6
  • 7. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Scope of Pharmaceutical Services:  When premises are registered under statutory requirements and opened as a pharmacy, a reasonably comprehensive pharmaceutical service should be provided.  This involves the supply of commonly required medicines of this nature without undue delay.  It also involves willingness to furnish emergency supplies at all times. 7
  • 8. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Conduct of Pharmacy:  The condition in a pharmacy should be such as to preclude avoidable risk or error or of accidental contamination in the preparation, dispensing and supply of medicines.  The appearance of the premises should reflect the professional character of the pharmacy.  It should be clear to the public that the practice of pharmacy is carried out in the establishment.  Signs, notices, descriptions, wording on business, stationary and related indications, should be restrained in size, design and terms. 8
  • 9. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Handling of Prescriptions:  A received prescription should be checked for therapeutic efficiency.  The Pharmacist should not even show any expression on face of alarm or astonishment upon the receipt of a prescription; as such things may cause anxiety in patients or their agents and may lose their faith on physician.  Any question on a prescription should be answered with every caution and care.  A guidance should be given on refilling of prescriptions, a pharmacist should solely be guided by the instructions of the prescriber aid should advise the patient to use medicines or remedies strictly in accordance with the intention of the physician as noted on the prescription. 9
  • 10. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Handling of Drugs:  All possible care should be taken to dispense a prescription correctly by weighing and measuring all ingredients in correct proportions by the help of scale and measures: visual estimations must be avoided.  Always use drugs and medicinal preparations of standard quality available.  Pharmacist should never fill his prescriptions with spurious, substandard and unethical preparations.  A Pharmacist should be very Judicious in dealing with drugs and medicinal preparations used for addiction or any other abusive purposes. 10
  • 11. Pharmacist in relation to Job  Apprentice Pharmacists:  While in-charge of a dispensary, drugstore or hospital pharmacy where apprentice pharmacists are admitted for practical training, a pharmacist should see that the trainees are given full facilities for their work so that on the completion of their training they have acquired sufficient technique and skill to make themselves dependable pharmacists.  No certificate or credentials should be granted unless the above criterion is attained and the recipient has proved himself worthy of the same. 11
  • 12. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Price Structure  Fair Trade Practices  Purchase of Drugs  Hawking of Drugs  Advertising and Displays 12
  • 13. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Price Structure:  Prices charged from customers should be fair and in keeping with the quality and quantity of commodity supplied and the labour and skill required in making it ready for use, so as to ensure an adequate remuneration to the pharmacist taking into consideration his knowledge, skill, the time consumed and the great responsibility involved, but at the same time without unduly taxing the purchaser. 13
  • 14. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Fair Trade Practices:  No attempt should be made to capture the business of a fellow pharmacist by cut-throat competition, that is, by offering any sort of prizes or gifts or by knowingly charging lower prices for medical commodities than those charged by fellow pharmacist.  In case any order or prescription genuinely intended to be served by some dispensary is brought by mistake to another, the latter should refuse to accept it and should direct the customer to the right place.  Labels, trademarks and other signs and symbols of contemporaries should not be imitated or copied. 14
  • 15. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Purchase of Drugs:  Drugs should always be purchased from genuine and reputable sources and a pharmacist should always be on his guard not to aid or abet, directly or indirectly the manufacture, possession, distribution and sale of spurious or sub- standard drugs. 15
  • 16. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Hawking of Drugs:  Hawking of drugs and medicinal should not be encouraged nor should any attempt be made to solicit orders for such substances from door to door.  `Self-service` method of operating pharmacies and drug - stores should not be used as this practice may lead to the distribution of therapeutic substances without an expert supervision and thus would encourage self-medication, which is highly undesirable 16
  • 17. Pharmacist in relation to trade  Advertising and Displays:  No display material either on the premises, in the press or elsewhere should be used by a pharmacist in connection with the sale to the public of medicines or medical appliances which is undignified in style or which contains: a. Any offer about refund of money, b. Misleading, or exaggerated statements or claims, c. The word "Cure" in reference to an ailment or symptoms of ill-health, d. A guarantee of therapeutic efficacy, e. An appeal to fear 17
  • 18. Pharmacist in relation to Profession  Extend help to fellow pharmacist in emergency need.  Should Maintain Standard of the profession.  Should try to weed out corruption in profession and society.  Should not be afraid of bringing or causing a miscreant to be brought to book, may be a member of his own profession.  Should have up to date Knowledge of Professional matters.  Should have fair knowledge of laws related to his profession. 18
  • 19. Pharmacist in relation to Medical Profession  Limitation of Professional Activities: Pharmacist under no circumstances, take to medical practice i.e. diagnosing drug and prescribing medicines. In emergency he can give first aid to the person. Should not recommend a medical practitioner,  Clandestine (Concealed/ Secret) Arrangement: No pharmacist should enter into the secret arrangement and contract with the physician to offer him any commission or any other advantage.  Liaison with Public: Being a liaison between medical profession and people, a pharmacist will always keep himself updated with the modern development of pharmacy by regular reading of books, magazines etc. 19
  • 20. Pharmacist’s oath  I swear by the code of Ethics of Pharmacy Council of India in relation to the community and shall act as an integral part of health care team.  I shall uphold the laws and standards governing my profession.  I shall strive to perfect and enlarge my knowledge to contribute to the advancement of pharmacy and the public health.  I shall follow the system which I consider best for pharmaceutical care and counselling of patients.  I shall Endeavour to discover and manufacture drugs of quality to alleviate sufferings of humanity.  I shall hold in confidence the knowledge gained about the patients in connection with my professional practice and never divulge unless compelled to do so by the law.  I shall associate with organizations having their objectives for betterment of the Profession of Pharmacy and make contribution to carry out the work of those organizations.  While I continue to keep this oath unviolated, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of pharmacy respected by all, at all times!  Should I trespass and violate this oath may the reverse be my lot! 20