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Breathing Assessment and Management
Breathing is an essential involuntary function that
keeps us alive. It involves taking in oxygen and
releasing carbon dioxide. When our breathing
becomes abnormal, it can be a sign of a serious
medical condition.
Breathing Assessment and
management
1
Normal Breathing
1. Rate: 12-20 breaths per minute
for adults at rest
2. Depth: Should be comfortable
and not labored
3. Rhythm: Consistent and even
4. Sounds: No
wheezing, crackling, or other
abnormal sounds
Breathing Assessment and
management
2
Causes of Abnormal Breathing
1. Respiratory
problems: Asthma, COPD, pneu
monia, pulmonary embolism
2. Cardiac problems: Heart
failure, arrhythmias
3. Metabolic problems: Diabetic
ketoacidosis, sepsis
4. Pain
5. Anxiety
6. Medications
Breathing Assessment and
management
3
If you experience any of the
following, seek medical attention
immediately:
1. Shortness of breath that is
sudden or worsens
2. Blue lips or skin
3. Chest pain
4. Difficulty speaking
5. Confusion
Breathing Assessment and
management
4
Breathing Assessment
A healthcare professional will
assess your breathing by:
1. Asking about your symptoms
2. Taking your vital signs
3. Listening to your lungs with a
stethoscope
4. Observing your chest
movement
5. Performing tests such as pulse
oximetry, chest X-ray, or
spirometry
Breathing Assessment and
management
5
Breathing Management
Treatment for abnormal breathing
will depend on the underlying
cause. It may include:
1. Oxygen therapy
2. Medications such as
bronchodilators, steroids, or
antibiotics
3. Respiratory therapy
4. Lifestyle changes such as
quitting smoking and losing
weight
Breathing Assessment and
management
6
Prevention
1. Maintain a healthy
lifestyle: Eat a healthy
diet, exercise regularly, and get
enough sleep.
2. Avoid smoking and
secondhand smoke.
3. Get vaccinated against flu and
pneumonia.
4. See your doctor for regular
checkups.
Breathing Assessment and
management
7
Additional tips for healthy
breathing:
1. Practice relaxation
techniques such as yoga or
meditation.
2. Spend time outdoors in fresh
air.
3. Drink plenty of fluids.
4. Avoid irritants such as
dust, pollen, and pollution.
Breathing Assessment and
management
8

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Breathing Assessment and management1.pdf

  • 1. Breathing Assessment and Management Breathing is an essential involuntary function that keeps us alive. It involves taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. When our breathing becomes abnormal, it can be a sign of a serious medical condition. Breathing Assessment and management 1
  • 2. Normal Breathing 1. Rate: 12-20 breaths per minute for adults at rest 2. Depth: Should be comfortable and not labored 3. Rhythm: Consistent and even 4. Sounds: No wheezing, crackling, or other abnormal sounds Breathing Assessment and management 2
  • 3. Causes of Abnormal Breathing 1. Respiratory problems: Asthma, COPD, pneu monia, pulmonary embolism 2. Cardiac problems: Heart failure, arrhythmias 3. Metabolic problems: Diabetic ketoacidosis, sepsis 4. Pain 5. Anxiety 6. Medications Breathing Assessment and management 3
  • 4. If you experience any of the following, seek medical attention immediately: 1. Shortness of breath that is sudden or worsens 2. Blue lips or skin 3. Chest pain 4. Difficulty speaking 5. Confusion Breathing Assessment and management 4
  • 5. Breathing Assessment A healthcare professional will assess your breathing by: 1. Asking about your symptoms 2. Taking your vital signs 3. Listening to your lungs with a stethoscope 4. Observing your chest movement 5. Performing tests such as pulse oximetry, chest X-ray, or spirometry Breathing Assessment and management 5
  • 6. Breathing Management Treatment for abnormal breathing will depend on the underlying cause. It may include: 1. Oxygen therapy 2. Medications such as bronchodilators, steroids, or antibiotics 3. Respiratory therapy 4. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and losing weight Breathing Assessment and management 6
  • 7. Prevention 1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. 2. Avoid smoking and secondhand smoke. 3. Get vaccinated against flu and pneumonia. 4. See your doctor for regular checkups. Breathing Assessment and management 7
  • 8. Additional tips for healthy breathing: 1. Practice relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation. 2. Spend time outdoors in fresh air. 3. Drink plenty of fluids. 4. Avoid irritants such as dust, pollen, and pollution. Breathing Assessment and management 8