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Climate Change Adaptation
and Mitigation with
Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Introducing Mangrove Ecosystems
Strategies to the Climate Change Agenda
Mihyun Seol and Himlal Baral
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves
Key Services Major Functions
Carbon Sequestration Storing large amounts of carbon
Mitigating climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide
Coastal Protection A natural barrier to protect coastal areas from storm surges
Temperature regulation with a cooling effect
Reducing erosion and holding the integrity of coastal ecosystems
Biodiversity Support Nursery habitats for marine species
Shelter and breeding grounds provided by the complexity of root systems
Providing habitats for fishery and supporting livelihoods of communities
Water Quality Improvement Natural water purifiers filtering pollutants from water
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves
Key Services Major Functions
Wood and Non-Timber Forest Products Wood for construction and fuel
Non-timber products such as tannins, dyes, and honey
Traditional medicines
Recreation and Tourism Aesthetic value and recreational opportunities.
Activities such as bird watching, kayaking, and eco-tourism
Cultural and Spiritual Values Significant cultural identity for coastal communities, often integral to
traditional practices, folklore, and rituals
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Mangrove and Ecosystem Services
Tanakeke Island, Indonesia
Friess et al. 2020. Oceanography and Marine Biology
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Mangrove-Carbon Study
• Mangrove ecosystems are among the most ecologically and socially valuable.
• Mangrove forests store 300-500% more carbon per unit area than terrestrial ones.
• Mangrove forests also help to conserve biodiversity, prevent floor and storm, and
they provide ecosystem services for environment and communities.
• Size of mangrove forests continue to decrease due to anthropogenic activities.
• Research on mangrove species’ ability to absorb and store carbon is crucial to
provide information on species compatibility for rehabilitation in the future.
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Project Aims:
• To quantify the environmental assets, including carbon sequestration capacity and
associated ecosystem services, of various types of mangrove forests; and
• To identify promising mangrove species for coastal landscape restoration and carbon
sequestration and establish research and demonstration sites in Bali, Indonesia
Expected outcomes: Knowledge on how and to what extent mangrove ecosystems
provide carbon sequestration, storage, and ecosystem services.
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Project leadership:
1. Dr. Bora Lee (Project leader for NIFoS)
2. Dr. Baral Himlal (Project Co-Leader and technical liaison for CIFOR)
3. Dr. Seol Mihyun (Project Co-Leader and technical liaison for CIFOR)
Core team members:
1. Citra Gilang (Post-doc, research fellow/consultant, CIFOR)
2. Agus Maulana (Research consultant, CIFOR)
3. Putu Angga Wiradana (Researcher, Dhyana Pura University)
4. Budi Leksono (Senior researcher, BRIN)
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Research Sites
1. TAHURA Ngurah Rai
2. Mertasari Beach
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Field Works
March 2023, Bali
Activity: Field survey and data collection on two mangrove forests in Bali: Mertasari beach and
MIC Tahura
Measurement of photosynthesis rate
of true- and semi-mangrove species
Measurement of leaf stomatal
conductance
Measurement of soil respiration
rate and soil structure
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
From June 2023 - Present
Activity: Phenology observation of true- and semi-mangroves
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
Symposia
1. Beyond Blue Carbon: 1st International Symposium (27th March 2023, Prama Sanur Hotel, Bali), CIFOR as organizer)
2. 2nd International Symposium ( May 2023, Jeju), NIFoS as organizer
EGU23 (April 2023, Vienna), NIFoS as organizer for the workshop
1
2
Climate Change Adaptation and
Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems
Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium
29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia
Background
Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and
estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical
regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis.
Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are
categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non-
exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates).
True mangroves excel in saline environments, with
specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen
Climate change adaptation
and mitigation with
mangrove ecosystems
— particularly on Jeju Island, w
and range expanding incremen
adaptable to both intertidal zon
lack the typical mangrove traits
seed germination. Despite this,
for carbon absorption and clima
A recent predictive study demo
expansion of the distribution of
Asia, including the possible est
in Korea, owing to climate chan
Beyond green carbon: 3rd
international symposium 2024
Introducing mangrove ecosystems
strategies to the climate change agenda
29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR
ACTIVITY PLAN
CIFOR-ICRAF
CIFOR-ICRAF harnesses the power of trees, forests and agroforestry landscapes
to address the most pressing global challenges of our time - biodiversity loss,
climate change, food security, livelihoods and inequity.

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A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves

  • 1. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Introducing Mangrove Ecosystems Strategies to the Climate Change Agenda Mihyun Seol and Himlal Baral
  • 2. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves Key Services Major Functions Carbon Sequestration Storing large amounts of carbon Mitigating climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide Coastal Protection A natural barrier to protect coastal areas from storm surges Temperature regulation with a cooling effect Reducing erosion and holding the integrity of coastal ecosystems Biodiversity Support Nursery habitats for marine species Shelter and breeding grounds provided by the complexity of root systems Providing habitats for fishery and supporting livelihoods of communities Water Quality Improvement Natural water purifiers filtering pollutants from water
  • 3. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR A Wide Range of Eco System Services with Mangroves Key Services Major Functions Wood and Non-Timber Forest Products Wood for construction and fuel Non-timber products such as tannins, dyes, and honey Traditional medicines Recreation and Tourism Aesthetic value and recreational opportunities. Activities such as bird watching, kayaking, and eco-tourism Cultural and Spiritual Values Significant cultural identity for coastal communities, often integral to traditional practices, folklore, and rituals
  • 4. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Mangrove and Ecosystem Services Tanakeke Island, Indonesia Friess et al. 2020. Oceanography and Marine Biology
  • 5. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Mangrove-Carbon Study • Mangrove ecosystems are among the most ecologically and socially valuable. • Mangrove forests store 300-500% more carbon per unit area than terrestrial ones. • Mangrove forests also help to conserve biodiversity, prevent floor and storm, and they provide ecosystem services for environment and communities. • Size of mangrove forests continue to decrease due to anthropogenic activities. • Research on mangrove species’ ability to absorb and store carbon is crucial to provide information on species compatibility for rehabilitation in the future.
  • 6. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Project Aims: • To quantify the environmental assets, including carbon sequestration capacity and associated ecosystem services, of various types of mangrove forests; and • To identify promising mangrove species for coastal landscape restoration and carbon sequestration and establish research and demonstration sites in Bali, Indonesia Expected outcomes: Knowledge on how and to what extent mangrove ecosystems provide carbon sequestration, storage, and ecosystem services.
  • 7. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Project leadership: 1. Dr. Bora Lee (Project leader for NIFoS) 2. Dr. Baral Himlal (Project Co-Leader and technical liaison for CIFOR) 3. Dr. Seol Mihyun (Project Co-Leader and technical liaison for CIFOR) Core team members: 1. Citra Gilang (Post-doc, research fellow/consultant, CIFOR) 2. Agus Maulana (Research consultant, CIFOR) 3. Putu Angga Wiradana (Researcher, Dhyana Pura University) 4. Budi Leksono (Senior researcher, BRIN)
  • 8. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Research Sites 1. TAHURA Ngurah Rai 2. Mertasari Beach
  • 9. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Field Works March 2023, Bali Activity: Field survey and data collection on two mangrove forests in Bali: Mertasari beach and MIC Tahura Measurement of photosynthesis rate of true- and semi-mangrove species Measurement of leaf stomatal conductance Measurement of soil respiration rate and soil structure
  • 10. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR From June 2023 - Present Activity: Phenology observation of true- and semi-mangroves
  • 11. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR Symposia 1. Beyond Blue Carbon: 1st International Symposium (27th March 2023, Prama Sanur Hotel, Bali), CIFOR as organizer) 2. 2nd International Symposium ( May 2023, Jeju), NIFoS as organizer EGU23 (April 2023, Vienna), NIFoS as organizer for the workshop 1 2
  • 12. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Mangrove Ecosystems Beyond Green Carbon: The 3rd International Symposium 29 April 2024 | CIFOR-ICRAF Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia Background Mangroves, which are distinct forests in coastal and estuarine saline wetlands of tropical and subtropical regions, are pivotal in addressing the climate crisis. Comprising various species, these ecosyst ems are categorized into ‘exclusive’ (true mangroves) and ‘non- exclusive’ (semi-mangroves or mangrove associates). True mangroves excel in saline environments, with specialized adaptations like aerial roots for oxygen Climate change adaptation and mitigation with mangrove ecosystems — particularly on Jeju Island, w and range expanding incremen adaptable to both intertidal zon lack the typical mangrove traits seed germination. Despite this, for carbon absorption and clima A recent predictive study demo expansion of the distribution of Asia, including the possible est in Korea, owing to climate chan Beyond green carbon: 3rd international symposium 2024 Introducing mangrove ecosystems strategies to the climate change agenda 29 April 2024, 09:00 AM –15:30 PM (GMT+7) | Amazon Room, CIFOR ACTIVITY PLAN
  • 13. CIFOR-ICRAF CIFOR-ICRAF harnesses the power of trees, forests and agroforestry landscapes to address the most pressing global challenges of our time - biodiversity loss, climate change, food security, livelihoods and inequity.