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venChew
Biodiversity
Mangroves are home
for many species of
plants and animals
Erosion control
The dense roots and soils
reduce coastal risks such as
storm and wave damage
Fish nursery
The intricate root system is
a feeding area and breeding
ground for many fish species
Carbon Storage
The rich soils store, on average,
four times as much carbon
as tropical forests, protecting
against climate change
Why restore
mangroves?
What is RUM?
A community project to restore
mangroves in abandoned
aquaculture ponds at Pulau Ubin
6 steps to successful EMR
1. Understand the mangrove species
ecology, including reproduction and
establishment along physical gradients.
2. Understand the hydrology and
elevation that controls mangrove
species establishment and distribution.
3. Assess the modifications of the
mangrove environment that are
currently preventing natural mangrove
establishment.
4. Select the most appropriate
restoration site and consider social
factors such as communities and land
tenure.
5. Design the restoration site to
restore the appropriate hydrology
and utilize natural seedling
recruitment.
6. Plant seedlings in the correct
environmental location,
if a greater seedling density
is required in a shorter time.
Why EMR?
Ecological Mangrove Restoration
(EMR) works with mangrove
elevation and hydrology to naturally
improve restoration success.
Instead of manually planting
mangrove species, EMR focuses on
making sure the site conditions are
suitable for natural regeneration.
EMR allows us to produce a self-
sustaining wetland ecosystem.
In recent years there have been great
efforts to restore and rehabilitate
mangroves in order to reduce their
decline. However, restoration success
rates are often as low as 1-2%, and
commonly less than 20%.
By taking into account physical
processes such as tides, waves, and
hydrology, mangrove
survival will
be more
successful!
In Southeast Asia, Mangroves are
being lost at a faster rate than
other ecosystems such as terrestrial
rainforests and coral reefs. In Singapore,
we lost almost 90% of our mangroves
between 1953 and 2011.
http://rum-initiative.blogspot.sg/
Restore Ubin Mangroves
(R.U.M.) Initiative
Ecological Mangrove
Restoration (EMR)
Restore
Ubin Mangroves
Initiative
LetM
o
ther Nature do the p
lan�ng
R.U.M.
photo by Lee Yee Ting
photo by Lisa Lim
What will we
be doing?
Coastal cleanup
We need to prepare the
site through regular
coastal cleanups.
We need to know what
lives in the mangroves
We find out by conducting
regular biodiversity surveys.
We need to know where
mangroves like to grow
We find out by creating a map
using an instrument called the
“Total Station”. This measures
the elevation of the site.
We need to know exactly how
much tidal water mangroves like
We measure this using instruments
called“tide gauges”.
Who is involved?
Dept of Geography,
National University of Singapore
Pulau Ubin fish farmers
Marine Conservation Group,
Nature Society (Singapore)
Gamefish and Aquatic
Rehabilitation Society (GARS)
wildsingapore
YOU too!
Sungei Puaka Site
Sungei Ubin/
Sungei Durian site
Where will we
be working?
with support
from NParks

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Mangroves Ecological Restoration Using Nature (R.U.M. Initiative

  • 1. photo by No venChew Biodiversity Mangroves are home for many species of plants and animals Erosion control The dense roots and soils reduce coastal risks such as storm and wave damage Fish nursery The intricate root system is a feeding area and breeding ground for many fish species Carbon Storage The rich soils store, on average, four times as much carbon as tropical forests, protecting against climate change Why restore mangroves? What is RUM? A community project to restore mangroves in abandoned aquaculture ponds at Pulau Ubin 6 steps to successful EMR 1. Understand the mangrove species ecology, including reproduction and establishment along physical gradients. 2. Understand the hydrology and elevation that controls mangrove species establishment and distribution. 3. Assess the modifications of the mangrove environment that are currently preventing natural mangrove establishment. 4. Select the most appropriate restoration site and consider social factors such as communities and land tenure. 5. Design the restoration site to restore the appropriate hydrology and utilize natural seedling recruitment. 6. Plant seedlings in the correct environmental location, if a greater seedling density is required in a shorter time. Why EMR? Ecological Mangrove Restoration (EMR) works with mangrove elevation and hydrology to naturally improve restoration success. Instead of manually planting mangrove species, EMR focuses on making sure the site conditions are suitable for natural regeneration. EMR allows us to produce a self- sustaining wetland ecosystem. In recent years there have been great efforts to restore and rehabilitate mangroves in order to reduce their decline. However, restoration success rates are often as low as 1-2%, and commonly less than 20%. By taking into account physical processes such as tides, waves, and hydrology, mangrove survival will be more successful! In Southeast Asia, Mangroves are being lost at a faster rate than other ecosystems such as terrestrial rainforests and coral reefs. In Singapore, we lost almost 90% of our mangroves between 1953 and 2011. http://rum-initiative.blogspot.sg/ Restore Ubin Mangroves (R.U.M.) Initiative Ecological Mangrove Restoration (EMR) Restore Ubin Mangroves Initiative LetM o ther Nature do the p lan�ng R.U.M.
  • 2. photo by Lee Yee Ting photo by Lisa Lim What will we be doing? Coastal cleanup We need to prepare the site through regular coastal cleanups. We need to know what lives in the mangroves We find out by conducting regular biodiversity surveys. We need to know where mangroves like to grow We find out by creating a map using an instrument called the “Total Station”. This measures the elevation of the site. We need to know exactly how much tidal water mangroves like We measure this using instruments called“tide gauges”. Who is involved? Dept of Geography, National University of Singapore Pulau Ubin fish farmers Marine Conservation Group, Nature Society (Singapore) Gamefish and Aquatic Rehabilitation Society (GARS) wildsingapore YOU too! Sungei Puaka Site Sungei Ubin/ Sungei Durian site Where will we be working? with support from NParks