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Mangrove Action Project Presentation

Mangroves are vital for healthy coastal ecosystems in many regions of the world and research and studies are revealing the unique importance of these habitats to the planet. The Mangrove Action Project is dedicated to reversing the degradation and loss of mangrove forest wetlands and their associated coastal ecosystems worldwide. www.mangroveactionproject.org

Mangrove Action Project Presentation

  1. 1. An Overview of MAP’s Activities and Introduction to Mangroves by Alfredo Quarto, Executive Director. MAP Mangrove Action Project Standing at the Roots of the Sea Photo Credit : Mac Stone
  2. 2. The Sundarbans, Bangladesh Although once thought of as useless wastelands, careful study and research has revealed that mangroves are among the most important ecosystems on this planet. Valued for anchoring coastal ecosystems as well as providing economic and ecosystem services to humans, mangrove forests are true treasures. The complexities of these systems are enormous, and there is still much to learn. Mangrove forests are highly interconnected within the ecosystem itself, but they also make up a transitional zone between land and ocean, connecting and supporting both. It is no surprise that mangroves are called “roots of the sea.” Photo Credit : NASA Earth Observatory
  3. 3. Mangrove forests literally live in two worlds at once. Growing in the intertidal areas and estuary mouths between land and sea, mangroves are comprised of salt-tolerant tree and other plant species from a range of plant families. They thrive in intertidal zones of sheltered tropical shores, islands, and estuaries. Mangroves have specially adapted aerial and salt-filtering roots and salt-excreting leaves which enable them to occupy the saline wetlands where other plant life cannot survive. Healthy Mangrove Ecosystem Photo Credit : Olivia Pino
  4. 4. Mangroves are a critical forest ecosystem, dominating coastlines in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. Coastal protection is an important function of mangrove forests, serving as a natural barrier against tropical storms, and tsunami, and therefore protecting coastal inhabitants. Recent experiences of tsunami and major storms in Southeast Asia and other parts of the world have shown that mangroves can and have played important roles in absorbing and weakening wave energy as well as preventing damage caused by debris movement. Mangrove Interior Photo Credit : Stanislav Lhota
  5. 5. Mangroves are vital for healthy coastal ecosystems in many regions of the world and research and studies are revealing the unique importance of these habitats to the planet. Although mangrove forests only line approximately 8% of the world’s coastlines, they have the ability to sequester far more carbon per hectare than tropical rainforest, and in some cases store 5x more than any of their terrestrial counterparts. This ability of mangroves to store such large amounts of carbon is, in part, due to the deep, organic rich soils in which they thrive. Mangroves from Below, Colombia Photo Credit : Alfonso Ortiz
  6. 6. Mangrove forests provide homes and shelter for both diverse marine life and terrestrial fauna and flora. They are prime nesting and feeding sites for hundreds of migratory bird species as well as providing refuge and nursery grounds for juvenile fish, crabs, shrimps, mollusks, and other invertebrates. 70-80% of all tropical fish and crustaceans spend some part of their lives in mangrove wetlands. Many endangered and threatened mammals are found here including the Bengal Tiger, Dugong, Proboscis Monkey and Fishing Cat. Proboscis Monkey in the Mangroves Photo Credit : Tim Laman
  7. 7. Mangroves are one of the most productive ecosystems on the earth. They perform a variety of useful ecological, bio-physical, and socio-economic functions, and are the source of a multitude of benefits to coastal populations. For local communities, mangroves provide food, medicines, tannins, fuel wood, charcoal and construction materials. For millions of indigenous and local coastal residents, mangrove forests are vital for their everyday needs. With better understanding and education, huge eco- tourism potentials surface that become beneficial for the local communities as well as visitors. Indigenous Fisherman Photo Credit : Eitan Haddock
  8. 8. Over half the worlds mangrove forests have been destroyed during the last 100 years estimated at 32 million hectares (app. 80 million acres). In 2007, less than 15 million hectares (37 million acres) of mangroves remain. The current rate of mangrove loss is approximately 1% per annum (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO), or roughly 150,000 hectares (370,050 acres) of mangrove wetlands lost each year. Luxury Resorts, Bimini Islands, Bahamas Photo Credit : Grant Johnson
  9. 9. Mangrove forests are naturally resilient, having withstood severe storms and changing tides for many millenia. But until recently, mangrove forests had been classified by many governments and industries alike as “wastelands,” or useless swamps. The need for better protection is alarming. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) warning that more than one in six mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction due to coastal developments, shrimp aquaculture, agricultural expansion and unsustainable tourism. Construction, Bimini Islands, Bahamas Photo Credit : Matthew D. Potenski
  10. 10. Shrimp aquaculture has been the single biggest driver of mangrove destruction, particularly in Southeast Asia. This rapidly expanding industry poses one of the gravest threats to the world’s remaining mangrove forests and the communities they support. Due to the unsustainable conditions that foster high levels of disease and pollution, shrimp ponds often have to be abandoned in just 3-5 years. Tanjung Panjang Nature Reserve Photo Credit : Ben Brown
  11. 11. Why Invest in Mangroves video - click to play
  12. 12. The Mangrove Action Project is dedicated to reversing the degradation and loss of mangrove forest wetlands and their associated coastal ecosystems worldwide. Our main goal is to promote the rights of traditional and indigenous coastal peoples, including fishers and farmers, to sustainably manage their coastal environs. At the same time MAP strives to use the formal education process to introduce mangrove ecology on a scientific and social level to students in their classrooms. About MAP
  13. 13. We are taking a truly grassroots, bottom- up approach to mangrove conservation and restoration issues. Our approach involves and includes the voices of the global South, local communities, and their partner non- governmental organizations (NGOs). MAP’s pro-active 5-pronged approach to long-term mangrove conservation involves: Networking Advocacy Education Conservation and Restoration Sustainable Community-based Development Our Approach
  14. 14. MAP video - click to play
  15. 15. Partnering with mangrove forest communities, grassroots NGOs, researchers, and local governments to conserve and restore mangrove forests and related coastal ecosystems, while promoting community- based sustainable management of coastal resources. Our international network today includes: over 450 NGOs 300 scientists and academics 60 nations Our Mission Photo Credit : Andrea Bonetti
  16. 16. MAP was really the only “whistle blower” back in 1992 that brought mangrove loss / shrimp farm expansion issues to international attention. MAP’s early and ongoing work on this issue, as well as proactive actions bringing attention to other unsustainable shoreline development issues, has inspired a global mangrove conservation movement. Following the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, MAP was one of the first to substantiate that mangrove loss and degradation were a major factor contributing to extensive loss of human lives and property. MAP’s call to restore the protective greenbelt buffers that healthy mangrove forests provide was heard widely and has been adopted as policy by governments and international institutions alike. http://mangroveactionproject.org/networking_advocacy/ Networking
  17. 17. Through the years, MAP has never lost sight of the imperative to work with and involve the next generation of decision-makers. They must have the needed management skills, as well as personal awareness and appreciation for mangroves, so that they may become better stewards of this vital natural resource base for future generations. MAP has expanded its education program to include aspects both interesting and inspirational for young minds in their attempts to grasp the fuller significance of the mangrove forest community. In addition to youth-focused programs, MAP targets specific audiences through a variety of educational methods. http://mangroveactionproject.org/mangrove_curriculum/ Education
  18. 18. Mangrove Education video - click to play
  19. 19. MAP provides a range of educational resources for teachers and students to learn about mangroves. The Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum is an award-winning 300 page wetlands/environmental resource guide for both children and adults living in the tropics and subtropics. The first curriculum, “Marvellous Mangroves in the Cayman Islands” was published back in 2000 and has since been adapted, translated and linked to the local science and national curriculum of eleven other countries. Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum
  20. 20. The Curriculum provides: Activities and information about mangroves Relationships to other tropical coastal ecosystems Social, geographical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives Guidance in taking scientific measurements about the health of mangroves Action-taking activities to help observers become do-ers Links to the local and regional science, social studies and arts curriculum Teacher Training Workshop, Australia
  21. 21. This innovative experiential approach has the goal of transforming society toward a positive attitude and respect for mangrove resources and uses, while preparing the next generation of decision makers. By integrating the curriculum with existing local science, social studies and/or language arts curricula, we are able to ensure that the developed materials and teaching techniques are used in the classroom on a regular basis. Preparing next generation of decision-makers
  22. 22. This colorful calendar has increased in popularity since its first publication in 2002. The 2015 calendar is our 14th edition. Primary school children from tropical and sub-tropical nations are invited to participate in MAP’s international annual contest, and selected winners are published in the calendar, which is distributed worldwide to raise awareness of mangrove forest ecology. This creative contest aims to promote appreciation and awareness of mangrove forests, and to encourage and listen to creative voices of children living in mangrove areas. http://mangroveactionproject.org/childrens-calendar/ International Children’s Art Calendar
  23. 23. MAP’s small, US-based headquarters, provides administrative support and overall guidance for regional projects in the global South, while also providing four essential services to grassroots groups and proponents of mangrove conservation, including: Coordination of a unique international NGO network and information clearinghouse on mangrove forests; Promotion of public awareness of mangrove forest issues; Development of technical and financial support for local NGO projects in the global South; and, Broadcasting within developed nations the basic needs and struggles of Southern coastal fishing and farming communities affected by the consumer demands of the wealthy nations. http://mangroveactionproject.org/map-action-alerts/ Advocacy Photo Credit : Olivia Pino
  24. 24. Question Your Shrimp video - click to play
  25. 25. In March 2009, the Mangrove Action Project launched its consumer awareness campaign to expose the environmental damage and human rights issues related to imported, farmed shrimp. Shrimp farming, which pollutes land and waterways, also poses the single greatest threat to mangrove forests worldwide. The “Question Your Shrimp” petition urges consumers to take a pledge to greatly reduce or eliminate their consumption of imported shrimp. It is time we as consumers realize that the price we pay for shrimp does not account for the true costs—to the environment and communities of this destructive industry. http://questionyourshrimp.com Question Your Shrimp campaign
  26. 26. Bimini’s famed fishing, portrayed in Hemingway’s novel Islands in the Stream, could be a romantic relic of the past. By cutting and filling the mangroves, the Bimini Bay Resort is destroying fish nurseries and habitat that will cost the local people their livelihoods. Save Bimini Islands is one of many urgent campaigns we are actively working on. http://mangroveactionproject.org/campaigns/ Save Bimini Islands campaign Photo Credit : Grant Johnson
  27. 27. Working alongside mangrove ecologists, local NGOs, and communities, MAP promotes community-based ‘ecological – hydrological’ mangrove restoration (CBEMR) methodology, an economical and efficient way to mangrove restoration that follows basic natural processes. This well- considered model directly engages local community participation, and community involvement in the restoration itself as a central stakeholder and building stewardship to ensure long-term successful protection of the restored sites. Reaching far beyond mere hand planting of one species, as is sadly typical of mangrove restoration projects, CBEMR greatly increases the effective restoration of biodiversity to ecosystem-wide degraded mangrove forests. http://mangroveactionproject.org/conservation-restoration/ Conservation and Restoration
  28. 28. CBEMR Method video - click to play
  29. 29. Natural restoration and/or manual planting of mangroves utilizing the CBEMR model is an important tool for international relief organizations to implement in order to restore mangroves in a cost effective manner to counter increased storm surges and rising seas. MAP has actively rehabilitated mangroves in Thailand and Indonesia, as part of post-tsunami recovery, while consulting on shoreline and mangrove restoration projects elsewhere. MAP completed CBEMR training workshops in Cambodia, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand, and plans additional workshops where there is interest. CBEMR Training, Cambodia
  30. 30. The MAP CBEMR Method prioritizes the restoration of the natural hydrology of disturbed areas. De-emphasizing capital and labor intensive direct hand planting, MAP applies a broader, less expensive, and more effective restorative approach. Restoring an area’s natural hydrology will, in many cases, allow Nature to restore the mangroves via tidal ebbs and flows, transporting mangrove propagules (seeds) for the natural regeneration of a bio-diverse and healthy forest wetland. http://mangroveactionproject.org/cbemr/ Successful Mangrove Restoration
  31. 31. MAP conducts workshops designed to reach and serve NGOs and village leaders from around the globe, facilitating experience sharing and networking. The workshops provide a venue for learning about sustainable methods of mangrove conservation, restoration, community-based coastal resource management, and ways to safely and effectively add to the socio-economic freedom of coastal peoples. Since 1999, MAP has led 12 regional IHOF workshops, involving three or more countries each, in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. http://mangroveactionproject.org/ihof-workshops/ In the Hands of the Fishers Workshops Photo Credit : Eitan Haddock
  32. 32. Where ongoing education and environmental actions can take place, MAP helps support and advise on functioning community resource centers (CCRCs) in Honduras, Sri Lanka (3), India (2), Andaman Islands, Nigeria, Senegal, Timor Leste, Thailand (2), Cambodia (2), and Indonesia (6). MAP is currently developing or planning other CCRCs in Asia. The CCRCs act as demonstration sites for community-based coastal resource management, as well as education and research centers. They are located in key geographic, social, or ecologic crossroads, serving as staging grounds for workshops and programs, as well as acting as regional “nodes” for the dissemination of pertinent information and global networking. http://mangroveactionproject.org/ccrcs/ Coastal Community Resource Centers
  33. 33. Another MAP program focuses on teaching effective and sustainable ways to utilize mangrove forest ecosystems, as well as their associated coral reefs and seagrass beds. This program is called the MAP “Toolkit”. The “Toolkit” provides sets of alternative, locally adaptable, and sustainable economic development options for mangrove forests. The program helps foster informal education programs and add value to natural resources, which if used sustainably can supplement local income and sustenance. http://mangroveactionproject.org/map-toolkit/ MAP’s “Toolkit”
  34. 34. Join Us Photo Credit : Grant Joh click on social icons
  35. 35. At the Edge of the Sea Photo Credit : Brian Skerry
  36. 36. Alfredo Quarto , Executive Director alfredo@mangroveactionproject.org Jim Enright, Asia Coordinator mapasia@mangroveactionproject.org Martin Keeley, Education Director mapcurriculum@mangroveactionproject.org Photo Credit : Matthew D. Potenski Get in Touch
  37. 37. // click for our homepage // www.mangroveactionproject.org Version 1 : 27/01/2015 by Leo Thom

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