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Water Pollution
Prevention and Control of
Submitted by
Pavithra P
1 st M.COM
2023-2025
S. T. Hindu College ,Nagercoil .
Kk Dist
CONTENTS
Annual work overview
01
Project completion
02
03 Successful project display
04 Next year's work plan
Introduction
The Central Board, State Boards, and Functions
of the PCB are all covered by the Water
(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
The Central Board, also known as the Central
Pollution Control Board, was established by the
Central Government by Section 3 of the Water
(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act.
The Water (Prevention and Control of
Pollution) Act of 1974 and the Air (Prevention
and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 created
the State PCBs, statutory organisations in
India. These boards are responsible for
preventing, controlling, and reducing pollution
in their respective states. State PCBs have
the following authority and responsibilities:
Powers Of State Pollution Control Board:
Regulation and
Control:
Granting and Renewal of
Permits:
Monitoring and Inspection:
SPCBs have the power to manage and regulate the release
of pollutants into the atmosphere and into aquatic bodies.
For businesses, factories, and other sources of pollution
they can set emission and effluent limits.
SPCBs grant permission for establishment and
agreement to operate with polluting companies and
other entities. Periodically, they also renew these
licences.
SPCBs conduct routine inspections and sampling to
monitor the pollution levels in different sectors of the
economy and places. To ensure that pollution control
standards are being followed, they have the authority
to check buildings, documents, and machinery.
Enforcement:
SPCBs may take action against businesses and other non-
compliant organisations, such as by levying fines,
suspending licences, or bringing legal action.
Setting Standards:
By federal regulations and the unique ecological
circumstances of respective states, SPCBs are empowered
to establish environmental standards for air and water
quality, emissions, and effluents.
Public Awareness:
SPCBs can plan and support initiatives to increase
public knowledge of environmental concerns and
pollution prevention techniques.
Environmental Impact Assessment
By assessing the potential environmental
effects of new projects and making
suggestions to the government, they play
a critical role in the environmental impact
assessment (EIA) procedure.
Coordination
 To guarantee effective pollution control
measures, SPCBs work with central pollution
control boards, other state PCBs, and pertinent
government ministries.
 SPCBs can take legal action against
pollutants by bringing legal claims to uphold
pollution control legislation.
Data Gathering and Analysis
To evaluate the state of the environment in each
of their various states, they gather information
on pollution levels, carry out environmental
research, and analyse data.
Technological Innovation
Investing in research and development of new
technologies for more efficient pollution
control and treatment processes.
Wastewater Treatment
Implementing effective wastewater
treatment plants to remove
pollutants before discharge into
water bodies.
Reference:
https://www.startupfino.com/blogs/powers-and-
functions-of-pollution-control-board-pcb/
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974

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Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974

  • 1. Water Pollution Prevention and Control of Submitted by Pavithra P 1 st M.COM 2023-2025 S. T. Hindu College ,Nagercoil . Kk Dist
  • 2. CONTENTS Annual work overview 01 Project completion 02 03 Successful project display 04 Next year's work plan
  • 3. Introduction The Central Board, State Boards, and Functions of the PCB are all covered by the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The Central Board, also known as the Central Pollution Control Board, was established by the Central Government by Section 3 of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act.
  • 4. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974 and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 created the State PCBs, statutory organisations in India. These boards are responsible for preventing, controlling, and reducing pollution in their respective states. State PCBs have the following authority and responsibilities: Powers Of State Pollution Control Board:
  • 5. Regulation and Control: Granting and Renewal of Permits: Monitoring and Inspection: SPCBs have the power to manage and regulate the release of pollutants into the atmosphere and into aquatic bodies. For businesses, factories, and other sources of pollution they can set emission and effluent limits. SPCBs grant permission for establishment and agreement to operate with polluting companies and other entities. Periodically, they also renew these licences. SPCBs conduct routine inspections and sampling to monitor the pollution levels in different sectors of the economy and places. To ensure that pollution control standards are being followed, they have the authority to check buildings, documents, and machinery.
  • 6. Enforcement: SPCBs may take action against businesses and other non- compliant organisations, such as by levying fines, suspending licences, or bringing legal action. Setting Standards: By federal regulations and the unique ecological circumstances of respective states, SPCBs are empowered to establish environmental standards for air and water quality, emissions, and effluents.
  • 7. Public Awareness: SPCBs can plan and support initiatives to increase public knowledge of environmental concerns and pollution prevention techniques. Environmental Impact Assessment By assessing the potential environmental effects of new projects and making suggestions to the government, they play a critical role in the environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedure.
  • 8. Coordination  To guarantee effective pollution control measures, SPCBs work with central pollution control boards, other state PCBs, and pertinent government ministries.  SPCBs can take legal action against pollutants by bringing legal claims to uphold pollution control legislation.
  • 9. Data Gathering and Analysis To evaluate the state of the environment in each of their various states, they gather information on pollution levels, carry out environmental research, and analyse data.
  • 10. Technological Innovation Investing in research and development of new technologies for more efficient pollution control and treatment processes.
  • 11. Wastewater Treatment Implementing effective wastewater treatment plants to remove pollutants before discharge into water bodies.