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EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Simply put Educational psychology is the study of the learner, learning and teaching.
The roles of Educational Psychology in the teaching/learning process
1. To understand how learning processes can be effectively guided by taking into account the special
circumstances of the student’s setting.
2. To determine how teaching can be made more effective, how educational goals can be made more
meaningful, and how desirable educational goals can be achieved.
3. To evaluate and influence the curriculum changes which may be needed to make learning more
relevant to the cultural setting.
4. To help solve learning problems and select suitable materials that relate to the student’s background.
5. To guide or indicate how children can receive social learning and how they should be challenged to
perform social services that may develop their community.
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Simply put Educational psychology is the study of the
learner, learning and teaching. In some more comprehensive way it is the
study of the ways in which the learner can most effectively be brought into
successful interaction with the material to be learnt, the learning situation and
the teacher who provides the learning opportunity.
The roles of Educational Psychology in the teaching/learning process
1. To understand how learning processes can be effectively guided by taking
into account the special circumstances of the student’s setting.
2. To determine how teaching can be made more effective, how educational
goals can be made more meaningful, and how desirable educational goals can
be achieved.
3. To evaluate and influence the curriculum changes which may be needed to
make learning more relevant to the cultural setting.
4. To help solve learning problems and select suitable materials that relate to
the student’s background.
5. To guide or indicate how children can receive social learning and how they
should be challenged to perform social services that may develop their
community.
Focal areas of Educational Psychology
· The learner
· The learning process
· The learning situation
The learner
persons who individually or
collectively comprise the class and on
whose behalf educational
programmes exist and operate
Factors considered when a teacher focuses
on learners include:
• · Family background
• · Prior knowledge
• · Motivation
• · Developmental level
• · Interests
• · Attitude
The learning process
Is next in order of importance. It refers to the process by which people
change their behaviour, improve performance, reorganize their thinking
or become familiar with new concepts and information.
Important aspects of this element include:
· When people learn, the change in their behaviour may not be directly
observed [perceiving, thinking, remembering and identifying] or it may
be observed [writing, attending and talking].
The learning situation
Refers to the environment where
learners find themselves and
where the learning process takes
place.
Importance of Educational psychology to teachers
Educational psychology serves as a foundation discipline in education in
the same way that physical science serves engineering [Gage, Berliner,
1999].
Educational psychology serves as a guideline to educational practice.
For example it offers important ideas about learning and about the
influences that families, business, industry and the community have on
learning.
In very specific ways Educational psychology may help a teacher to:
Understand the nature of the learner and the learning process. This means taking into
consideration growth and development patterns of learners to maximize learning opportunities.
Understand the many variables that interact as learning takes place in the classroom.
This ensures greater understanding of the learning environment to help pupils achieve their
best,
Understand the role of the teacher in the classroom in view of the social interactions within the
classroom and other psychological variables that affect social behaviour.
Structure subject matter, learn how materials are transferred in teaching and evaluate what has
been taught.
Understand oneself as both a teacher and a person which is necessary so that a teacher controls
role conflict.

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1588539046-elogy-andragogy-pedagogy.pptx

  • 1. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Simply put Educational psychology is the study of the learner, learning and teaching. The roles of Educational Psychology in the teaching/learning process 1. To understand how learning processes can be effectively guided by taking into account the special circumstances of the student’s setting. 2. To determine how teaching can be made more effective, how educational goals can be made more meaningful, and how desirable educational goals can be achieved. 3. To evaluate and influence the curriculum changes which may be needed to make learning more relevant to the cultural setting. 4. To help solve learning problems and select suitable materials that relate to the student’s background. 5. To guide or indicate how children can receive social learning and how they should be challenged to perform social services that may develop their community.
  • 2. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Simply put Educational psychology is the study of the learner, learning and teaching. In some more comprehensive way it is the study of the ways in which the learner can most effectively be brought into successful interaction with the material to be learnt, the learning situation and the teacher who provides the learning opportunity. The roles of Educational Psychology in the teaching/learning process 1. To understand how learning processes can be effectively guided by taking into account the special circumstances of the student’s setting. 2. To determine how teaching can be made more effective, how educational goals can be made more meaningful, and how desirable educational goals can be achieved. 3. To evaluate and influence the curriculum changes which may be needed to make learning more relevant to the cultural setting. 4. To help solve learning problems and select suitable materials that relate to the student’s background. 5. To guide or indicate how children can receive social learning and how they should be challenged to perform social services that may develop their community.
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  • 18. Focal areas of Educational Psychology · The learner · The learning process · The learning situation The learner persons who individually or collectively comprise the class and on whose behalf educational programmes exist and operate
  • 19. Factors considered when a teacher focuses on learners include: • · Family background • · Prior knowledge • · Motivation • · Developmental level • · Interests • · Attitude
  • 20. The learning process Is next in order of importance. It refers to the process by which people change their behaviour, improve performance, reorganize their thinking or become familiar with new concepts and information. Important aspects of this element include: · When people learn, the change in their behaviour may not be directly observed [perceiving, thinking, remembering and identifying] or it may be observed [writing, attending and talking].
  • 21. The learning situation Refers to the environment where learners find themselves and where the learning process takes place.
  • 22. Importance of Educational psychology to teachers Educational psychology serves as a foundation discipline in education in the same way that physical science serves engineering [Gage, Berliner, 1999]. Educational psychology serves as a guideline to educational practice. For example it offers important ideas about learning and about the influences that families, business, industry and the community have on learning. In very specific ways Educational psychology may help a teacher to:
  • 23. Understand the nature of the learner and the learning process. This means taking into consideration growth and development patterns of learners to maximize learning opportunities. Understand the many variables that interact as learning takes place in the classroom. This ensures greater understanding of the learning environment to help pupils achieve their best, Understand the role of the teacher in the classroom in view of the social interactions within the classroom and other psychological variables that affect social behaviour. Structure subject matter, learn how materials are transferred in teaching and evaluate what has been taught. Understand oneself as both a teacher and a person which is necessary so that a teacher controls role conflict.