incredible india and environmental concerns


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environmental concerns in india,
environmental effects in india,
environemntal concerns in india,
incredible india,
pollution in india,
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incredible india and environmental concerns

  2. 2. Wealth – 3rd richest country of the world 7TH largest area in the 3rd largest military world in the world Emerging Superpower 2nd largest country Indian Space Research Org. Ranks In man-power in the world 4TH in the world BUT AT WHAT COST?
  3. 3. The tourism industry of India is economically important and grows rapidly. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated : INR6.4 trillion 6.6% of the nation's GDP in 2012. 39.5 million jobs, 7.7% of its total employment.
  4. 4. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.9% from 2013 to 2023. This gives India the third rank among countries with the fastest growing tourism industries over the next decade.
  5. 5. Share of top 10 states/UTs of India in number of foreign tourist visits in 2011 (provisional) Rank State/Union Territory Number Share in % 1 Maharashtra 4,815,421 24.7 2 Tamil Nadu 3,373,870 17.3 3 Delhi 2,159,925 11.1 4 Uttar Pradesh 1,887,095 9.7 5 Rajasthan 1,351,974 6.9 6 West Bengal 1,213,270 6.2 7 Bihar 972,487 5.0 8 Kerala 732,985 3.8 9 Karnataka 574,005 2.9 10 Himachal Pradesh 484,518 2.5 Total of top 10 states 17,565,550 Others 1,929,329 Total 19,494,879 90.1 9.9 100
  6. 6. TAJ MAHAL 3rd among the 7 wonders of the world Symbol of love
  7. 7. HIMAYALAS Source of perennial rivers A formidable physical barrier Source of fertile soil
  8. 8. RIVER GANGA • A mother, a goddess, a tradition, a culture. • The Ganges Basin with its fertile soil is instrumental to the agricultural economies of India • The Ganges and its tributaries provide a perennial source of irrigation to a large area • The river waters start getting polluted right at the source.
  9. 9. In India there are 410 species, 186 genera, 45 families and 13 orders of which nearly 89 species are listed as threatened in the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Animals (IUCN 2006). This includes two species that are locally extinct from India viz. Acinonyx jubatus and Rhinoceros sondaicus.
  10. 10. NATIONALL PRIDE TIGERS • Poor genetic diversity threat to tigers • Degradation of habitats • Illegal wildlife trade • Lack of wildlife health management
  11. 11. EFFECTS ON MIGRATION Obstrutions/pollutants have any adverse impact on bird's migration? It's a normal feature that millions of birds migrate towards tropical countries like India, during winter seasons for various reasons, and they return back to their native habitats when temperature rises at desired levels.
  13. 13. EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION • Disruption of food-chains and ecosystems • Diseases Solution: • Dispose off toxic chemicals properly • Formulate organized cleaning plans WATER CHANGES EVERYTHING VIDEO
  14. 14. AIR Emissions from coal-fired power plants is taking a heavy toll on human life across large parts of India. In 2011-2012, a first-of-its-kind study in the country estimates it resulted in a whopping 80,000 to 1,15,000 premature deaths and more than 20 million asthma cases from exposure to a total PM10 (particulate matter) pollution. DELHI AIR POLLUTION VIDEO
  15. 15. Indraprastha Thermal Power Station New Delhi SMOKE EMISSIOM FORM CHIMNEYS
  16. 16. EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION • Acidification • Ground-level ozone Solution: • Filtration of smoke from chimneys • Use energy efficient technology
  17. 17. LAND SC slaps Rs. 100 cr. penalty on Sterlite for pollution RALLIES AGAINST STERLITE CORP.
  18. 18. EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION • Soil pollution • Effect on human health and wildlife Solution: • Organic gardening • Biodegradable products
  19. 19. NOISE POLLUTION • NGO demands action against Shiv Sena for flouting noise pollution norms during Dassera rally • Festivals and rallies. • Road congestion.
  20. 20. Effect Of Urbanization In The Environment • Increase in population • Misuse of the natural resources • Encroachment upon the ecosystems of wildlife
  21. 21. Radioactive Pollution Indian Government policies allow "permissible" levels of contaminated water to be released from nuclear power plants. These high levels of radiation can finds its way into the major rivers of India. Radioactive material present in the air can travel several of miles and cause diseases like cancer. It can make the soil very contaminated and cause the crops to get bad. If the radiation enters water supplies, it could contaminate a good portion of the country’s drinking water. Nuclear testing in Pokhran
  22. 22. Solution of radioactive pollution: • Treatment of radiation waste • Radiation pollution control • transmutation
  23. 23. SOLUTIONS
  24. 24. • Industries in Hyderabad downplaying emissions by manipulating data • HYDERABAD: The AP pollution control board has sent notices to four manufacturers of pollution monitoring equipment for colluding with industries in downplaying emissions. The PCB had introduced the online live monitoring system to make industrial air quality monitoring transparent, but it has now come to light that monitoring systems supplied by third-parties and installed at industries are under-reporting the pollution data. The officials cornered the suppliers during checks conducted last month. "Four third-party monitoring service providers were warned about their nexus with the industries. These parties were found to be calibrating the equipment to suit the needs of the industries," a PCB official said.
  25. 25. CARBON FOOTPRINT A carbon footprint has historically been defined by Championne as "the total sets of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person. CARBON FOOTPRINT VIDEO
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  27. 27. Solid waste management earns Pune invite to UN coalition PUNE: The Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) has been invited to be a member of the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP)Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC). If the membership is granted, the civic body could have easier access to funds from international agencies like the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank for projects that mitigate environmental degradation.
  28. 28. NO OPEN DUMPING The Pune Municipal Corporation claims there has been no open dumping in the city since June 2010. About 1,500-1,600 tonnes of waste is generated in the city every day 1000 tonnes - Composted into refuse-derived fuel, pellets and biofuel at two plants in Uruli Devachi and Fursungi 200 tonnes - Converted into vermicompost at plants in Hadapsar 60 tonnes - Converted into biogas at 20 decentralized plants 300 tonnes - -Converted into electricity through pyrolysis "Solid waste management is an important aspect in reducing emissions because improper disposal of waste results in the production of gases like methane." Mangesh Dighe, environment officer of PMC
  29. 29. IIT-Kharagpur turns to students for greener campus Total no of colleges in India: 15437 Total no of schools in India : 2500+
  30. 30. Waste that cannot be recycled • Cans, tins and plastic bottles • All plastic films and bags • Aluminum foil • Polystyrene • Crisp packets • • • • • Glass Broken glass Laboratory glass Window glass Cookware glass eg Pyrex • Light bulbs • • • • • Paper and card Paper cups Crisp packets Tissues or serviettes Kitchen Roll
  31. 31. Air pollution solution “The Living Room Plant” Areca Palm (Chrysalidocarpis lutescens) which converts CO2 to oxygen during the day. “The Bedroom Plant” Mother-in-law’s Tongue (Sansevieria trifasciata) which does the same at night. “The Specialist Plant” the Money Plant (Epipremnum aureum) that absorbs formaldehydes and volatile chemicals from the air. He cites figures from past studies, the office that he manages in the heart of New Delhi, “when compared to other buildings, these plants • lower eye irritation by 52%, • respiratory symptoms by 34%, • headaches by 12%, • lung impairment by 24% • asthma by 9%. • There is also a 42% probability of increasing blood oxygen by 1%. • All this has led to 20% higher productivity.” The improved air quality is immediately noticeable; the moment you enter the building, you feel as if you have just landed in a rain forest.