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  1. 1. Breaking theBreaking the letter-sound codeletter-sound code PhonicsPhonics
  2. 2. The development of literacyThe development of literacy
  3. 3. Rhymes and nurseryRhymes and nursery songssongs Make up silly sentencesMake up silly sentences e.g. seven silly snakese.g. seven silly snakes sang songs seriouslysang songs seriously Marching / ClappingMarching / Clapping syllablessyllables Skills includeSkills include knowing:knowing: •WordWord BoundariesBoundaries •RhymeRhyme AwarenessAwareness •SyllableSyllable BoundariesBoundaries Sound Awareness – How to help at home
  4. 4. Skills includesSkills includes knowing:knowing: • Onset andOnset and RimeRime • PhonemePhoneme SegmentingSegmenting • PhonemePhoneme BlendingBlending Sound Awareness – Games to help at home “I spy with my little eye” Pass the word. Think of a word that begins with the same sound as the end of my word. E.g. black, kite, tap, pull etc. Have fun talking like a robot. “Get a drink from your /d//a//d/”
  5. 5. Phonics ExplainedPhonics Explained PhonicsPhonics teaches children the letter to soundteaches children the letter to sound code. The alternative is reading bycode. The alternative is reading by recognising words.recognising words.
  6. 6. PhonicsPhonics Phonics provides a reading foundation for each child that is based on the letters and sounds of the alphabet. Once a child learns the 26 letters with their 44 sounds and common spellings, they have the tools they need to read words-- any words -- whether they have seen them or not.
  7. 7. Phonics at TXPhonics at TX READ, WRITE, INCREAD, WRITE, INC  Speeds Sounds CardsSpeeds Sounds Cards Set 1Set 1:: m a s d tm a s d t i n p g oi n p g o c k u bc k u b f e l h sh rf e l h sh r j v y wj v y w th z ch q x ng nkth z ch q x ng nk
  8. 8. As your child learns the Set 1 sounds they will begin to practise blending. Blending gives sounds MEANING! E.g. /c/ /a/ /t/ = Green cards – feature the Set 1 graphemes and are used for sound blending practice. Blending SoundsBlending Sounds Set 1Set 1
  9. 9. Segmenting for writingSegmenting for writing Segmenting is breaking a word downSegmenting is breaking a word down in to different to different sounds. E.g. = /c/ /a/ /t/E.g. = /c/ /a/ /t/ Say the word you want to write.Say the word you want to write. Identify each sound.Identify each sound. Start with what you can hear first,Start with what you can hear first, then the next …then the next …
  10. 10. READ, WRITE, INCREAD, WRITE, INC Set 2 & 3Set 2 & 3  Speech sounds - Set 2:Speech sounds - Set 2: ay ee igh ow oo oo ar oray ee igh ow oo oo ar or air ir ou oyair ir ou oy  Speech sounds – Set 3Speech sounds – Set 3 a-e i-e o-e u-e ea awa-e i-e o-e u-e ea aw are ur er ow oi oa eware ur er ow oi oa ew ire ear ure tious tionire ear ure tious tion
  11. 11. Tricky wordsTricky words  Unfortunately in English some wordsUnfortunately in English some words can not be blended.can not be blended. E.g. the, was, to, go, he,E.g. the, was, to, go, he, We call these “tricky” words and teachWe call these “tricky” words and teach them as a whole word that thethem as a whole word that the children can recognise.children can recognise.
  12. 12. How can you helpHow can you help your child?your child? Don’t forget the joy of reading! Phonics is important, but don’t stop the focus here… Draw children’s attention to the picture to help work out what they are reading Ask questions to help your child think about what is going to happen next and talk about the story together.
  13. 13. Advice on phonics for parents:- On this website you will find: Top tips to help your children with their reading from Ruth Miskin Phonic pronunciation help Fun activities to help embed their early learning How can you helpHow can you help your child?your child?
  14. 14. Activity timeActivity time Tables are at the back so you canTables are at the back so you can learn more about the different skills.learn more about the different skills. Sound Awareness Skills Phonic Skills - With Ms Chloe - With Ms Xea Thank you for coming!!