Introduction to phonics lesson 1


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A basic introduction to phonics, why it's useful and ways of learning it.

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Introduction to phonics lesson 1

  1. 1. Phonics Class Lesson 1
  2. 2. Parents Phonics Class Lesson # Topics Lesson # Topics Lesson 1 What is Phonics? Lesson 9 Vowels combination Lesson 2 Letters & sounds Lesson 10 R-controlled vowels Lesson 3 Letters & sounds Lesson 11 Other combination Lesson 4 Beginning sounds Lesson 12 Blending Lesson 5 Ending sounds Lesson 13 Blending Lesson 6 Short vowels Lesson 14 Segmenting Lesson 7 Long vowels Lesson 15 Segmenting Lesson 8 Consonant digraphs
  3. 3. Parents Phonics Class • What is phonics? • Why phonics is important? • When is phonics usually taught?
  4. 4. What is phonics ? • Phonics is a system of relationships between letters and sounds in a language. • When you learn that the letter B has the sound of /b/ and that "tion" sounds like /shun/, you are learning phonics.
  5. 5. Why is phonics important? • Learning phonics will help you to learn to read and spell. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of letters and letter combinations will help you to decode words as you read. • Knowing phonics will also help you know which letters to use as you write words.
  6. 6. Why is phonics important? The 'simple view of reading' The Rose Report makes a number of recommendations for the teaching of early reading. It makes clear that there are two dimensions to reading – ‘word recognition’ and ‘language comprehension’. In 2006 Sir Jim Rose completed his independent review of the teaching of early reading. The independent review report, provided clear recommendations on what constitutes 'high quality phonics work'.
  7. 7. Why is phonics important? High-quality phonics teaching secures the crucial skills of word recognition that, once mastered, enable you to read fluently and automatically. Once you are a fluent reader, you are able to concentrate on the meaning of the text.
  8. 8. Why is phonics important? The ‘simple view of reading’ shows that both dimensions are necessary to achieve fluent reading. However, the balance between word recognition and language comprehension shifts as children acquire secure and automatic decoding skills and progress from ‘learning to read’ to ‘reading to learn’ for purpose and pleasure. The ultimate goal of learning to read is comprehension.
  9. 9. Stages of learning phonics • short and long vowels, consonant digraphs, vowels combination, decoding, making words. • the letters and sounds. • soft and hard sounds and short and long sounds, all the sounds of letters and letter combinations. • practice reading and spelling words containing those letters and patterns.
  10. 10. All children are different • Some people need very little phonics instruction, while others still benefit from phonics instruction later on in learning. • People vary in the amount of phonics instruction they need and when they need it.
  11. 11. Key concept and skills Concept 1 • Sounds (phonemes) are represented by letters (graphemes: shapes of the letters) • English is an alphabetic language – unlike Chinese, for example, where whole words are represented by characters.
  12. 12. Key concept and skills Concept 2 • A phoneme can be represented by one letter (grapheme) or by a group of 2 or more letters. (e.g. ‘sh’, ‘igh’, ‘eigh’) • There are 26 alphabetical letters with 44 sounds
  13. 13. Letters and Sounds 26 letters A C D E F G HB I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  14. 14. ABC song
  15. 15. Letters and Sounds Part 1 a c d e f g hb i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
  16. 16. Letters and Sounds Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii
  17. 17. Letters and Sounds Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr
  18. 18. Letters and Sounds Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
  19. 19. Methods 1. Sound out each letter, instead of saying the name of the letter, do not add ‘uh’ at the end of the sound 2. Match the sounds with pictures 3. Sing ABC and phonics songs 4. Play phonics games 5. Practice, practice, practice
  20. 20. Phonics Song Phonics Song ABC song by Super simple songs Phonics Song A-I by Super simple songs Phonics Song J-R by Super simple songs Phonics Song R-Z by Super simple songs Phonics Song by KidsTV123
  21. 21. Phonics Game • Letters and pictures • ABC order • Identify the letter • Matching upper and lower case
  22. 22. Class Game Alphabetical Order 2 teams use a plastic film stick on the board. Spray some shaving cream. Each member needs to take a turn and write the alphabet in order.
  23. 23. Class Game Circle time Sit in a circle and name the alphabet , when it is a vowel, they need to stand up. Start from who made a mistake. When letter sequence is mastered, let’s try with the sounds.
  24. 24. Class Game Odd out the cards 2 teams Each parent will need to name the different sound in each card.
  25. 25. What we have learnt today • Letters and sounds • There are 26 letters and 44 sounds • Alphabetical order • Phonics songs • Practice skills Matching upper and lower case Identifying the letter Match letter and picture