Russian History, Part 2, Class 1, Joe Boisvert


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Russian History Class 1 Encore Program highlights of Rulers

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  • First we are going to quickly review Russian History from the Viking to Peter the Great.
  • Romanov Line many had many decendentsof Peter till Catherine 11 the Great, a German Princess!
  • Russian History, Part 2, Class 1, Joe Boisvert

    1. 1. Russian History from Catherine to the Last Tsar<br />Russian History Part 2<br />Class 1 - (1725 to 1904)<br />GCCC Encore Instructor <br /> Joe Boisvert – Spring 2010<br /><br />
    2. 2. 9th Century – 13th Century <br />The early history of Russia, like those of many countries, is one of migrating peoples and ancient kingdoms. <br />In fact, early Russia was not exactly &quot;Russia,&quot; but a collection of cities that gradually coalesced into an empire.<br />Slavs before 9th nomadic, pagan<br />Viking Rule starts in the middle of the 9th Century<br />10th Century Valdmir introduces Christianity<br />
    3. 3. Russian History 13th -15th CenturiesMongol Control<br />KievanRus&apos; struggled on into the 13th century, but was decisively destroyed by the arrival of a new invader--the Mongols. In 1237Batu Khan, a grandson of Jenghiz Khan, launched an invasion into KievanRus<br />Many attempted Invasions, of Russia first Sweden,<br />Fearsome Teutonic Knights fights over Religion<br />It wasn&apos;t until 1480, after another century had passed, that Moscow was strong enough to throw off Tatar rule for good. <br />
    4. 4. 15th - 17th Century<br />After Mongols - Grand Duke Ivan III, better known as Ivan the Great. Ivan began by subjugating most of Moscow&apos;s rival cities,<br />Ivan the Terrible First Czar<br />Ivan the Terrible died in 1584, he was succeeded by poor rulers<br />Times of Trouble wars with Poland<br /> <br />Finally, in 1613, the Poles were ousted from Moscow, <br />The boyars unanimously elected Michael Romanov as Tsar. The Romanov dynasty was to rule Russia for the next 304 years, <br />
    5. 5. Timeline of Russian RulersEighteenth Century<br />1725-1727: Catherine I, Empress of All Russia 1727-1730: Peter II, Emperor of All Russia 1730-1740: Anna Ivanovna, Empress of All Russia 1740-1741: Ivan VI, Emperor of All Russia 1741-1761: Elizabeth, Empress of All Russia 1761-1762: Peter III, Emperor of All Russia 1762-1796: Catherine II the Great, Empress of All <br />
    6. 6. The Development of Russia in the Eighteenth Century <br />Before the 18th century, Russia was considered a part of Europe only by courtesy. Hemmed in by Sweden on the Baltic and the Ottoman Empire on the Black sea, the country had no warm water ports. Archangel on the White Sea was its only outlet to the West. Consequently, there was little trade. <br />Beside the physical separation, Russia was separated by the customs and cultural adherence to Eastern cultural and political traditions.<br />During the 18th century, the Russian Empire became a Political power. This became possible because of Peter the Great. His accomplishments forced the West to take notice.<br />
    7. 7. Portrait of Catherine I Empress of All Russia <br />Painted in 1717<br />
    8. 8. Catherine was the first woman to rule Imperial Russia. Wife of Peter the Great<br />
    9. 9. Peter II, Emperor of All Russia (1727- 1730)<br />Anna Bride of Peter<br />2nd<br />
    10. 10. 1730-1740: Anna Ivanovna, <br />Empress of All Russia<br />Declared War on <br />Ottoman Empire 1736<br />
    11. 11. Ivan VI, Emperor <br />of All Russia <br />
    12. 12. Elizabeth was commonly regarded <br />as the leading beauty of the Russian Empire.<br />Declared War On Sweden<br />1741 Gained Finland<br />Under Elizabeth, St. Petersburg <br />Was the most dazzling court <br />in Europe. <br />Born in Moscow on 18 December, 1709<br />Elizabeth died in <br />St. Petersburg <br />on 25 December, 1761<br />
    13. 13. Elizabeth Petrovna was born in Moscow on <br />18 December, 1709<br />Daughter of Peter the Great (Reluctant Ruler) 1750’s<br />
    14. 14. Coronation portrait of Peter III of Russia -1761<br />Husband of <br />Catherine 2<br />
    15. 15. Peter III of Russia <br />1761 - 1762<br />Deposed in 1762<br />
    16. 16. Peter 111<br />July 13 and July 14 , 1762  the Leib Guard revolted, deposed Peter, and proclaimed Catherine the ruler of Russia. The bloodless coup <br />succeeded<br />But three days after the coup, on July 17, 1762 -just six months after his accession <br />to the throne - Peter III<br /> was killed by Alexei Orlov <br />
    17. 17. Tsar Peter III reigned only 6 months; he was Asasinated on 17 July 1762<br />
    18. 18. Catherine II <br />The Great<br />Empress and Autocrat of <br />All the Russia&apos;s<br />
    19. 19. Ruled Russia <br />1762-1796<br />Painted by Vladimir Borovikovsky.  <br />Portrait of Catherine II,<br />Empress of Russia. <br />1794. Oil on canvas. <br />The Tretyakov Gallery, <br />Moscow, Russia. <br />Catherine took power <br />after a conspiracy <br />deposed her husband,<br /> Peter III (1728–1762)<br />
    20. 20. Paul 11796-1801: Paul I, Emperor of All Russia <br />He was the son of Elizabeth&apos;s heir, her nephew, the Grand Duke Peter , later Emperor Peter III, and his wife, the Grand Duchess Catherine<br />Catherine strongly implies <br />that Paul&apos;s father <br />was not Peter 111, but her lover <br />Sergei Saltykov<br />
    21. 21. Paul 1 as a Child<br />Ascension to the throne<br />Paul became emperor after Catherine suffered a stroke on 5 November 1796, and died in bed without having regained consciousness. <br /><ul><li> His first action was to destroy her testament,
    22. 22. She had expressed wishes to exclude Paul from succession and to leave the throne to Alexander, her eldest grandson</li></ul>1796-1801: Paul I,<br /> Emperor of All Russia <br />
    23. 23. 1. Peter The Great, Czar 1682-1721; Emperor Of All Russia 1721-1725<br /><ul><li>Catherine I, Empress Of All Russia 1725-1727
    24. 24. Peter II, Emperor Of All Russia 1727-1730
    25. 25. Anna Ivanovna, Empress Of All Russia 1730-1740
    26. 26. Ivan VI, Emperor Of All Russia 1740-1741</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>ElizavetaPetrovna, Empress Of All Russia 1741-1761
    27. 27. Peter III, Emperor Of All Russia 1761-1762</li></ul> Catherine The Great, Empress Of All Russia 1762-1796<br />Paul I, Emperor Of All Russia 1796-1801<br />Peter Ended Last Semester<br />18th Century <br />Russian Rulers<br />