Russia: A Brief Political History AP World History Mr. Dan McDowell West Hills High School
Overall Characteristics/Themes Visible Throughout Russia History <ul><li>Invasions and fear of invasion </li></ul><ul><li>...
Invasion <ul><li>Russian political history began with an invasion </li></ul><ul><li>1237-1240 Mongol Invasion: forces of G...
1240-1480 Mongol/Tatar Rule <ul><li>Brutal invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Russia “hibernated” and missed the high middle ages ...
Early Empire <ul><li>Ivan III - “gathering of Russian land” </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow becomes powerful state </li></ul><ul>...
 
Ivan the Terrible <ul><li>Ivan III’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Began “assemblies of the land” - groups that informed him of lo...
Ivan the Terrible <ul><li>Died with no heir, Russia in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War, Polish invasion ensue </li></ul>
Openness to the West – or not <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty begins in 1613, when Russian independence is restored </li></ul><ul>...
Openness to the West <ul><li>1689-1725 Tsar Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveled widely; preference for things W...
Reform, then Repression <ul><li>1762-1796 Catherine the Great (tsarina, czarina) </li></ul><ul><li>Initially “open” with r...
Russian Expansion <ul><li>Russian empire would stand until 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox/Catholic rivalry w/ Poland brin...
 
 
Russian Life <ul><li>Orthodox Christianity eventually controlled by Tsar. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly agrarian </li></ul><ul>...
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History of Russia (Until 1900s)

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  • History of Russia (Until 1900s)

    1. 1. Russia: A Brief Political History AP World History Mr. Dan McDowell West Hills High School
    2. 2. Overall Characteristics/Themes Visible Throughout Russia History <ul><li>Invasions and fear of invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to West – or not </li></ul><ul><li>Alternating periods of repression and reform </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no history of democracy </li></ul>
    3. 3. Invasion <ul><li>Russian political history began with an invasion </li></ul><ul><li>1237-1240 Mongol Invasion: forces of Gengis Khan move from North China across the continent to take Moscow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tatars: a Turkish people who were also invading Russia – became agents/administrators for Mongols </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. 1240-1480 Mongol/Tatar Rule <ul><li>Brutal invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Russia “hibernated” and missed the high middle ages of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1480 Ivan III (Ivan the Great) formally renounces Mongol rule over Russia </li></ul>
    5. 5. Early Empire <ul><li>Ivan III - “gathering of Russian land” </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow becomes powerful state </li></ul><ul><li>Cossacks (Turkish word = “free men”) - peasants help expand borders </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted Byzantine traditions - Third Rome </li></ul>
    6. 7. Ivan the Terrible <ul><li>Ivan III’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Began “assemblies of the land” - groups that informed him of local situations </li></ul><ul><li>Military elite ( boyars) threatened power </li></ul><ul><li>Granted new powers, sought and killed “traitors” and innocents </li></ul>
    7. 8. Ivan the Terrible <ul><li>Died with no heir, Russia in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War, Polish invasion ensue </li></ul>
    8. 9. Openness to the West – or not <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty begins in 1613, when Russian independence is restored </li></ul><ul><li>First three Romanovs work to help Russia “catch up” with Europe: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized/modernized trade and commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efforts toward education and chronicling histories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bringing in European artists </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Openness to the West <ul><li>1689-1725 Tsar Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveled widely; preference for things Western; contempt for Russian backwardness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Westernizing” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernized army, continued expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table of Ranks - allowed movement in government based upon merit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built Saint Petersburg </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Reform, then Repression <ul><li>1762-1796 Catherine the Great (tsarina, czarina) </li></ul><ul><li>Initially “open” with reforms . . . </li></ul><ul><li>French Revolution, rebellion at home led her to become more oppressive </li></ul>
    11. 12. Russian Expansion <ul><li>Russian empire would stand until 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox/Catholic rivalry w/ Poland brings acquisition of Ukraine, partition of Poland </li></ul><ul><li>In South, take land from Ottomans in Crimean War </li></ul><ul><li>In East, Russians displace natives, take Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed Alaska, visited California, Hawaii </li></ul>
    12. 15. Russian Life <ul><li>Orthodox Christianity eventually controlled by Tsar. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly agrarian </li></ul><ul><li>Most peasants tied to land, Tsars created laws that backed land owners </li></ul>

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