R2 a2b-russian history year 5, class 2, 2012 - 2013 gorbachev


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The story of the end of the Cold War.

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R2 a2b-russian history year 5, class 2, 2012 - 2013 gorbachev

  1. 1. Modern Russia History, Year Five, Class 2, 2012 – 2013, Today: Russia From Gorbachev toPutin: The end of the Cold War and the Collapse of the Soviet Union: Gulf Coast State College Adjunct Professor Joe Boisvert
  2. 2. Glasnost and PerestroikaGlasnost (Russian: сность, IPA: [ˈɡlasnəsʲtʲ] ( listen, literally: Openness)was a policy that called for increased opennessand transparency in government institutions andactivities in the Soviet Union. Introducedby Mikhail Gorbachev in the second half of the1980s, Glasnost is often pairedwith Perestroika (literally: Restructuring), anotherreform instituted by Gorbachev at the same time.The word "glasnost" has been used in Russianat least since the end of the 18th century.
  3. 3. The word was frequently used by Gorbachev to specifythe policies he believed might help reduce the corruptionat the top of the Communist Party and the Sovietgovernment, and moderate the abuse of administrativepower in the Central Committee.Russian human rights activist and dissident LyudmilaAlexeyev explained glasnost as a word that "had been inthe Russian language for centuries. It was in thedictionaries and lawbooks as long as there had beendictionaries and lawbooks. It was an ordinary,hardworking, nondescript word that was used to refer toa process, any process of justice of governance,being conducted in the open."
  4. 4. Gorbachev Irrevocably Changed the Soviet Union• Mikhail Gorbachev in less than seven years transformed the world turning the Soviet Union upside down. Mikhail Gorbachev, March 29th, 2011 (introduced by Kevin Spacey and Sharon Stone at celebrations for his eightieth birthday, and for the Mikhail Gorbachev Award and gala concert
  5. 5. Gorbachev Woke the Sleeping Giant• He woke the Sleeping Giant and he gave the people freedoms they had never dreamed of having. He also told them the Brutal Truths about their horrific Past especially about Stalin.• Whole periods of recorded Soviet history were changed by glasnost. Stalin, Brezhnev and Cherenkov previously great leaders were unmasked as the brutal oppressive murders they really were. Only Lenin remained sacrosanct.
  6. 6. Quotes by Mikhail Gorbachev• Surely, God on high has not refused to give us enough wisdom to find ways to bring us an improvement in relations between the two great nations on earth.• It is better to discuss things, to argue and engage in polemics than make perfidious plans of mutual destruction.• Mikhail Gorbachev
  7. 7. Soviet Eastern Block• He tosses away and cut all ties and immediately pulled out all Soviet Troops from the Soviet Empire in Eastern Europe.
  8. 8. Ended the Communist Party• His final and most dangerous step was to diminishes the power of the entire Soviet Communist Party.• He Changed the Power Structure of the Soviet Union in the Government, Military and in the Spy Community.• He tried to end the KGB and he succeeded in changing Russian forever. The old Soviet Union Collapsed.
  9. 9. Gorbachev ended the ColdWar that had dominatedWorld Politics for over fiftyyears. It had consumed thewealth of many of theWorld’s Nations especiallythe Soviet Union.
  10. 10. KGB and Old Guard Start Coup• Gorbachev finally lost control of the Revolution. A coup started by the remnants of the KGB and the Old Guard of the Army forced him from Office in 1991 and they tried to stop the rapid changes taking place across the Country.
  11. 11. Many Books About the RivalryBetween CIA and KGB
  12. 12. The documents suggest that Gorbachev knew moreabout violent crackdowns in the last days of the SovietUnion than he has admitted. Here, Azerbaijanis look at the bodies of people killed by Soviet troops in the streets of Baku (1990 photo).
  13. 13. Pro-independence protests inLithuania in September 1989. Fourteenpeople were killed in a Sovietcrackdown in January 1991. "I am nowunder tremendous pressure to ntroduce presidential control inLithuania," Gorbachev said in atelephone conversation with USPresident George Bush a few daysbefore the military action.
  14. 14. In the Georgian capital Tbilisi, Russian soldiersused sharpened spades and poison gas to break up a protest march in the city on the night of April 8-9, 1989.
  15. 15. 20 August 1991, The Attempted Coup to Overthrow Gorbachev Collapsed• On August 18, 1991 the Chairman of the KGB Vladimir Kryuchkov and 7 other Soviet leaders, the State Committee on the State of Emergency, attempted to overthrow the government of the Soviet Union.• The purpose of the attempted coup détat was to preserve the integrity of the Soviet Union and the constitutional order.• President Mikhail Gorbachev was arrested and ineffective attempts made to seize power.• Within two days, by 20 August 1991, the attempted coup collapsed. Gorbachev left Power Yelsin took Over
  16. 16. In the Last Days of Gorbachev’s RuleUSSR Run out of Everything, Food, Gas….
  17. 17. Old Tactics New Problems• The old guard tried to bring back the old solution that had worked so well for the Tsars and for the Soviet Leaders. They attempted to enforce their Power to stomp out dissident behavior and censor nonconformist behavior and ideas.
  18. 18. • Gorbachev often quoted the other Great Reformer Peter the Great, “Russia is a country in which things that don’t happen, happen.”
  19. 19. The End of Gorbachev Time in Control
  20. 20. Conclusions About GorbachevIn the late 1980s, the Soviet government came underincreased criticism, as did Leninist ideology (whichGorbachev had attempted to preserve as thefoundation for reform).Members of the Soviet population were moreoutspoken in their view that the Soviet governmenthad become a failure. Glasnost did indeed providefreedom of expression, far beyond what Gorbachev hadintended, and changed citizens views towards thegovernment, which played a key role in the dissolutionof the Soviet Union.
  21. 21. Gorbachev has strongclaims to be regardedas one of the greatestreformers in Russianhistory and as theindividual who madethe most profoundimpact on worldhistory in the secondhalf of the 20thcentury.
  22. 22. Mikhail Gorbachev ashamed of Vladimir PutinMikhail Gorbachev has launched a withering personal attack onVladimir Putin on the eve of a giant anti-Kremlin protest inMoscow, saying he is ashamed of the Russian prime minister.