SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 8
Download to read offline
High 5! : Reading
            Comprehension Strategies

                    Adapted from “’High 5!’ Strategies to Enhance Comprehension of
                    Expository Text” by Susan Dymock and Tom Nicholson printed in
                    The Reading Teacher November 2010




Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
A simple 5 step strategy to help
              improve reading comprehension
     Does your mind go blank when you are asked, “What was this article (or
      chapter) about?”
     Do you write reading notes about an article or book chapter but cannot
      boil it down to four or five main points?
     Do you keep asking your professor for some easy strategy on how to
      summarize texts?
     If you answered yes, then there is a simply strategy called the High 5!
      that you can use to help enhance your reading comprehension. It
      involves 5 steps:
                    1.      Activate Background Knowledge
                    2.      Question
                    3.      Analyze Text Structure
                    4.      Create Mental Images
                    5.      Summarize


Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
1. Activate Background Knowledge
        Making connections between what you know and what
         you are reading, helps improve your overall understanding
         of the text.
        Research shows that comprehension is boosted when
         readers stimulate or make connections to prior knowledge
             Prior Knowledge = understanding that stems from previous
              experience either through “hands on” involvement or earlier
              formal learning (from books or classroom instruction)
        If you lack prior knowledge, do a quick internet search to
         find effective websites to gain some basic information so
         that you have a starting point for reading the text.

Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
2. Questioning
       You should generate and answer question before and during
        your reading. Good readers continually ask and answer
        questions while they read.
       Preceding the reading of the text, ask questions to activate prior
        knowledge.
       While you are reading, ask yourself these three types of
        questions:
            Right There Questions = factual questions…such as, what are the
             facts being explained in the text?
            Think and Search Questions = analytical and inference
             questions…such as, what does the writer want me to figure out
             based on the facts?
            Beyond the Text Questions = assumptive and critical
             questions…such as, what is not being said here that I should check
             by doing some background research?

Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
3. Analyzing Text Structure
       Analyzing text structure involves knowing how writers organize information
        and how the ideas in a text are interrelated to convey a message to a
        reader. The reader’s ability to see the pattern or the direction the writer is
        taking in a piece of text has an influence on effective and efficient
        comprehension.
       The various types of structure fall under these main categories:
           1.      Fiction structures – these focus on relating an imagined story generally using the features
                   of setting, characters, and various plot elements. Fiction structures are generally
                   categorized into genres, such as, fantasy, science fiction, historic realistic fiction, etc.
           2.      Expository structures – these focus on informing, describing, explaining, or defining the
                   author’s subject matter to his or her reader. Expository text can be made up of at least six
                   different structures. These structures are: cause and effect; compare and contrast, time
                   sequence, problem/solution, definition/description, and enumeration or steps to
                   accomplish something
           3.      Argument structures – these focus on presenting the writer’s view on a particular subject
                   and persuading the reader to hold that same view by presenting evidence or giving
                   reasons. The categories of argument are defined by the type of appeal the writer is using:
                   Ethos, Pathos, or Logos and the form of the argument: inductive, deductive, etc.

Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
4. Creating Mental Images
        Good readers form a picture in their mind of what they are
         reading.
        Great readers move beyond just pictures of content to
         structural images as well. They visualize how the text is
         structured. For this reason, strategies 3 and 4 reinforce
         each other.
             Structure is the key to comprehension…it gets at the writers
              purpose, whether it is to simply inform their audience ,
              analyze a complex topic, or argue an interesting or
              controversial issue. Purpose shapes the content of a text and
              also shapes the mental images the reader creates.

Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager
Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
5. Summarizing
     Summary is “the ability to delete irrelevant details, combine
      similar ideas, condense main ideas, and connect major
      themes into concise statements that capture the purpose
      of reading for the reader”(Block & Pressley 117).
     To Summarize using the High 5! Strategies follow this
      methodology:
         1.      Read the text
         2.      Identify the text structure
         3.      Make a diagram of the structure
         4.      Discard redundant information so only the key ideas remain
         5.      Circle only the critical ideas that you need for the summary

Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College
~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
Sources:
            Block, C.C. and M. Pressley. “Best Practices in
             teaching comprehension.” Best Practices in Literacy
             Instruction. Ed. L.B. Gambrell, L.M. Morrow and M.
             Pressley. New York: Guilford, 2007. 111-126. Print.
            Dymock, Susan and Tom Nicholson. “’High 5!’
             Strategies to Enhance Comprehension of Expository
             Text.” The Reading Teacher 64.3 (Nov. 2010): 166-178.
             EBSCOhost. Web. 30 Apr. 2012.




Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College
~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons

More Related Content

What's hot

Before, During and After Reading Skills
Before, During and After Reading SkillsBefore, During and After Reading Skills
Before, During and After Reading Skillsedamian
 
Reading Strategies Slideshare
Reading Strategies SlideshareReading Strategies Slideshare
Reading Strategies SlideshareCatlin Gross
 
Reading comprehension strategies
Reading comprehension strategiesReading comprehension strategies
Reading comprehension strategiesPilgrim Library
 
Reading skills
Reading skillsReading skills
Reading skillshashim102
 
How to write a book review ?
How to write a book review ?How to write a book review ?
How to write a book review ?pratikkunpara006
 
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and ActivitiesReading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and ActivitiesJoAnn MIller
 
Reading comprehension skill ppt
Reading comprehension skill pptReading comprehension skill ppt
Reading comprehension skill pptAde Putri
 
Materials development for language learning and teaching
Materials development for language learning and teachingMaterials development for language learning and teaching
Materials development for language learning and teachingBike
 
Reading comprehension strategies presentation pp
Reading comprehension strategies presentation ppReading comprehension strategies presentation pp
Reading comprehension strategies presentation ppPatricia Hutton
 
Activating prior knowledge pp
Activating prior knowledge ppActivating prior knowledge pp
Activating prior knowledge ppTammy Kea
 
Note taking & Note Making
Note taking & Note MakingNote taking & Note Making
Note taking & Note MakingLeo Benn
 
Stages in the writing process
Stages in the writing processStages in the writing process
Stages in the writing processM J
 

What's hot (20)

Before, During and After Reading Skills
Before, During and After Reading SkillsBefore, During and After Reading Skills
Before, During and After Reading Skills
 
Reading Strategies Slideshare
Reading Strategies SlideshareReading Strategies Slideshare
Reading Strategies Slideshare
 
Reading comprehension strategies
Reading comprehension strategiesReading comprehension strategies
Reading comprehension strategies
 
Reading skills
Reading skillsReading skills
Reading skills
 
How to write a book review ?
How to write a book review ?How to write a book review ?
How to write a book review ?
 
Reading
ReadingReading
Reading
 
Teaching Reading Skills
Teaching Reading SkillsTeaching Reading Skills
Teaching Reading Skills
 
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and ActivitiesReading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
 
Reading Skills
Reading SkillsReading Skills
Reading Skills
 
Reading Strategies
Reading StrategiesReading Strategies
Reading Strategies
 
Reading comprehension skill ppt
Reading comprehension skill pptReading comprehension skill ppt
Reading comprehension skill ppt
 
Materials development for language learning and teaching
Materials development for language learning and teachingMaterials development for language learning and teaching
Materials development for language learning and teaching
 
Reading comprehension strategies presentation pp
Reading comprehension strategies presentation ppReading comprehension strategies presentation pp
Reading comprehension strategies presentation pp
 
Activating prior knowledge pp
Activating prior knowledge ppActivating prior knowledge pp
Activating prior knowledge pp
 
Reading skill
Reading skillReading skill
Reading skill
 
Paraphrase Vs. Summary
Paraphrase Vs. SummaryParaphrase Vs. Summary
Paraphrase Vs. Summary
 
Reading aloud
Reading aloudReading aloud
Reading aloud
 
Note taking & Note Making
Note taking & Note MakingNote taking & Note Making
Note taking & Note Making
 
Stages in the writing process
Stages in the writing processStages in the writing process
Stages in the writing process
 
reading
 reading reading
reading
 

Viewers also liked

High 5! reading comprehension strategies
High 5! reading comprehension strategiesHigh 5! reading comprehension strategies
High 5! reading comprehension strategiesPilgrim Library
 
Rc for student_enhance_learning
Rc for student_enhance_learningRc for student_enhance_learning
Rc for student_enhance_learningChris Cooke
 
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategies
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategiesComprehension strategies and instructional strategies
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategiessmythboys3
 
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & Subjects
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & SubjectsFinding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & Subjects
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & SubjectsPilgrim Library
 
Reading skills
Reading skillsReading skills
Reading skillswergolek
 
Reading comprehension strategies97
Reading comprehension strategies97Reading comprehension strategies97
Reading comprehension strategies97greg green
 
Reading Comprehension Strategies
Reading Comprehension StrategiesReading Comprehension Strategies
Reading Comprehension Strategiesdirizarry
 
Major and minor details
Major and minor detailsMajor and minor details
Major and minor detailsNichole Keith
 
Tips for-toefl-grammar
Tips for-toefl-grammarTips for-toefl-grammar
Tips for-toefl-grammarMughits Rifai
 
Strategies for activating prior knowledge
Strategies for activating prior knowledge Strategies for activating prior knowledge
Strategies for activating prior knowledge Alona Rose Jimenea
 
Author, audience, purpose in writing
Author, audience, purpose in writingAuthor, audience, purpose in writing
Author, audience, purpose in writingLumen Learning
 

Viewers also liked (13)

High 5! reading comprehension strategies
High 5! reading comprehension strategiesHigh 5! reading comprehension strategies
High 5! reading comprehension strategies
 
Rc for student_enhance_learning
Rc for student_enhance_learningRc for student_enhance_learning
Rc for student_enhance_learning
 
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategies
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategiesComprehension strategies and instructional strategies
Comprehension strategies and instructional strategies
 
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & Subjects
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & SubjectsFinding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & Subjects
Finding & Using LibGuides for your Courses & Subjects
 
Reading skills
Reading skillsReading skills
Reading skills
 
Reading comprehension strategies97
Reading comprehension strategies97Reading comprehension strategies97
Reading comprehension strategies97
 
Reading Comprehension Strategies
Reading Comprehension StrategiesReading Comprehension Strategies
Reading Comprehension Strategies
 
Major and minor details
Major and minor detailsMajor and minor details
Major and minor details
 
Tips for-toefl-grammar
Tips for-toefl-grammarTips for-toefl-grammar
Tips for-toefl-grammar
 
Skills 1 60
Skills 1 60Skills 1 60
Skills 1 60
 
Strategies for activating prior knowledge
Strategies for activating prior knowledge Strategies for activating prior knowledge
Strategies for activating prior knowledge
 
Author, audience, purpose in writing
Author, audience, purpose in writingAuthor, audience, purpose in writing
Author, audience, purpose in writing
 
Types of reading material
Types of reading materialTypes of reading material
Types of reading material
 

Similar to High 5! reading comprehension strategies

History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...
History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...
History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...Mark Gardner
 
Content area reading strategies ms
Content area reading strategies   msContent area reading strategies   ms
Content area reading strategies msJennifer Evans
 
Learning module 4
Learning module 4Learning module 4
Learning module 4cswstyle
 
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010Jennifer Evans
 
Speaking their Language Day 3
Speaking their Language Day 3Speaking their Language Day 3
Speaking their Language Day 3Liz Fogarty
 
comprehension and levels of comprehension
comprehension and levels of comprehensioncomprehension and levels of comprehension
comprehension and levels of comprehensionmarimar27
 
Reading And Literature
Reading And LiteratureReading And Literature
Reading And Literatureguest61dc4ad
 
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3Liz Fogarty
 
Literate environment analysis for week 7
Literate environment analysis for week 7Literate environment analysis for week 7
Literate environment analysis for week 7Valerie Robinson
 
Reading Strategies
Reading StrategiesReading Strategies
Reading Strategiesrgilustre
 
Teaching Techniques for Immediate Impact
Teaching Techniques for Immediate ImpactTeaching Techniques for Immediate Impact
Teaching Techniques for Immediate Impactcatapultlearn
 
Reading workshop
Reading workshopReading workshop
Reading workshopCdae Usm
 

Similar to High 5! reading comprehension strategies (20)

Assignment
AssignmentAssignment
Assignment
 
Assignment eng 5
Assignment eng 5Assignment eng 5
Assignment eng 5
 
History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...
History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...
History Camp 2015 - Decoding and Applying Common Core for Public Historians: ...
 
Content area reading strategies ms
Content area reading strategies   msContent area reading strategies   ms
Content area reading strategies ms
 
Learning module 4
Learning module 4Learning module 4
Learning module 4
 
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010
Close and critical reading bookmarks june 2010
 
Speaking their Language Day 3
Speaking their Language Day 3Speaking their Language Day 3
Speaking their Language Day 3
 
Reading Act
Reading ActReading Act
Reading Act
 
Developmental reading 1
Developmental reading 1Developmental reading 1
Developmental reading 1
 
comprehension and levels of comprehension
comprehension and levels of comprehensioncomprehension and levels of comprehension
comprehension and levels of comprehension
 
The essentials of writing cmh
The essentials of writing cmhThe essentials of writing cmh
The essentials of writing cmh
 
Red slideshare
Red slideshareRed slideshare
Red slideshare
 
Red slideshare
Red slideshareRed slideshare
Red slideshare
 
Inference
InferenceInference
Inference
 
Reading And Literature
Reading And LiteratureReading And Literature
Reading And Literature
 
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3
Way Beyond Dick and Jane Day 3
 
Literate environment analysis for week 7
Literate environment analysis for week 7Literate environment analysis for week 7
Literate environment analysis for week 7
 
Reading Strategies
Reading StrategiesReading Strategies
Reading Strategies
 
Teaching Techniques for Immediate Impact
Teaching Techniques for Immediate ImpactTeaching Techniques for Immediate Impact
Teaching Techniques for Immediate Impact
 
Reading workshop
Reading workshopReading workshop
Reading workshop
 

More from Pilgrim Library

Note Taking Tips and Strategies
Note Taking Tips and StrategiesNote Taking Tips and Strategies
Note Taking Tips and StrategiesPilgrim Library
 
Blogging & Internet Discourse
Blogging & Internet DiscourseBlogging & Internet Discourse
Blogging & Internet DiscoursePilgrim Library
 
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation revised
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation   revisedHow to use online asynchronous writing consultation   revised
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation revisedPilgrim Library
 
Tracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperTracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperPilgrim Library
 
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation
How to use online asynchronous writing consultationHow to use online asynchronous writing consultation
How to use online asynchronous writing consultationPilgrim Library
 
Integrating paraphrases into your writing
Integrating paraphrases into your writingIntegrating paraphrases into your writing
Integrating paraphrases into your writingPilgrim Library
 
Cautions about paraphrasing
Cautions about paraphrasingCautions about paraphrasing
Cautions about paraphrasingPilgrim Library
 
How to effectively construct a paraphrase
How to effectively construct a paraphraseHow to effectively construct a paraphrase
How to effectively construct a paraphrasePilgrim Library
 
Four parts to an effective paraphrase
Four parts to an effective paraphraseFour parts to an effective paraphrase
Four parts to an effective paraphrasePilgrim Library
 
Using sources in your writing
Using sources in your writingUsing sources in your writing
Using sources in your writingPilgrim Library
 
Moodle Wikis: For Students
Moodle Wikis: For StudentsMoodle Wikis: For Students
Moodle Wikis: For StudentsPilgrim Library
 
Strategies for detecting plagiarism
Strategies for detecting plagiarismStrategies for detecting plagiarism
Strategies for detecting plagiarismPilgrim Library
 
Tracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperTracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperPilgrim Library
 

More from Pilgrim Library (20)

Note Taking Tips and Strategies
Note Taking Tips and StrategiesNote Taking Tips and Strategies
Note Taking Tips and Strategies
 
Blogging & Internet Discourse
Blogging & Internet DiscourseBlogging & Internet Discourse
Blogging & Internet Discourse
 
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation revised
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation   revisedHow to use online asynchronous writing consultation   revised
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation revised
 
Tracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperTracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paper
 
Combating plagiarism
Combating plagiarismCombating plagiarism
Combating plagiarism
 
Moodle import feature
Moodle import featureMoodle import feature
Moodle import feature
 
Citation
CitationCitation
Citation
 
OPAL Presentation
OPAL PresentationOPAL Presentation
OPAL Presentation
 
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation
How to use online asynchronous writing consultationHow to use online asynchronous writing consultation
How to use online asynchronous writing consultation
 
Making connections
Making connectionsMaking connections
Making connections
 
Integrating paraphrases into your writing
Integrating paraphrases into your writingIntegrating paraphrases into your writing
Integrating paraphrases into your writing
 
Cautions about paraphrasing
Cautions about paraphrasingCautions about paraphrasing
Cautions about paraphrasing
 
How to effectively construct a paraphrase
How to effectively construct a paraphraseHow to effectively construct a paraphrase
How to effectively construct a paraphrase
 
Four parts to an effective paraphrase
Four parts to an effective paraphraseFour parts to an effective paraphrase
Four parts to an effective paraphrase
 
Using sources in your writing
Using sources in your writingUsing sources in your writing
Using sources in your writing
 
Moodle Wikis: For Students
Moodle Wikis: For StudentsMoodle Wikis: For Students
Moodle Wikis: For Students
 
Strategies for detecting plagiarism
Strategies for detecting plagiarismStrategies for detecting plagiarism
Strategies for detecting plagiarism
 
Tracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paperTracking down a suspect paper
Tracking down a suspect paper
 
Combating plagiarism
Combating plagiarismCombating plagiarism
Combating plagiarism
 
Mnemonics
MnemonicsMnemonics
Mnemonics
 

Recently uploaded

AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...JojoEDelaCruz
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptxmary850239
 
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxBarangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxCarlos105
 
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsManeerUddin
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...JhezDiaz1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptxRaw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
 
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxBarangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
 
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
 
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxLEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
 
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
 

High 5! reading comprehension strategies

  • 1. High 5! : Reading Comprehension Strategies Adapted from “’High 5!’ Strategies to Enhance Comprehension of Expository Text” by Susan Dymock and Tom Nicholson printed in The Reading Teacher November 2010 Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 2. A simple 5 step strategy to help improve reading comprehension  Does your mind go blank when you are asked, “What was this article (or chapter) about?”  Do you write reading notes about an article or book chapter but cannot boil it down to four or five main points?  Do you keep asking your professor for some easy strategy on how to summarize texts?  If you answered yes, then there is a simply strategy called the High 5! that you can use to help enhance your reading comprehension. It involves 5 steps: 1. Activate Background Knowledge 2. Question 3. Analyze Text Structure 4. Create Mental Images 5. Summarize Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 3. 1. Activate Background Knowledge  Making connections between what you know and what you are reading, helps improve your overall understanding of the text.  Research shows that comprehension is boosted when readers stimulate or make connections to prior knowledge  Prior Knowledge = understanding that stems from previous experience either through “hands on” involvement or earlier formal learning (from books or classroom instruction)  If you lack prior knowledge, do a quick internet search to find effective websites to gain some basic information so that you have a starting point for reading the text. Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 4. 2. Questioning  You should generate and answer question before and during your reading. Good readers continually ask and answer questions while they read.  Preceding the reading of the text, ask questions to activate prior knowledge.  While you are reading, ask yourself these three types of questions:  Right There Questions = factual questions…such as, what are the facts being explained in the text?  Think and Search Questions = analytical and inference questions…such as, what does the writer want me to figure out based on the facts?  Beyond the Text Questions = assumptive and critical questions…such as, what is not being said here that I should check by doing some background research? Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 5. 3. Analyzing Text Structure  Analyzing text structure involves knowing how writers organize information and how the ideas in a text are interrelated to convey a message to a reader. The reader’s ability to see the pattern or the direction the writer is taking in a piece of text has an influence on effective and efficient comprehension.  The various types of structure fall under these main categories: 1. Fiction structures – these focus on relating an imagined story generally using the features of setting, characters, and various plot elements. Fiction structures are generally categorized into genres, such as, fantasy, science fiction, historic realistic fiction, etc. 2. Expository structures – these focus on informing, describing, explaining, or defining the author’s subject matter to his or her reader. Expository text can be made up of at least six different structures. These structures are: cause and effect; compare and contrast, time sequence, problem/solution, definition/description, and enumeration or steps to accomplish something 3. Argument structures – these focus on presenting the writer’s view on a particular subject and persuading the reader to hold that same view by presenting evidence or giving reasons. The categories of argument are defined by the type of appeal the writer is using: Ethos, Pathos, or Logos and the form of the argument: inductive, deductive, etc. Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 6. 4. Creating Mental Images  Good readers form a picture in their mind of what they are reading.  Great readers move beyond just pictures of content to structural images as well. They visualize how the text is structured. For this reason, strategies 3 and 4 reinforce each other.  Structure is the key to comprehension…it gets at the writers purpose, whether it is to simply inform their audience , analyze a complex topic, or argue an interesting or controversial issue. Purpose shapes the content of a text and also shapes the mental images the reader creates. Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 7. 5. Summarizing  Summary is “the ability to delete irrelevant details, combine similar ideas, condense main ideas, and connect major themes into concise statements that capture the purpose of reading for the reader”(Block & Pressley 117).  To Summarize using the High 5! Strategies follow this methodology: 1. Read the text 2. Identify the text structure 3. Make a diagram of the structure 4. Discard redundant information so only the key ideas remain 5. Circle only the critical ideas that you need for the summary Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons
  • 8. Sources:  Block, C.C. and M. Pressley. “Best Practices in teaching comprehension.” Best Practices in Literacy Instruction. Ed. L.B. Gambrell, L.M. Morrow and M. Pressley. New York: Guilford, 2007. 111-126. Print.  Dymock, Susan and Tom Nicholson. “’High 5!’ Strategies to Enhance Comprehension of Expository Text.” The Reading Teacher 64.3 (Nov. 2010): 166-178. EBSCOhost. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. Lisa Crumit-Hancock, Learning Commons Manager Defiance College ~ Pilgrim Library & Learning Commons