The Mexican Revolution


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The Mexican Revolution

  1. 1. The Mexican Revolution Haley Hardy
  2. 2. The Basics <ul><li>Brought about by tremendous disagreement among the Mexican people over the dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz </li></ul><ul><li>Power concentrated in the hands of a select few </li></ul><ul><li>People had little or no power at all: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opinionated as well as </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political election preference </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wealth, likewise, also concentrated in the hands of a select few </li></ul>
  3. 3. President Porfirio Diaz <ul><li>President from 1876-1880. Then again in 1884-1911. </li></ul><ul><li>Stayed in power by manipulating government. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many times having his hand-picked Congress amend the Constitution to allow him to be re-elected </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1880-1884: Ruled through his hand-picked “puppet” successor Manuel González </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded the poor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Basics: Cont. <ul><li>Younger generations want to participate in the political life of their country </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted President Diaz announced publicly that Mexico was ready for democracy so that they could participate in Mexican politics. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican Constitution called for public election </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diaz used his political power and economic advantages to stay in power indefinitely. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Francisco I. Madero <ul><li>Firm supporter of democracy. Also wanted to make government be subject to the strict limits of the law. </li></ul><ul><li>His movement being successful with the citizens, Madero was immediately targeted as a threat to Diaz. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned to run in the next election for President. Madero threw him in jail and declared himself the winner of the election by default. </li></ul><ul><li>Fled to U.S. in October of 1910 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Plan of San Luis Potosí ”-Said the elections were a fraud </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madero said he would not recognize Diaz as the President of the Republic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Plan of San Luis Potosí <ul><li>Political document </li></ul><ul><li>Written in San Antonio, Texas in 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>Called for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The destruction of Díaz's authoritarian presidency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The re-institution of democracy through violent direct action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Document asked for the Mexican people to rise in arms on Nov. 20, 1910 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Francisco I. Madero Cont. <ul><li>Madero declared himself President Pro-Temp until new elections could be held. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promised: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Return all land taken from peasants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universal voting rights </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limit: One term per President </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The beginning of the Revolution was on Nov. 20, 1910 when Madero called for an uprising via his published plan for uprising. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Falling Action <ul><li>March 1911 Emiliano Zapata led the uprising of the peasants </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaimed their (local) land and water </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Armed revolts continued any many other parts of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Maderista troops: defeated army of Diaz in six months </li></ul><ul><li>Diaz resigned his presidency. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fled in exile to France </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He died in 1915 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. President Francisco I. Madero <ul><li>Mexican Congress elected Francisco Leon De La Barra as President Pro-Temp. </li></ul><ul><li>Proceeded to hold national popular elections. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Francisco I. Madero won </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Maria Pino Suarez as Vice-President </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>