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Jomo Kenyatta


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Jomo Kenyatta

  1. 1. Jomo Kenyatta Chris Brown Anthony Candelario
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Born October 20, 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>Served as the first Prime Minister of Kenya for 1963-1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Kenyatta became executive president on December 12, 1964, when Kenya became a republic </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Life <ul><li>Born Kamau wa Ngengi, a member of the Kikuyu people(Kenya’s most populous ethnic group) </li></ul><ul><li>He attended Christian schools for much of his life, finally converting to Christianity in 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Then Changed his name to John Peter and later to Johnstone Kamau </li></ul>
  4. 4. Politics <ul><li>Joined the Kikuyu Central Association(KCA) </li></ul><ul><li>1928 he worked for Kikuyu land reform in Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Became the editor of the newspaper, Muigwithania(Reconciler) </li></ul><ul><li>KCA sent him to London to lobby for the Kikuyu </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Kenya in Sept. of 1930 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Politics cont. <ul><li>In 1946 he founded the Pan-African federation with Kwame Nkrumah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group to promote African nations independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He became the president of the Kenyan African Union(KAU) in 1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenyan political party to represent Kenyan grievances towards the British colonial control </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Mau Mau Rebellion <ul><li>Known officially as the Kenya Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Was an insurgency of Kenyan rebels against British rule </li></ul><ul><li>Was an epic fail, but could have hastened Kenyan independence </li></ul><ul><li>A state of emergency was declared in Kenya </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mau Mau Rebellion cont. <ul><li>Kenyatta was arrested in Oct. of 1952 due to his suspected involvement </li></ul><ul><li>All though there was no real evidence against Kenyatta, he was sentenced to 7 years of hard labor and permanent restriction in 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>Was released from his sentence in 1961 </li></ul>
  8. 8. The KANU and the KADU <ul><li>Both successors of the KAU </li></ul><ul><li>After being put into the Legislative council in 1961, he tried to reunite the KAU(again was an epic fail) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenyatta became prime minister in 1963 and president in 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Later that year the KANU and the KADU finally reunited forming a single-party </li></ul>
  9. 9. Leadership <ul><li>Pro-western and anti-communist </li></ul><ul><li>Much did not change from the British rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He even asked British troops for help against Somali rebels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instituted land reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, led to corruption in the leadership because it led to most land being given to his family and friends </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Leadership cont. <ul><li>Kenya was admitted into the United Nations under Kenyatta </li></ul><ul><li>Opened up trade agreements with Obote(Uganda) and Nyerere(Tanzania) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Level of Totalitarianism <ul><li>Political control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had opposition killed or imprisoned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including his first two Vice-presidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was only name on ballot in several of his elections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave land to his family and friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They therefore controlled most of the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No real control over social aspects </li></ul></ul>